Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 108 in total

  1. Boo, H.W., Vasanthie, B., Zulkifli, O.
    Malays Orthop J, 2010;4(3):19-21.
    Sprengel’s shoulder and myositis ossificans (MO) are rarely seen concomitantly. This report is about a rare case in a 4 year-old girl who presented with right shoulder deformity and pain associated with right proximal arm swelling.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  2. Yahya, N.A., Youngson, C.C.
    Ann Dent, 2007;14(1):7-13.
    The purpose of this study were to compare the emergence profiles of crowns with their contralateral tooth, in vitro, and to determine if there is any association between the design of tooth preparations and the resultant emergence profile. 50 working models used for single crown construction were examined. Measurements of the faciolingual width of the crowns and contralateral teeth were taken using digital calipers. Internal line angles and the margin width of dies and the emergence profile of the corresponding crowns were measured from longitudinally sectioned polyvinylsiloxane indices mounted on a flat-bed scanner using image analysis software. Using Students t tests, no statistically significant differences (p>0.05) were found for shoulder width (mean 0.94 ± 0.23mm), internal line angle (mean 105.83 ± 13.57°) or emergence profiles (28.56 ± 12.95°) in the different (anterior, premolar or molar) preparations or crowns. The mean emergence profiles for all crowns was statistically significantly greater (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  3. Yeap JS, Lee DJK, Fazir M, Kareem BA, Yeap JK
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2004 Oct;59(4):450-4.
    PMID: 15779576
    A retrospective study was conducted to determine the incidence of nerve injuries in anterior dislocations of the shoulder and to determine if a neurological examination is routinely performed in such cases. One hundred and fifteen shoulder dislocations in 100 patients (74 males, 26 females; mean age 35+/-18 years) were reviewed. Eighty-seven patients were examined for neurological injuries prior to reduction and 8 of these patients (9.2%) were found to have sustained neurological injuries. Following reduction, neurological examination was performed in 85 patients. Three patients who were not examined initially prior to reduction were subsequently found to have nerve injuries after reduction. Seven patients (7%) were not examined for neurological injury both before and after reduction of the dislocation. Eleven patients were found to have sustained nerve injuries in the final analysis. Axillary nerve injuries were the most common, occurring in 8 patients. In conclusion, nerve injuries are common in shoulder dislocations. The importance of performing and documenting the findings of neurological examination anterior shoulder dislocations needs to be reiterated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Dislocation/complications*
  4. Kongcharoensombat W, Wattananon P
    Malays Orthop J, 2018 Nov;12(3):1-5.
    PMID: 30555639 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1811.001
    Introduction: The anterolateral acromion approach of the shoulder is popular for minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique. However, there are literatures describing the specific risks of injury of the axillary nerve using this approach. Nevertheless, most of the studies were done with Caucasian cadavers. So, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of iatrogenic axillary nerve injury from using the anterolateral shoulder approach and further investigate the location of the axillary nerve, associated with its location and arm length in the Asian population that have shorter arm length compared to the Caucasian population. Materials and Methods: Seventy-nine shoulders in fourty-two embalmed cadavers were evaluated. The bony landmarks were drawn, and a vertical straight incision was made 5cm from tip of the acromion (anterolateral approach), to the bone. The iatrogenic nerve injury status and the distance between the anterolateral edge of the acromion to the axillary nerve was measured and recorded. Results: In ten of the seventy-nine shoulders, the axillary nerve were iatrogenically injured. The average anterior distance was 6.4cm and the average arm length was 30.2cm. The anterior distance and arm length ratio was 0.2. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that the recommended safe zone at 5cm from tip of acromion was not suitable with Asian population due to shorter arm length, compared to Caucasian population. The location of axillary nerve could be predicted by 20% of the total arm-length.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  5. Abdul Rais, A.R., Wan Abdul Manan, W.M, Shariza, A.R., Wan Nadiah, W.A.
