Displaying publications 21 - 40 of 690 in total

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  1. Lo SK, Baharin BS, Tan CP, Lai OM
    J Chromatogr Sci, 2004 Mar;42(3):145-54.
    PMID: 15023251
    Separation of 1,2(2,3)- and 1,3-positional isomers of diacylglycerols (DAG) from vegetable oils by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) is investigated. The method is based on isocratic elution using 100% acetonitrile and UV detection at 205 nm. The following elution order of DAG molecular species is identified: 1,3-dilinolein < 1,2-dilinolein < 1,3-dimyristin < 1-oleoyl-3-linoleoyl-glycerol < 1,2-dimyristoyl-rac-glycerol < 1(2)-oleoyl-2(3)-linoleoyl-glycerol < 1-linolenoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol < 1(2)-linolenoyl-2(3)-stearoyl-glycerol < 1,3-diolein < 1-palmitoyl-3-oleoyl-glycerol < 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycerol < 1(2)-palmitoyl-2(3)-oleoyl-glycerol < 1-linoleoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol < 1,3-dipalmitin < 1(2)-linoleoyl-2(3)-stearoyl-glycerol < 1-oleoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol < 1,2-dipalmitoyl-rac-glycerol < 1-palmitoyl-3-stearoyl-sn-glycerol < 1,3-distearin < 1,2-distearoyl-rac-glycerol. Linearity is observed over three orders of magnitude. Limits of detection and quantitation range 0.2-0.7 microg/mL for 1,3-dilinolein to 0.6-1.9 microg/mL for 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycerol, respectively. Precision and accuracy of the method are also demonstrated. The method is developed to separate mixtures of DAG molecular species produced from edible oils.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  2. Ping BTY, Aziz HA, Idris Z
    J Oleo Sci, 2018;67(3):265-272.
    PMID: 29491321 DOI: 10.5650/jos.ess17164
    High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) methods via evaporative light scattering (ELS) and refractive index (RI) detectors are used by the local palm oil industry to monitor the TAG profiles of palm oil and its fractions. The quantitation method used is based on area normalization of the TAG components and expressed as percentage area. Although not frequently used, peak-area ratios based on TAG profiles are a possible qualitative method for characterizing the TAG of palm oil and its fractions. This paper aims to compare these two detectors in terms of peak-area ratio, percentage peak area composition, and TAG elution profiles. The triacylglycerol (TAG) composition for palm oil and its fractions were analysed under similar HPLC conditions i.e. mobile phase and column. However, different sample concentrations were used for the detectors while remaining within the linearity limits of the detectors. These concentrations also gave a good baseline resolved separation for all the TAGs components. The results of the ELSD method's percentage area composition for the TAGs of palm oil and its fractions differed from those of RID. This indicates an unequal response of TAGs for palm oil and its fractions using the ELSD, also affecting the peak area ratios. They were found not to be equivalent to those obtained using the HPLC-RID. The ELSD method showed a better baseline separation for the TAGs components, with a more stable baseline as compared with the corresponding HPLC-RID. In conclusion, the percentage area compositions and peak-area ratios for palm oil and its fractions as derived from HPLC-ELSD and RID were not equivalent due to different responses of TAG components to the ELSD detector. The HPLC-RID has a better accuracy for percentage area composition and peak-area ratio because the TAG components response equally to the detector.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  3. Mohamad Hanapi NS, Sanagi MM, Ismail AK, Saim N, Wan Ibrahim WN, Wan Ibrahim WA, et al.
    J Chromatogr Sci, 2018 Feb 01;56(2):166-176.
