Displaying publications 21 - 40 of 23550 in total

  1. Mosiun JA, See MH, Teoh LY, Danaee M, Lai LL, Ng CH, et al.
    World J Surg, 2023 Jan;47(1):201-208.
    PMID: 36305952 DOI: 10.1007/s00268-022-06753-0
    BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the use of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) with low-energy X-rays in Malaysian women with early breast cancer. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical, cosmetic, and patient-reported outcomes in low- and high-risk early breast cancer patients treated with breast conserving surgery (BCS) and IORT.

    METHODOLOGY: Patients suitable for BCS who were treated with IORT between January 2016 and June 2019 from three centres were analysed. They were divided into low-risk and high-risk groups based on the risk of recurrence according to the TARGeted Intraoperative radioTherapy (TARGIT) A and B study criteria. Outcomes of interest included local recurrence, wound complications, and radiation toxicity, with a subset analysed for cosmetic and patient-reported outcomes.

    RESULTS: Within a median follow-up of 31 months, there were 104 and 211 patients in the low- and high-risk groups, respectively. No significant difference was observed in local recurrence rates (low-risk, 1.0% vs. high-risk, 1.4%; p = 1.000). Both cohorts exhibited low frequencies of severe wound complications ranging between 1.4 and 1.9%. No major radiation toxicities were reported in either group. In the subgroup analysis, low-risk patients had significantly better mean scores in the subscales of inframammary fold and scar. Based on the BREAST-Q patient-reported outcomes questionnaire, seven out of nine parameters were scored similarly between both groups with no significant difference.

    CONCLUSION: This study showed that the use of IORT in both low- and high-risk early breast cancers is efficacious and safe with low recurrence rates and an acceptable toxicity profile.

