Displaying publications 81 - 100 of 105 in total

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  1. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Phys. Rev. Lett., 2019 Jan 18;122(2):021801.
    PMID: 30720313 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.021801
    A search for the Higgs boson decaying to two oppositely charged muons is presented using data recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy sqrt[s]=13  TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb^{-1}. Data are found to be compatible with the predicted background. For a Higgs boson with a mass of 125.09 GeV, the 95% confidence level observed (background-only expected) upper limit on the production cross section times the branching fraction to a pair of muons is found to be 3.0 (2.5) times the standard model expectation. In combination with data recorded at center-of-mass energies sqrt[s]=7 and 8 TeV, the background-only expected upper limit improves to 2.2 times the standard model value with a standard model expected significance of 1.0 standard deviation. The corresponding observed upper limit is 2.9 with an observed significance of 0.9 standard deviation. This corresponds to an observed upper limit on the standard model Higgs boson branching fraction to muons of 6.4×10^{-4} and to an observed signal strength of 1.0±1.0(stat)±0.1(syst).
  2. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(2):123.
    PMID: 30863200 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-6620-z
    Measurements of normalized differential cross sections as functions of the multiplicity and kinematic variables of charged-particle tracks from the underlying event in top quark and antiquark pair production are presented. The measurements are performed in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13



    Te



    , and are based on data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016 corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9



    fb

    -
    1



    . Events containing one electron, one muon, and two jets from the hadronization and fragmentation of
    b
    quarks are used. These measurements characterize, for the first time, properties of the underlying event in top quark pair production and show no deviation from the universality hypothesis at energy scales typically above twice the top quark mass.
  3. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(5):444.
    PMID: 31265003 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-6926-x
    A search for supersymmetry is presented based on events with at least one photon, jets, and large missing transverse momentum produced in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13



    Te



    . The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9



    fb

    -
    1



    and were recorded at the LHC with the CMS detector in 2016. The analysis characterizes signal-like events by categorizing the data into various signal regions based on the number of jets, the number of
    b
    -tagged jets, and the missing transverse momentum. No significant excess of events is observed with respect to the expectations from standard model processes. Limits are placed on the gluino and top squark pair production cross sections using several simplified models of supersymmetric particle production with gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking. Depending on the model and the mass of the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle, the production of gluinos with masses as large as 2120



    Ge



    and the production of top squarks with masses as large as 1230



    Ge



    are excluded at 95% confidence level.
  4. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(4):364.
    PMID: 31180390 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-6855-8
    A search for the pair production of heavy vector-like partners
    T
    and
    B
    of the top and bottom quarks has been performed by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC using proton-proton collisions at


    s

    =
    13


    Te



    . The data sample was collected in 2016 and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9



    fb

    -
    1



    . Final states studied for

    T

    T
    ¯


    production include those where one of the
    T
    quarks decays via

    T

    t
    Z

    and the other via

    T

    b
    W

    ,

    t
    Z

    , or

    t
    H

    , where
    H
    is a Higgs boson. For the

    B

    B
    ¯


    case, final states include those where one of the
    B
    quarks decays via

    B

    b
    Z

    and the other

    B

    t
    W

    ,

    b
    Z

    , or

    b
    H

    . Events with two oppositely charged electrons or muons, consistent with coming from the decay of a
    Z
    boson, and jets are investigated. The number of observed events is consistent with standard model background estimations. Lower limits at 95% confidence level are placed on the masses of the
    T
    and
    B
    quarks for a range of branching fractions. Assuming 100% branching fractions for

    T

    t
    Z

    , and

    B

    b
    Z

    ,
    T
    and
    B
    quark mass values below 1280 and 1130



    Ge



    , respectively, are excluded.
  5. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(5):421.
    PMID: 31178657 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-6909-y
    Combined measurements of the production and decay rates of the Higgs boson, as well as its couplings to vector bosons and fermions, are presented. The analysis uses the LHC proton-proton collision data set recorded with the CMS detector in 2016 at


    s

    =
    13


    Te



    , corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9



    fb

    -
    1



    . The combination is based on analyses targeting the five main Higgs boson production mechanisms (gluon fusion, vector boson fusion, and associated production with a
    W
    or
    Z
    boson, or a top quark-antiquark pair) and the following decay modes:

