Displaying publications 21 - 40 of 854 in total

  1. Priscilla D, Hamidin A, Azhar MZ, Noorjan K, Salmiah MS, Bahariah K
    Malays J Med Sci, 2011 Jul;18(3):49-56.
    PMID: 22135601 MyJurnal
    The paper examined the quality of life of haematological cancer patients according to their socio-demographic profiles and clinical diagnoses.

    Study site: Ampang Hospital, Kuala Lumpur
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  2. Yap FB, Kiung ST, Yap JB
    Indian Dermatol Online J, 2016 Jul-Aug;7(4):255-8.
    PMID: 27559497 DOI: 10.4103/2229-5178.185495
    There is a paucity of data on quality of life issues in patients with leprosy suffering from erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL). Thus, we aim to study the effect of ENL on quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  3. Lai PSM, Chua SS, Chan SP, Low WY
    Int J Rheum Dis, 2008;11(4):421-429.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-185X.2008.00402.x
    Background: Osteoporotic fractures will soon become a common problem in Asian countries including Malaysia, as the growth in the elderly population will be more marked in this region. This leads to loss of independence and reduced quality of life (QOL). QOL is used as an outcome measure in clinical trials to focus the management of diseases on the patient rather than the disease. To date, no such instrument for measuring QOL of osteoporosis patients has been validated in Malaysia. Aim: To investigate the reliability and validity of the English version of the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (QUALEFFO) in Malaysia. Methods: QUALEFFO was administered twice to postmenopausal osteoporotic women on alendronate. The patient group consisted of 46 women with back pain while the control group consisted of 42 women without back pain. Results: High internal consistency was seen in all domains in the QUALEFFO with Cronbach α of 0.74-0.95 and 0.53-0.89 in the patient and control group, respectively. Factor analysis also showed that each domain consisted of one component except for the social domain. The test-retest reliability showed high correlation coefficient in all domains (0.50-0.90, P < 0.001). Patients with back pain showed significantly worse QOL in the overall total QUALEFFO score compared to the control group (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: The English version of QUALEFFO was found to be reliable and valid for the evaluation of patients with osteoporosis and who understand English in Malaysia. This study also indicates that patients with back pain have poorer QOL. © 2008 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  4. Dolzhich AV, Bubnova IA, Aslamazova AE
    Vestn Oftalmol, 2018 9 1;134(4):74-79.
    PMID: 30166514 DOI: 10.17116/oftalma201813404174
    Throughout the history of pediatric ophthalmology, pathophysiological state has always played an important role. It's characterized by reduced central vision, often paired with disruption of binocular vision, which is interpreted as amblyopia. Central vision is necessary for social integration, so its disorders cause great quality of life changes in patients limiting their professional activities and complicating everyday life. Despite large number of proposed methods of treatment, amblyopia still remains a pressing problem and its prevalence has not changed significantly over the years.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  5. Lihvantseva VG, Afanasev MS, Rudenko EA, Karaulov AV, Afanasev SS, Korosteleva EV, et al.
    Vestn Oftalmol, 2018 5 18;134(2):23-31.
    PMID: 29771881 DOI: 10.17116/oftalma2018134223-30
    Endocrine ophthalmopathy (EOP) is a severe chronic autoimmune disease associated with autoimmune thyroid pathology that leads to loss of sight, cosmetic defects and quality of life decrease. EOP is difficult to give prognosis for due to various factors affecting its course and outcome.

    PURPOSE: To develop a reliable and precise prognosis method for EOP activity and severity based on personalized combination of risk factors in specific patients by multidimensional linear regression modeling.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 139 patients (278 orbits) with newly diagnosed EOP associated with toxic diffuse goiter was observed during 1 year by an ophthalmologist and an endocrinologist; patient examination interval was 6 months. More than 250 indices were dynamically analyzed in the course of the study. Linear regression analysis was chosen as the research method; it allowed detection of linear dependencies between dependent and explanatory variables.

    RESULTS: More than 600 various linear regression equations were derived that enabled prediction of EOP onset risk and development timeline, estimation of activity and/or severity of the disease, duration of active period in specific patients for the immediate and long-term outcome. From the derived models, the most reliable and safest for practical application were picked out. The present study introduces nine optimized models that can be used for patient follow-up since day one.

