Displaying publications 41 - 54 of 54 in total

  1. Lim CC, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Jul 01;14(7).
    PMID: 34210704 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-243412
    Postauricular swelling is usually encountered in an emergency setting in otorhinolaryngology, resulting from complication of acute or chronic suppurative otitis media. Besides that, postauricular swelling may occur secondary to various other conditions including infectious disease, tumour, vascular malformation, granulomatous condition and even trauma. Children less than 2 years old are prone to fall and up to 10% sustain traumatic brain injury without any obvious signs of neurological deficit. We describe a rare case of a postauricular swelling in a toddler which turned out to be salmonella extradural abscess from an infected traumatic haematoma. The importance of high clinical suspicion especially in a child with a history of fall cannot be emphasised more because a missed brain abscess could lead to potentially life-threatening problems. We would like to highlight that meticulous history taking along with prompt assessment and intervention is prudent for a better prognosis and recovery.
  2. Ponnuvelu K, Saniasiaya J, Abdul Gani N
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Aug 16;14(8).
    PMID: 34400422 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-242122
    Foreign body (FB) in the external auditory canal is more common among the paediatric age group compared with adult patients and it may be deposited in various ways. An accidental animate aural FB is reported to be commonly encountered in adults whereas inanimate FBs are likely to be found among adult patients with learning disability. An elderly man presented with accidental penetration of rattan tree stem into his ear while gardening. Removal of a FB from the external auditory canal requires expertise as deep penetration of a FB into the middle and inner ear may lead grave complications, especially when overzealous removal is attempted by nonear, nose and throat (ENT) personnel. This case emphasises on the importance of awareness of meticulous removal of a FB under proper visualisation so as to avoid unnecessary complications. Additionally, we propose an algorithm for proper removal of aural FB in an acute care setting.
  3. Ngu CYV, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Sep 07;14(9).
    PMID: 34493558 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-244012
    Paediatric upper airway obstruction is an emergency that requires immediate intervention. Among the myriad factors that leads to upper airway obstruction in paediatric age group, bilateral vocal cord palsy is not commonly encountered in clinical practice. The underlying cause of bilateral vocal cord palsy requires thorough investigation prior to deciding on the appropriate intervention. Herein, we report a 4-month-old baby boy who presented with recurrent inspiratory stridor with bilateral vocal cord palsy secondary to Arnold Chiari II malformation. Immediate intervention to drain the hydrocephalous resulted in complete resolution of stridor without having to perform a tracheostomy. We highlight the importance of meticulous and thorough investigations especially in children, as emergent airway intervention such as tracheostomy may result in detrimental effect to speech, swallowing as well as quality of life.
  4. Lim CC, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    BMJ Case Rep, 2021 Sep 14;14(9).
    PMID: 34521741 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2021-244769
    Croup (laryngotracheitis) is frequently encountered in the emergency department in a young child presenting with stridor. We describe a rare case of croup secondary to SARS-CoV-2 in an 18-month-old child who presented with stridor and respiratory distress and required urgent intubation. Subsequently, the child developed multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). The child was monitored in paediatric intensive care unit. We would like to highlight that COVID-19 croup in children may be an indicator for MIS-C, and close monitoring is warranted as MIS-C is a life-threatening condition. Our limited experience suggests that COVID-19 croup especially if associated with MIS-C has an underlying more severe pathology and may require prolonged treatment in comparison with the typical croup or even COVID-19 croup. It is important to recognise this clinical entity during a time when most countries are in a third wave of COVID-19 pandemic.
  5. C A Rahim NA, Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    J Laryngol Otol, 2021 Oct 15.
    PMID: 34649637 DOI: 10.1017/S0022215121002905
    BACKGROUND: Neonatal nasal obstruction may result in respiratory distress, feeding difficulties, sleep apnoea and failure to thrive; hence, it requires thorough evaluation and prompt intervention. Congenital inferior turbinate hypertrophy is relatively uncommon, and its presentation can mimic other congenital nasal anomalies.