    H

    γ
    γ

    ,

    Z
    Z

    ,

    W
    W

    ,

    τ
    τ

    ,

    b
    b

    , and

    μ
    μ

    . Searches for invisible Higgs boson decays are also considered. The best-fit ratio of the signal yield to the standard model expectation is measured to be

    μ
    =
    1.17
    ±
    0.10

    , assuming a Higgs boson mass of

    125.09


    Ge



    . Additional results are given for various assumptions on the scaling behavior of the production and decay modes, including generic parametrizations based on ratios of cross sections and branching fractions or couplings. The results are compatible with the standard model predictions in all parametrizations considered. In addition, constraints are placed on various two Higgs doublet models.
  6. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(11):893.
    PMID: 31886779 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7402-3
    The average total energy as well as its hadronic and electromagnetic components are measured with the CMS detector at pseudorapidities

    -
    6.6
    <
    η
    <
    -
    5.2

    in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy


    s

    =
    13

    TeV

    . The results are presented as a function of the charged particle multiplicity in the region

    |
    η
    |
    <
    2

    . This measurement is sensitive to correlations induced by the underlying event structure over a very wide pseudorapidity region. The predictions of Monte Carlo event generators commonly used in collider experiments and ultra-high energy cosmic ray physics are compared to the data. All generators considered overestimate the fraction of energy going into hadrons.
  7. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(11):969.
    PMID: 31886778 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7451-7
    Measurements are presented of the triple-differential cross section for inclusive isolated-photon+jet events in

    p
    p

    collisions at


    s

    =
    8

    TeV as a function of photon transverse momentum (

    p

    T


    γ




    ), photon pseudorapidity (

    η

    γ




    ), and jet pseudorapidity (

    η
    jet

    ). The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of

    19.7



    fb

    -
    1




    that probe a broad range of the available phase space, for


    |


    η

    γ





    |
    <
    1.44


    and


    1.57
    <
    |


    η

    γ





    |
    <
    2.50


    ,


    |


    η
    jet


    |
    <
    2.5


    ,

    40
    <

    p

    T


    γ




    <
    1000




    GeV

    , and jet transverse momentum,

    p

    T

    jet

    , > 25


    GeV

    . The measurements are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations, which reproduce the data within uncertainties.
  8. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2018;78(2):140.
    PMID: 31265001 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-5607-5
    A search for standard model production of four top quarks (

    t

    t
    ¯

    t

    t
    ¯


    ) is reported using events containing at least three leptons (

    e
    ,
    μ

    ) or a same-sign lepton pair. The events are produced in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13


    TeV

    at the LHC, and the data sample, recorded in 2016, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9



    fb

    -
    1



    . Jet multiplicity and flavor are used to enhance signal sensitivity, and dedicated control regions are used to constrain the dominant backgrounds. The observed and expected signal significances are, respectively, 1.6 and 1.0 standard deviations, and the

    t

    t
    ¯

    t

    t
    ¯


    cross section is measured to be

    16
    .

    9

    -
    11.4


    +
    13.8






    fb

    , in agreement with next-to-leading-order standard model predictions. These results are also used to constrain the Yukawa coupling between the top quark and the Higgs boson to be less than 2.1 times its expected standard model value at 95% confidence level.
  9. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Asilar E, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2018;78(3):242.
    PMID: 31264999 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-5691-6
    Events with no charged particles produced between the two leading jets are studied in proton-proton collisions at


    s

    =
    7




    TeV

    . The jets were required to have transverse momentum


    p

    T

    jet

    >
    40




    GeV

    and pseudorapidity


    1.5
    <
    |


    η
    jet


    |
    <
    4.7


    , and to have values of

    η
    jet

    with opposite signs. The data used for this study were collected with the CMS detector during low-luminosity running at the LHC, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 8