    PMID: 29069322 DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmx092
    Two-phase micro-electrodriven membrane extraction (EME) procedure for the pre-concentration of selected non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in aquatic matrices was investigated. Agarose film was used as interface between donor and acceptor phase in EME which allowed for selective extraction of the analytes prior to high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection. Charged analytes were transported from basic aqueous sample solution through agarose film into 1-octanol as an acceptor phase at 9 V potential. Response surface methodology in conjunction with the central composite design showed good correlations between extraction time and applied voltage (R2 > 0.9358). Under optimized extraction conditions, the method showed good linearity in the concentration range of 0.5-500 μg L-1 with coefficients of determination, r2≥ 0.9942 and good limits of detection (0.14-0.42 μg L-1) and limits of quantification (0.52-1.21 μg L-1). The results also showed high enrichment factors (62-86) and good relative recoveries (72-114%) with acceptable reproducibilities (RSDs ≤ 7.5% n = 3). The method was successfully applied to the determination of NSAIDs from tap water and river water samples. The proposed method proved to be rapid, simple and requires low voltage and minute amounts of organic solvent, thus environmentally friendly.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  4. Fong BY, Ma L, Khor GL, van der Does Y, Rowan A, McJarrow P, et al.
    J Agric Food Chem, 2016 Aug 17;64(32):6295-305.
    PMID: 27436425 DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.6b02200
    Gangliosides (GA) are found in animal tissues and fluids, such as blood and milk. These sialo-glycosphingolipids have bioactivities in neural development, the gastrointestinal tract, and the immune system. In this study, a high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) method was validated to characterize and quantitate the GA in beef, chicken, pork, and fish species (turbot, snapper, king salmon, and island mackerel). For the first time, we report the concentration of GM3, the dominant GA in these foods, as ranging from 0.35 to 1.1 mg/100 g and 0.70 to 5.86 mg/100 g of meat and fish, respectively. The minor GAs measured were GD3, GD1a, GD1b, and GT1b. Molecular species distribution revealed that the GA contained long- to very-long-chain acyl fatty acids attached to the ceramide moiety. Fish GA contained only N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc) sialic acid, while beef, chicken, and pork contained GD1a/b species that incorporated both NeuAc and N-glycolylneuraminic acid (NeuGc) and hydroxylated fatty acids.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  5. Chua LS, Segaran A, Wong HJ
    J Chromatogr Sci, 2021 Jun 21;59(7):659-669.
    PMID: 33876232 DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmab041
    The objective of the study was to fractionate the crude extract of Eurycoma longifolia (E. longifolia) roots and identify the intense peaks using HPLC-PDA-MS/MS, UPLC-MS/MS and H-NMR. Column chromatography was used to fractionate the crude extract into individual fractions using six solvent systems ranged from ethyl acetate, methanol and water in increasing polarity. Two fractions with nearly pure and intense peaks were selected for compound identification. Chromenone (coumarin) and chromone derivatives were putatively identified, besides several previously reported quassinoid glycosides (eurycomanone derived glycoside, 2,3-dehydro-4α-hydroxylongilactone glucoside, eurycomanol glycoside and eurycomanol trimer) in the fraction 11 of 100% methanol. A newly reported compound, namely hydroxyl glyyunanprosapogenin D (838 g/mol) was proposed to be the compound detected in the fraction 11 of 50% ethyl acetate and 50% methanol. This is also the first study to report the identification of chromenones and chromones in E. longifolia extract.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  6. Yap SP, Julianto T, Wong JW, Yuen KH
    J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl, 1999 Dec 10;735(2):279-83.
    PMID: 10670741
    A simple high-performance liquid chromatographic method using fluorescence detection was developed for the determination of vitamin E especially delta-, gamma- and alpha-tocotrienols in human plasma. The method entailed direct injection of plasma sample after deproteinization using a 3:2 mixture of acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran. The mobile phase comprised 0.5% (v/v) of distilled water in methanol. Analyses were run at a flow-rate of 1.5 ml/min with the detector operating at an excitation wavelength of 296 nm and emission wavelength of 330 nm. This method is specific and sensitive, with a quantification limit of approximately 40, 34 and 16 ng/ml for alpha-, gamma- and delta-tocotrienol, respectively. The mean absolute recovery values were about 98% while the within-day and between-day relative standard deviation and percent error values of the assay method were all less than 12.0% for alpha-, gamma- and delta-tocotrienol. The calibration curve was linear over a concentration range of 40-2500, 30-4000 and 16-1000 ng/ml for alpha-, gamma- and delta-tocotrienol, respectively. Application of the method in a bioavailability study for determination of the above compounds was also demonstrated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  7. Julianto T, Yuen KH, Noor AM
    J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl, 1999 Sep 10;732(1):227-31.