    ‘Nasi kandar’ is defined as boiled white rice placed inside a wooden basket and carried on the shoulder using a pole. The rice is served with a variety of pairing dishes that are usually fried, curried or boiled. The tradition of carrying rice and pairing dishes on the shoulder began to die out in the 20th century as seller resorted to a more conventional way of selling ‘nasi kandar’. The ‘nasi kandar’ business in Malaysia has evolved from being sold as a street food into a multi-million dollar franchise business rivalling the fast food business. It is available 24 hours and enjoyed by Malaysians from all walks of life. This study aims to compare ‘nasi kandar’ eating pattern among patrons in the Klang Valley and Penang. Three hundred sets of questionnaires were answered and collected. Data from the questionnaires were analyzed in PASW 18.0 using descriptive statistics and chi-square test for association. Klang Valley patrons (72%) would consume ‘nasi kandar’ once a week. More than half (53.3%) of the patrons from Penang consumed ‘nasi kandar’ more than twice a week. A significant relationship exists between patron’s region and frequency of ‘nasi kandar’ consumption where p = <0.0001 and r = 0.277. A significant but moderate relationship between patron’s region and consumption of ‘nasi kandar’ during breakfast (p = <0.001, r = 0.250), lunch (p = <0.0001, r = 264) and dinner (p = <0.0001, r = 0.336). Patrons in Penang consumed ‘nasi kandar’ more often than their Klang Valley counterparts. Klang Valley patrons were more particular than Penang patrons when it comes to cleanliness, menu pricing, friendly service, air-condition and separate smoking area. Klang Valley patrons tend to consume more chicken based dishes while Penang patrons tend to consume more meat, fish, and squid based dishes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  6. Lim E, Lim R, Suhaimi A, Chan BT, Wahab AKA
    J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil, 2018;31(6):1041-1047.
    PMID: 30149436 DOI: 10.3233/BMR-171042
    BACKGROUND: Low frequency sound wave stimulation therapy has become increasingly popular in the rehabilitation fields, due to its ease, less fatiguing and time efficient application.

    OBJECTIVE: This 12-week pilot study examines the efficacy of applying low frequency sound wave stimulation (between 16-160 Hz) through both hands and feet on relieving pain and improving functional ability in patients with chronic back pain.

    METHODS: Twenty-three participants with chronic shoulder (eleven participants) or low back pain (twelve participants) underwent a 12-week vibration therapy program of three sessions per week. A low frequency sound wave device comprising four piezoelectric vibration-type tactile tranducers enclosed in separate 5-cm diameter circular plates, which generate sinusoidal vibratory stimuli at a frequency of 16-160 Hz, was used in this study. Primary outcome measure was pain sensation measured using the Visual Analogue Scale (P-VAS). The secondary outcome measures were pain-related disability measured using the pain disability index (PDI) and quality of life measured using the SF-12.

    RESULTS: At week 12, significant reductions in pain sensation and pain-related disability were observed, with mean reductions of 3.5 points in P-VAS and 13.5 points in the PDI scores. Sixty-five percent of the participants had a reduction of at least 3 points on the P-VAS score, while 52% participants showed a decrease of at least 10 points in the PDI score. Significant improvement was observed in the SF-12 physical composite score but not the mental composite score.

    CONCLUSIONS: The preliminary findings showed that passive application of low frequency sound wave stimulation therapy through both hands and feet was effective in alleviating pain and improving functional ability in patients with chronic back pain.

    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  7. Nagarajan M, Vijayakumar P
    J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil, 2013;26(3):227-42.
    PMID: 23893137 DOI: 10.3233/BMR-130373
    Recent evidences suggest functional thoracic hyperkyphosis (FTH) could be a different approach in the management of subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). This case study aims firstly with the development of evidence informed FTH model for SIS. Secondly this study aimed to develop well defined multimodal physical therapy intervention for FTH and its related mechanical consequences in elderly patient with chronic SIS. As a result, Level IV positive evidence was found in both the short and long-term pain and disability of chronic SIS, using FTH model with 26 months of follow-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Joint/pathology; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome/complications; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome/pathology; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome/therapy*
  8. Loh YC, Trail IA
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2002 Jun;57(2):205-8.