    pb

    -
    1



    . Events with no charged particles with


    p
    T

    >
    0.2




    GeV

    in the interval

    -
    1
    <
    η
    <
    1

    between the jets are observed in excess of calculations that assume no color-singlet exchange. The fraction of events with such a rapidity gap, amounting to 0.5-1% of the selected dijet sample, is measured as a function of the

    p
    T

    of the second-leading jet and of the rapidity separation between the jets. The data are compared to previous measurements at the Tevatron, and to perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations based on the Balitsky-Fadin-Kuraev-Lipatov evolution equations, including different models of the non-perturbative gap survival probability.
  10. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(7):564.
    PMID: 31397444 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7058-z
    A search is presented for a heavy pseudoscalar boson
    A
    decaying to a Z  boson and a Higgs boson with mass of 125


    GeV

    . In the final state considered, the Higgs boson decays to a bottom quark and antiquark, and the Z  boson decays either into a pair of electrons, muons, or neutrinos. The analysis is performed using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9



    fb

    -
    1



    collected in 2016 by the CMS experiment at the LHC from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13



    Te



    . The data are found to be consistent with the background expectations. Exclusion limits are set in the context of two-Higgs-doublet models in the
    A
    boson mass range between 225 and 1000


    GeV

    .
  11. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Phys. Rev. Lett., 2019 Jul 12;123(2):022001.
    PMID: 31386524 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.022001
    The transverse momentum spectra of D^{0} mesons from b hadron decays are measured at midrapidity (|y|<1) in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center of mass energy of 5.02 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The D^{0} mesons from b hadron decays are distinguished from prompt D^{0} mesons by their decay topologies. In Pb-Pb collisions, the B→D^{0} yield is found to be suppressed in the measured p_{T} range from 2 to 100  GeV/c as compared to pp collisions. The suppression is weaker than that of prompt D^{0} mesons and charged hadrons for p_{T} around 10  GeV/c. While theoretical calculations incorporating partonic energy loss in the quark-gluon plasma can successfully describe the measured B→D^{0} suppression at higher p_{T}, the data show an indication of larger suppression than the model predictions in the range of 2
  12. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, et al.
    Phys. Rev. Lett., 2019 Dec 06;123(23):231803.
    PMID: 31868480 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.231803
    A search for narrow low-mass resonances decaying to quark-antiquark pairs is presented. The search is based on proton-proton collision events collected at 13 TeV by the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb^{-1}, recorded in 2016. The search considers the case where the resonance has high transverse momentum due to initial-state radiation of a hard photon. To study this process, the decay products of the resonance are reconstructed as a single large-radius jet with two-pronged substructure. The signal would be identified as a localized excess in the jet invariant mass spectrum. No evidence for such a resonance is observed in the mass range 10 to 125 GeV. Upper limits at the 95% confidence level are set on the coupling strength of resonances decaying to quark pairs. The results obtained with this photon trigger strategy provide the first direct constraints on quark-antiquark resonance masses below 50 GeV obtained at a hadron collider.
  13. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, et al.
    Phys. Rev. Lett., 2019 Dec 13;123(24):241801.
    PMID: 31922872 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.241801
    Results are reported from a search for new particles that decay into a photon and two gluons, in events with jets. Novel jet substructure techniques are developed that allow photons to be identified in an environment densely populated with hadrons. The analyzed proton-proton collision data were collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, in 2016 at sqrt[s]=13  TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb^{-1}. The spectra of total transverse hadronic energy of candidate events are examined for deviations from the standard model predictions. No statistically significant excess is observed over the expected background. The first cross section limits on new physics processes resulting in such events are set. The results are interpreted as upper limits on the rate of gluino pair production, utilizing a simplified stealth supersymmetry model. The excluded gluino masses extend up to 1.7 TeV, for a neutralino mass of 200 GeV and exceed previous mass constraints set by analyses targeting events with isolated photons.
  14. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Asilar E, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2017;77(11):746.
    PMID: 31999281 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5286-7
    A measurement is presented of the triple-differential dijet cross section at a centre-of-mass energy of 8