    RELEVANCE: This paper reports two cases of congenital inferior turbinate hypertrophy in neonates that resulted in significant respiratory distress, feeding difficulties and sleep disturbance. Both patients were successfully treated surgically by endoscopic nasal dilatation and stenting. A literature search was performed to identify articles on congenital inferior turbinate hypertrophy in neonates and its management.

    CONCLUSION: Albeit rare, congenital inferior turbinate hypertrophy should be considered a differential diagnosis in newborns presenting with respiratory distress at birth.

  6. Saniasiaya J, Mohamad I, Abdul Rahman SK
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol, 2016 06 22;86(3):389-392.
    PMID: 27388958 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjorl.2016.05.011
  7. Saniasiaya J, Islam MA, Salim R
    PMID: 36715738 DOI: 10.1007/s00405-023-07842-z
    BACKGROUND: Vestibular dysfunction has been extensively studied amongst the older population. Recently, conditions and management of vestibular dysfunction among children and adolescent has gained attention. Yet, a lack of awareness and expertise in managing children and adolescents with vestibular dysfunction has led to a delay in diagnosis as well as a trifling prevalence rate.

    AIM: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analyses to estimate the overall pooled prevalence of vestibular dysfunction in children and adolescents.

    METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were searched to identify studies published until 29 April 2022. We used a random-effects model to estimate the pooled prevalence with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 statistic and Cochran's Q test. The robustness of the pooled estimates was checked by different subgroups and sensitivity analyses.

    RESULTS: We identified 1811 studies, of which 39 studies (n = 323,663) were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, the pooled prevalence of children and adolescents with VD was 30.4% [95% CI 28.5-32.3%]. The age of the participants ranged from 1 to 19 years. Participants of the included 39 studies were from 15 countries. Among the studies, 34 were cross-sectional, and five were case-control designed. There were discrepancies found in the studies with objective (higher prevalence) versus subjective (lower prevalence) evaluations.

    CONCLUSION: The prevalence of VD among children and adolescents was found to be 30.4% based on high-quality evidence. Due to the subjective assessment of most studies pooled in the analysis, the results should be interpreted cautiously until future comparative studies with objective assessments are carried out.

  8. Ganeson SK, Saniasiaya J, Mohamad I, Abdul Gani N
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2020 Sep;1(34):83-86.
    PMID: 33431368
    INTRODUCTION: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx is a rare entity with only scarce cases reported in the English Literature. It is a histological variant of squamous cell carcinoma with aggressive nature and comprises of both basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

    CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we report on a middleaged male who presented with left-sided spontaneous epistaxis and aural fullness with no neck node which turned out to be basaloid cell carcinoma of nasopharynx.

    DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: We highlight high clinical suspicion of rare variant of nasopharyngeal carcinoma although no palpable node was evident upon presentation.

  9. Saniasiaya J, Abdullah B, Husain S, Wang Y, Wan Mohammad Z
    Am J Rhinol Allergy, 2017 Sep 01;31(5):328-333.
    PMID: 28859711 DOI: 10.2500/ajra.2017.31.4464
    BACKGROUND: Epiphora secondary to nasolacrimal duct obstruction is common in the pediatric age group. The mainstay treatment among these young patients has been conservative. Once epiphora becomes recalcitrant, however, an external or an endonasal approach is considered.

    OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EDCR) entails creating an opening from the lacrimal sac directly into the nasal cavity to counteract nasolacrimal duct obstruction. We reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness and the safety of primary EDCR to treat pediatric nasolacrimal duct obstruction.

    METHOD: A literature search was conducted by using a number of medical literature data bases for the period from 1995 to 2016. The following search words were used either individually or in combination: epiphora, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, powered endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, laser-assisted endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy, children, congenital, acquired, presaccal obstruction, and postsaccal obstruction. In addition, a few articles were identified based on the experience and information provided by the senior authors (B.A., S.H., D.Y.W.). The search was conducted over a 1-month period (January 2017). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines and the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions were followed when possible.

