Displaying publications 21 - 40 of 879 in total

  1. Lai PSM, Chua SS, Chan SP, Low WY
    Int J Rheum Dis, 2008;11(4):421-429.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-185X.2008.00402.x
    Background: Osteoporotic fractures will soon become a common problem in Asian countries including Malaysia, as the growth in the elderly population will be more marked in this region. This leads to loss of independence and reduced quality of life (QOL). QOL is used as an outcome measure in clinical trials to focus the management of diseases on the patient rather than the disease. To date, no such instrument for measuring QOL of osteoporosis patients has been validated in Malaysia. Aim: To investigate the reliability and validity of the English version of the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (QUALEFFO) in Malaysia. Methods: QUALEFFO was administered twice to postmenopausal osteoporotic women on alendronate. The patient group consisted of 46 women with back pain while the control group consisted of 42 women without back pain. Results: High internal consistency was seen in all domains in the QUALEFFO with Cronbach α of 0.74-0.95 and 0.53-0.89 in the patient and control group, respectively. Factor analysis also showed that each domain consisted of one component except for the social domain. The test-retest reliability showed high correlation coefficient in all domains (0.50-0.90, P < 0.001). Patients with back pain showed significantly worse QOL in the overall total QUALEFFO score compared to the control group (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: The English version of QUALEFFO was found to be reliable and valid for the evaluation of patients with osteoporosis and who understand English in Malaysia. This study also indicates that patients with back pain have poorer QOL. © 2008 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  2. Mustafa AA, Raad K, Mustafa NS
    Clin Case Rep, 2015 Nov;3(11):907-11.
    PMID: 26576270 DOI: 10.1002/ccr3.373
    Here, we aimed to assess whether postoperative oral rehabilitation for mandibulectomy patients is necessary to improve patients' general health in terms of health-related quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  3. Priscilla D, Hamidin A, Azhar MZ, Noorjan K, Salmiah MS, Bahariah K
    Malays J Med Sci, 2011 Jul;18(3):49-56.
    PMID: 22135601 MyJurnal
    The paper examined the quality of life of haematological cancer patients according to their socio-demographic profiles and clinical diagnoses.