    PMID: 10517240
    A simple high-performance liquid chromatographic method using UV detection was developed for the determination of alpha-tocopherol in human plasma. The method entailed direct injection of the plasma sample after deproteinization using acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran (3:2). The mobile phase comprised methanol-tetrahydrofuran (94:6) and analysis was run at a flow-rate of 1.5 ml/min with the detector operating at 292 nm. A Crestpak C18S (5 microm, 250 mm x 4.6 mm ID) was used for the chromatographic separation. The method had a mean recovery of 93%, while the within-day and between-day coefficients of variation and percentage errors were all less than 7%. The speed, specificity, sensitivity and reproducibility of this method make it particularly suitable for routine determination of alpha-tocopherol in human plasma. Moreover, only a small sample plasma volume (100 microl) is required for the analysis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  8. Wong CF, Peh KK, Yuen KH
    J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl, 1998 Oct 23;718(1):205-10.
    PMID: 9832378
    A simple high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the determination of ranitidine in human plasma. Prior to analysis, ranitidine and the internal standard (metoprolol) were extracted from alkalinized plasma samples using dichloromethane. The mobile phase was 0.05 M potassium dihydrogenphosphate-acetonitrile (88:12, v/v) adjusted to pH 6.5. Analysis was run at a flow-rate of 1.3 ml/min and at a detection wavelength of 229 nm. The method is sensitive with a detection limit of 1 ng/ml at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3:1, while the quantification limit was set at 15 ng/ml. The calibration curve was linear over a concentration range of 15-2000 ng/ml. Mean recovery value of the extraction procedure was about 90%, while the within-day and between-day coefficients of variation and percent error values of the assay method were all less than 15%.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  9. Ling SS, Yuen KH, Barker SA
    PMID: 12450550
    A high-performance liquid chromatographic method with ultraviolet (UV) detection was developed for measuring cefotaxime in rat and human plasma. The method used direct injection of the plasma supernatant after deproteinization with 70% perchloric acid. Degradation of cefotaxime in acidic medium was retarded by adding phosphate buffer before centrifuging the sample. The mobile phase was 0.05 M aqueous ammonium acetate-acetonitrile-tetrahydrofuran (87:11:2, v/v) adjusted to pH 5.5. Analysis was run at a flow-rate of 1.0 ml/min, and a detection wavelength of 254 nm was used. The method has a quantification limit of 0.20 microgram/ml. The within- and between-day coefficients of variation and accuracy values were less than 8% and +/-3%, respectively, while the recovery values were greater than 87% over the concentration range tested (0.20-50 microgram/ml). The speed, sensitivity, specificity and reproducibility of this method make it particularly suitable for the routine determination of cefotaxime in human plasma. Moreover, only a relatively small sample plasma volume (100 microliter) is required, allowing this method to be applied to samples taken from neonates.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  10. Loon YH, Wong JW, Yap SP, Yuen KH
    PMID: 15664346
