Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 347 in total

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  1. Tsubouchi Y
    Tonan Ajia Kenkyu, 1993 Jun;31(1):3-17.
    PMID: 12157851
    The author describes changes in the size and characteristics of multiple-household compounds in Kelantan, Malaysia, during the period 1971-1991. It is found that "in Malay villages, multihouseholdcompounds were in earlier times...based on a bilateral residence rule in which one or more children, either male or female, would stay in the compound of their parents....A recent trend has been for more females to remain in the parental compound than males, reflecting the orientation toward independence among the males." (SUMMARY IN ENG)
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  2. Fatimah M, Osman A
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1997 Dec;52(4):402-8.
    PMID: 10968118
    A case control study was conducted in 1996 among primary school student in Terengganu. The objective of the study is to determine the relationship between road traffic accidents and factors such as socio-economic status, distance from school, number of siblings, behavioural problems, knowledge and attitudes of pupil and their parents towards road safety and parents' educational status. A total of 140 cases was obtained from 3 urban schools and 3 from rural schools. Cases were matched with control according to age sex and locality of residence. There were significant associations between road traffic accidents and pupils' knowledge regarding road crossing (OR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.19-0.85), parental supervision (OR = 0.43, 95% CI = 0.19, 0.64) and parents having driving licences (OR = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.856-0.999). Road safety education for pupils and parental supervision are key measures in preventing road traffic accidents among primary school children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  3. Sani AM, Arif II, Arshad MM, Mungadi IA, Soh KG, Soh KL
    J Nurs Res, 2019 Mar 07.
    PMID: 30855517 DOI: 10.1097/jnr.0000000000000313
    BACKGROUND: Disorders of sex development (DSD) affect the quality of life of people who live with this condition. In developing countries, diagnoses of DSD are associated with a delay in presentation until the patients developed ambiguous physical traits and features.

    PURPOSE: This study explores the menstrual experiences of people with DSD and sex reassignment in Nigeria.

    METHODS: A qualitative approach with a phenomenological study design was employed in this study to explore and describe the experiences of people with DSD at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital in Sokoto, Nigeria. The data were collected using face-to-face interviews, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using NVivo software.

    RESULTS: The findings show that the participants experienced menstrual problems: men with menstruation and women with amenorrhea. The female participants generally described amenorrhea as a disappointment and linked menstruation with womanhood. Amenorrhea evinced both emotional and psychological effects. However, some of the female participants considered amenorrhea in a positive light and were happy with their lives without menstruation. The menstrual experiences of male participants included menarche, lower abdominal pain, regular monthly bleeding, and ovulation. The male participants described menstruation as a disaster in their lives and a source of anxiety, suicidal ideation, and depression. Menstruation negatively affected their psychosocial well-being.

    CONCLUSIONS: The menstrual experience of individuals with DSD negatively affects their quality of life. The women with DSD in this study showed a generally poor knowledge of menarche, menstruation, and puberty, indicating that their parents had ignored the initial symptoms of DSD. DSD were only recognized at puberty because of the development of ambiguous physical traits and of the onset of menstruation in men and the confirmation of amenorrhea in women.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CCBY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  4. Jin RR, Sutcliffe A, Vento M, Miles C, Travadi J, Kishore K, et al.
    Acta Paediatr., 2018 10;107(10):1733-1738.
    PMID: 29385272 DOI: 10.1111/apa.14242
    AIM: The diagnosis of tongue-tie (or ankyloglossia) has increased more than 10-fold in some countries. Whether this is a global phenomenon or related to cultural and professional differences is uncertain.

    METHODS: An online survey in English, Japanese, Chinese and Spanish was disseminated between May and November 2016 via 27 international professional bodies to >30 clinical professions chosen a priori to represent occupations involved in the management of neonatal ankyloglossia.

