Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 289 in total

  1. Vinoth R, Patil IM, Pandikumar A, Kakade BA, Huang NM, Dionysios DD, et al.
    ACS Omega, 2016 Nov 30;1(5):971-980.
    PMID: 31457177 DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.6b00275
    Nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) were decorated on a three-dimensional (3D) MoS2-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) framework via a facile hydrothermal method. The distribution of N-GQDs on the 3D MoS2-rGO framework was confirmed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray elemental mapping, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy techniques. The resultant 3D nanohybrid was successfully demonstrated as an efficient electrocatalyst toward the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) under alkaline conditions. The chemical interaction between the electroactive N-GQDs and MoS2-rGO and the increased surface area and pore size of the N-GQDs/MoS2-rGO nanohybrid synergistically improved the ORR onset potential to +0.81 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE). Moreover, the N-GQDs/MoS2-rGO nanohybrid showed better ORR stability for up to 3000 cycles with negligible deviation in the half-wave potential (E1/2). Most importantly, the N-GQDs/MoS2-rGO nanohybrid exhibited a superior methanol tolerance ability even under a high concentration of methanol (3.0 M) in alkaline medium. Hence, the development of a low-cost metal-free graphene quantum dot-based 3D nanohybrid with high methanol tolerance may open up a novel strategy to design selective cathode electrocatalysts for direct methanol fuel cell applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  2. Jian Fui C, Xin Ting T, Sarjadi MS, Amin Z, Sarkar SM, Musta B, et al.
    ACS Omega, 2021 Mar 16;6(10):6766-6779.
    PMID: 33748590 DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.0c05840
    Highly active natural pandanus-extracted cellulose-supported poly(hydroxamic acid)-Cu(II) complex 4 was synthesized. The surface of pandanus cellulose was modified through graft copolymerization using purified methyl acrylate as a monomer. Then, copolymer methyl acrylate was converted into a bidentate chelating ligand poly(hydroxamic acid) via a Loosen rearrangement in the presence of an aqueous solution of hydroxylamine. Finally, copper species were incorporated into poly(hydroxamic acid) via the adsorption process. Cu(II) complex 4 was fully characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. The cellulose-supported Cu(II) complex 4 was successfully applied (0.005 mol %) to the Ullmann etherification of aryl, benzyl halides, and phenacyl bromide with a number of aromatic phenols to provide the corresponding ethers with excellent yield [benzyl halide (70-99%); aryl halide (20-90%)]. Cu(II) complex 4 showed high stability and was easily recovered from the reaction mixture. It could be reused up to seven times without loss of its original catalytic activity. Therefore, Cu(II) complex 4 can be commercially utilized for the preparation of various ethers, and this synthetic technique could be a part in the synthesis of natural products and medicinal compounds.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  3. Oh WC, Fatema KN, Liu Y, Jung CH, Sagadevan S, Biswas MRUD
    ACS Omega, 2020 Jul 21;5(28):17337-17346.
    PMID: 32715218 DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.0c01699
    In this study, we demonstrate the fabrication and characterization of a new quaternary semiconductor nanocomposite of LiCuMo2O11/graphene oxide/polypyrrole (LCMGP) via a hydrothermal method and testing of an NH3 and H2SO4 sensor operating in gaseous states at room temperature. We used X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to characterize the properties of LCMGP nanostructures. Our sensor is capable of detecting NH3 and H2SO4 and quantifying their concentration in the gas flow. These results have been confirmed by exposing the sensor to different concentrations of NH3 and H2SO4 (100-1000 ppm). The obtained results confirm the exceptional sensing properties of the graphene-polymer-combined quaternary semiconductor nanocomposite related to the oxidation-reduction process that can be used for detection, identification, and quantification purposes.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  4. Pal A, Roy S, Kumar A, Mahmood S, Khodapanah N, Thomas S, et al.
    ACS Omega, 2020 Aug 18;5(32):19968-19977.