    PMID: 24326652
    Fourteen fit and healthy patients underwent arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) of shoulder for rotator cuff impingement. Their blood chemistry was analysed pre-operatively, 24 hours post-operatively and 2-3 weeks post-operatively. Levels of haematocrit, sodium, potassium, creatinine and urea were measured. The blood chemistry returned almost to the pre-operative level at 2-3 weeks post-operatively. There was no statistically significant differences found. This study concludes that arthroscopic subacromial decompression is a safe technique when considering the blood parameters despite the haemodilution seen in all patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder*; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome*
  9. Khoo, S.W., Khoo, S.M., Yeong, Y.K., Towil, B.
    Malays Orthop J, 2009;3(2):29-32.
    According to recently reported outcome studies, functional outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair are reasonable and comparable to open or mini-open techniques. We report the functional outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair of 10 consecutive patients. The average age was 53.9(range 46-59) years. There was a significant improvement of the function of the shoulder when the preoperative scores were compared with those at the time of at least six months follow-up (range of 6 months to 18 months). With the UCLA rating scale, the average total score increased from preoperative 9.8 (range, 6-15) to postoperative 32.6 (range,23-35). With the use of ASES shoulder index, the average total score improved from 14.6 range, 1.6-35) to 92.3 (range,66.6 to 100). We concluded that arthroscopic rotator cuff repair is a treatment method in selective patients with symptomatic rotator cuff pathology to alleviate shoulder pain and improve function.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder; Shoulder Pain
  10. Usman J, McIntosh AS, Quarrie K, Targett S
    J Sci Med Sport, 2015 Sep;18(5):529-33.
    PMID: 25156881 DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.07.020
    Shoulder injuries in rugby union football have been the focus of few in-depth studies, despite their frequency and severity. The study's objective was to describe the incidence, patterns and mechanisms of shoulder injuries in rugby.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder/injuries*
  11. Kuan YC, Tan F
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2014 Dec;69(6):231-3.
    PMID: 25934952 MyJurnal
    We describe the clinical presentation, investigation and management of an eventually fatal case of hypercalcemic crisis due to primary hyperparathyridism (PHPT). A 60 year-old lady with history of urolithiasis presented with worsening generalized bone pain, spinal scoliosis and a limp. Laboratory data showed hypercalcemia and raised alkaline phosphatase. Left hip x-ray revealed a subcapital femoral neck fracture. Intact parathyroid hormone was elevated, 187.6 pmol/L (1.6 – 6.9) and ultrasound showed an enlarged right parathyroid gland. Despite initial reduction of serum calcium with saline infusion and multiple doses of intravenous pamidronate, her calcium increased to 4.14 mmol/L a week following application of Buck’s traction for persistent left hip pain. She succumbed eventually with serum calcium peaking at 6.28 mmol/L despite multiple therapeutic interventions.
    KEY WORDS: Primary hyperparathyroidism, hypercalcemic crisis, pathological fracture, urolithiasis
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  12. Sukadarin, E.H., Deros, B.M., Nawi, N.S.M., Rambely, A.S., Bakar, S.A., Tamrin, S.B.M.
    Posture is one of the most important factor that need to be considered in any postural analysis. Awkward, extreme,
    and repetitive postures can increase the risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). As observational methods are more
    widely used than instrumentation-based methods to assess postural problems, this study reviews and assesses the
    scientific literature of observational methods and focused on pen and paper based specifically. In order to identify the
    published methods, a list of English or Malay articles dating as far back as 1990 was compiled from PubMed, Science
    Direct and Google Scholar. The keywords were ergo*, posture*, method*, observational*, postural problems*, pen and
    paper*, posture analysis*, indirect* and macro-ergo*. In addition, a secondary search was also performed using
    bibliography of retrieved articles so that additional papers for conducting review and evaluations can be collected. A
    total of 121 articles that assessed postural problems in working activities were found. However, after intensive
    screening process only 6 articles were selected to be further analyzed. Posture of upper arms/shoulder, lower arms/
    elbow, wrist, neck, back/trunk and leg were highlighted in this study. The limitations and the strengths of the
    published pen and paper based observational method focusing on those postures were also discussed. The finding of
    this review will benefit researchers in the process of understanding unsafe posture in workplace. It could also provide
    to researcher on how to improve the current pen and paper based observational method for assessing postural
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  13. Nordin NM, Fen CK, Isa S, Symonds EM
    Malays J Med Sci, 2006 Jul;13(2):52-60.
