Displaying publications 61 - 80 of 108 in total

  1. Nasir Mohd Nizlan, Azfar Rizal Ahmad, Hisham Abdul Rashid, Paisal Hussin, Che Hamzah Fahrudin, Abdullah Arifaizad, et al.
    Introduction: Degenerative disorder involving the acromioclavicular
    joint (ACJ) is quite common especially in the elderly.
    One of the surgical modalities of treatment of this disorder is the
    Mumford Procedure. Arthroscopic approach is preferred due to
    its reduced morbidity and faster post-operative recovery. One
    method utilizes the anteromedial and Neviaser portals, which
    allow direct and better visualization of the ACJ from the
    subacromial space. However, the dangers that may arise from
    incision and insertion of instruments through these portals are
    not fully understood. This cadaveric study was carried out to
    investigate the dangers that can arise from utilization of these
    portals and which structures are at risk during this procedure.
    Methods: Arthroscopic Mumford procedures were performed
    on 5 cadaver shoulders by a single surgeon utilizing the
    anteromedial and Neviaser portals. After marking each portals
    with methylene blue, dissection of nearby structures were
    carried out immediately after each procedure was completed.
    Important structures (subclavian artery as well as brachial plexus
    and its branches) were identified and the nearest measurements
    were made from each portal edges to these structures. Results:
    The anteromedial portal was noted to be closest to the
    suprascapular nerve (SSN) at 2.91 cm, while the Neviaser portal
    was noted to be closest also to the SSN at 1.60 cm. The
    suprascapular nerve was the structure most at risk during the
    Mumford procedure. The anteromedial portal was noted to be
    the most risky portal to utilize compared to the Neviaser portal.
    Conclusion: Extra precaution needs to be given to the
    anteromedial portal while performing an arthroscopic distal
    clavicle resection in view of the risk of injuring the
    suprascapular nerve of the affected limb.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  2. Sukadarin, E.H., Deros, B.M., Nawi, N.S.M., Rambely, A.S., Bakar, S.A., Tamrin, S.B.M.
    Posture is one of the most important factor that need to be considered in any postural analysis. Awkward, extreme,
    and repetitive postures can increase the risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). As observational methods are more
    widely used than instrumentation-based methods to assess postural problems, this study reviews and assesses the
    scientific literature of observational methods and focused on pen and paper based specifically. In order to identify the
    published methods, a list of English or Malay articles dating as far back as 1990 was compiled from PubMed, Science
    Direct and Google Scholar. The keywords were ergo*, posture*, method*, observational*, postural problems*, pen and
    paper*, posture analysis*, indirect* and macro-ergo*. In addition, a secondary search was also performed using
    bibliography of retrieved articles so that additional papers for conducting review and evaluations can be collected. A
    total of 121 articles that assessed postural problems in working activities were found. However, after intensive
    screening process only 6 articles were selected to be further analyzed. Posture of upper arms/shoulder, lower arms/
    elbow, wrist, neck, back/trunk and leg were highlighted in this study. The limitations and the strengths of the
    published pen and paper based observational method focusing on those postures were also discussed. The finding of
    this review will benefit researchers in the process of understanding unsafe posture in workplace. It could also provide
    to researcher on how to improve the current pen and paper based observational method for assessing postural
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  3. Tamadon A, Pons DJ, Clucas D, Sued K
    Materials (Basel), 2019 Oct 01;12(19).
    PMID: 31581446 DOI: 10.3390/ma12193215
    One of the difficulties with bobbin friction stir welding (BFSW) has been the visualisation of microstructure, particularly grain boundaries, and this is especially problematic for materials with fine grain structure, such as AA6082-T6 aluminium as here. Welds of this material were examined using optical microscopy (OM) and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Results show that the grain structures that form depend on a complex set of factors. The motion of the pin and shoulder features transports material around the weld, which induces shear. The shear deformation around the pin is non-uniform with a thermal and strain gradient across the weld, and hence the dynamic recrystallisation (DRX) processes are also variable, giving a range of observed polycrystalline and grain boundary structures. Partial DRX was observed at both hourglass boundaries, and full DRX at mid-stirring zone. The grain boundary mapping showed the formation of low-angle grain boundaries (LAGBs) at regions of high shear as a consequence of thermomechanical nature of the process.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  4. Teo Chuun, B., Dian Darina Indah, D., Darliana, M.
    This study is aimed at seat design optimization for high-speed train based on the Malaysians sitting anthropometry
    data focusing on seat fit parameters. An analysis of anthropometry data composed of 15 dimensions that are
    required in seat design was done with 50 male subjects. These data were collected through direct measuring
    methods with standard equipment. According to the Malaysian automotive seat fit parameters, the backrest width,
    backrest height, cushion width, and cushion length were established based on these anthropometric dimensions:
    interscye breadth (5th percentile female and 95th percentile male), hip breadth (95th percentile female), sitting
    shoulder height (5th percentile female), and buttock-popliteal length (5th percentile female), respectively. This
    study uses the CATIA software to design and analyse the proposed seat design. The fit parameters proposed for the
    new design are seat height, 380mm; cushion width, 450mm; backrest width, 450mm and backrest height, 850mm.
    The CATIA human activity analysis (based on Rapid Upper Limb Analysis, RULA) was also executed. From the study,
    the new conceptual seat design gives the most optimized fit when compared to the current seat.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  5. Ho W, Lin Seow L, Musawi A
    J Clin Transl Res, 2018 May 28;4(1):70-74.
    PMID: 30873496
    Background: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of different viscosities of polyvinyl siloxane (PVS) impression materials on the accuracy of the stone die produced.