    Study site: Ampang Hospital, Kuala Lumpur
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  4. Azman AB, Sararaks S, Rugayah B, Low LL, Azian AA, Geeta S, et al.
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2003 Dec;58(5):694-711.
    PMID: 15190656 MyJurnal
    Population norms for Health Related Quality of Life using SF-36 are described. A national sample was canvassed in 2000 using a self-administered SF-36 in Bahasa Malaysia and English. Response rate was 30.6%, with 3072 usable data. Male: Female ratio was 1.04 and mean age was 39.8 years. Quality of life was affected by age and sex. Older population and women had a poorer quality of life. Population norms for Malaysia differed from those of US, Canada and Australia. The malaysian general population norm described is useful as reference point for studies in Malaysia. Variability in scores by age and sex emphasize the need to use appropriate age- or sex-specific normative data.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  5. Sararaks S, Rugayah B, Azman AB, Karuthan C, Low LL
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2001 Sep;56(3):350-8.
    PMID: 11732082
    Asthma can place considerable restrictions on the physical, emotional and social aspects of the lives of patients. The assessment of quality of life aims to provide a means of measuring the impact of this disease on patients' lives, from the patients' perspective. A cross sectional multi-centre study was conducted in six government hospitals throughout the country. Self-administered SF-36 was used, and clinical information obtained through interviews and examination. 1612 asthmatics responded. Females constituted 63% of the respondents; mean age was 40.9 years; Malays were the majority ethnic group, while 70.8% had secondary level education and 53.7% were employed. Half had suffered from asthma for at least 13 years, while 46.8% and 23.6% have moderate and severe disease respectively. Quality of life was affected by severity of disease. Asthmatics, had a significantly poorer quality of life than the general US population. Severe asthma disease was associated with a compromised quality of life, similar to that of COPD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  6. Yusoff MS, Rahim AF
    Med Educ, 2009 Nov;43(11):1108-9.
    PMID: 19874520 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2009.03474.x
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life/psychology*
  7. Lim TO, Morad Z
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1998 Dec;53(4):392-400.
    PMID: 10971983
    Quality of life outcome (QOL) on dialysis is important. We determined the measurement properties of Spitzer's QL-index, a QOL measure, in our patients on chronic haemodialysis. The QL-index measures 5 dimensions of QOL (activity, daily activities, general health, social support and psychological outlook). 59 haemodialysis (HD) patients from 2 centres were rated by 5 raters. Inter-rater agreement for the total score was good with a mean intra-class correlation coefficient 0.66 (range 0.47-0.81). That for dimension scores however was poor (weighted kappa range 0.07-1). Systematic differences between raters were also observed. Intra-rater agreement was generally better than inter-rater agreement. Significant gradients in scores were observed by age, serum albumin, comorbid disorders, previous hospitalisation, capacity for self care HD and rehabilitation status thus providing evidence for construct validity. The distribution of total scores was skewed indicating poor discriminatory ability. Nevertheless, QL-index has acceptable measurement properties for application in dialysis patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  8. Chan CYW, Kwan MK, Saw LB, Deepak AS, Chong CS, Liew TM, et al.
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2008 Jun;63(2):137-9.
    PMID: 18942300
    Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis is a spinal deformity which affects patients' self image and confidence. Surgery is offered when the curve is more than 50 degrees based on its likelihood of progression. Studies on the radiological outcome of scoliosis correction are abundant. Therefore, it is the objective of this study to evaluate the health related quality of life in scoliosis patients who had undergone surgical correction in University Malaya Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia using Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) patient questionnaire. This is a prospective evaluation of SRS-22 scores of thirty eight patients operated in our center over the past five years with a minimum follow up of one year. There were thirty two females and six males. Twenty six (68.4%) were Chinese, eight (21.1%) Malay and four (10.5%) Indian patients. The age of the patients ranged from twelve to twenty eight years, with a mean age of 18.4 +/- 3.5. Based on the King and Moe's classification, sixteen patients had King's 3 curve. The mean pre-operative Cobb angle was 68.6 degree and post-operative Cobb angle was 35.8 degree. The average curve correction was 48.5%. The overall score for SRS-22 was 4.2. The SRS-22 scores were highest for the pain domains and lowest for the functional domains. Satisfaction domain scored 4.3. The function domain scored significantly higher in those who have twenty four months or less follow up duration. Curve magnitude and the amount of correction did not significantly alter the SRS scores. In conclusion, patients were satisfied with the outcome of their operation. Although pain was common, the intensity of the pain was minimal. The amount of curve correction did not correlate with the quality of life after operation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  9. Mahadeva S, Wee HL, Goh KL, Thumboo J
    PMID: 19463190 DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-7-45
    Treatment objectives for dyspepsia include improvements in both symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). There is a lack of disease-specific instruments measuring HRQoL in South East Asian dyspeptics.

    To validate English and locally translated version of the Short-Form Nepean Dyspepsia Index (SF-NDI) in Malaysian patients who consult for dyspepsia.

    The English version of the SF-NDI was culturally adapted locally and a Malay translation was developed using standard procedures. English and Malay versions of the SF-NDI were assessed against the SF-36 and the Leeds Dyspepsia Questionnaire (LDQ), examining internal consistency, test-retest reliability and construct validity.

    Pilot testing of the translated Malay and original English versions of the SF-NDI in twenty subjects did not identify any cross-cultural adaptation problems. 143 patients (86 English-speaking and 57 Malay speaking) with dyspepsia were interviewed and the overall response rate was 100% with nil missing data. The median total SF-NDI score for both languages were 72.5 and 60.0 respectively. Test-retest reliability was good with intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.90 (English) and 0.83 (Malay), while internal consistency of SF-NDI subscales revealed alpha values ranging from 0.83 - 0.88 (English) and 0.83 - 0.90 (Malay). In both languages, SF-NDI sub-scales and total score demonstrated lower values in patients with more severe symptoms and in patients with functional vs organic dyspepsia (known groups validity), although these were less marked in the Malay language version. There was moderate to good correlation (r = 0.3 - 0.6) between all SF-NDI sub-scales and various domains of the SF-36 (convergent validity).