    PMID: 32832751 DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.0c01228
    This present study investigated the effect of Captisol, a chemically modified cyclodextrin, on the in vitro dissolution of glimepiride. We prepared glimepiride-Captisol complexes of different mass ratios (1:1, 1:2, and 1:3 w/w) by a physical mixing or freeze-drying technique, and found that complexation with Captisol enhanced the water solubility of glimepiride. Molecular docking and dynamic simulation predicted complex formation; at the same time, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, powder X-ray diffractometry, and scanning electron microscope indicated molecular interactions that support complexation. We also found that an inclusion complex was better than a physical mixture in enhancing the complexation of glimepiride with Captisol and enhancing water solubility. Phase solubility study of the glimepiride-Captisol complex showed an AL-type profile, implying the formation of a 1:1 inclusion complex. The study also revealed that pH influenced the stability of the complex because the stability constant of the glimepiride-Captisol complex was higher in distilled water of pH ∼6.0 than in phosphate buffer of pH 7.2.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  5. Shitu IG, Liew JYC, Talib ZA, Baqiah H, Awang Kechik MM, Ahmad Kamarudin M, et al.
    ACS Omega, 2021 Apr 27;6(16):10698-10708.
    PMID: 34056223 DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.1c00148
    A rapid, sustainable, and ecologically sound approach is urgently needed for the production of semiconductor nanomaterials. CuSe nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized via a microwave-assisted technique using CuCl2·2H2O and Na2SeO3 as the starting materials. The role of the irradiation time was considered as the primary concern to regulate the size and possibly the shape of the synthesized nanoparticles. A range of characterization techniques was used to elucidate the structural and optical properties of the fabricated nanoparticles, which included X-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), atomic force microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy (Raman), UV-Visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL). The mean crystallite size of the CuSe hexagonal (Klockmannite) crystal structure increased from 21.35 to 99.85 nm with the increase in irradiation time. At the same time, the microstrain and dislocation density decreased from 7.90 × 10-4 to 1.560 × 10-4 and 4.68 × 10-2 to 1.00 × 10-2 nm-2, respectively. Three Raman vibrational bands attributed to CuSe NPs have been identified in the Raman spectrum. Irradiation time was also seen to play a critical role in the NP optical band gap during the synthesis. The decrease in the optical band gap from 1.85 to 1.60 eV is attributed to the increase in the crystallite size when the irradiation time was increased. At 400 nm excitation wavelength, a strong orange emission centered at 610 nm was observed from the PL measurement. The PL intensity is found to increase with an increase in irradiation time, which is attributed to the improvement in crystallinity at higher irradiation time. Therefore, the results obtained in this study could be of great benefit in the field of photonics, solar cells, and optoelectronic applications.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  6. Sakurama K, Kawai A, Tuan Giam Chuang V, Kanamori Y, Osa M, Taguchi K, et al.
    ACS Omega, 2018 Oct 31;3(10):13790-13797.
    PMID: 30411049 DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.8b02057
    Aripiprazole (ARP), a quinolinone derivative, is an atypical antipsychotic drug that is used in the treatment of schizophrenia. ARP has an extensive distribution and more than 99% of the ARP and dehydro-ARP, the main active metabolite, is bound to plasma proteins. However, information regarding the protein binding of ARP is limited. In this study, we report on a systematic study of the protein binding of ARP. The interaction of ARP and structurally related compounds with human serum albumin (HSA) was examined using equilibrium dialysis, circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, fluorescent probe displacement, and an X-ray crystallographic analysis. The binding affinities (nK) for ARP and its main metabolite, dehydro-ARP with HSA were found to be significantly higher than other structurally related compounds. The results of equilibrium dialysis experiments and CD spectral data indicated that the chloro-group linked to the phenylpiperazine ring in the ARP molecule plays a major role in the binding of these ligands to HSA. Furthermore, fluorescent probe displacement results indicated that ARP appears to bind at the site II pocket in subdomain III. A detailed CD spectral analysis suggests that the chloro-group linked to the phenylpiperazine ring may control the geometry of the ARP molecule when binding in the site II binding pocket. X-ray crystallographic analysis of the ARP-HSA complex revealed that the distance between the chlorine atom at the 3-positon of dichlorophenyl-piperazine on ARP and the sulfur atom of Cys392 in HSA was 3.4-3.6 Å. A similar halogen bond interaction has also been observed in the HSA structure complexed with diazepam, which also contains a chloro-group. Thus, the mechanism responsible for the binding of ARP to a protein elucidated here should be relevant for assessing the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of ARP in various clinical situations and for designing new drugs.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  7. Zainal-Abidin MH, Hayyan M, Ngoh GC, Wong WF
    ACS Omega, 2020 Jan 28;5(3):1656-1668.