    TeV

    using 19.7



    fb
    -1


    of data collected with the CMS detector in proton-proton collisions at the LHC. The cross section is measured as a function of the average transverse momentum, half the rapidity separation, and the boost of the two leading jets in the event. The cross section is corrected for detector effects and compared to calculations in perturbative quantum chromodynamics at next-to-leading order accuracy, complemented with electroweak and nonperturbative corrections. New constraints on parton distribution functions are obtained and the inferred value of the strong coupling constant is


    α
    S


    (

    M
    Z

    )

    =
    0.1199

    ±

    0.0015



    (
    exp
    )




    -
    0.0020


    +
    0.0031




    (
    theo
    )


    , where

    M
    Z

    is the mass of the Z boson.
  15. Khachatryan V, Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2017;77(11):751.
    PMID: 31999282 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5140-y
    Measurements of the associated production of a
    Z
    boson with at least one jet originating from a b quark in proton-proton collisions at


    s

    =
    8

    TeV

    are presented. Differential cross sections are measured with data collected by the CMS experiment corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.8



    fb

    -
    1



    .
    Z
    bosons are reconstructed through their decays to electrons and muons. Cross sections are measured as a function of observables characterizing the kinematics of the
    b
    jet and the
    Z
    boson. Ratios of differential cross sections for the associated production with at least one
    b
    jet to the associated production with any jet are also presented. The production of a
    Z
    boson with at least two
    b
    jets is investigated, and differential cross sections are measured for the dijet system. Results are compared to theoretical predictions, testing two different flavour schemes for the choice of initial-state partons.
  16. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(11):886.
    PMID: 31764915 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7387-y
    A search for new physics in top quark production is performed in proton-proton collisions at

    13

    TeV

    . The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of

    35.9



    fb

    -
    1




    collected in 2016 with the CMS detector. Events with two opposite-sign isolated leptons (electrons or muons), and
    b
    quark jets in the final state are selected. The search is sensitive to new physics in top quark pair production and in single top quark production in association with a
    W
    boson. No significant deviation from the standard model expectation is observed. Results are interpreted in the framework of effective field theory and constraints on the relevant effective couplings are set, one at a time, using a dedicated multivariate analysis. This analysis differs from previous searches for new physics in the top quark sector by explicitly separating

    t
    W

    from

    t


    t


    ¯



     events and exploiting the specific sensitivity of the

    t
    W

    process to new physics.
  17. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, et al.
    Phys. Rev. Lett., 2019 Sep 27;123(13):131802.
    PMID: 31697516 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.131802
    A search for a light charged Higgs boson (H^{+}) decaying to a W boson and a CP-odd Higgs boson (A) in final states with eμμ or μμμ is performed using data from pp collisions at sqrt[s]=13  TeV, recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9  fb^{-1}. In this search, it is assumed that the H^{+} boson is produced in decays of top quarks, and the A boson decays to two oppositely charged muons. The presence of signals for H^{+} boson masses between 100 and 160 GeV and A boson masses between 15 and 75 GeV is investigated. No evidence for the production of the H^{+} boson is found. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are obtained on the combined branching fraction for the decay chain, t→bH^{+}→bW^{+}A→bW^{+}μ^{+}μ^{-}, of 1.9×10^{-6} to 8.6×10^{-6}, depending on the masses of the H^{+} and A bosons. These are the first limits for these decay modes of the H^{+} and A bosons.
  18. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2019;79(9):773.
    PMID: 31713548 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7276-4
    A measurement for inclusive 2- and 3-jet events of the azimuthal correlation between the two jets with the largest transverse momenta,

    Δ

    ϕ
    12


    , is presented. The measurement considers events where the two leading jets are nearly collinear ("back-to-back") in the transverse plane and is performed for several ranges of the leading jet transverse momentum. Proton-proton collision data collected with the CMS experiment at a center-of-mass energy of

