Displaying publications 61 - 80 of 880 in total

  1. Jamayet NB, Kirangi JK, Husein A, Alam MK
    Eur J Dent, 2017 4 25;11(1):130-134.
    PMID: 28435380 DOI: 10.4103/1305-7456.202636
    Enucleation and evisceration are the most common surgical procedures that are performed to manage tumor, trauma, and infection. Given the consequences of surgical intervention, the conditions of the remaining eye socket may affect future prosthetic rehabilitation. A custom-made ocular prosthesis can be used to help restore the esthetics and functional defects and to improve the quality of life of patients with such conditions. An assessment must be performed on the prosthetic outcome before rehabilitation. The etiology of defect, type of surgery, condition of the remaining socket, and patient's age should all be considered. This report discusses three different etiological eye defects that have undergone enucleation and evisceration and describes the factors that have a significant role in the esthetic and functional outcome of the prosthesis. This report should serve as a helpful aid for maxillofacial prosthodontists to understand the primary objective of rehabilitating each eye defect and to meet patient expectations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  2. Asra Hosseini
    From earliest cities to the present, spatial division into residential zones and neighbourhoods is the universal feature of urban areas. This study explored issue of measuring neighbourhoods through spatial autocorrelation method based on Moran’s I index in respect of achieving to best neighbourhoods’ model for forming cities smarter. The research carried out by selection of 35 neighbourhoods only within central part of traditional city of Kerman in Iran. The results illustrate, 75% of neighbourhoods’ area in the inner city of Kerman had clustered pattern, and it shows reduction in Moran’s index is associated with disproportional distribution of density and increasing in Moran’s I and Z-score have monotonic relation with more dense areas and clustered pattern. It may be more efficient for urban planner to focus on spatial autocorrelation to foster neighbourhood cohesion rather than emphasis on suburban area. It is recommended characteristics of historic neighbourhoods can be successfully linked to redevelopment plans toward making city smarter, and also people’s quality of life can be related to the way that neighbourhoods’ patterns are defined.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  3. Amer Nordin A, Mohd Hairi F, Choo WY, Hairi NN
    Gerontologist, 2018 Jul 05.
    PMID: 29982539 DOI: 10.1093/geront/gny072
    Background and Objectives: Caregiving outcomes have often been reported in terms of care recipients of single disease, rather than multiple health conditions. A systematic review was conducted to outline caregiving health outcomes and its association with care recipient multimorbidity for informal caregivers of older adults.

    Research Design and Methods: A search strategy was applied in six databases and grey literature. Inclusion criteria were primary observational studies on informal caregiving for care recipients aged 60 years and above, in the English language. Informal caregivers were those not formally hired and multimorbidity referred to presence of at least two health conditions. From a total of 2,101 titles, 230 abstracts were screened, and 19 articles were included. Quality assessment was conducted with application of the Newcastle-Ottawa-Scale.

    Results: Health-related and caregiving-related outcomes have been assessed for informal caregivers of older adults with multimorbidity. Caregiver subjective burden was most commonly evaluated and often reported to be low to moderate. In association with care recipient multimorbidity, caregiver burden, quality of life, and perceived difficulty in assisting the older adults were examined in 14 of the studies with mixed results. Studies were heterogeneous, with nonuniform definitions of informal caregivers and multimorbidity as well as measurement tools.