    PMID: 32010840 DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.9b03709
    The application of graphene in the field of drug delivery has attracted massive interest among researchers. However, the high toxicity of graphene has been a drawback for its use in drug delivery. Therefore, to enhance the biocompatibility of graphene, a new route was developed using ternary natural deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as functionalizing agents, which have the capability to incorporate various functional groups and surface modifications. Physicochemical characterization analyses, including field emission scanning electron microscope, fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, X-ray diffraction, and energy dispersive X-ray, were used to verify the surface modifications introduced by the functionalization process. Doxorubicin was loaded onto the DES-functionalized graphene. The results exhibited significantly improved drug entrapment efficiency (EE) and drug loading capacity (DLC) compared with pristine graphene and oxidized graphene. Compared with unfunctionalized graphene, functionalization with DES choline chloride (ChCl):sucrose:water (4:1:4) resulted in the highest drug loading capacity (EE of 51.84% and DLC of 25.92%) followed by DES ChCl:glycerol:water (1:2:1) (EE of 51.04% and DLC of 25.52%). Following doxorubicin loading, graphene damaged human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) through the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (>95%) and cell cycle disruption by increase in the cell population at S phase and G2/M phase. Thus, DESs represent promising green functionalizing agents for nanodrug carriers. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that DES-functionalized graphene has been used as a nanocarrier for doxorubicin, illustrating the potential application of DESs as functionalizing agents in drug delivery systems.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  8. Kho SS, Tay PS, Lee J, Tie ST
    AME Case Rep, 2017;1:4.
    PMID: 30263991 DOI: 10.21037/acr.2017.09.05
    Pleural effusion is a common encounter in renal failure patients and frequently possess a diagnostic challenge to clinician especially when it was exudative. Fortunately, transudative pleural effusion secondary to fluid overload remains the commonest cause of pleural effusion in haemodialysis patients. Frequent thoracocentesis enhance pleural inflammation and potentially complicate further this challenging clinical presentation. We report a middle-aged gentleman with advanced chronic kidney disease presented with dyspnea and new right upper lobe consolidation on chest roentograph. He had a history of recurrent bilateral pleural effusion secondary to fluid overload and hence multiple attempts of thoracocentesis were performed. Medical thoracoscopy performed previously yielded non-specific pleuritis. Flexible bronchoscopy demonstrates normal airway with negative microbiological studies. Computed tomography (CT) of the thorax shown a loculated hypodense pleural effusion at the apical region of the right upper lobe. Ultrasound guided thoracocentesis anteriorly yield 400 mL of clear straw color fluid which was transudative by Light's criteria. Post tapping chest X-ray shown complete resolution of right upper lobe consolidation and patient reports immediate relieve of dyspnea. Patient was started on regular effective haemodialysis and pleural effusion did not recur during follow up. Loculated pleural effusion masquerading as mediastinal tumour had been reported but pleural effusion that conformed to the contour of a lung lobe is rare. This case highlights the atypical but unique presentation of a transudative pleural effusion and demonstrates the risk of repeated thoracocentesis complicating a simple clinical presentation.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  9. Gendeh HS, Hashim ND, Mohammad Yunus MR, Gendeh BS, Kosai NR
    ANZ J Surg, 2018 09;88(9):937-938.
    PMID: 27122196 DOI: 10.1111/ans.13624
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  10. Hassan MI, Masnawi NN, Sultana N
    ASAIO J., 2017 9 14;64(3):415-423.
    PMID: 28901994 DOI: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000655
    Conductive materials are potential candidates for developing bone tissue engineering scaffolds as they are nontoxic and can enhance bone tissue regeneration. Their bioactivity can be enhanced by depositing biomineralization in simulated body fluid (SBF). In the current study, a composite electrospun membrane made up of poly(lactic) acid, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate), and hydroxyapatite was fabricated using an electrospinning method. The fabricated membranes were dip-coated with a conductive polymer solution, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) poly(4-styrenesulfonate), to induce conductivity. Characterization of the membranes based on characteristics such as morphology, chemical bonding, and wettability was conducted using scanning electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and contact angle measurement. From the results, biomineralization of both coated and noncoated composite membranes was observed on the surface of nanofibers after 21 days in SBF. The membranes provide a superhydrophilic surface as shown by the contact angle. In conclusion, this biomimetic electrospun composite membrane could be used to further support cell growth for bone tissue engineering application.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  11. Bradley, D.A., Ramli, A.T., Hashim, S., Wagiran, H., Webb, M., Jeynes, C.