    Methods: A three-unit bridge master model was fabricated using cold-cure acrylic resin. Four combinations of different viscosities of PVS impression materials - regular body (monophase) alone, light body with regular body, light body with heavy body, and light body with putty - were used to make an impression of the master model. Ten impressions from each group were taken and Type IV gypsum stone was used to generate the dies. The dies were measured at the inter-abutment distance, occlusogingival length, and shoulder width with a measuring microscope and were compared with the master model using one-way analysis of variance and Tukey (honest significant difference) test.

    Results: Differences were found for inter-abutment distance between the master model and the light body with regular body and light body with putty dies (both P < 0.02). A difference was found for shoulder width between the master model and the regular body alone die (P = 0.01). No differences were found for occlusogingival distance (all P > 0.08).

    Conclusion: Results suggested inter-abutment distance was most accurate when using a PVS light body combination. Occlusogingival length was accurate using any of the studied PVS combinations, and shoulder width was more accurate when using the regular body PVS.

    Relevance for patients: These results should be considered when choosing the viscosity of the PVS to use for producing impressions of high accuracy and fabricating a well-fitting fixed prosthesis.

    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  6. Kongcharoensombat W, Wattananon P
    Malays Orthop J, 2018 Nov;12(3):1-5.
    PMID: 30555639 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1811.001
    Introduction: The anterolateral acromion approach of the shoulder is popular for minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique. However, there are literatures describing the specific risks of injury of the axillary nerve using this approach. Nevertheless, most of the studies were done with Caucasian cadavers. So, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk of iatrogenic axillary nerve injury from using the anterolateral shoulder approach and further investigate the location of the axillary nerve, associated with its location and arm length in the Asian population that have shorter arm length compared to the Caucasian population. Materials and Methods: Seventy-nine shoulders in fourty-two embalmed cadavers were evaluated. The bony landmarks were drawn, and a vertical straight incision was made 5cm from tip of the acromion (anterolateral approach), to the bone. The iatrogenic nerve injury status and the distance between the anterolateral edge of the acromion to the axillary nerve was measured and recorded. Results: In ten of the seventy-nine shoulders, the axillary nerve were iatrogenically injured. The average anterior distance was 6.4cm and the average arm length was 30.2cm. The anterior distance and arm length ratio was 0.2. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that the recommended safe zone at 5cm from tip of acromion was not suitable with Asian population due to shorter arm length, compared to Caucasian population. The location of axillary nerve could be predicted by 20% of the total arm-length.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  7. Kwan MK, Chan CY
    Eur Spine J, 2016 10;25(10):3065-3074.
    PMID: 27021616
    PURPOSE: To investigate whether an optimal upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) tilt angle would prevent 'lateral' shoulder imbalance or neck tilt (with 'medial' shoulder imbalance) post-operatively.