    CONCLUSION: The onset risk, progression and outcome of the disease can be determined by a combination of factors revealed in the study.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  6. Omar R, Rahman MH, Knight VF, Mustaphal M, Mohammed Z
    BMC Res Notes, 2014;7:667.
    PMID: 25245590 DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-7-667
    BACKGROUND: Vision impairment associated with diabetic retinopathy, is well known and low vision rehabilitation is always recommended. In this report, the importance of objective measure of mental health and quality of life screening in diabetic retinopathy low-vision assessment is discussed.
    CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 43-year-old Asian female who has mild vision impairment due to tractional retinal detachment secondary to diabetic retinopathy and how mental health screening and quality of life screening during low vision rehabilitation can improve in the management of this patient.
    CONCLUSION: Although vision impairment was mild, the psychological impact was enormous and affected her quality of life substantially. This case report illustrates that recognition of the mental health and quality of life impact on visual impairment is critical to the rehabilitation management of low vision patients with diabetic retinopathy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  7. Chong VH, Chand PB, Gautam HR, Jalihal A
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2013 Jun;68(3):234-8.
    PMID: 23749013
    Gastro-oesophageal reflux disorders (GORD) are common in Western countries and has been reported to be increasing in the East. This study assessed the prevalence of GORD among the Nepalese residing in the Brunei Darussalam.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  8. Ramli M, Zafri AB, Junid MR, Hatta S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2012 Dec;67(6):560-4.
    PMID: 23770945 MyJurnal
    The escalating problem of opiate dependence in Malaysia and the limitations of regimental approach of forced admission to rehabilitation centres had triggered the government to expand the methadone maintenance therapy to become a national programme. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term outcomes of the Methadone Maintenance Therapy programme in one of the busiest hospital in east coast Malaysia. We also explored the prevalence on non-compliance and factors associated to it. A total of 172 patient case notes at Methadone Clinic Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA) were retrieved for relevant data. A short survey was also conducted to determine the subjects' current employment and marital status. The programme's retention rate was 62% and factors associated with poor compliance were unemployment, low quality of life scores and low dose of methadone. A special attention on the patients with these three risk factors may improve their compliance to MMT. The short-term evaluation of MMT at HTAA revealed favourable findings.
    Study site: Psychiatric clinic, Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  9. Geok CK, Abdullah KL, Kee LH
    Int J Nurs Pract, 2013 Aug;19(4):381-9.
    PMID: 23915407 DOI: 10.1111/ijn.12083
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the quality of life (QOL) among mothers with a child with Down syndrome using The World Health Organization Quality of Life scale instrument. A convenience sample of 161 mothers was accessed through the various institutions which provide interventional or educational programmes to children with disabilities within two of the regions of the Borneo State of Malaysia (Sarawak). Nearly half of the group of mothers perceived their QOL as neither poor nor good (n = 73). An overall QOL score of 14.0 ± 1.84 was obtained. The highest and lowest domain scores were found for social relationship domain (Mean = 14.9 ± 2.1) and environmental support domain (Mean = 13.3 ± 2.1) respectively. Correlation analysis of selected background variables (i.e. locality, education, income and marital status) and overall QOL indicated rho (161) = 0.22-0.28 (P < 0.01). Inverse correlation between maternal age and overall QOL score was indicated, with rho (161) = -0.17 (P < 0.05). Linear regression analysis indicated that the combination of these few variables together accounted for 14.5% of the QOL variability in the sample. Findings point to implications for priorities of care provisions by policy-makers and care professionals in their practice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  10. Masood Y, Masood M, Zainul NN, Araby NB, Hussain SF, Newton T
    PMID: 23443041 DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-11-25
    The objectives for this study were to assess Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in young people aged 15-25 who sought orthodontic treatment, and to measure the association between orthodontic treatment need (using the IOTN), sex, age and education level, and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL).
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life/psychology*
  11. Abu Kassim NL, Mohd Hanafiah K, Samad-Cheung H, Rahman MT
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2015 Mar;27(2):NP495-505.
    PMID: 23386747 DOI: 10.1177/1010539512471074
    Given that breast cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer affecting Malaysian women and its low survival rate, this study investigates the possible influence of support group intervention on quality of life (QOL). It also examines the interrelationships between QOL subdomains as research has shown the influence of emotional expression on psychological and physical well-being. Rasch analysis was implemented to examine perception of QOL and the comparability of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy General and Breast Cancer scales (FACT-G and FACT-B) of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy inventory. Results indicated that perception of QOL may be influenced by factors other than support group intervention. The FACT-G and FACT-B scales were comparable in the measurement of QOL for breast cancer, and the interrelationships between the QOL subdomains were supported. The findings of this study accentuate the importance of focusing support group interventions on improvement of emotional well-being to maintain patients' QOL despite the cancer.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  12. Nazir SU, Hassali MA, Saleem F, Bashir S, Hashmi F, Aljadhey H
    J Pharm Bioallied Sci, 2016 Jan-Mar;8(1):64-8.
    PMID: 26957872 DOI: 10.4103/0975-7406.171734
    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) profile of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) population attending outpatient clinics in Sargodha City, Pakistan.
    METHODS: The study was designed as a cross-sectional descriptive survey. T2DM patients attending a tertiary care institute in Sargodha, Pakistan were targeted for the study. The EuroQol EQ-5D was used for the assessment of HRQoL and was scored using values derived from the UK general population survey. Descriptive statistics were used for the elaboration of sociodemographic characteristics. The Chi-square test was used to depict the possible association between study variables and HRQoL. Where significant associations were noted, Phi/Cramer's V was used for data interpretation accordingly. SPSS version 21 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) was used for data analysis and P < 0.05 was taken as significant.
    RESULTS: Three hundred and ninety-two patients were approached for the study. The cohort was dominated by males (n = 222, 56.60%) with 5.58 ± 4.09 years of history of T2DM. The study highlighted poor HRQoL among the study participants (0.471 ± 0.336). Gender, marital status, education, monthly income, occupation, location and duration of the disease were reported to be significantly associated with HRQoL (P < 0.001).