    This study demonstrates that both English and Malay versions of the SF-NDI are reliable and probably valid instruments for measuring HRQoL in Malaysian patients with dyspepsia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  10. Al-Aboudi IS, Hassali MA, Shafie AA
    J Pharm Bioallied Sci, 2016 Jul-Sep;8(3):195-202.
    PMID: 27413347 DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.171683
    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between knowledge and attitude with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken with a cohort of 75 patients attending the University Diabetic Center at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The EuroQoL-five-dimensional (EQ-5D) scale was used to assess HRQoL. EQ-5D was scored using values derived from the UK general population survey. The brief diabetic knowledge test in questionnaire format developed by the University of Michigan Diabetes Research and Training Center and the attitude toward self-care questionnaire based on the diabetic care profile were used.
    RESULTS: Fifty-eight (77.35%) respondents were male with a mean 12.6 ± 8.4 years of a history of diabetes. Thirty-four (45.3%) were in the age group of 45-55 years with a mean age of 54 ± 9.2 years. A moderate level of HRQoL (0.71 ± 0.22) was recorded in the study cohort. The mean EQ-5D score was lower in females compared to male patients (0.58 ± 0.23 vs. 0.74 ± 0.20). The mean score of Michigan Diabetic Knowledge Test was 8.96 ± 2.1 and the median score was 9.00. Of 75 diabetic patients, 14.7% had poor knowledge; 72% had moderate knowledge, and only 13.3% had good knowledge. The average attitude score of all respondents was 6.38 ± 2.11. There was a significant positive association between attitude and EQ-5D score.
    CONCLUSION: HRQoL and knowledge scores were moderate in type 2 diabetic patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Patient attitude toward the disease was positive, and this was positively associated with HRQoL; most respondents believed they are responsible for their care. It is likely that a high quality of diabetes self-management education program will provide benefits and affect significantly on type 2 diabetes patients in Saudi Arabia.
    KEYWORDS: Attitude; Saudi Arabia; diabetes; knowledge; quality of life
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  11. Azizan A, Justine M
    J Gerontol Nurs, 2016 Feb;42(2):45-54.
    PMID: 26651863 DOI: 10.3928/00989134-20151124-01
    Sedentary behavior and low participation in exercise among older adults can lead to depression and low quality of life (QOL). The current study investigated the effects of behavioral and exercise programs on depression severity and QOL among Malaysian community-dwelling older adults. A controlled, quasi-experimental, pre-posttest design was used. A total of 63 participants were divided into three groups: (a) exercise and behavior group (EBG), (b) exercise only group (EG), and (c) control group (CG). Results showed a significant difference in depression among groups (F(2,58) = 33.49, p < 0.01, η(2) = 0.54; mean, EBG < EG < CG) and in physical (F(2,58) = 5.33, p < 0.01, η(2)= 0.16; mean, EBG > EG > CG) and mental (F(2,58) = 4.08, p < 0.01, η(2) = 0.12; mean, EBG > CG > EG) scores of QOL. A combination of behavioral and exercise programs has superior effects on depression and QOL of older adults. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 42(2), 45-54.].
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  12. Abdullah B, Moize B, Ismail BA, Zamri M, Mohd Nasir NF
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2017 04;72(2):94-99.
    PMID: 28473671
    INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of menopausal symptoms, its effect to the quality of life and their treatment seeking behaviour in a multiracial community in Malaysia.

    METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving postmenopausal women in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Data was obtained by face-to-face interview using standardised questionnaires on sociodemographic data, Menopause Rating Scale questionnaire, effect to quality of life and treatment sought.