    PMID: 22589605 MyJurnal
    The aim of the study was to assess the outcomes of grandmultiparous women receiving the current obstetric care in Maternity Hospital Kuala Lumpur. Recent data regarding some of the complications are conflicting and the significance of grandmultiparity is now in question. Therefore, a retrospective cohort study of 237 grandmultiparous and 254 multiparous women were undertaken. Chi-squared and t test were used (P<0.05) where appropriate. The results revealed that grandmultiparous women tend to be Malays, age above 35, have late antenatal booking and suffered from anemia and non-proteinuric hypertension. There was no significant difference in diabetes and glucose intolerance, ante partum and post partum hemorrhage. There was a significantly lower risk of first and second-degree perineal tear, and prolonged first stage of labor. There was a significant increased in induction of labor but there was no uterine rupture and no increased in Cesarean Section. There was an increased in meconium stain liquor but there was no increased risk of fetal distress. The fetal outcome was good and there was no tendency to macrosomic infants or shoulder dystocia. With adequate care, the maternal fetal outcome of grandmutiparous women is good and comparable to the multiparous women. Anemia is still common and patient education is important to overcome this problem.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  14. Erna Faryza, Mohd Suleiman Murad, Syamsul Anwar
    The computer is well known as one of the important tools in the office that gives a lot of benefits but silently leads to musculoskeletal pain. There are many different kinds of musculoskeletal complaints pain but the most common seen among computer users in developed countries is the complaint of arm, neck and shoulder (CANS). Despite this, definite factors that can be associated with the prevalence of CANS have not been established. This study was conducted to identify the prevalence and factors associated with work-related complaints of arm, neck and shoulder (CANS) among office workers in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. A survey study design was conducted where 110 (n=110) office workers were recruited from around the Selangor and Kuala Lumpur area for 5 months periods. Participants were required to answer the Maastricht Upper Extremity Questionnaire (MUEQ) and the Level of Ergonomic Knowledge Questionnaire. The study showed the highest percentage of CANS reported was at neck region (53.6% of participants), followed by shoulders with 53.0%. The majority of participants have low level of computer ergonomic awareness where only 19.09% (n=21) from government sector and 10% (n=11) office workers from private sector reported knowledge of ergonomics. Majority of the participants did not have the know-how in implementing correct computer ergonomics. However there was a weak association (r=
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  15. Tamadon A, Pons DJ, Clucas D, Sued K
    Materials (Basel), 2019 Oct 01;12(19).
    PMID: 31581446 DOI: 10.3390/ma12193215
    One of the difficulties with bobbin friction stir welding (BFSW) has been the visualisation of microstructure, particularly grain boundaries, and this is especially problematic for materials with fine grain structure, such as AA6082-T6 aluminium as here. Welds of this material were examined using optical microscopy (OM) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Results show that the grain structures that form depend on a complex set of factors. The motion of the pin and shoulder features transports material around the weld, which induces shear. The shear deformation around the pin is non-uniform with a thermal and strain gradient across the weld, and hence the dynamic recrystallisation (DRX) processes are also variable, giving a range of observed polycrystalline and grain boundary structures. Partial DRX was observed at both hourglass boundaries, and full DRX at mid-stirring zone. The grain boundary mapping showed the formation of low-angle grain boundaries (LAGBs) at regions of high shear as a consequence of thermomechanical nature of the process.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  16. Mohamad Shariff A. Hamid, Stella Jane Joseph Rajah
    Sains Malaysiana, 2015;44:1473-1479.
    This study assessed the effects of progressive resistance exercise programmes on self-reported health related quality of life, body composition and muscle strength among patients with HIV. Twenty-nine men with HIV were randomly assigned to progressive resistance exercise programme using elastic band (PRE group) (n=14) or resistance exercise programme without elastic band (comparative group) (n=15). Both groups underwent exercise programmes for 12 weeks. Selfreported health related quality of life, body compositions and isometric shoulder lift strength were assessed at baseline and at week 12. Ten and nine men in the intervention and comparative groups, respectively, completed the 12-week programme. Participants in the comparative group showed significant improvements in the domain of mental health (p<0.05). No significant changes in all body composition parameters were found in both groups with time. Both groups showed significant improvements in peak and average shoulder lift strength (intervention, p=0.001; p=0.001; control, p=0.008; p=0.016). Progressive resistance exercise programmes significantly improves shoulder lift strength, showed positive effects on self-reported health related quality of life scores among patients with HIV.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  17. Low SF, Mohd Tap NH, Kew TY, Ngiu CS, Sridharan R
    Iran J Radiol, 2015 Jul;12(3):e11760.
