Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 73 in total

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  1. Kadhim Jawad Obaid, Yahya Mohammad Arpine, Nor Salmah Bakar, Marlina Tanty Ramli Hamid, Ahmed Ramzi Yusof
    MyJurnal
    Intramuscular shoulder angiomyolipomas are very rare. We report a case in a 22-year-old male with a well circumscribed lesion located on the back of the shoulder. This lesion, differs from renal angiomyolipoma in terms of non-association with tuberous sclerosis, circumscription and male predominance. Another characteristic feature is the absence of epithelioid cells. Differential diagnosis includes lipoma, angiolipoma, angioleiomyoma, hemangioma, myolipoma and liposarcoma. It is distinguished from the above mentioned entities by the presence of a combination of thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle and fat.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms
  2. Kadhim Jawad Obaid, Yahya Mohammad Arpine, Nor Salmah Bakar, Marlina Tanty Ramli Hamid, Ahmed Ramzi Yusof
    Intramuscular shoulder angiomyolipomas are very rare. We report a case in a 22-year-old male with a well circumscribed lesion located on the back of the shoulder. This lesion, differs from renal angiomyolipoma in terms of non-association with tuberous sclerosis, circumscription and male predominance. Another characteristic feature is the absence of epithelioid cells. Differential diagnosis includes lipoma, angiolipoma, angioleiomyoma, hemangioma, myolipoma and liposarcoma. It is distinguished from the above mentioned entities by the presence of a combination of thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle and fat.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms
  3. Christopher, C.K.H., Praveen, S., Goh, E.H., Tan, G.H., Rozman, Z., Zulkifli, M.Z., et al.
    MyJurnal
    Dermoid cyst in a kidney is rarely seen. We report a case of intrarenal dermoid cyst which mimics malignant renal tumour and discuss the dilemma in managing this disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms
  4. Rohana J, Boo NY, Hayati AR, Baizura J
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2002 Sep;57(3):364-7.
    PMID: 12440278
    A term newborn infant developed hypovolaemic shock shortly after birth. She was pale with gross hepatomegaly. She required multiple boluses of intravenous fluids, blood products as well as inotropic support. Blood investigations showed persistent thrombocytopenia, anaemia and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC). She also developed heart failure. She finally succumbed on the eleventh day of life. Autopsy revealed haemangiomatosis involving the liver, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys and adrenals.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/complications*; Kidney Neoplasms/congenital*
  5. Haritharan T, Sritharan S, Bhimji S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2006 Oct;61(4):493-5.
    PMID: 17243531 MyJurnal
    Renal angiomyolipomas are innocuous benign tumours which rarely behave aggressively. This is a case of a 48 year old Malay lady presenting with right sided abdominal pain associated with a large right sided abdominal mass. She was diagnosed with renal angiomyolipoma of the right kidney complicated by inferior vena caval tumour thrombosis. She successfully underwent a radical nephrectomy and inferior vena caval thrombectomy using cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/pathology*; Kidney Neoplasms/surgery
  6. Cheah PL, Looi LM, Chan LL
    Histopathology, 1996 Jan;28(1):49-54.
    PMID: 8838120
    Wilms' tumour (nephroblastoma) has been associated with chromosomal abnormalities at the 11p13, 11p15 and 16q regions. A study into the possibility of mutations occurring within p53, the ubiquitous adult tumour suppressor gene, in Wilms' tumour was carried out. Thirty-eight cases were studied. Of these 36 were categorised into the favourable histology group and two into the unfavourable histology group based on the National Wilms' Tumour Study criteria. Archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections from each case were stained with a polyclonal (AB565:Chemicon) and a monoclonal (DO7:Dako) antibody raised against p53 protein using a peroxidase-labelled streptavidin biotin kit (Dako). 'Cure' (disease-free survival of 60 months or longer) was documented in 39% of cases with favourable histology tumours. Eleven percent in this group succumbed to the disease. Both cases with unfavourable histology died. Four out of 36 (11%) tumours with favourable histology demonstrated weak to moderate staining with both AB565 and DO7 in more than 75% of tumour cells. In contrast, p53 protein expression in unfavourable histology tumours was significantly increased compared with the favourable histology group (P = 0.021) with both cases demonstrating immunopositivity in > 75% of tumour cells when stained with AB565 and DO7. The intensity of staining ranged from moderate to strong in both cases. It appears from this preliminary study that the immunohistochemical expression of p53 protein in Wilms' tumour, presumably a result of mutation in the p53 tumour suppressor gene, correlates with histological classification, histological categorisation being one of the useful features in the prognostic assessment of Wilms' tumours.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/genetics; Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism; Kidney Neoplasms/pathology*
  7. Looi LM, Cheah PL
    Pathology, 1993 Apr;25(2):106-9.
