Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 6363 in total

  1. Mahzam MS, Ahmad A, Ishak Z
    Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, 2011;olume 25:31-37.
    This study aimed to investigate the usage of behavioural cognitive approach in group counselling on social anxiety among adolescents in Malaysia. This study also identified social anxiety sympthoms and social situations that cause anxiety among them. A total of 72 secondary school students of one of the secondary schools in Terengganu participated in this experiment study. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and ANOVA test. Results revealed that there was a significant difference in the mean score of Social Anxiety Scale for Adolesence – SAS-A in the post test between the control and treatment group, F(1,70) =1.068, p
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  2. Mahzam MS, Ahmad A, Ishak Z
    Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, 2012;olume 26:1-7.
    This study aimed to investigate the usage of Behavioural Cognitive approach in group counselling on social anxiety among adolescents. This study also identified social anxiety sympthoms and social situations that cause anxiety among them. A total of 72 secondary school students from one particular school in Terengganu participated in this experimental study. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and ANOVA test. Results revealed that there was a significant difference in the mean score of Social Anxiety Scale for Adolesence – SASA in the post test between the control and treatment group, F(1,70) =1.068, p<0.05. This indicates that the Cognitive Behavioural approach in group counselling was found to be effective in reducing social anxiety among adolescents in group counselling. It was also found that the sympthoms that caused social anxiety included having rapid heart beat, difficulty in giving attention, experincing chills, and empty thoughts. The social situations that were found to be significant in increasing social anxiety were when they felt being observed by others, doing something in public, talking or giving a speech infront of a big or small audience, facing a stranger,and being the main attraction in any social context.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  3. Kasmini K
    Family Practitioner, 1988;11:18-21.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  4. Lee SC, Nor SA
    Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, 2013;olume 27:25-39.
    Anger is a natural human emotion experienced by everyone at one time or another. It is said to be the most talk about but least studied emotion. When experienced, it involves a combination of cognitive, physiological, behavioral and social components. This preliminary study is aimed to test the reliability of the instruments and to examine the effect of Anger Management Module using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on anger expression among the adolescents in secondary school. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used to gather data. Adolescents with high T-score value of anger level in Adolescent Anger Rating Scale (AARS) were selected to the study through purposive sampling. There are four main interventions in this module such as self-administered cognitive restructuring; relaxation; communication skills and problem solving routine were taught throughout the 10-weekly group counseling sessions. The module internal consistency was obtained using the content reliability questionnaire. The Cronbach’s alpha value of 0.883 had shown that the module commands high internal reliability. Whereas the effect of the anger management using CBT interventions was determined by comparing the scores in pretest, post-test and a retention test obtained from the Adolescent Anger Rating Scale (AARS) instrument. Finally, the qualitative data were obtained through interview and feedback questionnaire where the data were analyzed using the descriptive method. Both the analysis revealed that all the interventions in this module are effective to help the adolescents manage their anger problem.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  5. Amran MS, Jamaludin KA
    Front Public Health, 2021;9:639041.
    PMID: 34164364 DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.639041
    School closures were implemented as a public health intervention to reduce the risk of infection from COVID-19. However, prolonged school closure is likely to impact adolescents' behavioral health due to the extreme change in routine. The current study aimed to explore adolescents' behavioral health experiences during the beginning of the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study was done using qualitative methods to interview 15 adolescent participants (n =15) from low-income households in Malaysia. The study lasted for 2 months amidst the outbreak and data were collected via online based on focus group discussions. The results revealed that adolescents faced four main themes of experience during the COVID-19 pandemic: Alteration of sleep patterns, stress-related fatigue, dysfunctional eating patterns and lack of physical activity. This first-hand experience shows that knowledge and skills of adolescents' behavioral practices during outbreak deserves attention. This research stresses the role of family, schools, and media in addressing the health communication gap among adolescents to help them adapt in these new norms.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent Health*; Adolescent
  6. Hamidah A, Khu SY, Thambidorai CR, Muhaizan WM, Zarina AL, Jamal R