    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  2. Ramly F, Mahamooth MIJ, Abidin HAZ, Sani H, Hassan J
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2023 Feb;160(2):710-712.
    PMID: 36200647 DOI: 10.1002/ijgo.14493
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  3. Yip FW, Lee SH
    Singapore Med J, 1992 Dec;33(6):643-4.
    PMID: 1488683
    Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign tumour of the kidney which is often mistaken for a renal cell carcinoma resulting in an unnecessary nephrectomy. It can be diagnosed preoperatively and managed conservatively without surgery. Large symptomatic renal angiomyolipomas can often be treated by renal-sparing surgery. We report a case of a large renal angiomyolipoma diagnosed preoperatively and excised completely with preservation of the kidney.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  4. Ho YN, Leong YP, Sakijan AS, Swaminathan M, Sarvananthan K
    Singapore Med J, 1992 Jun;33(3):297-8.
    PMID: 1631594
    A 45-year-old Malay lady who presented with intermittent abdominal pain and a left hypochondrial mass was found to have a 10 x 8 x 5 cm duodenal tumour without local invasion at laparotomy. En bloc resection of the tumour with adequate margin of clearance was done and histopathological diagnosis of low grade leiomyosarcoma was made. Fourteen months later, she returned with multiple metastases in the liver and needed palliative chemotherapy for pain relief. Duodenal leiomyosarcomata are very rare tumour. Their prognostic indicators include biological grading, tumour size and presence of metastases. Recognition of its high malignant potential calls for close surveillance calls even after apparent curative surgery.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  5. Riedel M
    Zootaxa, 2023 Feb 24;5245(1):1-72.
    PMID: 37044440 DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.5245.1.1
    In this taxonomical study, one new genus and 41 new species of the subfamily Mesochorinae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) are described from Southeast Asia, namely from Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. The new genus is Orientochorus n. gen., the new species are Orientochorus tonkinensis n. sp., Astiphromma bicoloratus n. sp., Mesochorus achterbergi n. sp., Mesochorus anamnesis n. sp., Mesochorus brevipunctatus n. sp., Mesochorus cariniscuta n. sp., Mesochorus controversus n. sp., Mesochorus diversidens n. sp., Mesochorus flavator n. sp., Mesochorus flavopronotalis n. sp., Mesochorus fuscomaculatus n. sp., Mesochorus halmaherae n. sp., Mesochorus harlequinus n. sp., Mesochorus kinabaluensis n. sp., Mesochorus lamdongensis n. sp., Mesochorus longimurus n. sp., Mesochorus longistylus n. sp., Mesochorus longivalvator n. sp., Mesochorus malaysiacus n. sp., Mesochorus malucutus n. sp., Mesochorus nigripleuris n. sp., Mesochorus nigrofemur n. sp., Mesochorus nigromaculatus n. sp., Mesochorus paratenebris n. sp., Mesochorus pictiloides n. sp., Mesochorus pterostigmator n. sp., Mesochoprus rufator n. sp., Mesochorus sabahensis n. sp., Mesochorus sapaensis n. sp., Mesochorus semifuscus n. sp., Mesochorus semipunctatus n. sp., Mesochorus siamensis n. sp., Mesochorus stigmaticolor n. sp., Mesochorus striatofacies n. sp., Mesochorus sulaensis n. sp., Mesochorus sumaterae n. sp., Mesochorus templator n. sp., Mesochorus tenebris n. sp., Mesochorus tonkinensis n. sp., Mesochorus train n. sp., and Mesochorus vietnamensis n. sp. All species are illustrated and described in detail. In addition, a key for the females of the known Mesochorus species of Southeast Asia is presented.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  6. Mehta PM, Wang MC, Cameron NA, Freaney PM, Perak AM, Shah NS, et al.
    Am J Prev Med, 2023 Dec;65(6):1184-1186.
    PMID: 37552145 DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2023.07.007
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  7. Norfuad FA, Mokhtar MH, Nur Azurah AG
    Nutrients, 2023 Jun 13;15(12).
    PMID: 37375637 DOI: 10.3390/nu15122733
    Probiotics are live microorganisms that confer beneficial effects on human health when an adequate dose is administered. Recently, the use of probiotics has gained tremendous interest from the public due to its promising effects in the management of various reproductive diseases. However, the review of probiotics' benefits on benign gynaecological disorders, including vaginal infections, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis, remains scarce. Therefore, this review is built on current knowledge on the beneficial effects of probiotics against selected benign gynaecological disorders. Recent findings point out that probiotics' supplementation in different clinical and in vivo models showed promising health effects and results in the amelioration of disease symptoms. Thus, in this review, we showed the findings of both studies performed in clinical settings and animal studies. However, current information, solely based on clinical trials or animal studies, is inadequate in communicating the excellent findings on the beneficial effects of probiotics on human health. Therefore, future clinical intervention studies are required to further elucidate the evidence of the benefits of probiotics benefits regarding these gynaecological disorders.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  8. Ramly F, Mahamooth MIJ, Abidin HAZ, Hassan J
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2023 May;161(2):667-669.
    PMID: 36637245 DOI: 10.1002/ijgo.14669
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  9. See MH, Yip KC, Teh MS, Teoh LY, Lai LL, Wong LK, et al.
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg, 2023 Aug;83:380-395.
    PMID: 37302244 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2023.04.003
    BACKGROUND: Breast ptosis is characterized by the inferolateral descent of the glandular area and nipple-areola complex. A high degree of ptosis may negatively impact a woman's attractiveness and self-confidence. There are various classifications and measurement techniques for breast ptosis used as references in the medical and garment industry. A practical and comprehensive classification will provide accurate standardized definitions of the degrees of ptosis to facilitate the development of corrective surgeries and well-fitting undergarments for women in need.

    METHODS: A systematic review on the classification and assessment techniques to measure breast ptosis was carried out based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The risk of bias was assessed using the modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale for observational studies, whereas the Revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials (RoB2) was used to evaluate randomized studies.

    RESULTS: Of 2550 articles identified in the literature search, 16 observational and 2 randomized studies describing the classification and assessment techniques of breast ptosis were included in the review. A total of 2033 subjects were involved. Half of the total observational studies had a Newcastle-Ottawa scale score of 5 and above. In addition, all randomized trials recorded a low overall bias.

    CONCLUSION: A total of 7 classifications and 4 measurement techniques for breast ptosis were identified. However, most studies did not demonstrate a clear derivation of sample size beside lacking robust statistical analysis. Hence, further studies that apply the latest technology to combine the strength of previous assessment techniques are needed to develop better classification system that is applicable to all affected women.