    METHODS: The mean follow-up for 60 AIS (Lenke 1 and Lenke 2) patients was 49.3 ± 8.4 months. Optimal UIV tilt angle was calculated from the cervical supine side bending radiographs. Lateral shoulder imbalance was graded using the clinical shoulder grading. The clinical neck tilt grading was as follows: Grade 0: no neck tilt, Grade 1: actively correctable neck tilt, Grade 2: neck tilt that cannot be corrected by active contraction and Grade 3: severe neck tilt with trapezial asymmetry >1 cm. T1 tilt, clavicle angle and cervical axis were measured. UIVDiff (difference between post-operative UIV tilt and pre-operative Optimal UIV tilt) and the reserve motion of the UIV were correlated with the outcome measures. Patients were assessed at 6 weeks and at final follow-up with a minimum follow-up duration of 24 months.

    RESULTS: Among patients with grade 0 neck tilt, 88.2 % of patients had the UIV tilt angle within the reserve motion range. This percentage dropped to 75.0 % in patients with grade 1 neck tilt whereas in patients with grade 2 and grade 3 neck tilt, the percentage dropped further to 22.2 and 20.0 % (p = 0.000). The occurrence of grade 2 and 3 neck tilt when UIVDiff was <5°, 5-10° and >10° was 9.5, 50.0 and 100.0 %, respectively (p = 0.005). UIVDiff and T1 tilt had a positive and strong correlation (r2 = 0.618). However, UIVDiff had poor correlation with clavicle angle and the lateral shoulder imbalance.

    CONCLUSION: An optimal UIV tilt might prevent neck tilt with 'medial' shoulder imbalance due to trapezial prominence and but not 'lateral' shoulder imbalance.

    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder/physiopathology*
  8. Amir D, Yaszay B, Bartley CE, Bastrom TP, Newton PO
    Spine, 2016 Jul 15;41(14):1122-7.
    PMID: 26863257 DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001497
    STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective data.

    OBJECTIVE: To determine if surgically leveling the upper thoracic spine in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis results in level shoulders postoperatively.

    SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Research has shown that preoperatively tilted proximal ribs and T1 tilt are more correlated with trapezial prominence than with clavicle angle.

    METHODS: Prospectively collected Lenke 1 and 2 cases from a single center were reviewed. Clinical shoulder imbalance was measured from 2-year postoperative clinical photos. Lateral shoulder imbalance was assessed utilizing clavicle angle. Medial imbalance was assessed with trapezial angle (TA), and trapezial area ratio (TAR). First rib angle, T1 tilt, and upper thoracic curve were measured from 2-year radiographs. Angular measurements were considered level if ≤ 3° of zero. TAR was considered level if ≤ 1 standard deviation of the natural log of the ratio. Upper thoracic Cobb at 2-years was categorized as at or below the mean value (≤ 14°) versus above the mean.

    RESULTS: Eighty-four patients were identified. There was no significant difference in the percentage of patients with a level clavicle angle or TAR based on first rib being level, T1 tilt being level, or upper thoracic Cobb being at/below versus above the mean (P shoulders or clavicles. Trapezial prominence was impacted by leveling T1 and the first rib and by minimizing the upper thoracic curve. How to achieve laterally balanced shoulders postoperatively remains unclear.