    A simple liquid chromatographic method was developed for the simultaneous determination of flavonoids from Orthosiphon stamineus Benth, namely sinensitin, eupatorin and 3'-hydroxy-5,6,7,4'-tetramethoxyflavone, in plasma. Prior to analysis, the flavonoids and the internal standard (naproxen) were extracted from plasma samples using a 1:1 mixture of ethyl acetate and chloroform. The detection and quantification limits for the three flavonoids were similar being 3 and 5 ng/ml, respectively. The within-day and between-day accuracy values, expressed as percentage of true values, for the three flavonoids were between 95 and 107%, while the corresponding precision, expressed as coefficients of variation, for the three flavonoids were less than 14%. In addition, the mean recovery values of the extraction procedure for all the flavonoids were between 92 and 114%. The calibration curves were linear over a concentration range of 5-4000 ng/ml. The present method was applied to analyse plasma samples obtained from a pilot study using rats in which the mean absolute oral bioavailability values for sinensitin, eupatorin and 3'-hydroxy-5,6,7,4'-tetramethoxyflavone was 9.4, 1.0 and 1.5%, respectively.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
  11. Ng BH, Yuen KH
    PMID: 12906917
    A simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method using ultraviolet detection was developed for the determination of testosterone in human plasma. Testosterone and the internal standard, griseofulvin, were extracted from 0.50 ml plasma sample using a mixture of dichloromethane-2,2,4-trimethylpentane (3:2, v/v). The mobile phase, consisted of 0.02 M sodium dihydrogenphosphate-acetonitrile-methanol (51:47:2, v/v) adjusted to pH 3.1 and delivered to a C(18) analytical column (150 x 4.6 mm I.D., 4 microm particles) at a flow-rate of 1 ml/min while the detection wavelength was set at 240 nm with a sensitivity range of 0.005 a.u.f.s. The method has a quantification limit of 1.6 ng/ml. Recoveries of testosterone were all greater than 92% over the linear concentration range of 1.6-400 ng/ml while that of griseofulvin was approximately 95%. The within- and between-day RSD values were all less than 8% while the accuracy values ranged from 96.0 to 106.0% over the concentration range studied. The method was applied to the analysis of early morning plasma testosterone levels of 12 healthy human male volunteers. The levels were found to range from 3.1 to 8.4 ng/ml, within the normal range reported in the literature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods*
  12. Tan BC, Tan SK, Wong SM, Ata N, Rahman NA, Khalid N
    PMID: 25883671 DOI: 10.1155/2015/451870
    The distribution patterns of flavonoids and cyclohexenyl chalcone derivatives in conventional propagated (CP) and in vitro-derived (CPA) field-grown plants of an important medicinal ginger, Boesenbergia rotunda, are described. A total of eight compounds were extracted from six organs (rootlet, rhizome, shoot base, maroon stem, stalk, and leaf) of the CP and CPA plants. Five major chromatographic peaks, namely, alpinetin, pinocembrin, pinostrobin, 4-hydroxypanduratin A, and panduratin A, were consistently observed by high performance liquid chromatography. Nonaerial organs had higher levels of flavonoids than the aerial ones for all types of samples. Among the compounds detected, pinostrobin and 4-hydroxypanduratin A were the most abundant flavonoid and cyclohexenyl chalcone derivative, respectively. The distribution and abundance of the bioactive compounds suggested that the shoot base could be more potentially useful for medicinal application than other organs of the plant and may be the site of storage or occurrence of biosynthetic enzymatic activities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  13. Tan GH, Chong CL
    Environ Monit Assess, 1993 Feb;24(3):267-77.
    PMID: 24227384 DOI: 10.1007/BF00545983
    The Klang River Basin is located in the most densely populated region in Malaysia, with its heavy concentration of industries and population. A systematic study of the pollution to this river system caused by phenolic compounds have been carried out under this project. Analyses of water samples from the Klang River by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with an ultraviolet (UV) detector at 280 nm have shown the presence of some priority phenolic pollutants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  14. Teoh XY, Goh CF, Aminu N, Chan SY
    J Pharm Biomed Anal, 2021 Jan 05;192:113631.