    RESULTS: A total of 258 women, including Malays (82%), Indians (14.1%) and Chinese (3.9%) were recruited. The median age was 58 (range 45-86) years old. Joint and muscular discomfort (73.3%) and fatigue (59.3%) were the most prevalent symptoms. Significant association with ethnicity were demonstrated with Malays was found to have 3.1 times higher incidence of sexual problems than Indians, (Odds Ratio (OR) 3.103; 95%CI 1.209, 7.967) and Indian had 2.6 times higher incidence of irritability compared to Malays (OR 2.598; 95%CI 1.126, 5.992). Fifty-two percent of women felt that menopausal symptoms affected their quality of life but there were only 2.7% who were severely affected. There were 24.8% of women who sought treatment and only 20.3% of those who took hormone replacement therapy. There was no significant association found between their treatment seeking behaviour in association with ethnicity, age, parity, marital and occupational status.

    CONCLUSION: Menopausal symptoms were prevalent among menopausal women, although only a small group of women who were severely affected. There was a lack of tendency in seeking treatment for menopausal symptoms among the women.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  13. Samah S, Neoh CF, Wong YY, Hassali MA, Shafie AA, Lim SM, et al.
    Res Social Adm Pharm, 2017 11;13(6):1135-1141.
    PMID: 27825607 DOI: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2016.10.017
    BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QoL) assessment provides valuable outcome to support clinical decision-making, particularly for patients with chronic diseases that are incurable. A brief, 15-item diabetes-specific tool [i.e. Diabetes Quality of Life-Brief Clinical Inventory (DQoL-BCI)] is known to be developed in English and validated for use in clinical practice. This simplified tool, however, is not readily available for use in the Malaysian setting.

    OBJECTIVE: To translate the DQoL-BCI into a Malaysian version and to assess its construct validity (factorial validity, convergent validity and discriminant validity), reliability (internal consistency) and floor and ceiling effects among the Malaysian diabetic population.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: A forward-backward translation, involving professional translators and experts with vast experience in translation of patient reported outcome measures, was conducted. A total of 202 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were invited to complete the translated DQoL-BCI. Data were analysed using SPSS for exploratory factor analysis (EFA), convergent and discriminant validity, reliability and test-retest, and AMOS software for confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).

    RESULTS: Findings from EFA indicated that the 4-factor structure of the Malaysian version of DQoL-BCI was optimal and explained 50.9% of the variance; CFA confirmed the 4-factor model fit. There was negative, moderate correlation between the scores of DQoL-BCI (Malaysian version) and EQ-5D-3L utility score (r = -0.329, p = 0.003). Patients with higher glycated haemoglobin levels (p = 0.008), diabetes macrovascular (p = 0.017) and microvascular (p = 0.013) complications reported poorer QoL. Cronbach's alpha coefficient and intraclass coefficient correlations (range) obtained were 0.703 and 0.86 (0.734-0.934), indicating good reliability and stability of the translated DQoL-BCI.

    CONCLUSION: This study had validated the linguistic and psychometric properties of DQoL-BCI (Malaysian version), thus providing a valid and reliable brief tool for assessing the QoL of Malaysian T2DM patients.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  14. M Selveindran N, Syed Zakaria SZ, Jalaludin MY, Rasat R
    Horm Res Paediatr, 2017;88(5):324-330.
    PMID: 28965114 DOI: 10.1159/000478780
    BACKGROUND/AIMS: Disorders of sex development (DSD) are a heterogeneous group of rare conditions. Evidence-based treatment is challenged by a lack of clinical longitudinal outcome studies. We sought to investigate the quality of life of children with DSD other than congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    METHODS: The participants (aged 6-18 years) were 23 patients raised as males and 7 patients raised as females. Control data were obtained from representatives of the patients' siblings matched for age and gender. The Pediatric Quality of Life InventoryTM Version 4.0 (PedsQL) Generic Core Scales were used as the study tool.

    RESULTS: In comparison with the reference data, the patient group had significantly lower overall PedsQL (p < 0.01) and school functioning (p < 0.01) scores. Also, the total PedsQL score was significantly lower in patients with DSD who were of female social sex as compared to the controls who were females. Family income, surgical procedures, degree of virilization, and mode of puberty did not influence the PedsQL scores.