    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder/surgery*
  9. Usman J, McIntosh AS, Quarrie K, Targett S
    J Sci Med Sport, 2015 Sep;18(5):529-33.
    PMID: 25156881 DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2014.07.020
    Shoulder injuries in rugby union football have been the focus of few in-depth studies, despite their frequency and severity. The study's objective was to describe the incidence, patterns and mechanisms of shoulder injuries in rugby.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder/injuries*
  10. Joseph LH, Hussain RI, Pirunsan U, Naicker AS, Htwe O, Paungmali A
    Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc, 2014;48(2):169-74.
    PMID: 24747625 DOI: 10.3944/AOTT.2014.3184
    The aim of this study was to investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of ultrasonography (US) to measure anterior translation of the humeral head (ATHH) among healthy subjects and patients with sacroiliac joint dysfunction.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Joint/ultrasonography*
  11. Miswan MF, Saman MS, Hui TS, Al-Fayyadh MZ, Ali MR, Min NW
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong), 2017 01;25(1):2309499017690317.
    PMID: 28215115 DOI: 10.1177/2309499017690317
    INTRODUCTION: We conducted a study to elucidate the correlation between the anatomy of the shoulder joint with the development of rotator cuff tear (RCT) and glenohumeral osteoarthritis (GHOA) by using acromioglenoid angle (AGA).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: The AGA is a new measured angle formed between the line from midglenoid to lateral end of the acromion with the line parallel to the glenoid surface. The AGA was measured in a group of 85 shoulders with RCT, 49 with GHOA and 103 non-RCT/GHOA control shoulders. The AGA was compared with other radiological parameters, such as, the critical shoulder angle (CSA), the acromion index (AI) and the acromiohumeral interval (AHI). Correlational and regression analysis were performed using SPSS 20.

    RESULTS: The mean AGA was 50.9° (45.2-56.5°) in the control group, 53.3° (47.6-59.1°) in RCT group and 45.5° (37.7-53.2°) in OA group. Among patients with AGA > 51.5°, 61% were in the RCT group and among patients with AGA < 44.5°, 56% were in OA group. Pearson correlation analysis had shown significant correlation between AGA and CSA ( r = 0.925, p < 0.001). It was also significant of AHI in RCT group with mean 6.6 mm (4.7-8.5 mm) and significant AI in OA group with mean 0.68 (0.57-0.78) with p value < 0.001 respectively.

    CONCLUSION: The AGA method of measurement is an excellent predictive parameter for diagnosing RCT and GHOA.