    ASM Science Journal, 2010;4(1):15-21.
    This research was focused on the thermoluminescence (TL) response of commercially produced single-mode telecommunication optical fibre manufactured by INOCORP (Canada). The fibres were either in the form of pure silica (SiO2) or as SiO2 doped with Ge or Al at concentrations appropriate for total internal reflection, as required for telecommunication purposes. Each of these INOCORP fibres had a core diameter of 125 ± 0.1 μm. It was noted that dopant concentration was not included among the data provided in the accompanying product data sheet. A particularly important parameter for obtaining the highest TL yield in this study was the dopant concentration of the SiO2 fibre. The dopants tended to diffuse during the production of the optical fibre. To obtain this parameter, proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE) analysis was utilised. PIXE while having limited depth resolution could unambiguously identify elements and analyse trace elements with a detection limit approaching μg g–1. For Al-doped fibres, dopant concentrations in the range of 0.98 – 2.93 mol% had been estimated, the equivalent range for Ge-doped fibres was 0.53 – 0.71 mol%. A linear dose response was observed following 2.5 MeV proton irradiation for Ge- and Al-doped fibres for up to 7 min exposure.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  12. Mamat, M., Abdullah, M.A.A., Jaafar, A.M., Soh, S.K.C., Lee, C.E.
    ASM Science Journal, 2018;11(101):105-113.
    As textile production flourishes nowadays, the amount of dyed wastewater entering the
    water body has also increased. Dyes could have serious negative impacts to the environment
    and also the human health, hence, they need to be removed from the water body. In this
    study, layered double hydroxide (LDH) of manganese/aluminium (MnAl) was synthesised
    to be used as a potential adsorbent to remove methyl orange (MO) dye due to its unique
    lamellar structure which provides LDH with high anion adsorption and exchange ability.
    MnAl was synthesized by using co-precipitation method and characterized by powder X-ray
    diffraction (PXRD), Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Inductively coupled
    plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur
    (CHNS) elemental analysers, and Accelerated Surface Area and Porosity Analyzer (ASAP).
    Adsorption studies were conducted at different contact times and dosages of MnAl to evaluate
    the performance of MnAl in removing MO from water. Kinetic and isotherm models were
    tested using pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order, Langmuir isotherm and Freundlich
    isotherm. MnAl LDH was found to be perfectly fitted into pseudo-second order and Langmuir
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  13. Nur Ain, A.R., Mohd Sabri, M.G., Wan Rafizah, W.A., Nurul Azimah, M.A., Wan Nik, W.B.
    ASM Science Journal, 2018;11(101):56-67.
    Corrosion is a natural deterioration process that destructs metal surface. Metal of highly
    protected by passivation layer such as Stainless Steel 316L also undergoes pitting corrosion
    when continuously exposed to aggressive environment. To overcome this phenomenon, application
    of epoxy based coating with addition of zinc oxide- poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)
    doped with poly (styrene sulphonate) hybrid nanocomposite additive was introduced as
    paint/metal surface coating. The compatibility between these two materials as additive
    was studied by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray Diffraction (XRD),
    Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy/Energy-Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (FESEM/EDX)
    and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) analysis. The effect of nanocomposite
    wt.% in epoxy based coating with immersion duration in real environment on corrosion
    protection performance was analyzed through potentiodynamic polarization analysis. The
    main finding showed that addition of hybrid nanocomposite had increased corrosion protection
    yet enhanced corrosion process when excess additives was loaded into epoxy coating.
    Addition of 2 wt.% ZnO-PEDOT:PSS was found significantly provided optimum corrosion
    protection to stainless steel 316L as the corrosion rate for 0 day, 15 days and 30 days of
    immersion duration is 0.0022 mm/yr, 0.0004 mm/yr and 0.0015 mm/yr; respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  14. Izuogu DC, Asegbeloyin JN, Jotani MM, Tiekink ERT
    Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun, 2020 May 01;76(Pt 5):697-702.