    PMID: 26528383 DOI: 10.5812/iranjradiol.11760v2
    Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by progressive proliferation of malignant plasma cells, usually initiating in the bone marrow. MM can affect any organ; a total of 7 - 18% of patients with MM demonstrate extramedullary involvement at diagnosis. Non-secretory multiple myeloma (NSMM) is a rare variant that accounts for 1 - 5% of all cases of multiple myeloma. The disease is characterized by the absence of monoclonal gammopathy in serum and urine electrophoresis. Our case report highlights the diagnostic challenge of a case of NSMM with extensive extramedullary involvement in a young female patient who initially presented with right shoulder pain and bilateral breasts lumps. Skeletal survey showed multiple lytic bony lesions. The initial diagnosis was primary breast carcinoma with osseous metastases. No monoclonal gammopathy was found in the serum or urine electrophoresis. Bone marrow and breast biopsies revealed marked plasmacytosis. The diagnosis was delayed for a month in view of the lack of clinical suspicion of multiple myeloma in a young patient and scant biochemical expression of non-secretory type of multiple myeloma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Pain
  18. Ruhaizin Sulaiman, Zahari Taha, Siti Zawiah Md. Dawal
    Elderly are exposed to physical impairment. This has a strong impact on their daily activities including
    frying, which is one of the most popular cuisine preparations. The stove height and work envelope
    are two major ergonomic issues in performing cooking task. There has been little research focusing
    on Malaysian elderly task performing in addressing these issues. The objectives of this study were to
    identify the acceptable stove height and depth and to determine the working envelope among Malaysian
    elderly using anthropometric data. A total of 55 Malaysian elderly (25 male and 30 female) aged between
    60 to 85 years participated in this study. Five body measurements were taken from each subject using
    an anthropometer. The measurements are stature height, shoulder height, arm span, arm reach forward
    and waist height. Apart from these anthropometric measurements, their present stove height was also
    measured. The acquisition of stove height dimensions was performed through a series of door to door
    visit of the elderly homes in Kg. Sg. Merab. These variables were used to estimate the elderly working
    envelope and determine the stove height, width and depth. Data were analysed using SPSS software. The
    waist height dimension was to estimate the stove height, the arm reach forward for the depth and the arm
    span for the length of the table-top where the stove was placed. Meanwhile the stature and shoulder height
    were used for estimating the position of the overhead compartment or placement of cooking utensils.
    The 5
    percentile was chosen since it is appropriate to accommodate 90% of the studied population. The 5
    percentile was also applied for the setting
    of the working envelope so as to provide better
    reaching tolerances. Meanwhile, standard was used
    to compare the present state of the studied kitchen
    setting. The results show that 56.4% of the elderly
    waist height is lower than the standard table-top
    height which is 36 inches (91.4cm) and 36.4% of the stove height was found higher than that of the standard. This could apparently cause fatigue and
    discomfort to shoulders, the neck, the arm and the back of the user. Anthropometrics measurements can
    be used for estimating the stove height, length and depth. These could also calculate a space taken for
    certain physical activities, such as frying task envelope. Providing a good combination of stove height,
    length, depth and ergonomic working envelope could hopefully improve the elderly cooking task and
    increase their quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  19. Choy, Yew Sing, Sinniah, D.
    Reported is the first case of syringomyelia and syringobulbia associated with Arnold Chiari I malformation in a Malaysian child. The initial complaint was that of unilateral anhidrosis of the face. The chief presenting features were dissociated sensory loss, asymmetrical weakness of the left upper limb associated with subluxation of left shoulder and signs of upper motor neurone lesion in the left lower limb. One unusual feature was the presence of vesiculation followed by ulceration of the pinnae of both ears. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the posterior fossa and cervical and thoracic cord facilitated the diagnosis and was the most useful diagnostic procedure in this child.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
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