    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Joint*
  12. Singh S, Yong CK, Mariapan S
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 2012 Dec;21(12):1706-11.
    PMID: 22819577 DOI: 10.1016/j.jse.2012.04.004
    To perform closed manual reduction of acute anterior shoulder dislocation using the traction-countertraction technique requires sedation (TCTS) and the participation of 2 people. We studied the modified Milch (MM) technique, a positional reductive maneuver that requires 1 operator, without patient sedation or analgesia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Dislocation/therapy*
  13. Omar N, Abidin FZ, Das S, Abd Ghafar N, Haji Suhaimi F, Abd Latiff A, et al.
    Morphologie, 2010 May;94(305):36-9.
    PMID: 20359930 DOI: 10.1016/j.morpho.2010.03.001
    The latissimus dorsi is a muscle of the back which forms the posterior fold of the axilla and its tendon twists to insert into the floor of the intertubercular sulcus of the humerus. Occasionally, the muscle has a muscular slip which crosses the axilla to insert into the pectoralis major. This muscular slip is often termed as "axillary arch." In the present study, we report bilateral axillary arch detected in a 45-year-old male cadaver. The average vertical length of the axillary arch measured 7 cm. The average maximum width of the uppermost, middle and lower part of the arch measured 2, 3.5 and 3.2 cm, respectively. The presence of the axillary arch is an uncommon finding in humans, considering the fact that it is solely found in the animals who prefer to hang on the trees. A histological study of the axillary arch was also performed and it showed skeletal muscle fibres which was uniformly arranged. The presence of the axillary arch may assist in the adduction of the shoulder. It may also compress the axillary vessels and nerves thereby causing resultant symptoms. Prior anatomical knowledge of the presence of axillary arch may be helpful for surgeons performing radical dissection of the axillary lymph nodes and ligation of axillary vessels, clinicians diagnosing abduction syndromes and interventional radiologists interpreting axillary mass in day to day clinical practice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder/anatomy & histology
  14. Mansor A, Arumugam K, Omar SZ
    PMID: 20042263 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.12.003
    To determine if shoulder dystocia can be predicted in babies born weighing 3.5 kg or more.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder*
  15. Henry LJ, Jafarzadeh Esfehani A, Ramli A, Ishak I, Justine M, Mohan V
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2015 Mar;27(2):NP1785-92.
    PMID: 23417907 DOI: 10.1177/1010539513475657
    This study investigated the patterns of ongoing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) and exposure risk to musculoskeletal injuries for various body regions among palm plantation workers. Standard Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (SNMQ) was used to assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders symptoms. The Quick Exposure check (QEC) was used to assess the exposure risk of farmers to WRMDs. The common pattern of WRMDs was back pain (40%), followed by shoulder pain (19%). The QEC revealed high exposure risk for neck (56%), followed by back (45.6%). The results from the SNMQ showed that 58% reported pain in 1 region, followed by 2 regions (10.7%) and 3 regions (3.6%). Back pain and shoulder pain were found to be common among workers in palm plantation occupation. Nevertheless, the neck region appeared to have the highest risk of exposure to injuries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Pain/epidemiology
  16. Labao HC, Faller EM, Bacayo MFD
    Ann Glob Health, 2018 08 31;84(3):474-480.
    PMID: 30835403 DOI: 10.29024/aogh.2331
    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are alarmingly high among migrant workers in Malaysia. MSDs are the most prevalent occupational-related conditions in most parts of the world affecting function, productivity and overall health-related quality of life. Therefore, this study aims to determine the profile of Filipino migrant workers in Malaysia and their various musculoskeletal complaints.

    METHOD: This study utilized a quantitative, nonexperimental, cross-sectional research design. A total of 60 subjects were randomly selected after passing the study's sampling criteria. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) was to used to determine common MSDs affecting the various regions in the body. The Demographic Pofile Sheet was provided to gather a subject's demographic characteristics.

    RESULTS: Filipino migrant workers mostly complain of pain in the low back area (60%) and shoulder pain (60%), followed by pain in the upper back (48.3%) and neck pain (45%) in the last 12 months. Household workers accounting for 73.3% of the subjects commonly complain of pain in the hips/thighs (78.9%), while workers in the service industry commonly complain of knee pain (39.1%).

    CONCLUSIONS: Results imply that Filipino migrant workers have a higher prevalence of shoulder and lower back pain in the last 12 months. Household workers are more susceptible to hip/thigh pain. Interventions focusing on ergonomics policy implementation, education on posture and lifting techniques and physical function is recommended. Further studies should consider the psychological and psychosocial aspects of migrant employment, which are known risk factors for MSDs.

    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder; Shoulder Pain
  17. Amin NA, Nordin R, Fatt QK, Noah RM, Oxley J
    PMID: 25852937 DOI: 10.1186/s40557-014-0023-2
    OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationships between psychosocial work factors and risk of WRMSDs among public hospital nurses in the Klang Valley, Malaysia.

    METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 660 public hospital nurses. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on the occurrence of WRMSDs according to body regions, socio-demographic profiles, occupational information and psychosocial risk factors. 468 questionnaires were returned (response rate of 71%), and 376 questionnaires qualified for subsequent analysis. Univariate analyses were applied to test for mean and categorical differences across the WRMSDs; multiple logistic regression was applied to predict WRMSDs based on the Job Strain Model's psychosocial risk factors.

