Displaying publications 41 - 60 of 1398 in total

  1. Sinniah D, Nagalingam I, Chua CP, Khoo KP, Dugdale AE
    Clin Pediatr (Phila), 1974 Sep;13(9):765-6.
    PMID: 4429633 DOI: 10.1177/000992287401300913
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn*
  2. Hee Wan Jang H
    Med J Malaya, 1971 Mar;25(3):208-10.
    PMID: 4253248
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn*
  3. Wong AC, Chan LG
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2014 Oct;69(5):229-30.
    PMID: 25638238 MyJurnal
    We report a case of neonatal Bartter syndrome in a 31 weeks premature baby girl with antenatal unexplained polyhydramnios requiring amnioreduction. She presented with early onset E. coli septicaemia and severe dehydration leading to pre-renal renal impairment which obscure the typical biochemical changes of hypokalaemic hypochloraemic metabolic alkalosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn; Infant, Newborn, Diseases
  4. Ong SL, Abdullah KL, Danaee M, Soh KL, Soh KG, Japar S
    J Reprod Infant Psychol, 2019 Apr;37(2):193-205.
    PMID: 30480464 DOI: 10.1080/02646838.2018.1540861
    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine maternal stress and anxiety as perceived by mothers whose premature infants were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to identify maternal stress and its relationship with maternal and infant characteristics and anxiety.

    BACKGROUND: Vulnerable premature infants commonly require special care in the NICUs. In most cases, prolonged hospitalization results in stress and anxiety for the mothers.

    METHODS: A non-probability convenience survey was used in a public hospital, with 180 mothers completing the 26-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and a 40-item State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI).

    RESULTS: 56.5% of mothers had high levels of stress, 85.5% of mothers had a high level of state-anxiety and 67.8% of mothers had a high level of trait-anxiety. The stress experienced by these mothers had a significant relationship with anxiety, and was found to be associated with state and trait anxiety levels, but not with maternal and infant characteristics.

    CONCLUSION: Mothers in this setting revealed high levels of stress and anxiety during their premature infants' NICU admission. An immediate interventional programme focusing on relieving mothers' anxiety and stress is needed to prevent maternal stress and anxiety at an early stage.

    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn; Infant, Newborn, Diseases
  5. Karimah Hanim Abd Aziz, Nurjasmine Aida Jamani, Zurainie Abllah
    Oral health care during pregnancy is greatly important as it is crucial to the health
    and well-being to both pregnant mother and baby. Studies showed that mothers with oral health
    problem have greater risk of prematurity and low birth weight babies. This study aimed to measure
    the associated factors of oral health problem among pregnant mothers. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn; Infant, Newborn, Diseases
  6. Sood M, Mohd Zain Z, Abu NA, Chee SC, Mohd Nor NS
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2019 Feb;74(1):40-44.
    PMID: 30846661
    INTRODUCTION: Some anecdotal reports suggest that maternal colonisation with Acinetobacter baumannii during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal effects, including preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM). The objective of this study was to compare the maternal and neonatal effects of A. baumannii colonisation in cases with PPROM and those with spontaneous onset of labour at term.

    METHODS: The recruitment of participants' was carried out at Selayang Hospital, Selangor, Malaysia. Vaginal swabs were prospectively taken from 104 patients of PPROM and 111 with spontaneous onset of labour at term. Swabs were also taken from the axillae and ears of their babies. These swabs were cultured to isolate A. baumannii. Maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes were documented.

    RESULTS: Sixteen mothers were A. baumannii positive, eight from each group respectively. None of the cases developed chorioamnionitis or sepsis. Those positive were four cases of PPROM and two babies of term labour. None of the babies developed sepsis.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study does not support the suggestion that A. baumannii colonisation during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.