    CONCLUSION: This study revealed a poorer quality of life for patients with DSD as compared to the age-matched control group. This highlights the need for a skilled multidisciplinary team to manage this group of patients.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life/psychology*
  15. Gillani SW, Ansari IA, Zaghloul HA, Abdul MIM, Sulaiman SAS, Baig MR
    PMID: 29610581 DOI: 10.1186/s13098-018-0325-6
    Background: The aim of this study was to explore the predictors of QOL and health state and examine the relationship with glycemic control among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients.
    Methods: A randomized cross-sectional case-control study was conducted among n = 600 T2DM patients of Malaysia. Study population was distributed into three groups as: controls: patients with HbA1c ≤ 7 (n = 199), cases arm 1: with HbA1c 7-7.9 (n = 204) and cases arm 2 (n = 197): with HbA1c ≥ 8 consecutively last 3 times.
    Results: Participants with diabetes history > 10 years exhibits higher mean QOL score among all the three groups. In contrast mean health status score significantly (p 
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  16. Kowitlawkul Y, Yap SF, Makabe S, Chan S, Takagai J, Tam WWS, et al.
    Int Nurs Rev, 2018 Apr 06.
    PMID: 29633267 DOI: 10.1111/inr.12457
    AIMS: To investigate the key determinants of nurses' quality of life and work-life balance statuses in a tertiary hospital in Singapore.
    BACKGROUND: Nurses' quality of life can directly and indirectly impact patients' safety and quality of care. Therefore, identifying key factors that influence nurses' quality of life is essential in the healthcare delivery system.
    METHODS: A descriptive quantitative study design was adopted, and validated questionnaires were used. Data were collected in a period of 3 months (March to May 2014) at a 600-bed tertiary hospital in Singapore. One thousand and forty nurses participated in the study.
    RESULTS: Social support and sense of coherence were found to be significant predictors for high quality of life in all domains. Most nurses in this study spent more time on work than their private lives. However, there was no significant difference in job satisfaction among the four groups of nurses' proportions of percentages of actual time spent on work and private life.
    CONCLUSIONS: Cultivating social support from family, friends/colleagues and supervisors can help an individual cope with stress and enhance a nurse's quality of life.
    IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING POLICY AND PRACTICE: Even though nurses who spent more time at work were still satisfied with their job, they might need to be aware of their physical health and work environment. Nursing policy related to nurses' physical health and environment should be established. Health promotion programmes such as physical exercise and mindfulness interventions should be conducted to promote nurses' well-being and healthy workplace environments to enhance nurses' quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  17. Damayanthi HDWT, Moy FM, Abdullah KL, Dharmaratne SD
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr, 2018 03 16;76:215-220.
    PMID: 29567617 DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2018.03.009
    BACKGROUND: Population ageing has become a public health issue as it is associated with increased morbidity, institutionalization and death. These may directly affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of older people.

    PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate HRQOL and its associated factors among community-dwelling older people in Kandy district, Sri Lanka.

    METHOD: This cross-sectional survey involved 1300 older people. The Euro 5D-3L, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, body mass index, handgrip strength were used to measure HRQOL, physical activity and nutritional status of older people respectively. Factors associated with health-related quality of life were identified through complex sample logistic regression analysis.

    RESULTS: Majority of older people (81.9%) reported poor health-related quality of life. Middle old (aOR: 12.06, 95% CI: 5.76, 25.23), very old (aOR: 174.74, 95% CI: 39.74, 768.38), vegetarian diets (aOR: 2.13, 95% CI: 1.14, 3.96), under-nutrition (aOR: 3.41, 95% CI: 1.65, 7.04) and over-nutrition (aOR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.04, 3.28) were significantly associated with poor HRQOL. Using dentures (aOR: 0.05, 95% CI: 0.28, 0.90) was found as a protective factor for poor HRQOL.