    PMID: 8396229
    This study explores immunohistochemical characteristics that may be of diagnostic value in differentiating clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) from Wilms' tumor (WT) and may provide some insight into the histogenesis of CCSK. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of 8 CCSK and 9 WT were stained, using the standard avidin-biotin peroxidase complex method, for vimentin (VIM), Factor-8 related antigen (F8A), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), desmin (DES), S-100 protein and Mac 387. CCSK cells consistently exhibited moderate to strong diffuse cytoplasmic positivity for VIM and were negative for F8A, EMA, DES, S-100 and Mac 387. In contrast, only patchy groups of stromal cells and primitive glomeruloid structures in WT exhibited VIM-positivity. Blastemal cells were VIM-negative. Stromal cells with rhabdomyomatous differentiation exhibited cytoplasmic positivity for DES. Epithelial cells of maturing tubular structures showed EMA-positivity whereas immature tubular structures were EMA-negative. Neither blastemal, stromal nor epithelial elements in WT were positive for F8A, S-100 or Mac 387. Podocytes and mesangial cells of glomeruli in 3 mid-trimester human abortuses (controls) exhibited moderate to strong VIM-positivity. The importance of differentiating CCSK from WT has been repeatedly emphasized because of its poorer prognosis and the necessity of adding Adriamycin to the chemotherapeutic regime. The consistent VIM-positivity of CCSK cells can be a useful feature in differentiating it from "blastemal-predominant" WT, with which it is often confused. Although vimentin expression by CCSK cells is consistent with a mesenchymal character, the possibility of a histogenetic link with glomerular podocytes or mesangial cells should also be considered.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/pathology*; Kidney Neoplasms/chemistry
  8. Poh ME, Liam CK, Pang YK, Chua KT
    Respirol Case Rep, 2013 Dec;1(2):26-7.
    PMID: 25473534 DOI: 10.1002/rcr2.16
    We report a man presenting with dyspnea, cough, and hemoptysis due to left lung collapse from an endobronchial tumor obstructing the left main bronchus. Endobronchial biopsy of the tumor showed renal cell carcinoma, identical to a previous specimen of renal cell carcinoma removed by a radical left nephrectomy five years ago. The endobronchial tumor was removed by snare diathermy through a flexible bronchoscope, following which his symptoms resolved and the left lung re-expanded. Endobronchial metastasis from renal cell carcinoma is rare and can mimic obstruction from other endobronchial etiologies, such as bronchogenic carcinoma. Total lung collapse as a result is even more uncommon, although atelectasis is well described. Endobronchial techniques, such as snare diathermy, can relieve obstruction, providing symptom palliation even in advanced disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms
  9. Mathew A, Cheng HM, Sam CK, Joab I, Prasad U, Cochet C
    Cancer Immunol. Immunother., 1994 Jan;38(1):68-70.