    Discussion and Implications: This narrative review found that caring for older adults with multimorbidity impacts caregivers, although overall evidence is not conclusive. Despite caregiving-related outcomes being most commonly assessed among the caregivers, particularly subjective burden, findings suggest that it is worthwhile to examine other outcomes to enrich the evidence base.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  4. Wan Adnan Wan-Nor-Asyikeen, Ab Hamid Siti-Azrin, Maryam Mohd Zulkifli, Alwi Zilfalil
    Thalassaemia is a hereditary blood disorder that is becoming a major health problem all over the world. This chronic illness harms the quality of life of the sufferers by interrupting their physical activities, school performance and social life. Hence, this review takes aim to assess the factors affecting the quality of life of thalassaemia among paediatrics patients. A comprehensive electronic search was conducted by using PubMed, Google Scholar and Science Direct. The search was limited to those articles written in English language and by using Pediatrics Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQLTM) 4.0 generic core scale questionnaire only. This review notifies emerging knowledge regarding the factors affecting the quality of life among thalassaemia patients and its implications in the essential core domains for paediatrics health-related quality of life measurements: physical, emotional, social and school functioning. It also empowers a better understanding regarding thalassaemia and assists as a foundation for the development of the effective preventive strategies for it.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  5. Norizan Rameli, Dani Salleh, Mazlan Ismail
    Homeownership affordability is not only the ability of households to pay the housing cost. But homeownership affordability is also involving the ability of households to pay housing costs as well as to maintain the basic needs in the continuity of life. Thus, affordability aspect is important in home ownership. Meanwhile, home ownership is the biggest decision for a household in a term. The combination of affordability and homeownership led to research on factors that affect the affordability of homeownership, especially in terms of socio-economic households inclusively. Socio-economic factors as discussed include income, household expenditures, job type, education level, number of dependents, monthly housing loan and financial savings. Each factor plays the role of its own to ensure the affordability level of homeownership. In fact, the factors that affect the homeownership affordability is different between households. Analysis of the socio-economic factors is necessary because homeownership affordability issues impact the quality life of mankind.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  6. Tabatabaei SZ, Ebrahimi F, Hamzah ABH, Rezaeian M, Kamrani MA
    Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res, 2017 Sep-Oct;22(5):414-419.
    PMID: 29034000 DOI: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_70_16
    BACKGROUND: Evidence underscores that empowerment is central to improve the elderly residents' quality of life. In truth, empowerment is a process through which individuals gain better control over their life. The aim of this study was to explore how perceived empowerment influence on the quality of life among elderly Malay residents.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A focus ethnographic approach was employed in a Malaysian residential home between May 2011 and January 2012. Data were gathered from participant observations, field notes, in-depth interviews, and exploring related documents.

    RESULTS: The analysis of the data gathered in the current study resulted in the development of three themes - social life and its requirements, caregivers' skills empowerment, and listening and supporting.

    CONCLUSIONS: Findings of the study provide new insights that are useful in charting new guideline for care providers and policy makers to improve the elderly residents' quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  7. Rath A, Fernandes BA, Sidhu P, Ramamurthy P
    J Indian Soc Periodontol, 2018 2 15;21(3):245-248.
    PMID: 29440795 DOI: 10.4103/jisp.jisp_221_17
    New and innovative surgical techniques are necessary to help the clinician ensure the best results and satisfy patient's expectations. One such periodontal problem that has been challenging to the dental practitioners and impacts the oral health quality of life of patients has been gingival recession. When present anteriorly where esthetics is a major concern, patient centric parameters too become paramount. Root coverage esthetic score (RES) evaluation helps to keep the patient outcomes in mind. This case reports the successful treatment of a wide anterior mucogingival defect using epithelial embossed connective tissue graft which was evaluated for the first time using RES.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  8. Mahlich J, Dilokthornsakul P, Sruamsiri R, Chaiyakunapruk N
    PMID: 29881328 DOI: 10.1186/s12962-018-0103-1
    Background: Health-care utilities differ considerably from country to country. Our objective was to examine the association of cultural values based on Hofstede's cultural dimensions' theory with utility values that were identified using the time trade off method.

    Methods: We performed a literature search to determine preference-based value algorithms in the general population of a given country. We then fitted a second-order quadratic function to assess the utility function curve that links health status with health-care utilities. We ranked the countries according to the concavity and convexity properties of their utility functions and compared this ranking with that of the Hofstede index to check if there were any similarities.

    Results: We identified 10 countries with an EQ-5D-5L-based value set and 7 countries with an EQ-5D-3L-based value set. Japan's degree of concavity was highest, while Germany's was lowest, based on the EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L value sets. Japan also ranked first in the Hofstede long-term orientation index, and rankings related to the degree of concavity, indicating a low time preference rate.

    Conclusions: This is the first evaluation to identify and report an association between different cultural beliefs and utility values. These findings underline the necessity to take local values into consideration when designing health technology assessment systems.