    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  10. Borhan MK, Tan FHS, Basry NSA
    J ASEAN Fed Endocr Soc, 2022;37(2):89-94.
    PMID: 36578883 DOI: 10.15605/jafes.037.02.09
    A collision tumor involving metastasis to a pituitary adenoma is rare. We describe a case of a 68-year-old Bidayuh woman with underlying treatment-responsive lung adenocarcinoma, who presented with mass effect, panhypopituitarism and polyuria. Her initial imaging study reported pituitary macroadenoma, and she was treated with hormone replacement therapy. She then underwent transsphenoidal tumor debulking surgery with subsequent histopathological findings of a collision tumor of an adenocarcinoma with metastasis to a non-functioning pituitary adenoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  11. Ginsburg O, Vanderpuye V, Beddoe AM, Bhoo-Pathy N, Bray F, Caduff C, et al.
    Lancet, 2023 Dec 02;402(10417):2113-2166.
    PMID: 37774725 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)01701-4
    Matched MeSH terms: Female
  12. Asyikeen WA, Siti-Azrin AH, Jalil NA, Zin AA, Othman NH
    Malays J Med Sci, 2016 Nov;23(6):44-51.
    PMID: 28090178 MyJurnal DOI: 10.21315/mjms2016.23.6.5
    Endometrial cancer is the most common gynaecologic malignancy among females worldwide. The purpose of this study was to determine the median survival time of endometrial cancer patients at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Genital Neoplasms, Female
  13. Yamasaki T, Hashimoto Y, Endo T, Hyodo F, Itioka T
    Zookeys, 2016.
    PMID: 27408573 DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.596.8525
    A new species of the genus Castoponera Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001, Castoponera christae sp. n., is described here. The species is closely related to Castoponera lecythus Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001, but can be distinguished by the structures of the male palp and the female genitalia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Genitalia, Female
  14. Aziz NA, Mohd Ali MH, Ramli R
    BMJ Case Rep, 2022 Feb 08;15(2).
    PMID: 35135794 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-246603
    A young adult patient with 46XX congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) presented with recurrent painful haematuria. CAH was diagnosed at birth following ambiguous genitalia. Hormonal treatment was started, female gender was assigned and feminising genitoplasty was planned, however the patient was lost to follow-up. Gender dysphoria started to occur during childhood which prompted the family to raise the patient as a boy. He eventually identified himself as a male. Examination revealed a male phenotype with severely virilised genitalia. Imaging studies confirmed the presence of uterus with low confluent urogenital sinus. Total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed, and the troublesome symptoms were cured.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Genitalia, Female
  15. Sivanesaratnam V, Lim BH, Sivanesan S, Menon A
    J Trop Med Hyg, 1986 Aug;89(4):167-9.
    PMID: 3783810
    Tuberculosis of the genital tract was diagnosed in only 12 patients during the 17 year period from March 1968 to February 1985 at the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, which serves as a major referral centre in Malaysia. The incidence was 0.31 per 1000 gynaecological admissions and the peak age incidence was in the age group 26 to 35 years. The surgical management was mainly conservative as infertility was the most frequent mode of presentation (50%). Evidence of previous pulmonary tuberculosis was present in only five cases. Adnexal adhesions were the commonest pelvic finding; the fallopian tubes and endometrium were affected with equal frequency. Positive cultures for Mycobacterium tuberculosis were obtained in only five of the 12 patients. All patients received combination anti-tuberculosis drugs with satisfactory response.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Infertility, Female/etiology; Tuberculosis, Female Genital/diagnosis; Tuberculosis, Female Genital/drug therapy; Tuberculosis, Female Genital/epidemiology*
  16. Arumugam K
    Malays J Pathol, 1991 Jun;13(1):43-5.
    PMID: 1795561
    Raised prolactin levels have been implicated as a cause for infertility in patients with endometriosis. This study was done to investigate if serum prolactin levels were significantly raised in infertile patients with endometriosis. Serum prolactin levels were studied in 43 infertile patients with endometriosis. For controls, 36 infertile patients with normal pelvic findings were used. For standardization, blood samples were drawn on day 21 of the menstrual cycle. Analysis was done by radioimmunoassay using reagent kits. The mean prolactin level in the endometriotic group was 372 mIU/l (range 187-752) while that in the controls was 333 mIU/l.(range 124-767). There was no statistical difference (t = 1.12). Furthermore the accepted normal level for serum prolactin in our population is less than 540 mIU/l. These results show that there is no evidence to implicate raised prolactin levels as a cause for infertility in patients with endometriosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Infertility, Female/blood*
  17. Chelvam P, Puraviappan, Sinnathuray TA
    Med J Malaysia, 1978 Dec;33(2):158-61.
    PMID: 755170
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Genital Diseases, Female/pathology*
  18. Puraviappan A, Hing NK, Ping WW
    Med J Malaysia, 1975 Mar;30(3):202-5.
    PMID: 1160679
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Tuberculosis, Female Genital/diagnosis*
  19. Chan DP
    Med J Malaya, 1970 Mar;24(3):190-3.
    PMID: 4246799
    Matched MeSH terms: Female; Infertility, Female/drug therapy*
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