    RESULTS: Over two thirds of the sample of nurses experienced discomfort or pain in at least one site of the musculoskeletal system within the last year. The neck was the most prevalent site (48.94%), followed by the feet (47.20%), the upper back (40.69%) and the lower back (35.28%). More than 50% of the nurses complained of having discomfort in region one (neck, shoulders and upperback) and region four (hips, knees, ankles, and feet). The results also revealed that psychological job demands, job strain and iso-strain ratio demonstrated statistically significant mean differences (p shoulders and upper back) and region 4 (hips, knees, ankles, and feet). All demographic variables except for years of employment were statistically and significantly associated with WRMSDs (p

    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  18. Erna Faryza, Mohd Suleiman Murad, Syamsul Anwar
    The computer is well known as one of the important tools in the office that gives a lot of benefits but silently leads to musculoskeletal pain. There are many different kinds of musculoskeletal complaints pain but the most common seen among computer users in developed countries is the complaint of arm, neck and shoulder (CANS). Despite this, definite factors that can be associated with the prevalence of CANS have not been established. This study was conducted to identify the prevalence and factors associated with work-related complaints of arm, neck and shoulder (CANS) among office workers in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. A survey study design was conducted where 110 (n=110) office workers were recruited from around the Selangor and Kuala Lumpur area for 5 months periods. Participants were required to answer the Maastricht Upper Extremity Questionnaire (MUEQ) and the Level of Ergonomic Knowledge Questionnaire. The study showed the highest percentage of CANS reported was at neck region (53.6% of participants), followed by shoulders with 53.0%. The majority of participants have low level of computer ergonomic awareness where only 19.09% (n=21) from government sector and 10% (n=11) office workers from private sector reported knowledge of ergonomics. Majority of the participants did not have the know-how in implementing correct computer ergonomics. However there was a weak association (r=
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  19. Mohd Sallehuddin H, Zamzuri Z, Ariff MS, Mohd Shukrimi A, Mohamed Azril MA, Nazri MY
    Introduction: This is a cross-sectional study of 37 patients with AO type C (complete intra-articular) fractures of the distal radius, evaluating the functional, anatomical, and patient rated outcomes one year after primary fixation with a volar locking plate.

    Methods: Functional outcomes were assessed based on the grip strength, and the range of motion of forearm and wrist. Anatomical outcomes were assessed based on the radial inclination, radial height, volar tilt, and articular step or gap. Patient rated outcome was measured with a Disability of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire.

    Results: One year after surgery, 24 (64%) patients achieved good and excellent anatomical results, and DASH scores were acceptable in 73% of patients. Most of the patients had achieved 80% of their grip strength. The mean DASH score of 12.3 was comparable with other studies. Grip strength, radial inclination and volar tilt had a significant correlation with the DASH score.

    Conclusion: Volar locking plates can be used to achieve optimal reduction in all three parameters in the treatment of AO type C fractures of the distal radius. Versatile fracture fragment reduction and angular stability enable rehabilitation hence obtaining good functional outcomes.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  20. Ng CK, Azuhairy A, Tan LH, Nordin A
    Malays Orthop J, 2015 Jul;9(2):51-53.
    PMID: 28435611 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1507.001
    Chondrosarcoma is the third most common primary tumour of the bone, after myeloma and osteosarcoma. Most of the chondrosarcoma grow slowly and rarely metastasize, and they have an excellent prognosis after adequate surgery. However most of them are chemo or radio-resistant. We report a case of primary chondrosarcoma of proximal humerus in a 36-year-old female who presented with a six years history of left shoulder swelling and restricted range of motion. Trucut biopsy showed a well-differentiated chondrosarcoma. The patient underwent forequarter amputation of left upper limb and was started on chemotherapy following operation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
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