    CONCLUSIONS: HRQOL was poor among community-dwelling older people in Kandy district. Nutrition-related factors need to be further investigated to improve HRQOL among older people.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  18. Shari NI, Zainal NZ, Guan NC, Ahmad Sabki Z, Yahaya NA
    PLoS ONE, 2019;14(2):e0212788.
    PMID: 30807594 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0212788
    OBJECTIVES: Acceptance and action questionnaire (AAQ II) is a scale used to assess psychological inflexibility. The aim of this study is to translate AAQ II into Malay language and evaluate the psychometric properties of AAQ II Malay version.

    METHODS: The AAQ II which has been translated into Malay language via back translation procedure was distributed to 101 cancer patients and 100 non-cancer patients. The evaluation of psychometric properties in this study included content validity index, internal consistency, parallel reliability, exploratory factor analysis, concurrent validity, sensitivity and specificity of AAQ II Malay version.

    RESULTS: AAQ II Malay version has established good content validity index, acceptable internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha value of 0.91, excellent parallel reliability and adequate concurrent validity. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) results demonstrated AAQ II Malay version is a unidimensional factor instrument. The result of sensitivity and specificity of AAQ II Malay version indicated cancer patients who scored more than 17.5 were having significant psychological inflexibility.

    CONCLUSION: AAQ II Malay version is a reliable and valid instrument to measure psychological inflexibility among cancer patient in Malaysia.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  19. A Hamid MS, Sazlina SG
    PLoS ONE, 2019;14(1):e0209746.
    PMID: 30625165 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209746
    BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity has emerged as a major public health threat worldwide with challenges in its management. This review assessed the effectiveness of interventions for childhood overweight and obesity.

    METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using CINAHL, EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus databases to retrieve articles published from 1st January 2000 to 31st December 2017. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental studies comparing different strategies in managing overweight and obesity among schoolchildren (6 to 12 years of age) were included. The main outcomes of interest were reductions in weight related variables included anthropometry and body composition measurements. All variables were analysed using random effects meta-analyses.

    RESULTS: Fourteen studies were reviewed, 13 were RCTs and one was a quasi-experimental study. The risk of bias for randomisation was low risk for all of RCTs except for one, which was unclear. The risk of bias for randomisation was high for the quasi-experimental study. Most interventions incorporated lifestyle changes and behavioural strategies such as coping and problem solving skills with family involvement. The meta-analyses did not show significant effects of the intervention in reducing weight related outcomes when compared with controls.

    CONCLUSION: Meta-analyses of the selected studies did not show significant effects of the interventions on weight related outcomes among overweight and obese schoolchildren when compared with controls. The role of interdisciplinary team approaches with family involvement using behaviour and lifestyle strategies to curb obesity among schoolchildren is important.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  20. Nadia, A. B., Leelavathi, M., Narul Aida, S., Diana, M.
    Medicine & Health, 2017;12(2):230-243.
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic remains a significant burden in Malaysia. Stigma related to HIV and its effect on the quality of life (QOL) of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) remains under-reported. The aim of the present study was to assess self-perceived stigma amongst PLHIV attending an urban community clinic and its influence on their QOL. Data was collected using HIV Stigma Scale and WHO-QOL HIV BREF Scale. The overall stigma experienced by PLHIV in this community was higher than previous studies (mean ± SD; 103.37 ±18.14). Majority participants had fear disclosing their disease status, while personalized stigma or the experience of prejudice and rejection was the least experienced. The overall QOL was low and was significantly impaired in social relationship domain (mean ± SD; 12.72 ± 3.59). However, their ability to perform daily activities was not affected by the illness (mean ± SD; 14.48 ± 2.91). PLHIV with higher spiritual values demonstrate lower perception of negative self-image and inferiority (r= -0.54). This finding was unique to PLHIV in this study and suggested the importance of spirituality and personal beliefs on their self-esteem. In conclusion, stigma remains as a significant problem among PLHIV in this community. Primary care offers the best platform to promote a holistic management of PLHIV, where the integration between counselors, religious experts, family and non-governmental associations could come together. The management of PLHIV is unique in every community, hence individualized approach based on cultural norms and beliefs could assist in the overall management of PLHIV.
    Keywords: HIV, quality of life, social stigma
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
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