    PMID: 32431935 DOI: 10.1107/S2056989020005101
    The X-ray crystal structure of the title phthalazin-1-one derivative, C17H16N2O3S {systematic name: 2-[(2,4,6-tri-methyl-benzene)-sulfon-yl]-1,2-di-hydro-phthalazin-1-one}, features a tetra-hedral sulfoxide-S atom, connected to phthalazin-1-one and mesityl residues. The dihedral angle [83.26 (4)°] between the organic substituents is consistent with the mol-ecule having the shape of the letter V. In the crystal, phthalazinone-C6-C-H⋯O(sulfoxide) and π(phthalazinone-N2C4)-π(phthalazinone-C6) stacking [inter-centroid distance = 3.5474 (9) Å] contacts lead to a linear supra-molecular tape along the a-axis direction; tapes assemble without directional inter-actions between them. The analysis of the calculated Hirshfeld surfaces confirm the importance of the C-H⋯O and π-stacking inter-actions but, also H⋯H and C-H⋯C contacts. The calculation of the inter-action energies indicate the importance of dispersion terms with the greatest energies calculated for the C-H⋯O and π-stacking inter-actions.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  15. Low SS, Tan MT, Loh HS, Khiew PS, Chiu WS
    Anal Chim Acta, 2016 Jan 15;903:131-41.
    PMID: 26709306 DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2015.11.006
    Graphene/zinc oxide nanocomposite was synthesised via a facile, green and efficient approach consisted of novel liquid phase exfoliation and solvothermal growth for sensing application. Highly pristine graphene was synthesised through mild sonication treatment of graphite in a mixture of ethanol and water at an optimum ratio. The X-ray diffractometry (XRD) affirmed the hydrothermal growth of pure zinc oxide nanoparticles from zinc nitrate hexahydrate precursor. The as-prepared graphene/zinc oxide (G/ZnO) nanocomposite was characterised comprehensively to evaluate its morphology, crystallinity, composition and purity. All results clearly indicate that zinc oxide particles were homogenously distributed on graphene sheets, without any severe aggregation. The electrochemical performance of graphene/zinc oxide nanocomposite-modified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) was evaluated using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and amperometry analysis. The resulting electrode exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in a linear range of 1-15 mM with a correlation coefficient of 0.9977. The sensitivity of the graphene/zinc oxide nanocomposite-modified hydrogen peroxide sensor was 3.2580 μAmM(-1) with a limit of detection of 7.4357 μM. An electrochemical DNA sensor platform was then fabricated for the detection of Avian Influenza H5 gene based on graphene/zinc oxide nanocomposite. The results obtained from amperometry study indicate that the graphene/zinc oxide nanocomposite-enhanced electrochemical DNA biosensor is significantly more sensitive (P 
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  16. Leo BF, Fearn S, Gonzalez-Cater D, Theodorou I, Ruenraroengsak P, Goode AE, et al.
    Anal Chem, 2019 Sep 03;91(17):11098-11107.
    PMID: 31310103 DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.9b01704
    There are no methods sensitive enough to detect enzymes within cells, without the use of analyte labeling. Here we show that it is possible to detect protein ion signals of three different H2S-synthesizing enzymes inside microglia after pretreatment with silver nanowires (AgNW) using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). Protein fragment ions, including the fragment of amino acid (C4H8N+ = 70 amu), fragments of the sulfur-producing cystathionine-containing enzymes, and the Ag+ ion signal could be detected without the use of any labels; the cells were mapped using the C4H8N+ amino acid fragment. Scanning electron microscopy imaging and energy-dispersive X-ray chemical analysis showed that the AgNWs were inside the same cells imaged by TOF-SIMS and transformed chemically into crystalline Ag2S within cells in which the sulfur-producing proteins were detected. The presence of these sulfur-producing cystathionine-containing enzymes within the cells was confirmed by Western blots and confocal microscopy images of fluorescently labeled antibodies against the sulfur-producing enzymes. Label-free TOF-SIMS is very promising for the label-free identification of H2S-contributing enzymes and their cellular localization in biological systems. The technique could in the future be used to identify which of these enzymes are most contributory.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  17. Che Ab Aziz, Z.A.
    Ann Dent, 2008;15(2):67-70.