    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  9. Mohamad Rodi Isa, Moy FM, Azad Hassan Abdul Razack, Zulkifli Mohd Zainuddin, Nur Zuraida Zainal
    To determine the prevalence of depression and its relationship with health related quality of life among prostate cancer patients in tertiary medical centres, Kuala Lumpur.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  10. Choy YW, Cheong I
    Family Physician, 1989;1:19-22.
    This study was carried out on 30 patients to: i) determine the efficacy of low dose captopril as monotherapy (with or without a diuretic) in the treatment of various grades of hypertension. ii) assess the quality of life of these patients 12 weeks after commencement of therapy. Our results showed that there was a sustained and significant fall in both mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure from 171.9 ± 24 to 150.5 ± 25 mm Hg and 109.0 ± 14 to 93.6 ± 15mmHg respectively (p<0.001). Improvement in quality of life was however not statistically significant (p<0.05). We concluded that low dose captopril used alone or in combination with a diuretic can be considered for the initial therapy of mild to moderate hypertension. The optimal dosage and the longterm benefits on quality of life need further evaluation in a larger series.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  11. Sivalingam N, Bhagat S, Pereira R
    Family Physician, 1989;1:23-27.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  12. Abdulameer SA, Sulaiman SAS, Hassali MAA, Subramaniam K, Sahib MN
    Diabetology International, 2012;3:113-130.
    DOI: 10.1007/s13340-012-0083-x
    Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a pandemic and heterogeneous metabolic disorder with significant morbidity and mortality. In addition, osteoporosis (OP) is a silent disease that constitutes an enormous socioeconomic crisis, with a harmful impact on morbidity and mortality. Therefore, this systematic review focuses on the association between OP and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods: Systematic reviews of full-length articles published in English from January 1950 to October 2010 were identified in PubMed and other available electronic databases at Universiti Sains Malaysia Library Database. The following keywords were used for the search: T1DM, insulin, OP, bone mass, and skeletal. Studies of more than 20 patients with T1DM were included. Results: Fifty studies were identified. In general, most of the studies showed unambiguous evidence for a decrease in bone mineral density in T1DM. Conclusions: Screening, identification and prevention of potential risk factors for OP in T1DM patients are crucial and important in terms of preserving a good quality of life in diabetic patients. Patient education about an adequate calcium and vitamin D intake and regular exercise are important for improving muscle strength and balance, and specific measures for preventing falls. Furthermore, adequate glycemic control and the prevention of diabetic complications are the starting point of therapy in T1DM. © 2012 The Japan Diabetes Society.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  13. Ooi KL, Ong YS, Jacob SA, Khan TM
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 2016;12:745-62.
    PMID: 27103804 DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S100634
    BACKGROUND: The lifelong nature of autism in a child has deep implications on parents as they are faced with a range of challenges and emotional consequences in raising the child. The aim of this meta-synthesis was to explore the perspectives of parents in raising a child with autism in the childhood period to gain an insight of the adaptations and beliefs of parents toward autism, their family and social experiences, as well as their perceptions toward health and educational services.
    METHODS: A systematic search of six databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsychInfo, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects [DARE]) was conducted from inception up to September 30, 2014. Full-text English articles of qualitative studies describing parents' perceptions relating to the care of children younger than 12 years of age and diagnosed with a sole disorder of autism were included.
    RESULTS: A total of 50 eligible articles were appraised and analyzed, identifying four core themes encompassing all thoughts, emotions, and experiences commonly expressed by parents: 1) The Parent, 2) Impact on the Family, 3) Social Impact, and 4) Health and Educational Services. Findings revealed that parents who have a child with autism experienced multiple challenges in different aspects of care, impacting on parents' stress and adaptation.
    CONCLUSION: Health care provision should be family centered, addressing and supporting the needs of the whole family and not just the affected child, to ensure the family's well-being and quality of life in the face of a diagnosis of autism.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  14. Chew BH, Shariff-Ghazali S, Fernandez A
    World J Diabetes, 2014 Dec 15;5(6):796-808.
    PMID: 25512782 DOI: 10.4239/wjd.v5.i6.796
    Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) need psychological support throughout their life span from the time of diagnosis. The psychological make-up of the patients with DM play a central role in self-management behaviors. Without patient's adherence to the effective therapies, there would be persistent sub-optimal control of diseases, increase diabetes-related complications, causing deterioration in quality of life, resulting in increased healthcare utilization and burden on healthcare systems. However, provision of psychosocial support is generally inadequate due to its challenging nature of needs and demands on the healthcare systems. This review article examines patient's psychological aspects in general, elaborates in particular about emotion effects on health, and emotion in relation to other psychological domains such as cognition, self-regulation, self-efficacy and behavior. Some descriptions are also provided on willpower, resilience, illness perception and proactive coping in relating execution of new behaviors, coping with future-oriented thinking and influences of illness perception on health-related behaviors. These psychological aspects are further discussed in relation to DM and interventions for patients with DM. Equipped with the understanding of the pertinent nature of psychology in patients with DM; and knowing the links between the psychological disorders, inflammation and cardiovascular outcomes would hopefully encourages healthcare professionals in giving due attention to the psychological needs of patients with DM.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  15. Al-Qazzaz NK, Ali SH, Ahmad SA, Islam S, Mohamad K