    PMID: 33011581 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpba.2020.113631
    Atovaquone (ATQ) is a poorly soluble drug. Therefore, formulating ATQ into its supersaturated state through solid dispersion for bioavailability enhancement can be of great value. However, due to fast crystallising properties of ATQ, the quantification of ATQ in a supersaturated solid dispersion system can be complicated. Therefore, in pursuit of accurate quantification of such sample, a simple HPLC analytical method utilising a C18 column (250 × 4.6 mm ID, 5 μm) for the quantitation of ATQ has been developed and validated. Atovaquone elution using the proposed method demonstrated a retention time around 7.6 min with good linearity (R2 > 0.999). The system suitability is also detailed with the tailing factor at 1.365 ± 0.002. The addition of solubilising agent as sample treatment step aided in ensuring the accurate quantitation of the fast crystallising ATQ. The developed HPLC quantitation method has been successfully employed in the analysis of ATQ from solid dispersion samples in in vitro dissolution as well as ex vivo permeation studies for formulation development.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  15. Rajan ST, Narasimhan M, Rao KB, Jacob TE
    J Oral Maxillofac Pathol, 2019 9 14;23(2):303.
    PMID: 31516245 DOI: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_297_18
    Background: Xylene is one of the most commonly used solvents in industrial and medical technologies. Several health hazards of xylene have been documented in literature. Workers in certain forces appear to have the greatest potential for exposure to high concentrations of xylene - histopathology technicians and painters are two such groups. This study was undertaken with the aim to determine the level of xylene exposure and the various systemic health effects among these groups.

    Methodology: The study was performed by analyzing the urine samples of the participants for methylhippuric acid, the established biomarker of xylene with the aid of high-performance liquid chromatography.

    Results and Conclusion: The work hours per week of the occupationally exposed participants were statistically analyzed with that of the excretory values of the metabolites of xylene, and the P value was found to be highly significant. Various side effects of xylene including respiratory, dermatological, neurological and gastrointestinal symptoms were observed among the study groups.

    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  16. Hasnah Haron, Tasneem Shaari, Chan BK
    Sains Malaysiana, 2016;45:1329-1335.
    Soy-based products are one of famous raw ingredients used in the preparation of Asian cuisines. These soy-based products are good source of isoflavones. This study was carried out to observe the effects of different cooking methods on isoflavone content in soy-based products. A total of eight Malaysian dishes prepared using soy-based products with different cooking methods was selected as samples for this study. Daidzein and genestein contents in raw and cooked soy-based products were both quantified using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The results showed that dishes containing tempe as ingredients had significantly higher (p<0.05) amount of isoflavone content, in both raw and cooked forms, as compared to those prepared from other types of soy-based products when based on dry and wet. In conclusion, the isoflavone content was significantly reduced (p<0.05) in some cooked soy-based products (tempe (TSS and ML), fu jook (ML) and firm tofu (FTC)) based on dry weight as compared with the raw ones. However, the correlations between isoflavone content with cooking methods, durations and temperatures were not significant (p>0.05) in this study.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  17. Zhang X, Chen X, Jin J, Gong M, He Q, Li S, et al.
    J Chromatogr Sci, 2021 Mar 17.
    PMID: 33728454 DOI: 10.1093/chromsci/bmab028
    Capilliposide B (CPS-B) and Capilliposide C (CPS-C), as the key components in Lysimachia capillipes Hemsl., increasingly aroused the interest and research concern of many researchers due to the good bioactivities. Nowadays, the reference standards of CPS-B and CPS-C yield were very limited. Due to the deficit of reference standards, the determination could be difficult to carry out, and the quality control and evaluation would be restrained afterwards. To solve this urgent problem, a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) method was proposed and established based on high-performance liquid-chromatography tandem evaporative light-scattering detector. In this QAMS method, the content of the two bioactive components could be calculated by buddlejasaponin IV, which is applied as an external standard and readily obtained. And the methodological experiments were evaluated and indicated accuracy, stability and feasibility of this QAMS method. Therefore, in this study, this built method would properly meet the requirement of determination of CPS-B, CPS-C and quality control of the L. capillipes Hemsl. plant.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  18. Khoo HT, Leow CH
    Talanta, 2021 Mar 01;224:121777.