    RESULTS: Only 10 original clinical research articles were selected based on our objectives and selection criteria. All the studies were at level of evidence III: nonrandomized and noncomparative prospective or retrospective case series. Altogether, 313 patients with ages that ranged from 4 months to 18 years were enrolled. A total of 352 EDCRs were performed that were either single sided (n = 313) or bilateral (n = 39). The most common causes of the obstruction were classified as congenital, followed by idiopathic, and then acquired. A meta-analysis was not performed because of the heterogeneity of the patient groups and variability of the methods used to measure outcomes.

    CONCLUSION: Analysis of the results indicated that EDCR was an effective, safe therapeutic approach to treating nasolacrimal duct obstruction in pediatric patients. It should be considered as an alternative procedure to external dacryocystorhinostomy after a failed conservative treatment.

  10. Che Ab Rahim NA, Saniasiaya J, Narayanan P
    Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2022 Dec;74(Suppl 3):5169-5171.
    PMID: 36742856 DOI: 10.1007/s12070-022-03083-4
    Inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO) describes as inappropriate, episodic, reversible laryngeal closure during inspiration, occurring at the glottic and/or supraglottic level, in response to external triggers causing exertional breathing difficulties. We describe a case of a female patient with an underlying major depressive disorder who presented with sudden onset of stridor and tachypnoea, whereby the external trigger was psychogenic in origin. Bedside flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscopy (FNPLS) showed characteristic findings of paradoxical adduction of vocal cords during inspiration. Arterial blood gas analysis, routine blood tests, chest radiography, and computed tomography (CT) scan of brain, neck, and thorax excluded neurological or airway abnormality. Bedside distraction breathing exercise alleviated the stridor and tachypnoea. The patient was managed by supportive psychotherapy, speech therapy, and anti-reflux medication and was discharged well with resolution of her respiratory distress. We would like to highlight that meticulous history along with physical examinations are imperative especially amongst Otorhinolaryngologists as emergent airway management tracheostomy would have been unnecessary and cause more stress and burden to the patient as well as family members.
  11. Maruthamuthu T, Saniasiaya J, Mohamad I, Nadarajah S, Lazim NM, Wan Abdul Rahman WF
    Oman Med J, 2018 Jul;33(4):342-345.
    PMID: 30038735 DOI: 10.5001/omj.2018.62
    Parotid gland surgery can be challenging due to intricate relationship between the gland and facial nerve. Besides complete removal of the lesion, the main focus of surgery is centered on the facial nerve. Surgery can be technically demanding especially when the tumor is large or involves the deep lobe. We report a patient with a 30-year history of gigantic parotid mass, which initial fine-needle aspiration cytology reported as pleomorphic adenoma. The tumor, weighing 1.3 kg, was successfully resected with facial nerve preservation. Histopathological examination of the excised mass confirmed as carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CaExPA) of adenocarcinoma, not otherwise specified type. We describe the specific surgical and reconstruction techniques for successful removal of large parotid tumors with facial nerve preservation. To our knowledge, this is the heaviest CaExPA of the parotid gland in South-East Asian region.
  12. Saniasiaya J, Hamid SSA, Mohamad H, Wahab WNNWA, Zawawi N
    Turk Arch Otorhinolaryngol, 2019 Sep;57(3):157-160.
    PMID: 31620699 DOI: 10.5152/tao.2019.3900
    Paediatric germ cell tumor is composed of various neoplasms which exhibit capricious clinical presentation and histological features depending on the age and the area of presentation. Yolk sac tumor is an extremely rare malignant tumor of embryonic origin which usually arises from the gonads. Its manifestation in the head and neck region is extremely rare. Here, we report a rare case of the malignant transformation of mature teratoma into yolk sac tumor of the neck in an infant. Diagnosis was confirmed following histopathological examination of the neck mass along with marked increase of the serum alpha-fetoprotein. The child unfortunately succumbed prior to chemotherapy. We highlight the challenge we faced in diagnosing and managing this rare entity. We would also like to recommend serial monitoring of serum alpha-fetoprotein in all patients with mature teratoma to detect malignant transformation early.
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