    RESULTS: A total of 1721 responses came from nursing (51%), medical (40%), dental (6%) and allied health (4%) clinicians. Nurses (40%) and allied health (34%) professionals were more likely than doctors (8%) to consider ankyloglossia as important for lactation problems, as were western (83%) compared to Asian (52%) clinicians. Referrals to clinicians for ankyloglossia management originated mainly from parents (38%). Interprofessional referrals were not clearly defined. Frenectomies were most likely to be performed by surgeons (65%) and dentists (35%), who were also less likely to be involved in lactation support. Clinicians performing frenectomies were more likely to consider analgesia as important compared to those not performing frenectomies.

    CONCLUSION: The diagnosis and treatment of ankyloglossia vary considerably around the world and between professions. Efforts to standardise management are required.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  5. Wo, Su Woan, Lai, Pauline Siew Mei, Ong, Lai Choo, Low, Wah Yun, Lim, Kheng Seang, Tay, Chee Geap, et al.
    Neurology Asia, 2016;21(3):235-245.
    MyJurnal
    Objective: To determine the validity and reliability of the Chinese parent proxy and child self-report
    health related quality of life measure for children with epilepsy (CHEQOL-25) in Malaysia. Methods:
    Face and content validity of the Chinese parent proxy and child self-report CHEQOL-25 was verified
    by an expert panel, and piloted in five children with epilepsy (CWE). The Chinese CHEQOL-25 was
    then administered to 40 parent proxies and their CWE (aged 8-18 years), from two tertiary hospitals,
    at baseline and 2 weeks later. Results: Forty parents and their CWE were recruited. Cronbach’s alpha
    for each subscale ranged from 0.56-0.83. At test-retest, the interclass correlation for all items ranged
    from 0.68-0.97. Items 8 and 25 were removed as their corrected item-total correlation values were
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  6. Abd Halim H, Abdul-Razak S, Md Yasin M, Isa MR
    Hum Vaccin Immunother, 2019 Oct 29.
    PMID: 31567057 DOI: 10.1080/21645515.2019.1674112
    Vaccine hesitant parents are linked with re-emergence of vaccine preventable diseases, but evidence is scarce locally. The Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) questionnaire was validated and used in the USA to identify vaccine hesitant parents. This study aimed to adapt and translate the 15-item PACV questionnaire from English into the Malay language, and to examine its validity and reliability. The sample population was parents of children aged 0-24 months, recruited at an urban government health clinic between November 2016-June 2017. During content validation, two items from the "Behavior" subdomain were identified as items with formative scale and excluded from exploratory factor analysis (EFA) but retained as part of demography. A total of 151 parents completed the questionnaire with response rate of 93.3%. Test-retest reliability was tested in 25 respondents four weeks later and the intra-class correlation was between 0.53 and 1.00. EFA of the 13 items showed possibility of two to four factor domains, but three domains were most conceptually equivalent. Two of the domains were similar to the original and one factor was identified de novo. One item was deleted due to poor factor loading of < 0.3. Therefore, the validated final PACV-Malay consisted of 12 items framed within three-factor domains. The PACV-Malay was reliable with total Cronbach alpha of 0.77. In conclusion, the PACV-Malay is a valid and reliable tool which can be used to identify vaccine hesitant parents in Malaysia. Confirmatory factor analysis and predictive validity are recommended for future studies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  7. Hussein MS, Akram W, Mamat MN, Majeed AB, Ismail NE
    J Clin Diagn Res, 2015 Apr;9(4):OC14-8.
    PMID: 26023580 DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2015/11995.5801
    CONTEXT: In recent years, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has become an important outcome measure in epidemiologic studies and clinical trials. For patients with asthma there are many instruments but most of them have been developed in English. With the increase in research project, researchers working in other languages have two options; either to develop a new measure or to translate an already developed measure. Children Health Survey for Asthma is developed by American Academy of Paediatrics which has two versions one for the parents (CHSA) and the other for the child (CHSA-C). However, there is no Malay version of the CHSA or the CHSA-C.
    AIM: The aim of this study was to translate and determine the validity and reliability of the Malaysian versions of Parent and Children Health Survey for Asthma.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires were translated to Bahasa Melayu using previously established guidelines, data from 180 respondents (asthmatic children and their parent) were analysed using Rasch-Model; as, it is an approach that has been increasingly used in health field and also it explores the performance of each item rather than total set score.
    RESULTS: The internal consistency was high for the parent questionnaire (CHSA) (reliability score for persons = 0.88 and for items was 0.97), and good for child questionnaire (CHSA-C) (reliability score for persons = 0.83 and for items was 0.94). Also, this study shows that all items measure for both questionnaires (CHSA and CHSA-C) are fitted to Rasch-Model.
    CONCLUSION: This study produced questionnaires that are conceptually equivalent to the original, easy to understand for the children and their parents, and good in terms of internal consistency. Because of the questionnaire has two versions one for the child and the other for the parents, they could be used in clinical practice to measure the effect of asthma on the child and their families. This current research had translated two instruments to other language (BahasaMalayu) and evaluated their reliability and validity hence will help researchers from the same country to use these translated instruments in their studies.
    KEYWORDS: CHSA; CHSA-C; Rasch analysis; Reliability; Validity
    Study site: paediatric and respiratory specialist clinics, Hospital Selayang and Hospital Sungai Buloh, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  8. Mohd Azizi FS, Kew Y, Moy FM
    Vaccine, 2017 05 19;35(22):2955-2961.
    PMID: 28434687 DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.04.010
    BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy is a threat in combating vaccine-preventable diseases. It has been studied extensively in the Western countries but not so among Asian countries.