    Aim: To manufacture a clinical simulation apparatus for the undergraduates' endodontic radiography teaching Objectives: • To provide a model for teaching of parallax method using Kelly's forcep • To provide a model for undergraduates to practice radiographic localization employing parallax method. • To allow students to practice taking radiographs in a way that simulates the clinical situations with a good diagnostic quality Methods: Impressions of a dentate arch (maxillary and mandibullary) were used to form a stone cast. A section of the cast, in the area where the natural teeth were to be placed, is sectioned and removed. Three maxillary extracted teeth (canine, first and second premolar) were selected and mounted with acrylic resin at the sectioned area. The resin was cured in a light box. The arches were mounted in a phantom head with a placement of rubber cheek. The first premolar was isolated with rubber dam. The intraoral holder (Kelly's forcep) was attached to a robotic arm. The students were taught the correct angulations of the x-ray cone for the paralleling technique and parallax method using Kelly's forcep during root canal treatment. Results: All students managed to complete the exercise and were considered competent when they produced acceptable quality of radiographs. Conclusion: The model described was improvised from a model that has been used during the past 2 years for undergraduates' endodontic courses. It has been well accepted as it simulates the clinical situation more closely than was possible previously.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  18. Chuah JS, Wong WL, Bakin S, Lim RZM, Lee EP, Tan JH
    Ann Med Surg (Lond), 2021 May;65:102294.
    PMID: 33948169 DOI: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102294
    Introduction and importance: A totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD), also referred to as 'chemoport', is frequently used for oncology patients. Chemoport insertion via the subclavian vein access may compress the catheter between the first rib and the clavicle, resulting in pinch-off syndrome (POS). The sequela includes catheter transection and subsequent embolization. It is a rare complication with incidence reported to be 1.1-5.0% and can lead to a devastating outcomes.

    Case presentation: 50-year-old male had his chemoport inserted for adjuvant chemotherapy 3 years ago. During the removal, remaining half of the distal catheter was not found. There was no difficulties during the removal. Chest xray revealed that the fractured catheter had embolized to the right ventricle. Further history taking, he did experienced occasional palpitation and chest discomfort for the past six months. Electrocardiogram and cardiac enzymes were normal. Urgent removal of the fractured catheter via the percutaneous endovascular approach, under fluoroscopic guidance by an experience interventional radiologist was done. The procedure was successful without any complication. Patient made an uneventful recovery. He was discharged the following day, and was well during his 3rd month follow up.

    Conclusion: Early detection and preventive measures can be done to prevent pinch-off syndrome. Unrecognized POS can result in fatal complications such as cardiac arrhythmia and septic embolization. Retrieval via the percutaneous endovascular approach provide excellent outcome in the case of embolized fractured catheter.

    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  19. Yunos MA, Hussain SA, Yusoff HM, Abdullah J
    Appl Radiat Isot, 2014 Sep;91:57-61.
    PMID: 24907683 DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2014.05.015
    Radioactive particle tracking (RPT) has emerged as a promising and versatile technique that can provide rich information about a variety of multiphase flow systems. However, RPT is not an off-the-shelf technique, and thus, users must customize RPT for their applications. This paper presents a simple procedure for preparing radioactive tracer particles created via irradiation with neutrons from the TRIGA Mark II research reactor. The present study focuses on the performance evaluation of encapsulated gold and scandium particles for applications as individual radioactive tracer particles using qualitative and quantitative neutron activation analysis (NAA) and an X-ray microcomputed tomography (X-ray Micro-CT) scanner installed at the Malaysian Nuclear Agency.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays
  20. Salehi Z, Ya Ali NK, Yusoff AL
    Appl Radiat Isot, 2012 Nov;70(11):2586-9.
    PMID: 22940409 DOI: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2011.12.007
    BEAMnrc was used to derive the X-ray spectra, from which HVL and homogeneity coefficient were determined, for different kVp and filtration settings. Except for the peak at 61 keV, the spectra are in good agreement with the IPEM report 78 data for the case of filtered beams, whereas the unfiltered beams exhibit softer spectra. Although the current attenuation data deviates from the IPEM 78 data by ~±0.5%, this has negligible effects on the calculated HVL values.
    Matched MeSH terms: X-Rays/adverse effects*
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