    CONCLUSION: T2DM imposes a negative effect on HRQoL of the patients. Attention is needed to highlight determinants of HRQoL and to implement policies for better management of T2DM, particularly in early treatment phases where improving HRQoL is still possible.
    KEYWORDS: EQ-5D; Pakistan; health-related quality of life; type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  13. Idris K, Mohamed Shaffril HA, Md Yassin S, Abu Samah A, Hamzah A, Abu Samah B
    PLoS ONE, 2016;11(3):e0150741.
    PMID: 26974837 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150741
    The main aim of this study is to identify the quality of life (QoL) among communities residing near the Tembeling, Pahang and Muar Rivers in Malaysia. This quantitative study used a constructed questionnaire as main tool to collect data on the QoL of river communities. A total of 240 villagers were selected as respondents. The results indicated that the dimensions of settlement, safety, involvement and social relationships, as well as education scored highest, while dimensions of physical environment, financial and job security yielded moderate scores. Dimensions of infrastructure facilities yielded a low mean score. Recommendations are provided, in the hope that our results may be useful for strategies that could enhance QoL of these river communities.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  14. Azman AB, Sararaks S, Rugayah B, Low LL, Azian AA, Geeta S, et al.
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2003 Dec;58(5):694-711.
    PMID: 15190656 MyJurnal
    Population norms for Health Related Quality of Life using SF-36 are described. A national sample was canvassed in 2000 using a self-administered SF-36 in Bahasa Malaysia and English. Response rate was 30.6%, with 3072 usable data. Male: Female ratio was 1.04 and mean age was 39.8 years. Quality of life was affected by age and sex. Older population and women had a poorer quality of life. Population norms for Malaysia differed from those of US, Canada and Australia. The malaysian general population norm described is useful as reference point for studies in Malaysia. Variability in scores by age and sex emphasize the need to use appropriate age- or sex-specific normative data.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  15. Sararaks S, Rugayah B, Azman AB, Karuthan C, Low LL
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2001 Sep;56(3):350-8.
    PMID: 11732082
    Asthma can place considerable restrictions on the physical, emotional and social aspects of the lives of patients. The assessment of quality of life aims to provide a means of measuring the impact of this disease on patients' lives, from the patients' perspective. A cross sectional multi-centre study was conducted in six government hospitals throughout the country. Self-administered SF-36 was used, and clinical information obtained through interviews and examination. 1612 asthmatics responded. Females constituted 63% of the respondents; mean age was 40.9 years; Malays were the majority ethnic group, while 70.8% had secondary level education and 53.7% were employed. Half had suffered from asthma for at least 13 years, while 46.8% and 23.6% have moderate and severe disease respectively. Quality of life was affected by severity of disease. Asthmatics, had a significantly poorer quality of life than the general US population. Severe asthma disease was associated with a compromised quality of life, similar to that of COPD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  16. Awaisu A, Haniki Nik Mohamed M, Noordin NM, Muttalif AR, Aziz NA, Syed Sulaiman SA, et al.
    Tob Induc Dis, 2012 Feb 28;10:2.
    PMID: 22373470 DOI: 10.1186/1617-9625-10-2
    BACKGROUND: With evolving evidence of association between tuberculosis (TB) and tobacco smoking, recommendations for the inclusion of tobacco cessation interventions in TB care are becoming increasingly important and more widely disseminated. Connecting TB and tobacco cessation interventions has been strongly advocated as this may yield better outcomes. However, no study has documented the impact of such connection on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The objective of this study was to document the impact of an integrated TB directly observed therapy short-course (DOTS) plus smoking cessation intervention (SCI) on HRQoL.
    METHODS: This was a multi-centered non-randomized controlled study involving 120 TB patients who were current smokers at the time of TB diagnosis in Malaysia. Patients were assigned to either of two groups: the usual TB-DOTS plus SCI (SCIDOTS group) or the usual TB-DOTS only (DOTS group). The effect of the novel strategy on HRQoL was measured using EQ-5D questionnaire. Two-way repeated measure ANOVA was used to examine the effects.
    RESULTS: When compared, participants who received the integrated intervention had a better HRQoL than those who received the usual TB care. The SCIDOTS group had a significantly greater increase in EQ-5D utility score than the DOTS group during 6 months follow-up (mean ± SD = 0.98 ± 0.08 vs. 0.91 ± 0.14, p = 0.006). Similarly, the mean scores for EQ-VAS showed a consistently similar trend as the EQ-5D indices, with the scores increasing over the course of TB treatment. Furthermore, for the EQ-VAS, there were significant main effects for group [F (1, 84) = 4.91, p = 0.029, η2 = 0.06], time [F (2, 168) = 139.50, p = < 0.001, η2 = 0.62] and group x time interaction [F (2, 168) = 13.89, p = < 0.001, η2 = 0.14].
    CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the evidence that an integrated TB-tobacco treatment strategy could potentially improve overall quality of life outcomes among TB patients who are smokers.
    Study site: Five chest clinics, Hospitals in Pulau Pinang, Bukit Mertajam, Seberang Jaya, Sungai Bakap, and Institut Perubatan Respirotori, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  17. Ho SE, Ting CK, Das S, Loo CY, Rohayu AB, Khor SY, et al.
    Clin Ter, 2011;162(3):217-22.
    PMID: 21717045
    Quality of life after acute coronary heart disease amongst patients is important outcome factor in deliberations of patient's care. The main aim of the study was to examine the quality of life amongst acute CHD patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  18. Samsiah M, Das S, Chee SY, Rashidah R, Siti H, Ruth P, et al.
    Clin Ter, 2011;162(3):209-15.
    PMID: 21717044
    There is paucity of literature on the measurement of the quality of life in post stroke patients in the developing countries. The main objective of this study was to determine the quality of life (QOL) of post stroke patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  19. Yap FBB
    Ann Dermatol, 2012 May;24(2):158-61.
    PMID: 22577265 DOI: 10.5021/ad.2012.24.2.158
    BACKGROUND: Acne is considered a cosmetic nuisance in Malaysia since no insurance coverage is provided for its treatment. Its psychological impact is unknown.
    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the impact of acne on quality of life and its relationship with severity.
    METHODS: A cross-sectional study using the Cardiff acne disability index (CADI) and Global Acne Grading System for acne severity grading was done in three government-run dermatology clinics in Sarawak, Malaysia.
    RESULTS: The study cohort of 200 patients had a mean CADI score of 5.1. Most of the patients (59.5%) had mild CADI impairment, with the domain of feelings most affected. Patients with a family income <1,000 United States Dollor/month had a higher mean CADI (mean 5.5 vs. 4.4; p=0.04). Females, indigenous groups, and patients with tertiary education tended to have more severe CADI impairment (p>0.05). The correlation between CADI and mild acne severity was low (Pearson correlation coefficient=0.35; p<0.001) but became insignificant for moderate and severe acne.
    Acne impairment in Sarawak was moderate and must be addressed. It should be viewed as a psychologically disabling disease requiring optimal management and resource allocation.
    KEYWORDS: Acne vulgaris; Disability; Quality of life