    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn; Infant, Newborn, Diseases
  7. Ng KF, Choo P, Paramasivam U, Soelar SA
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2015 Aug;70(4):228-31.
    PMID: 26358019
    INTRODUCTION: T-piece resuscitator (TPR) has many advantages compared to self-inflating bag (SIB). Early Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) during newborn resuscitation (NR) with TPR at delivery can reduce intubation rate.
    METHODS: We speculated that the intubation rate at delivery room was high because SIB had always been used during NR and this can be improved with TPR. Intubation rate of newborn <24 hours of life was deemed high if >50%. An audit was carried out in June 2010 to verify this problem using a check sheet.
    RESULTS: 25 neonates without major congenital anomalies who required NR with SIB at delivery were included. Intubation rate of babies <24 hours of life when SIB was used was 68%. Post-intervention audit (August to November 2010) on 25 newborns showed that the intubation rate within 24 hours dropped to 8% when TPR was used. Proportion of intubated babies reduced from 48.3% (2008-2009) to 35.1% (2011-2012), odds ratio 0.58 (95% CI 0.49-0.68). Proportion of neonates on CPAP increased from 63.5% (2008-2009) to 81.0% (2011-2012), odds ratio 2.44 (95% CI 2.03-2.93). Mean ventilation days fell to below 4 days after 2010. Since then, all delivery standbys were accompanied by TPR and it was used for all NR regardless of settings. There was decline in intubation rate secondary to early provision of CPAP with TPR during NR. Mean ventilation days, mortality and length of NICU stay were reduced.
    CONCLUSION: This practice should be adopted by all hospitals in the country to achieve Millennium Development Goal 4 (2/3 decline of under 5 mortality rate) by 2015.
    Study site: Hospital Tuanku Jaafar, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  8. Boo NY
    Ann. Acad. Med. Singap., 2008 Dec;37(12 Suppl):60-3.
    PMID: 19904452
    Auditory neuropathy is defined by the presence of normal evoked otoacoustic emissions (OAE) and absent or abnormal auditory brainstem responses (ABR). The sites of lesion could be at the cochlear inner hair cells, spiral ganglion cells of the cochlea, synapse between the inner hair cells and auditory nerve, or the auditory nerve itself. Genetic, infectious or neonatal/perinatal insults are the 3 most commonly identified underlying causes. Children usually present with delay in speech and language development while adult patients present with hearing loss and disproportionately poor speech discrimination for the degree of hearing loss. Although cochlear implant is the treatment of choice, current evidence show that it benefits only those patients with endocochlear lesions, but not those with cochlear nerve deficiency or central nervous system disorders. As auditory neuropathy is a disorder with potential long-term impact on a child's development, early hearing screen using both OAE and ABR should be carried out on all newborns and infants to allow early detection and intervention.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  9. Ang YM
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2005 Mar;60(1):99-102.
    PMID: 16250291 MyJurnal
    Meliodosis is an infectious disease encountered mainly in tropics. It is not an uncommon problem in Malaysia especially in areas with agricultural activities. Although it can occur in all age groups, there have been few reported cases in children. Men are more commonly affected than women due to outdoor activities. Neonatal cases have been reported in Hawaii and Thailand. These infants presented with neonatal sepsis or meningitis. The mode of transmission to these infants has not been elucidated. This is the report of such a case first reported in Hospital Tengku Ampun Afzan, Kuantan.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  10. Naidu RR, Lee FH, Teh KH
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1996 Dec;51(4):444-6.
    PMID: 10968031
    Ten patients (5 males and 5 females) with gastroschisis were treated in Alor Setar Hospital from January 1989 to December 1993. Two patients had associated congenital anomalies. Primary closure was possible in 9 patient while the other patient had stage closure. All patients received prophylactic antibiotics, 9 patients were ventilated electively in the post-operative period and 7 patients received parenteral nutrition. There were 9 survivors. Complications especially wound infection and breakdown were seen in 7 patients. The average hospital stay was 36 days.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  11. Yadav H
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1995 Sep;50(3):285-6.
    PMID: 8926914
    Author reply to: Chia CP. Low birth weight babies. Med J Malaysia. 1995 Mar;50(1):120.
    Comment on: Yadav H. Low birth weight incidence in Lundu, Sarawak. Med J Malaysia. 1994 Jun;49(2):164-8.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  12. Abdul-Wahab, J., Naznin, M, Norlelawati, A.T., Amir Hamzah, A.R.
    Transient abnormal myelopoiesis (TAM) occurs in approximately 10% of neonates with Down syndrome. In most cases it resolves spontaneously. Life threatening complications such as cardiopulmonary and liver diseases have been described. We present here two cases which suggest that management of TAM in selected cases will have to be more aggressive.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  13. Balasubramaniam V, Sinniah M, Tan DS, Redzwan G, Lo'man SG
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1994 Jun;49(2):113-6.
    PMID: 8090088
    A previous cross-sectional serological survey of various age groups (0-55 years) of the Malaysian normal population showed that cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is highly endemic in Malaysia. A total of 1,688 infants (0-4 months) with congenital abnormalities were screened for evidence of congenital CMV infection and the rest of the TORCHES (TOxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, HErpes simplex, Syphilis) group of congenital infections. Congenital CMV infection was detected in 193 (11.4%) infants which is significantly higher than the prevalence of congenital syphilis (4%), congenital rubella infection (3.7%), congenital toxoplasma (1.0%) and congenital herpes simplex virus infection (0%). Of the 193 cases, 10.4 per cent had CNS defects. We concluded that 1) congenital CMV appears to be the most important cause of congenital infections among the TORCHES diseases in Malaysia; and 2) secondary rather than primary infections or reactivation is responsible for most of the intrauterine CMV infection in Malaysia, as primary infection is usually associated with neurological involvement.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  14. Halim AJ, Lim VKE
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1982 Jun;37(2):191-3.
    PMID: 6813660
    To our knowledge, meningitis due to Listeria monocytogenes has not previously been reported in Malaysia. We describe here two infants with meningitis due to Listeria monocytogenes occurring within a month of each other in the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Paediatric Unit. The incidence of listeriosis in Malaysia is unknown and it is possible that this infection may have been missed in the past.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  15. Effiong CE, Laditan AA, Aimakhu VE, Ayeni O
    Niger Med J, 1976 Jan;6(1):63-8.
    PMID: 16295069
    A retrospective study of birthweights, the incidence, and possible aetiology of low birthweight in 31,490 Nigerian children, delivered in two hospitals at Ibadan, is reported. The important findings were: (a) mean birthweights for males (3,000 gm), and for females (2,880 gm) in a non-teaching hospital were significantly higher than 2,980 gm and 2,860 gm for males and females respectively in the teaching hospital; (b) the mean birthweights for boys were significantly higher than those for girls in both hospitals; (c) these mean birthweights, though generally higher than previous reports from Nigeria, were significantly lower than those for North American Caucasian and Negro babies, and of babies of three different racial groups in Malaysia. Other interesting, though expected findings were: (a) a high incidence of low birthweight (15.5 per cent) and (b) a high incidence of small for dates babies (60 per cent). It is suggested that since birthweights, the incidence of low birthweight and its aetiology are vital in the planning of health care in any country, a prospective study involving many urban and rural areas of the country and including factors known to influence birthweight should be undertaken.
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  16. Kumaradeva M
    Med J Malaya, 1967 Jun;21(4):326-36.
    PMID: 4230500
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  17. Lam KL
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1978 Dec;33(2):133-6.
    PMID: 755163
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn
  18. Eng LI, Loo M, Fah FK
    Br. J. Haematol., 1972 Oct;23(4):419-25.
    PMID: 5084807
    Matched MeSH terms: Infant, Newborn*; Infant, Newborn, Diseases/enzymology
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