    Pediatr Surg Int, 2007 Jun;23(6):601-3.
    PMID: 17063336
    A 13-year-old boy who had epigastric pain and pallor for 2 months and found to have an ulcerative mass in the stomach and underwent partial gastrectomy. A diagnosis of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) of the stomach was made on histological examination. Three years later, recurrence in the stomach, with invasion into the pancreas and hilum of the spleen was noted and was managed by wide wedge resection of the stomach, distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy. The patient has been recurrence-free for the past 2 years. Gastric IMT is an uncommon tumour in children with unpredictable prognosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  7. Kasmini K
    Family Physician, 1992;4:25-28.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  8. Tan CK
    Family Practitioner, 1985;8:75-78.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  9. Foster HE, Scott C, Tiderius CJ, Dobbs MB, Members of the Paediatric Global Musculoskeletal Task Force
    Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol, 2020 Oct;34(5):101566.
    PMID: 32727697 DOI: 10.1016/j.berh.2020.101566
    This chapter describes the musculoskeletal (MSK) context in children and young people as an important contributor to the global non-communicable disease burden. Through selected MSK conditions, we describe the impact on patients, families and communities and highlight the challenges that need to be addressed. We focus on opportunities for better working together and describe exemplar initiatives to raise awareness, workforce capacity building, models of care and research agendas to have a greater global context.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  10. Abd Rahman FN, Lee VY, Shamsuddin AF, Yaakup H
    Pediatr Int, 2015 Oct;57(5):1015-6.
    PMID: 26286660 DOI: 10.1111/ped.12693
    We report the challenges in managing a troubled, medically ill adolescent with end-of-life issues. Our role as multi-professional service providers complemented the family's efforts to help him reconcile with himself before death. The present experience enhances understanding of the biopsychosocial aspects of care. Every child has the right to optimal care.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent; Adolescent Medicine
  11. Zulkifli SN, Low WY, Yusof K
    Med J Malaysia, 1995 Mar;50(1):4-10.
    PMID: 7752975
    This paper examines data on the sexual activities of 1,200 Malaysian adolescents aged 15-21 years based on a probability household sampled survey carried out in Kuala Lumpur in 1986. Sexual behaviours like premarital sexual intercourse, contraceptive usage and masturbation were presented. Of the 1,181 unmarried respondents, 9% (105) reported having had sexual intercourse; males were significantly more experienced compared to females. Older age groups were also found to be more sexually active than the younger ones. Among those who had experience dating (n = 521), 20% (105) have experienced sexual intercourse, 44% (228) have kissed and necked, and 35% (183) have experienced petting, while 24% (130) have had no physical intimacies. Poor use of contraception was also revealed. The most commonly used were condoms, oral contraceptives and withdrawal. With regard to masturbation, males begin this practice relatively earlier than females. Almost half of those who indulged in masturbation were worried by the act, especially the females. Implications of the findings are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior*
  12. Hafizuddin Awang, Azriani Ab Rahman, Surianti Sukeri, Noran Hashim, Nik Rubiah Nik Abdul Rashid
    Introduction: The Ministry of Health Malaysia introduced the national best practices for adolescent-friendly health services in 2018 and it served as an assessment tool in the accreditation of adolescent-friendly clinic status. This study was conducted in Kelantan with the objective to determine the proportion of adolescent-friendly clinics and its determinants and perceptions of healthcare providers regarding the facilitating factors in providing adoles-cent-friendly health services. Methods: The research design was sequential explanatory mixed method. State wide clinics assessment was done to estimate the proportion of adolescent-friendly clinics and to determine the factors associated with adolescent-friendly health services provision. Perceptions of healthcare providers on the facilitating factors for adolescent-friendly health services were explored through in-depth interviews. Descriptive statistics and linear regression analysis were performed for quantitative data, and thematic analysis for qualitative data. Results: Out of 85 health clinics, 30 (35.3%) clinics were accredited as adolescent-friendly. Availability of trained health-care providers in adolescent health modules, private room for adolescent counselling, dedicated team in charge of adolescent programme and adolescent health promotional activities were the statistically significant determinants for adolescent-friendly health services (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent Health; Adolescent; Adolescent Health Services
  13. Cheah YK, Kee CC, Lim KH, Omar MA
    Pediatr Neonatol, 2021 11;62(6):628-637.
    PMID: 34353744 DOI: 10.1016/j.pedneo.2021.05.025
    BACKGROUND: Mental health disorders are highly correlated with risk behaviors. The objective of the present study is to examine the relationship between risk behaviors and mental health among school-going students with a focus on ethnic minorities.