    PMID: 8299121
    The BamHI Z EBV replication activator (ZEBRA) protein is involved in the switch from latency to productive cycle of Epstein-Barr virus. A recombinant ZEBRA protein was synthesized and assessed in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for serum IgG response in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. In 100 NPC serum samples that were positive for IgA to the EBV viral capsid antigen (VCA), 75% had IgG anti-ZEBRA antibodies. In contrast, only 3/83 (3.6%) serum samples from healthy donors and 2/50 (4%) from other cancers were positive for IgG to ZEBRA. Interestingly, in a selected group of 100 NPC sera negative for IgA to VCA, 25% contained IgG anti-ZEBRA antibodies. This suggests that the ELISA for IgG anti-ZEBRA may also identify earlier cases of NPC not detected by the conventional immunofluorescence test for IgA to VCA.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/immunology
  10. Dutt AK
    Med J Malaya, 1969 Dec;24(2):161-3.
    PMID: 4244145
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms*
  11. Koh KB, George J
    Scand. J. Urol. Nephrol., 1996 Aug;30(4):265-8.
    PMID: 8908645
    Angiomyolipomas are rare tumours of the kidney which have a tendency to bleed. We studied the clinical and radiological features of 11 patients from our institution to identify features which may be predictive of a massive haemorrhage. Tumours more than 6 cm in diameter were found to bleed and the demonstration of pseudoaneurysms on contrast CT scanning was associated with massive haemorrhage. We conclude that large angiomyolipomas should be treated to avoid haemorrhage and the detection of pseudoaneurysms should prompt urgent treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/complications
  12. Koh KB, Wightman JA, George J
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1996 Mar;51(1):148-50.
    PMID: 10967998
    Five cases of renal angiomyolipoma which underwent spontaneous rupture are described. These patients presented as an "acute abdomen" for which the diagnosis was not initially apparent. A high index of suspicion is required to make the diagnosis even with modern imaging techniques. The treatment of these tumours is discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis*
  13. Rajandram R, Yap NY, Pailoor J, Razack AH, Ng KL, Ong TA, et al.
    Pathology, 2014 Oct;46(6):518-22.
    PMID: 25158810 DOI: 10.1097/PAT.0000000000000145
    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) generally has a poor prognosis because of late diagnosis and metastasis. We have previously described decreased tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor-1 (TRAF-1) in RCC compared with paired normal kidney in a patient cohort in Australia. In the present study, TRAF-1 expression in clear cell RCC (ccRCC) and normal kidney was again compared, but in a cohort from University Malaya Medical Centre. Serum TRAF-1 was also evaluated in RCC and normal samples.Immunohistochemistry with automated batch staining and Aperio ImageScope morphometry was used to compare TRAF-1 in 61 ccRCC with paired normal kidney tissue. Serum from 15 newly diagnosed and untreated ccRCC and 15 healthy people was tested for TRAF-1 using ELISA.In this cohort, TRAF-1 was highly expressed in proximal tubular epithelium of normal kidney, and significantly decreased in ccRCC tissue (p 
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms
  14. Ng KL, Del Vecchio SJ, Samaratunga H, Morais C, Rajandram R, Vesey DA, et al.
    Pathology, 2018 Aug;50(5):504-510.
    PMID: 29970253 DOI: 10.1016/j.pathol.2018.01.007
    One of the challenges in differentiating chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC) from benign renal oncocytoma (RO) is overlapping morphology between the two subtypes. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of expression of leptin (Ob) and its receptor (ObR) in discriminating chRCC from RO. Sections from paraffin-embedded, formalin-fixed tumour nephrectomy specimens of 45 patients, made up of 30 chRCC (15 eosinophilic variant and 15 non-eosinophilic variant) and 15 RO, were used in this study. Samples (30) of clear cell RCC (ccRCC), the most common histological subtype, were used to verify staining patterns found by others in our cohort of Australasian patients. Matched morphologically normal non-cancer kidney tissues were included for each specimen. Sections were batch-immunostained using antibodies against Ob and ObR. Stained sections were digitally scanned using Aperio ImageScope, and the expression pattern of Ob and ObR was studied. In this cohort, male to female ratio was 2:1; median age was 64 (45-88 years); and median tumour size was 3.8 cm (range 1.2-18 cm). There were 47 (62.7%) T1, seven T2, 20 T3 and one T4 stage RCC. Two patients with ccRCC presented with metastases. Nuclear expression of Ob was significantly higher in RO compared with chRCC. The increased nuclear expression of Ob in RO compared with chRCC may be a useful aid in the difficult histological differentiation of RO from chRCC, especially eosinophilic variants of chRCC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis; Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism*; Kidney Neoplasms/pathology
  15. Ng KL, Yap NY, Rajandram R, Small D, Pailoor J, Ong TA, et al.
    Pathology, 2018 Aug;50(5):511-518.