    OBJECTIVES: To assess the test-retest reliability of the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) questionnaire in Malay language; to determine the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among parents and its associations with parents' socio-demographic characteristics.

    METHODS: Forward and backward translation of PACV in Malay language was carried out. The reliability of the Malay-PACV questionnaire was tested among parents with children. The same questionnaire was used to study vaccine hesitancy among parents in a tertiary hospital in Kuala Lumpur. Information pertaining to socio-demographic characteristics, sources of information regarding vaccination and vaccine hesitancy were collected. Associations between vaccine hesitancy with socio-demographic factors were tested using Multivariable Logistic Regression.

    RESULTS: The Spearman correlation coefficient and Cronbach alpha for total PACV was 0.79 (p<0.001) and 0.79 respectively. The intra-class correlation coefficients of the subscales ranged from 0.54 to 0.90 demonstrating fair to excellent reliability. A total of 63 (11.6%) parents were noted to be vaccine hesitant. In the univariate analyses, vaccine hesitancy was associated with unemployed parents, parents who were younger, had fewer children and non-Muslim. In the multivariate model, pregnant mothers expecting their first child were four times more likely to be vaccine hesitant compared to those who already had one or more children (aOR: 3.91, 95% CI: 1.74-8.79) and unemployed parents were also more likely to be vaccine hesitant (aOR: 1.97, 95% CI: 1.08-3.59). The internet (65.6%) was the main source of information on vaccination followed by brochures (56.9%).

    CONCLUSION: The Malay-PACV questionnaire is reliable to be used. The prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among the multi-ethnic Malaysians was comparable with other populations. Pregnant mothers expecting their first child and unemployed parents were found to be more vaccine hesitant.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  9. Adlina, S., Ambigga, D., Narimah, A.H.H., Ridha, A.Z.
    MyJurnal
    Home phototherapy treatment has been available in the Klang Valley (comprising Petaling ]aya, Kuala Lumpur; Shah Alam and Klang) since 2003. This study was conducted to create awareness of the existence of home phototherapy and its usage in Malaysia. This was a retrospective study using 1297 informed consent forms that parents had to read and sign prior to the commencement of home phototherapy. lt was found that the majority ofthe babies was males (41.2%), at or over 36 weelds gestation (97.2%), from areas in Selangor (57.4%), fully breastfed (53 %) and referred by doctors (98%). The mean age of the babies at initiation of lwme phototherapy was 6. 7 days. The mean bilirubin level at the start of home phototherapy was 243.8 umoVL and the mean bilirubin level at the end of home phototherapy 5 was 139.3 umoVL. The mean decrease in bilirubin level was 103.12 umoVL and the mean number of days of usage was 3.5 days which is a daily decrement of about 29 umoVL (29.46 + 13.8). Home phototherapy remains a viable clinical option for full term babies with physiological jaundice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  10. Ramdzan SN, Liew SM, Khoo EM
    BMC Pediatr, 2014;14:132.
    PMID: 24885332 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2431-14-132
    BACKGROUND:
    Unintentional injuries are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. Prevention of unintentional injuries has been shown to be effective with education. Understanding the level of knowledge and practices of caregivers in infant safety would be useful to identify gaps for improvement.

