Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 58 in total

  1. Saniasiaya J, Mohamad I
    Oman Med J, 2016 Sep;31(5):384-6.
    PMID: 27602195 DOI: 10.5001/omj.2016.76
    Patients with anterior neck masses commonly present to otorhinolaryngology clinics, but there are limited differential diagnoses for such lesions. Common ones include thyroid nodule and thyroglossal duct cyst. In an elderly patient, a differentiated thyroid carcinoma should be suspected especially if it moves with swallowing. We encountered a typical presentation of a solitary thyroid nodule-like mass with the exception of pulsation in a 65-year-old female. Further investigation, using neck ultrasonography, revealed that it was a variant of right common carotid artery arising from the left common carotid artery. Knowledge of such variants is of great importance as ignorance of such a variation may lead to inadvertent surgical complications during procedures.
  2. Saniasiaya J, Hamid SSA, Mohamad H, Wahab WNNWA, Zawawi N
    Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol, 2019 Sep;57(3):157-160.
    PMID: 31620699 DOI: 10.5152/tao.2019.3900
    Paediatric germ cell tumor is composed of various neoplasms which exhibit capricious clinical presentation and histological features depending on the age and the area of presentation. Yolk sac tumor is an extremely rare malignant tumor of embryonic origin which usually arises from the gonads. Its manifestation in the head and neck region is extremely rare. Here, we report a rare case of the malignant transformation of mature teratoma into yolk sac tumor of the neck in an infant. Diagnosis was confirmed following histopathological examination of the neck mass along with marked increase of the serum alpha-fetoprotein. The child unfortunately succumbed prior to chemotherapy. We highlight the challenge we faced in diagnosing and managing this rare entity. We would also like to recommend serial monitoring of serum alpha-fetoprotein in all patients with mature teratoma to detect malignant transformation early.
  3. Ramasamy K, Saniasiaya J
    Iran J Otorhinolaryngol, 2021 Jul;33(117):249-251.
    PMID: 34395326 DOI: 10.22038/ijorl.2021.51303.2752
    Introduction: Clicking larynx syndrome is a rare condition that may be intriguing to the attending clinician. Patients typically present with clicking sensations in the neck, often obvious during head movement or swallowing. Due to the scarce presentation of such cases, clicking larynx syndrome harbors a high propensity to be an overlooked diagnosis, resulting in a clinical stalemate.

    Case Report: Herein, we present a case of clicking larynx in a young girl followed by an overview of the latest literature on the aetiology and treatment options. This case aims to reinforce the presence of this entity further and subsequently increase its awareness among clinicians.

    Conclusion: Expeditious diagnosis is imperative not just for the eventual treatment but also for timely relief to the anxious patients who would have been perplexed by the strange clicking in the throat.

  4. Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    Ear Nose Throat J, 2020 Nov;99(9):597-598.
    PMID: 32744901 DOI: 10.1177/0145561320947255
  5. Zubir FS, Saniasiaya J, Abdul Gani H
    Malays Fam Physician, 2021 Mar 25;16(1):133-135.
    PMID: 33948154 DOI: 10.51866/cr1070
    Temporal bone rhabdomyosarcoma is an aggressive entity that simulates chronic otitis ear infection. It is the most common soft tissue sarcoma amongst pediatric patients. Herein, we would like to report a case of temporal bone rhabdomyosarcoma involving a 2-year-old boy who presented with a one-month history of otorrhea with facial asymmetry. Early treatment led to remission of this severe neoplasm.
  6. Ganeson SK, Saniasiaya J, Mohamad I, Abdul Gani N
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2020 Sep;1(34):83-86.
    PMID: 33431368
    INTRODUCTION: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx is a rare entity with only scarce cases reported in the English Literature. It is a histological variant of squamous cell carcinoma with aggressive nature and comprises of both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

    CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we report on a middleaged male who presented with left-sided spontaneous epistaxis and aural fullness with no neck node which turned out to be basaloid cell carcinoma of nasopharynx.

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: We highlight high clinical suspicion of rare variant of nasopharyngeal carcinoma although no palpable node was evident upon presentation.