    Study site: Dermatology Departments of Sarawak General Hospital
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
  20. Shafie AA, Hassali MA, Liau SY
    Qual Life Res, 2011 May;20(4):593-600.
    PMID: 21046257 DOI: 10.1007/s11136-010-9774-6
    PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess the construct validity of the EQ-5D instrument among the Malaysian population.

    METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among Malaysian adults in three northern states of Malaysia. A pre-developed questionnaire consisting of both the EQ-5D and SF-12 items was used for data collection. Concurrent, convergent, and known group validity of EQ-5D were assessed against SF-12 and several known relationships with participants' demographic and illness characteristics.

    RESULTS: A total of 596 Malaysians participated in the study. The mean EQ-5D score was 0.93 (SD = 0.13), while the mean physical component score (PCS-12) and mental component score (MCS-12) scores were 48.9 (SD = 7.4) and 49.1 (SD = 8.0), respectively. Participants with a current medical problem had lower PCS-12 and MCS-12 scores and reported more problems with all of the EQ-5D dimensions; they also had lower EQ-5D and EQ-VAS scores (P < 0.05). Convergent validity was supported by a moderately positive correlation between EQ-5D and EQ-VAS with MCS-12 and PCS-12 scores; moreover, the stronger effect sizes between PCS-12 and the physical dimensions of EQ-5D as well as between MCS-12 with anxiety/depression scores further supported the convergent validity of EQ-5D. Responses to the EQ-5D dimensions only supported two of the four known group validity hypotheses of higher quality of life among individuals who are better educated and no medical problem. No association was found between income and gender with EQ-5D score.

    CONCLUSION: This study has demonstrated acceptable construct validity of the EQ-5D among the Malaysian population.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life*
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