    METHODS:
    A cross-sectional study was conducted in an urban government health clinic in Malaysia among main caregivers of infants aged 11 to 15 months. Face-to-face interviews were conducted using a semi-structured self-designed questionnaire. Responses to the items were categorised by the percentage of correct answers: poor (<50%), moderate (50% - 70%) and good (>70%).

    RESULTS:
    A total of 403 caregivers participated in the study. Of the 21 items in the questionnaire on knowledge, 19 had good-to-moderate responses and two had poor responses. The two items on knowledge with poor responses were on the use of infant walkers (26.8%) and allowing infants on motorcycles as pillion riders (27.3%). Self-reported practice of infant safety was poor. None of the participants followed all 19 safety practices measured. Eight (42.1%) items on self-reported practices had poor responses. The worst three of these were on the use of baby cots (16.4%), avoiding the use of infant walkers (23.8%) and putting infants to sleep in the supine position (25.6%). Better knowledge was associated with self-reported safety practices in infants (p < 0.05). However, knowledge did not correspond to correct practice, particularly on the use of baby cots, infant walkers and sarong cradles.

    CONCLUSION:
    Main caregivers' knowledge on infant safety was good but self-reported practice was poor. Further research in the future is required to identify interventions that target these potentially harmful practices.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  11. Irfan M, Hasme Zam H, Mohd Khairi M
    Malays Fam Physician, 2012;7(1):28-30.
    PMID: 25606242 MyJurnal
    The incidence of rhinolith is by far very low compared to the nasal foreign bodies, especially in adult. Foreign body (FB) in the nostril will lead to unilateral nasal symptom which can start with nasal obstruction or discomfort. In younger children, they may miss to report the problem to the parents but, later on, the FB will manifest itself with unilateral nasal discharge, which at most of the time fouls smells. We report a case of a healthy adult female who presented with unilateral foul smelly nasal discharge which later was diagnosed as rhinolith, with rubber-tip pencil eraser as the nidus of calcification.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  12. Rakhshani F, Moghaddam AA, Shahraki-Sanavi F, Mohammadi M, Fakhrerahimi S
    Malays J Med Sci, 2018 Mar;25(2):82-94.
    PMID: 30918458 DOI: 10.21315/mjms2018.25.2.9
    Background: This study was carried out on Iranian female adolescents to understand health needs for the purpose of designing health promoting intervention in schools.

    Methods: In this exploratory qualitative study, two focus group discussion (15 teachers) and 30 individual in-depth interviews were conducted among female adolescents in the eighth grade in Zahedan, Iran. Qualitative content analysis was used for data evaluation.

    Results: The views of students and teachers demonstrated nine of needs including: informing students about the schools' health project aims, education and training all dimensions of health with an emphasis on mental health, use of experts in various fields for education from other organisations, employing capable and trusted counselors in schools, utilisation of a variety of teaching methods, activating reward systems for encouraging students' participation in group activities, teaching communication and the ability to establish good relationships with parents and strategies for resolving family conflict, teaching parents and students high-risk behaviours and strategies for handling them as well as reforming wrong attitudes and indigenous sub-culture.