    PMID: 29935727 DOI: 10.1016/j.pathol.2018.03.003
    Better characterisation and understanding of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) development and progression lead to better diagnosis and clinical outcomes. In this study, expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) subunits: p65 (RelA), p105/p50, p100/p52, and cRel in RCC tissue were compared with corresponding normal kidney, along with tumour characteristics and survival outcome. Ninety-six cases of RCC with paired normal kidney were analysed. Clinicopathological data, demographics and survival data were available. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for NF-κB subtypes was analysed using the Aperio digital pathology system for overall cellular expression and localisation. The prognostic cancer-specific survival value of the subunits in RCC patients was analysed. Approximately 50% of patients had clinical stage T1, with 22 patients having metastases at presentation. RCC subtypes were: clear cell (n = 76); papillary (n = 11); chromophobe (n = 5); clear cell tubulopapillary (n = 3); and one multilocular cystic RCC. Median follow up was 54.5 months (0.2-135), with 28 deaths at time of analysis. NF-κB p65 had higher overall and nuclear expressions, with lower overall and nuclear expressions of p50, p52 and cRel in RCC compared with normal kidney. Higher expressions of p65 (nuclear), p52 (overall and nuclear) and p50 (overall) correlated significantly with worse cancer-specific survival. This is the first large series of analysis of expression of NF-κB subunits in RCC. Especially with regards to the less studied subunits (p52, p50, cRel), our results allow a better understanding the role of NF-κB in RCC development and progression, and may pave the way for future targeted NF-κB subunit specific therapies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism*; Kidney Neoplasms/mortality; Kidney Neoplasms/pathology
  16. Bennett NC, Rajandram R, Ng KL, Gobe GC
    J Kidney Cancer VHL, 2014;1(2):17-25.
    PMID: 28326246 DOI: 10.15586/jkcvhl.2014.9
    Steroid hormones and their receptors have important roles in normal kidney biology, and alterations in their expression and function help explain the differences in development of kidney diseases, such as nephrotic syndrome and chronic kidney disease. The distinct gender difference in incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), with males having almost twice the incidence as females globally, also suggests a role for sex hormones or their receptors in RCC development and progression. There was a peak in interest in evaluating the roles of androgen and estrogen receptors in RCC pathogenesis in the late 20th century, with some positive outcomes for RCC therapy that targeted estrogen receptors, especially for metastatic disease. Since that time, however, there have been few studies that look at use of steroid hormone modulators for RCC, especially in the light of new therapies such as the tyrosine kinase inhibitors and new immune therapies, which are having some success for treatment of metastatic RCC. This review summarises past and current literature and attempts to stimulate renewed interest in research into the steroid hormones and their receptors, which might be used to effect, for example, in combination with the other newer targeted therapies for RCC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms
  17. Rajandram R, Razack AH, Ng KL, Gobe GC
    J Kidney Cancer VHL, 2016;3(1):1-11.