  7. Maruthamuthu T, Saniasiaya J, Mohamad I, Nadarajah S, Lazim NM, Wan Abdul Rahman WF
    Oman Med J, 2018 Jul;33(4):342-345.
    PMID: 30038735 DOI: 10.5001/omj.2018.62
    Parotid gland surgery can be challenging due to intricate relationship between the gland and facial nerve. Besides complete removal of the lesion, the main focus of surgery is centered on the facial nerve. Surgery can be technically demanding especially when the tumor is large or involves the deep lobe. We report a patient with a 30-year history of gigantic parotid mass, which initial fine-needle aspiration cytology reported as pleomorphic adenoma. The tumor, weighing 1.3 kg, was successfully resected with facial nerve preservation. Histopathological examination of the excised mass confirmed as carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CaExPA) of adenocarcinoma, not otherwise specified type. We describe the specific surgical and reconstruction techniques for successful removal of large parotid tumors with facial nerve preservation. To our knowledge, this is the heaviest CaExPA of the parotid gland in South-East Asian region.
  8. Saniasiaya J, Salim R
    Auris Nasus Larynx, 2023 Apr;50(2):218-227.
    PMID: 35843849 DOI: 10.1016/j.anl.2022.06.007
    OBJECTIVE: Vestibular migraine (VM) is the most common cause of episodic vertigo afflicts 1% of the general population. The complexity of VM is owing to the migrainous, and vestibular components and much knowledge have been gained in recent years on VM in the adult population. Akin to that, numerous studies focusing on VM in children and adolescent has emerged. We reviewed the literature to understand the characteristics and diagnostic approach of VM in children and adolescents.

    METHODS: A literature search was conducted over a period of one month (April 2022).

    RESULTS: 16 articles were selected based on our objective and selection criteria. A total of patients was included, with a median age of 10.9 years. 11 studies diagnosed VM based on diagnostic criteria. Caloric test and electro/videonystagmography are the most favoured investigation used (50%). Imaging was performed in 56.2% of included studies.

    CONCLUSION: Deciphering the ideal diagnostic approach for VM is prudent to ensure children and adolescents suffering from VM are treated earlier. VM can be diagnosed using the established diagnostic criteria, which requires thorough and meticulous history taking. The available oto-neurological examination aims to exclude other disorders as its significance in diagnosing VM is still debatable.

  9. C A Rahim NA, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    J Laryngol Otol, 2021 Oct 15.
    PMID: 34649637 DOI: 10.1017/S0022215121002905
    BACKGROUND: Neonatal nasal obstruction may result in respiratory distress, feeding difficulties, sleep apnoea and failure to thrive; hence, it requires thorough evaluation and prompt intervention. Congenital inferior turbinate hypertrophy is relatively uncommon, and its presentation can mimic other congenital nasal anomalies.

    RELEVANCE: This paper reports two cases of congenital inferior turbinate hypertrophy in neonates that resulted in significant respiratory distress, feeding difficulties and sleep disturbance. Both patients were successfully treated surgically by endoscopic nasal dilatation and stenting. A literature search was performed to identify articles on congenital inferior turbinate hypertrophy in neonates and its management.

    CONCLUSION: Albeit rare, congenital inferior turbinate hypertrophy should be considered a differential diagnosis in newborns presenting with respiratory distress at birth.

  10. Rahman M, Saniasiaya J, Abu Bakar MZ
    J Laryngol Otol, 2022 Nov 29.
    PMID: 36444560 DOI: 10.1017/S0022215122002493
    OBJECTIVE: Teachers and singers have been extensively studied and are shown to have a greater tendency to voice disorders. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between subjective and objective voice analysis pre- and post-shift among teleoperators in a tertiary hospital.

    METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study. Each patient underwent pre- and post-shift voice analysis.

    RESULTS: Among 42 teleoperators, 28 patients (66.7 per cent) completed all the tests. Female predominance (62 per cent) was noted, with a mean age of 40 years. Voice changes during working were reported by 48.1 per cent. Pre- and post-shift maximum phonation time (p < 0.018) and Voice Handicap Index-10 (p < 0.011) showed significant results with no correlation noted between subjective and objective assessment.

    CONCLUSION: Maximum phonation time and Voice Handicap Index-10 are good voice assessment tools. The quality of evidence is inadequate to recommend 'gold standard' voice assessment until a better-quality study has been completed.