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 2014;10:1677-91.
    PMID: 25228808 DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S67184
    Cognitive impairment and memory dysfunction following stroke diagnosis are common symptoms that significantly affect the survivors' quality of life. Stroke patients have a high potential to develop dementia within the first year of stroke onset. Currently, efforts are being exerted to assess stroke effects on the brain, particularly in the early stages. Numerous neuropsychological assessments are being used to evaluate and differentiate cognitive impairment and dementia following stroke. This article focuses on the role of available neuropsychological assessments in detection of dementia and memory loss after stroke. This review starts with stroke types and risk factors associated with dementia development, followed by a brief description of stroke diagnosis criteria and the effects of stroke on the brain that lead to cognitive impairment and end with memory loss. This review aims to combine available neuropsychological assessments to develop a post-stroke memory assessment (PSMA) scheme based on the most recognized and available studies. The proposed PSMA is expected to assess different types of memory functionalities that are related to different parts of the brain according to stroke location. An optimal therapeutic program that would help stroke patients enjoy additional years with higher quality of life is presented.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  16. Khan FA, Akhtar SS, Sheikh MK
    Malays J Med Sci, 2005 Jan;12(1):3-5.
    PMID: 22605940 MyJurnal
    The first aim of cancer treatment is to acheive a cure, and when cure is not possible, a good palliation (life prolongation and relief of sufferings) is warranted. This article highlights the aim of cancer treatment and also attempts to assess the issues of quality of life experienced as a result of the disease and its treatment. Palliative therapy should be less intensive than radical treatment and should cause less morbidity than disease itself. It must be effective, completed in a short time and should be tolerable. It is also essential for a physician to give a clear explanation of illness to the patient and realistic advice regarding the likely outcome of therapy and the long and short term morbidities which may occur. The patient may opt for a palliative treatment with a reduced chance of cure but a better quality of life than accepting a radical treatment with a potentially higher degree of morbidity. Quality of life in oncology practice should be seen as a process and as a part of this process it seems sensible to pursue several different lines of questionnaire development rather than constructing one 'perfect" quality of life instrument.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  17. Vengatasubramani, M., Vikram, M.
    Medicine & Health, 2014;9(2):109-113.
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients are reported to have cardiovascular instability which leads to greater limitation for activities there by leads to poor quality of life. Physical training proved to be one of the moderators of these limitations. However, uncertainty prevails among the protocol and duration. The present study investigated the effect of physical training on blood pressure, heart rate and Rate pressure Product (RPP) among COPD patients. A total of thirty COPD patients aged between 40 to 55 years were recruited for the study based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria and were assigned in to experimental group (15 patients) and control group (15 patients). The mean difference of blood pressure, heart rate and RPP were analyzed using paired t-test. There was significant difference between the pre and post test values of all parameters between experimental and control group with p< 0.05. Diastolic blood pressure showed to be less significant compared to the systolic blood pressure. This showed that specifically designed physical improved the cardiovascular fitness among COPD patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  18. Dong, K.Y., Chan, M.S., Ong, S.T.
    Ann Dent, 2002;9(1):-.
    Twenty-one patients who underwent ablative surgery for head and neck cancer at Bristol Dental Hospital and School, England between the years 1996 and 2002 were enrolled in the study. A self-completed questionnaire based on Head and Neck Specific measures was addressed to the patients. The overall post-operative quality of life among these patients is acceptable. About half of the patients complained of moderate to severe difficulty in opening mouth wide (55%) and dry mouth (45%) and about one-third had major problems in swallowing solid food (36%), sleep disturbance (32%), trouble eating and enjoying meals (32%) and speech problems (32%). The study shows a tendency for the quality of life to improve steadily with increasing post-operative interval. It is hoped that the results will provide an insight into the patients' functional and psychological recovery, which will in turn help to facilitate the planning of appropriate strategies to improve their quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
  19. Halim AS, Khoo TL, Mohd Yussof SJ
    Indian J Plast Surg, 2010 Sep;43(Suppl):S23-8.
    PMID: 21321652 DOI: 10.4103/0970-0358.70712
    The current trend of burn wound care has shifted to more holistic approach of improvement in the long-term form and function of the healed burn wounds and quality of life. This has demanded the emergence of various skin substitutes in the management of acute burn injury as well as post burn reconstructions. Skin substitutes have important roles in the treatment of deep dermal and full thickness wounds of various aetiologies. At present, there is no ideal substitute in the market. Skin substitutes can be divided into two main classes, namely, biological and synthetic substitutes. The biological skin substitutes have a more intact extracellular matrix structure, while the synthetic skin substitutes can be synthesised on demand and can be modulated for specific purposes. Each class has its advantages and disadvantages. The biological skin substitutes may allow the construction of a more natural new dermis and allow excellent re-epithelialisation characteristics due to the presence of a basement membrane. Synthetic skin substitutes demonstrate the advantages of increase control over scaffold composition. The ultimate goal is to achieve an ideal skin substitute that provides an effective and scar-free wound healing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Quality of Life
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