    PMID: 28326275 DOI: 10.15586/jkcvhl.2016.47
    Although primary localised tumours of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can be treated relatively successfully with surgery, metastatic RCC has poor prognosis because of late diagnosis and resistance to therapies. In the present study, we were interested in profiling the protein expression of "inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase" (ICAD), an apoptosis inhibitor, in kidney cancer and its paired normal kidney. Immunohistochemistry with automated batch staining and morphometry using digital pathology were used to compare ICAD in 121 RCC specimens with their paired normal kidney tissue. Tissue microarray of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival tissue was used. Intensity and localisation of ICAD were compared between normal and cancer samples, and against grading within the cancers. The results demonstrated that, in this cohort, ICAD was highly expressed in the proximal tubular epithelium of normal kidney, and significantly decreased in clear cell RCC tissue (p < 0.05) as well as other subtypes of RCC (p < 0.01) compared with normal kidney. There was a tendency towards nuclear localisation of ICAD in clear cell RCC, but not in other subtypes of RCC. No significant association was found between ICAD intensity and grade of RCC. In summary, down-regulation of ICAD occurs in RCC. ICAD normally inhibits DNA fragmentation and apoptosis; thus, its down-regulation was unexpected in a cancer known for its resistance to apoptosis. However, these RCC samples were from primary, not metastatic, RCC sites, and down-regulated ICAD may be part of a progressive pathway that promotes RCC metastasis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms
  18. Ellis RJ, Ng KL, Samaratunga H, Del Vecchio SJ, Wood ST, Gobe GC
    J Kidney Cancer VHL, 2016;3(2):14-22.
    PMID: 28326280 DOI: 10.15586/jkcvhl.2016.53
    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the fifth most common malignancy in kidney transplant recipients, with increased risk arising due to immunosuppression. De novo RCC occurrence in kidney allografts is much less common when compared with the native kidneys. Multifocal RCC in allograft kidneys is rarely described. In this report, we discuss two cases of de novo multifocal renal neoplasms in allograft kidneys. Case 1 had three distinct neoplastic lesions of >5 mm, and case 2 had four. Using the World Health Organization 2016 classification of adult renal tumours, case 1 had one clear-cell (cc) RCC (grade 3) and two papillary adenomas; all confined to the kidney. Case 2 had a nodular lesion classified as ccRCC (grade 4) with focal rhabdoid differentiation and some infiltration of renal sinus fat; a cc tubulopapillary RCC; a multilocular cystic renal neoplasm of low malignant potential; and a mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma; the last three all confined to the kidney. This is the first report of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma in a kidney allograft. When considering multifocal RCC with discordant histology, it is likely that these represent independent tumourigenic events.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms
  19. Ishak AI, Md Pauzi SH, Masir N, Goh BS
    Malays J Med Sci, 2010 Oct;17(4):71-4.
    PMID: 22135565 MyJurnal
    Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) presenting with multiple deposits in the head and neck region is unusual. It is not uncommon for a RCC to metastasise to a distant site after years of a tumour-free period, but most of it would be expected to have a single site of deposit. We report a rare case of a patient who had a nephrectomy 10 years earlier for RCC and presented with tumours in the frontal sinus and posterior pharyngeal wall. Radiological imaging and histology confirmed metastatic RCC at both sites.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms
  20. Son HJ, Lee H, Kim JH, Yu IK, Han HY
    Malays J Pathol, 2018 Apr;40(1):73-78.
    PMID: 29704388
    Progressively transformed germinal centers (PTGC) is a benign process characterised by a morphological variant of reactive follicular hyperplasia in lymph nodes. It was recently shown that some cases of PTGC are associated with IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) or increased IgG4 plasma cells. Five years ago, a 57-year-old woman presented with enlargement of multiple lymph nodes in the left parotid, submandibular, and neck areas, pathologically diagnosed as PTGC after excisional biopsy. Since then, she has experienced numbness in her extremities, especially the left shoulder and arm, pruritus on the left side of the face and intermittent facial palsy, for which she has been receiving regular symptomatic treatment. Recently the patient developed diabetes mellitus (approximately seven months ago). In routine follow-up scans, a mass was detected in left kidney and magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen prior to surgery revealed a slightly enhanced bulky mass replacing the pancreatic tail and uncinate process. The mass in left kidney was diagnosed as clear cell renal cell carcinoma, and the pathological features of the pancreatic lesion were those of IgG4-related chronic fibrosing pancreatitis. Retrograde examination of the neck lymph node diagnosed as PTGC showed increased deposition of IgG4-positive plasma cells.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Neoplasms/complications; Kidney Neoplasms/pathology
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