  11. Lim CC, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Sep 14;14(9).
    PMID: 34521741 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-244769
    Croup (laryngotracheitis) is frequently encountered in the emergency department in a young child presenting with stridor. We describe a rare case of croup secondary to SARS-CoV-2 in an 18-month-old child who presented with stridor and respiratory distress and required urgent intubation. Subsequently, the child developed multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). The child was monitored in paediatric intensive care unit. We would like to highlight that COVID-19 croup in children may be an indicator for MIS-C, and close monitoring is warranted as MIS-C is a life-threatening condition. Our limited experience suggests that COVID-19 croup especially if associated with MIS-C has an underlying more severe pathology and may require prolonged treatment in comparison with the typical croup or even COVID-19 croup. It is important to recognise this clinical entity during a time when most countries are in a third wave of COVID-19 pandemic.
  12. Che Ab Rahim NA, Saniasiaya J, Narayanan P
    Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2022 Dec;74(Suppl 3):5169-5171.
    PMID: 36742856 DOI: 10.1007/s12070-022-03083-4
    Inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO) describes as inappropriate, episodic, reversible laryngeal closure during inspiration, occurring at the glottic and/or supraglottic level, in response to external triggers causing exertional breathing difficulties. We describe a case of a female patient with an underlying major depressive disorder who presented with sudden onset of stridor and tachypnoea, whereby the external trigger was psychogenic in origin. Bedside flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscopy (FNPLS) showed characteristic findings of paradoxical adduction of vocal cords during inspiration. Arterial blood gas analysis, routine blood tests, chest radiography, and computed tomography (CT) scan of brain, neck, and thorax excluded neurological or airway abnormality. Bedside distraction breathing exercise alleviated the stridor and tachypnoea. The patient was managed by supportive psychotherapy, speech therapy, and anti-reflux medication and was discharged well with resolution of her respiratory distress. We would like to highlight that meticulous history along with physical examinations are imperative especially amongst Otorhinolaryngologists as emergent airway management tracheostomy would have been unnecessary and cause more stress and burden to the patient as well as family members.
  13. Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    Ear Nose Throat J, 2021 Jan;100(1):29-30.
    PMID: 32931322 DOI: 10.1177/0145561320959573
  14. Che Ab Rahim NA, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Apr 12;14(4).
    PMID: 33846192 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-241591
    High-riding jugular bulb (HRJB), although rare, may pose a challenge as it may be mistaken for other non-alarming condition, such as middle ear effusion. Patients with HRJB classically present with pulsatile tinnitus. We report a unique case of a 26-year-old patient with underlying beta thalassaemia who presented with a 2-month history of intermittent epistaxis and rhinorrhoea. Otoscopic examinations revealed a pulsatile bluish mass behind the right tympanic membrane and a dull left tympanic membrane. Imaging performed revealed a finding of dual retrotympanic pathology, which consisted of a right dehiscent HRJB and left cholesterol granuloma. We highlight a rare case of dual retrotympanic mass as well as its management.
  15. Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol, 2020 Dec;139:110473.
    PMID: 33137676 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110473
    OBJECTIVE: Aim of this review is to evaluate the relation between reflux (either laryngopharyngeal or gastroesophageal) and dysphonia in children.

    DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Embase.

    REVIEW METHODS: A literature search was conducted over a period from January 1990 to March 2020. The following search words were used either individually or in combination: voice disorders, laryngopharyngeal reflux, and gastroesophageal reflux. The search was conducted over a period of a month: April 2020.

    RESULTS: Five clinical research were selected based on our objectives and selection criteria. Four studies were of level III evidence. Altogether, a total of 606 patients were pooled with male predominance of 63%. In all studies, reflux was suggested to have strong relation with dysphonia. Majority of cases used 24-h pH monitoring to confirm reflux which yielded positive results in 69%. The top three most common endoscopic findings include: interarytenoid erythema and edema (32/38), vocal cord erythema and edema (160/231) and postglottic edema (141/337). Vocal cord nodules were found in 28% of our patients. Acoustic analysis and perceptual assessment of voice was performed in only 1 study. No complication from any procedure was mentioned in any of the studies. Outcome of treatment was mentioned in 1 study, whereby after 4.5 months of follow-up, 68% of children showed improvement in symptoms.

    CONCLUSION: Current evidence shows that there is strong relation between reflux and dysphonia in children. Most common laryngoscopic findings suggestive of reflux includes interarytenoid erythema and edema, vocal cord erythema and edema and postglottic edema.

Related Terms
Contact Us

Please provide feedback to Administrator (afdal@afpm.org.my)

External Links