    13


    Te



    and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of

    35.9



    fb

    -
    1




    are used. Predictions based on calculations using matrix elements at leading-order and next-to-leading-order accuracy in perturbative quantum chromodynamics supplemented with leading-log parton showers and hadronization are generally in agreement with the measurements. Discrepancies between the measurement and theoretical predictions are as large as 15%, mainly in the region


    177


    <
    Δ

    ϕ
    12

    <

    180



    . The 2- and 3-jet measurements are not simultaneously described by any of models.
  19. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Bergauer T, Brandstetter J, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2020;80(2):75.
    PMID: 32108833 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7593-7
    The standard model (SM) production of four top quarks (

    t


    t
    ¯

    t


    t
    ¯


    ) in proton-proton collisions is studied by the CMS Collaboration. The data sample, collected during the 2016-2018 data taking of the LHC, corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137



    fb

    -
    1



    at a center-of-mass energy of 13


    TeV

    . The events are required to contain two same-sign charged leptons (electrons or muons) or at least three leptons, and jets. The observed and expected significances for the

    t


    t
    ¯

    t


    t
    ¯


    signal are respectively 2.6 and 2.7 standard deviations, and the

    t


    t
    ¯

    t


    t
    ¯


    cross section is measured to be

    12
    .

    6

    -
    5.2


    +
    5.8



    fb

    . The results are used to constrain the Yukawa coupling of the top quark to the Higgs boson,

    y
    t

    , yielding a limit of


    |


    y
    t

    /

    y

    t

    SM


    |
    <
    1.7


    at

    95
    %

    confidence level, where

    y

    t

    SM

    is the SM value of

    y
    t

    . They are also used to constrain the oblique parameter of the Higgs boson in an effective field theory framework,


    H
    ^

    <
    0.12

    . Limits are set on the production of a heavy scalar or pseudoscalar boson in Type-II two-Higgs-doublet and simplified dark matter models, with exclusion limits reaching 350-470


    GeV

    and 350-550


    GeV

    for scalar and pseudoscalar bosons, respectively. Upper bounds are also set on couplings of the top quark to new light particles.
  20. Sirunyan AM, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Ambrogi F, Asilar E, Bergauer T, et al.
    Eur Phys J C Part Fields, 2020;80(1):43.
    PMID: 32026888 DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7585-7
    A measurement is presented of electroweak (EW) production of a
    W
    boson in association with two jets in proton-proton collisions at


    s

    =
    13


    Te



    . The data sample was recorded by the CMS Collaboration at the LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9



    fb

    -
    1



    . The measurement is performed for the


    ν

    jj final state (with


    ν

    indicating a lepton-neutrino pair, and j representing the quarks produced in the hard interaction) in a kinematic region defined by invariant mass


    m
    jj

    >
    120


    Ge



    and transverse momenta


    p

    T
    j


    >
    25


    Ge



    . The cross section of the process is measured in the electron and muon channels yielding


    σ
    EW


    (
    W
    jj
    )

    =
    6.23
    ±
    0.12

    (stat)
    ±
    0.61

    (syst)

    pb

    per channel, in agreement with leading-order standard model predictions. The additional hadronic activity of events in a signal-enriched region is studied, and the measurements are compared with predictions. The final state is also used to perform a search for anomalous trilinear gauge couplings. Limits on anomalous trilinear gauge couplings associated with dimension-six operators are given in the framework of an effective field theory. The corresponding 95% confidence level intervals are

    -
    2.3
    <

    c

    W
    W
    W


    /

    Λ
    2

    <
    2.5



    Te



    -
    2



    ,

    -
    8.8
    <

    c
    W

    /

    Λ
    2

    <
    16



    Te



    -
    2



    , and

    -
    45
    <

    c
    B

    /

    Λ
    2

    <
    46



    Te



    -
    2



    . These results are combined with the CMS EW
    Zjj
    analysis, yielding the constraint on the

    c

    W
    W
    W


    coupling:

    -
    1.8
    <

    c

    W
    W
    W


    /

    Λ
    2

    <
    2.0



    Te



    -
    2



    .
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