    Conclusion: This study found the different needs of Iranian female students compared to other cultures about a health promoting school programme. Therefore, their contribution can provide an insight for formulating policies and intervention in schools.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  13. Ibrahim AH, Rahman NNA, Saifuddeen SM, Baharuddin M
    Sci Eng Ethics, 2019 02;25(1):129-142.
    PMID: 29071572 DOI: 10.1007/s11948-017-9980-5
    Tri-parent baby technology is an assisted reproductive treatment which aims to minimize or eliminate maternal inheritance of mutated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The technology became popular following the move by the United Kingdom in granting license to a group of researchers from the Newcastle Fertility Centre, Newcastle University to conduct research on the symptoms of defective mtDNA. This technology differs from other assisted reproductive technology because it involves the use of gamete components retrieved from three different individuals. Indirectly, it affects the preservation of lineage which is important from an Islamic point of view. This paper aims to analyze and discuss the implications of the tri-parent technology on preservation of lineage from the perspective of Maqasid al-Shari'ah based the Islamic bioethics. The analysis shows that there are a few violations of the preservation of lineage, hence the tri-parent baby technology should not be permitted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  14. Nik Adib NA, Ibrahim MI, Ab Rahman A, Bakar RS, Yahaya NA, Hussin S, et al.
    PMID: 30400357 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15112455
    BACKGROUND: A Malay version of Parent Satisfaction Scale (PSS-M) is needed to investigate the factors contributing to the Malay caregivers' satisfaction with health care management for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim of the study is to translate and validate the questionnaire to assess the caregivers' satisfaction on health care services.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 110 caregivers of children with ASD aged between 2 and 17 years old that received treatment at two tertiary care centres in Kelantan. Permission to use the original version of the PSS questionnaire was obtained. The original English version of the PSS was translated into a Malay version following the 10 steps proposed by an established guideline. Pre-testing of the PSS was carried out with 30 caregivers before confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was established using 110 caregivers. They were asked to assess their understanding of the questionnaire. The one-dimensional questionnaire consists of 11 items, including staff attitudes, availability of staff, supportiveness, and helpfulness. The 5-point Likert scale provided ratings from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). Confirmatory factor analysis was performed using a robust maximum likelihood estimator.

    RESULTS: The analysis showed model fit data with good reliability.