    METHODS: The National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2017 (n = 8230) was used for analyses. It was a nationwide survey conducted in Malaysia. The dependent variables were measured by three risk behaviors (cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking and use of illicit drugs). Probit regressions were utilized to examine the effect of mental health on the probability of smoking, drinking and using illicit drugs. Demographic and lifestyle factors were used as the control variables. Truancy was identified as a mediating variable.

    RESULTS: Anxiety, depression and suicidal ideation affected cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking and use of illicit drugs through mediation of truancy. After controlling for demographic and lifestyle factors, students with anxiety, depression and suicidal ideation were more likely to smoke, drink and use illicit drugs compared with their peers without any mental health disorders. Furthermore, the likelihood of consuming cigarettes, alcohol and illicit drugs was found to be higher among students who played truant than those who did not.

    CONCLUSION: Mental health plays an important role in determining participation in risk behaviors among ethnic minority students in Malaysia. Public health administrators and schools have to be aware that students who suffer from mental health disorders are likely to indulge in risk behaviors.

    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior*
  14. Huang CY, Su H, Cheng SM, Tan CS
    New Dir Child Adolesc Dev, 2021 Sep;2021(179):75-92.
    PMID: 34559460 DOI: 10.1002/cad.20435
    This study examined the effects of group art therapy on self-concept and peer relationships among adolescents using a mixed-method approach. Twelve recruited adolescents from a high school in Northern Taiwan attended weekly 2-h group art therapy sessions for 8 weeks. Through a discovery-oriented approach incorporating focus group interviews and individual interviews, qualitative results revealed that the participants started getting to know themselves better and were able to explore their inner selves while noticing their own emotions. Their self-concept also became more positive along with reduced negative self-concept, increased positive self-concept, and clearer visions towards future goals. Furthermore, the therapy modified adolescents' negative peer relationships by reducing their social anxiety and adjusting their complicated experiences. Participants were found to experience trustable, allied, and compassionate positive peer relationships while having reduced loneliness and improved social skills at the same time. Besides, the participants answered self-concept and peer relationship scales at pre- and post-interventions as well as a 12-month follow-up thereafter. Friedman test on the longitudinal data showed participants reporting consistently higher self-concept and peer relationship at post-intervention and 12-month follow-up than at the pre-intervention stage. Taken together, the findings duly support art therapy in boosting adolescents' self-concept and peer relationships.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior*
  15. Woon FC, Chin YS, Mohd Nasir MT
    Obes Res Clin Pract, 2015 Jul-Aug;9(4):346-56.
    PMID: 25476772 DOI: 10.1016/j.orcp.2014.10.218
    This paper investigates the association between behavioural factors and BMI-for-age among early adolescents (10-11 years old) in Hulu Langat district, Selangor.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  16. Kabir MA, Goh KL, Khan MH
    BMC Public Health, 2013;13:379.
    PMID: 23617464 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-379
    Tobacco consumption (TC) among youths poses significant public health problem in developing countries. This study utilized the data of Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), 2007 to examine and compare youth TC behavior in Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

    The GYTS covered a total of 2,242 Bangladeshi, 1,444 Nepalese and 1,377 Sri-Lankan youths aged 13-15 years. They represented response rates of 88.9%, 94.6%, and 85.0% for the three countries, respectively. Socioeconomic, environmental, motivating, and programmatic predictors of TC were examined using cross tabulations and logistic regressions.

    Prevalence of TC was 6.9% (9.1% in males, 5.1% in females) in Bangladesh, 9.4% (13.2% in males, 5.3% in females) in Nepal and 9.1% (12.4% in males, 5.8% in females) in Sri Lanka. The average tobacco initiation age was 9.6, 10.24 and 8.61 years, respectively. Cross tabulations showed that gender, smoking among parents and friends, exposure to smoking at home and public places, availability of free tobacco were significantly (P < 0.001) associated with TC in all three countries. The multivariable analysis [odds ratio (95% confidence interval)] indicated that the common significant predictors for TC in the three countries were TC among friends [1.9 (1.30-2.89) for Bangladesh, 4.10 (2.64-6.38) for Nepal, 2.34 (1.36-4.02) for Sri Lanka], exposure to smoking at home [1.7 (1.02-2.81) for Bangladesh, 1.81 (1.08-2.79) for Nepal, 3.96 (1.82-8.62) for Sri Lanka], exposure to smoking at other places [2.67 (1.59-4.47) for Bangladesh, 5.22 (2.76-9.85) for Nepal, 1.76 (1.05-2.88) for Sri Lanka], and the teaching of smoking hazards in schools [0.56 (0.38-0.84) for Bangladesh, 0.60 (0.41-0.89) for Nepal, 0.58 (0.35-0.94) for Sri Lanka].

    An understanding of the influencing factors of youth TC provides helpful insights for the formulation of tobacco control policies in the South-Asian region.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior*; Adolescent Health Services
  17. Kanaganayagam A
    Med J Malaysia, 1980 Dec;35(2):139-43.
    PMID: 7266407
    A 17 year old male with ataxia telangiectasia [Louis-Bar Syndrome] is presented here with a review of the literature with regards to the mode of inheritance, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of this disorder.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
  18. Thambypillai V
    J R Soc Health, 1987 Jun;107(3):84-7, 91.
    PMID: 3112391
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior; Psychology, Adolescent*
  19. Tay CH
    Med J Malaya, 1971 Jun;25(4):298-300.
    PMID: 4261306
    Matched MeSH terms: Adolescent
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