    PMID: 33379011 DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2020.121777
    Fast and efficient separation remains a big challenge in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The need for higher efficiency and resolution in separation is constantly in demand. To achieve that, columns developed are rapidly moving towards having smaller particle sizes and internal diameters (i.d.). However, these parameters will lead to high back-pressure in the system and will burden the pumps of the HPLC instrument. To address this limitation, monolithic columns, especially silica-based monolithic columns have been introduced. These columns are being widely investigated for fast and efficient separation of a wide range of molecules. The present article describes the current methods developed to enhance the column efficiency of particle packed columns and how silica monolithic columns can act as an alternative in overcoming the low permeability of particle packed columns. The fundamental processes behind the fabrication of the monolith including the starting materials and the silica sol-gel process will be discussed. Different monolith derivatization and end-capping processes will be further elaborated and followed by highlights of the performance such monolithic columns in key applications in different fields with various types of matrices.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  19. Wong C, Ling YS, Wee JLS, Mujahid A, Müller M
    Sci Rep, 2020 12 14;10(1):21861.
    PMID: 33318532 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-78873-3
    Nepenthes, as the largest family of carnivorous plants, is found with an extensive geographical distribution throughout the Malay Archipelago, specifically in Borneo, Philippines, and Sumatra. Highland species are able to tolerate cold stress and lowland species heat stress. Our current understanding on the adaptation or survival mechanisms acquired by the different Nepenthes species to their climatic conditions at the phytochemical level is, however, limited. In this study, we applied an eco-metabolomics approach to identify temperature stressed individual metabolic fingerprints of four Nepenthes species: the lowlanders N. ampullaria, N. rafflesiana and N. northiana, and the highlander N. minima. We hypothesized that distinct metabolite regulation patterns exist between the Nepenthes species due to their adaptation towards different geographical and altitudinal distribution. Our results revealed not only distinct temperature stress induced metabolite fingerprints for each Nepenthes species, but also shared metabolic response and adaptation strategies. The interspecific responses and adaptation of N. rafflesiana and N. northiana likely reflected their natural habitat niches. Moreover, our study also indicates the potential of lowlanders, especially N. ampullaria and N. rafflesiana, to produce metabolites needed to deal with increased temperatures, offering hope for the plant genus and future adaption in times of changing climate.
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  20. Norrabiátul Adawiyah, A., Teh, L.K., Fathimah, M., Nuraliza, A.S.
    Medicine & Health, 2020;15(1):54-69.
    MyJurnal
    Penuaan ovari telah dikaitkan dengan tekanan oksidatif dan kehilangan fungsi ovari. Tokotrienol telah dibuktikan dapat memberi kesan yang baik terhadap sistem pembiakan wanita. Walau bagaimanapun, peranan tokotrienol ke atas metabolisma ovari dan seterusnya peningkatan kualiti oosit dalam mencit tua masih tidak diketahui. Oleh itu, hubungan antara perubahan aktiviti metabolik dalam ovari dan kualiti oosit dalam mencit tua selepas suplementasi fraksi kaya tokotrienol (TRF) telah dikaji. Mencit betina berusia enam minggu digunakan sebagai kumpulan Muda. Mencit betina berusia enam bulan dibahagikan kepada empat kumpulan iaitu kumpulan pertama yang diberikan minyak jagung-bebas tokoferol (kawalan) manakala tiga kumpulan yang lain diberi suplimen TRF pada dos 90, 120, dan 150 mg/kg. Rawatan diberikan secara oral selama dua bulan. Pada akhir rawatan, mencit dari semua kumpulan disuperovulasi dan kemudian dikorbankan. Kualiti oosit dinilai dan analisis metabolomik secara tidak disasarkan, pada tisu ovari dijalankan dengan menggunakan 'liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry of quadrupole time-of-flight' (LC-MS Q-TOF). Peratusan oosit normal adalah lebih tinggi (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
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