    CONCLUSION: The PSS-M shows overall model fitness based on specific indices, with good construct validity and excellent absolute reliability to determine the satisfaction level of caregivers of children with ASD with respect to health care services.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  15. Jazayeri SMHM, Jamshidnezhad A
    Malays J Med Sci, 2019 Jan;26(1):5-14.
    PMID: 30914890 DOI: 10.21315/mjms2019.26.1.2
    The development of intelligent software in recent years has grown rapidly. Mobile health has become a field of interest as a tool for childcare, especially as a means for parents of children with diverse diseases and a resource to promote their health conditions. Current systematic review was conducted to survey the functionalities of available applications on the mobile platform to support pediatrics intelligent diagnosis and children healthcare. Results which met the inclusion criteria (such as patient monitoring, decision support, diagnosis support) were obtained, assessed and organised into a checklist. In this study, 379 potential apps were identified using the search feature in Apple App Store and Google Play Store. After careful consideration of the selected apps, only three (Google Play Store) and one (iTunes Store), fulfilled all the general inclusion criteria and special criteria, such as intelligence tools. The results showed that Artificial Intelligence (AI) was used minimally in diagnostic apps due to a limited amount of mobile hardware and software, such as the reliable programming of intelligent algorithms.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  16. Baloch N, Atif M, Rashid RH, Hashmi PM
    Malays Orthop J, 2015 Nov;9(3):55-57.
    PMID: 28611912 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1511.008
    Toe-tourniquet syndrome is a rare and commonly misdiagnosed condition caused by a hair or a fiber wrapped around digits (fingers and toes). A four months baby girl who was crying and presented with redness and swelling at her 2nd and 3rd toes of right foot. Child had red and swollen 2nd and 3rd toes of right foot with hair end protruding through wounds. Constricting hairs were cut and removed. Toetourniquet syndrome is a rare entity which is caused by hair wrapped around a toe or a digit. Diagnosis is mostly clinical. In order to prevent this condition to happen, education of parents and clinicians is a cornerstone.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  17. Zailina Hashim, Juliana Jalaludin, Norzila Muhamad Zainudin, Azizi Omar, Jamal H. Hashim
    MyJurnal
    A study on 30 asthmatic children was conducted in Kuala Lumpur. The objective of this study was to study the relationship between respirable particulate (PM10), sulphur dioxide, ozone and various meteorological factors such as humidity, level ofrainfall and temperature with asthma attacks. This study was conducted from 1st September to 31 December 1994. Patients were selected from the Paediatric Unit, Kuala Lumpur Hospital. Questionnaires were used to obtain information from their parents on the history and severity ofasthmatic attacks ofthese patients. Questionnaires were also used to determine if the indoor sources contributed to the attack. Diary cards were used to collect information on the frequency of asthmatic attacks. Each patient's progress was followed through every week during the study period and the attacks were recorded. The data on air quality on the PM10, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide and ozone were collected hourly using the microcomputer system of air monitoring unit from the Universiti Pertanian Malaysia air quality monitoring station located at the City Hall, Kuala Lumpur. The meteorological parameters such as temperature, relative humidity and rain-fall levels were also monitored daily. The asthmatic attack percentage was obtained by dividing the number of attacks in a day with the total number of sample and multiplying by a hundred. Statistical tests indicated that there was a significant correlation between asthmatic attacks and the PM10 concentrations (r=0.73), nitrogen dioxide (r=0.57) and.carbon monoxide (r=0.53) throughout the study period. During the haze episode, more significant correlations between asthmatic attacks, PM10 concentra-tions (0.86), carbon monoxide (0.79) and nitrogen oxide (0.53) were found. Multiple regression statistical test showed that PM10 had the greatest influence on the asthmatic attack rate. The minute respirable particulate which entered the respiratory system of the asthmatics triggered attacks on these patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  18. Amy Chen Ern Ming, Hanif Farhan Mohd Rasdi, Nor Farah Mohamad Fauzi, Nur Zakiah Mohd Saat
    MyJurnal
    The paediatric rehabilitation service in Malaysia is shifting from the traditional child-focused approach to a family-centred
    approach. At present, there is a lack of an evaluation tool to assess to the quality of paediatric rehabilitation services, and
    whether the services are in line with the principles of the family-centred service. This study was undertaken to assess validity
    and reliability of the Malay version of the Measure of Processes of Care 20-item (MPOC-20) questionnaire in evaluating
    family-centered approach in children rehabilitation services in Kuala Lumpur. The original English version of the MPOC-
    20 was translated into Malay language, before it was administered to 102 parents of children receiving rehabilitation
    service at the Occupational Therapy Unit, UKM Medical Centre. The component structure of the MPOC-20 Malay version
    was examined using principal component analysis with Varimax rotation to explore the factor structures after translation.
    Cronbach’s alpha was calculated to determine the internal consistency reliability of the factors identified in the MPOC-20
    Malay version. The resultant four-factor model explained 64 % of the variance in the Malay MPOC-20 responses. All four
    factors were similar to the five factors described in the original MPOC-20. All the 20 items were retained, with relocation of
    some items into a new factor. The Malay version of the MPOC-20 showed good internal consistency with Cronbach’s alpha
    values ranging from 0.75 to 0.90. This study demonstrates that the Malay version of the MPOC-20 is valid and reliable,
    and is suitable for evaluation of the quality of child rehabilitation services in the Malaysian context.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
  19. Mohd Shukrimi Awang, Ardilla Hanim bt Abdul Razak, Nurazlina bt Azizi, Nur Amalina Syazwani Bukhori, Hanisah Mohamad Zainuddin, Nora Mat Zin
    MyJurnal
    Having children with congenital anomalies, particularly congenital talipes
    equinovarus (CTEV) may impact the psychological wellbeing of the parents. This study
    is to assess the psychological impact of CTEV, the related factors, and the coping
    strategies used by the parents in Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA), Kuantan,
    Pahang. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents
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