Displaying publications 81 - 100 of 323 in total

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  1. Lee WS, Chai PF, Ismail Z
    Singapore Med J, 2012 Nov;53(11):755-9.
    PMID: 23192504
    This study aimed to determine the emotional impact on parents of young children who require hospitalisation for acute diarrhoea (AD), and the disruption of daily activities experienced and costs incurred by them.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  2. Isa SN, Aziz AA, Rahman AA, Ibrahim MI, Ibrahim WP, Mohamad N, et al.
    J Dev Behav Pediatr, 2013 May;34(4):262-8.
    PMID: 23538932 DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e318287cdfe
    Caring for children with disabilities brings about a significant impact on the parents and families. The purposes of this study were to determine the impact of having children with disabilities on parents' health-related quality of life (HRQOL), family functioning, and total family impact and to identify the associated factors.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  3. Saimon R, Choo WY, Bulgiba A
    Asia Pac J Public Health, 2015 Mar;27(2):NP2079-92.
    PMID: 23513006 DOI: 10.1177/1010539513480229
    Understanding the factors influencing physical activity (PA) in the Asia-Pacific region is critical, given the high prevalence of inactivity in this area. The photovoice technique explores the types of PA and factors influencing PA among adolescents in Kuching, Sarawak. A total of 160 photographs were collected from participants (adolescents, n = 22, mean age = 14.27 ± 0.7 years, and parents, n = 8, mean age = 48 ± 6.8 years). Data analysis used constant comparison methods of a grounded theory. The Analysis Grid for Environments Linked to Obesity was used to categorize PA factors. Study findings were centered on the concept of safety, facilities, parental restriction, friends, cultural traits, media, community cohesiveness, and weather. The central theme was "feeling unsafe" when being outdoors. To promote PA behavior, provision of PA facilities needs to be supported by other programs that build on peer support, crime prevention, and traffic safety, together with other educational campaigns.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology
  4. Noradilah MJ, Zahara AM
    Malays J Nutr, 2012 Apr;18(1):67-75.
    PMID: 23713231 MyJurnal
    Low vegetable consumption in children is always a matter of concern. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of multiple exposures on acceptance of a test vegetable among preschoolers aged 6 years.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology
  5. Wan AM, Norazawati AK, Lee YY
    Malays J Nutr, 2012 Apr;18(1):27-36.
    PMID: 23713227 MyJurnal
    The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among children has become a major public health problem in Malaysia. Parents play an important role in child feeding especially among younger children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  6. Janvier A, Lantos J, Aschner J, Barrington K, Batton B, Batton D, et al.
    Pediatrics, 2016 09;138(3).
    PMID: 27489297 DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-0655
    For parents, the experience of having an infant in the NICU is often psychologically traumatic. No parent can be fully prepared for the extreme stress and range of emotions of caring for a critically ill newborn. As health care providers familiar with the NICU, we thought that we understood the impact of the NICU on parents. But we were not prepared to see the children in our own families as NICU patients. Here are some of the lessons our NICU experience has taught us. We offer these lessons in the hope of helping health professionals consider a balanced view of the NICU's impact on families.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  7. Joginder Singh S, Hussein NH, Mustaffa Kamal R, Hassan FH
    Augment Altern Commun, 2017 Jun;33(2):110-120.
    PMID: 28387140 DOI: 10.1080/07434618.2017.1309457
    Parents play an important role in the successful implementation of AAC. Previous research has indicated that parents in different countries have varying perceptions about the use of AAC and face different challenges in its implementation. To date, there is limited information about the use of AAC by children in Malaysia or parents' views about its use. The aim of this study was to explore Malaysian parents' perception of AAC and their experience when supporting their children who use AAC. For this study, 12 parents of children with autism spectrum disorder and cerebral palsy were involved in semi-structured individual interviews. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze interview data. Following analysis, three themes were identified: (a) impact of the use of AAC, (b) challenges faced, and (c) hopes and expectations. Participants reported that the use of AAC had a positive impact on their children, but that they faced challenges related to the child, the settings, and the system itself, as well as a lack of time and support. Findings from this study provide an insight for Malaysian speech therapists about the challenges faced by parents when supporting their children who use AAC, and how important it is to overcome these challenges to ensure successful implementation of AAC.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  8. Islam MJ, Rahman M, Broidy L, Haque SE, Saw YM, Duc NH, et al.
    BMC Public Health, 2017 02 10;17(1):183.
    PMID: 28187721 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-017-4067-4
    BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the influence of witnessing father-to-mother violence on: 1) perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV); and 2) endorsement of attitudes justifying wife beating in Bangladesh.

    METHODS: This paper used data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey. The analyses were based on the responses of 3374 ever-married men. Exposure to IPV was determined by men's self-reports of witnessing inter-parental violence in childhood. We used adjusted binary logistic regression models to assess the influence of exposure on husbands' perpetration of IPV and their endorsement of attitudes justifying wife beating.

    RESULTS: Nearly 60% of men reported violent behaviour towards an intimate partner and 35.7% endorsed attitudes justifying spousal abuse. Men who witnessed father-to-mother violence had higher odds of reporting any physical or sexual IPV (adjusted OR [AOR] = 3.26; 95% CI = 2.61, 4.06). Men who had witnessed father-to-mother violence were also 1.34 times (95% CI = 1.08, 1.65) more likely endorse attitudes justifying spousal abuse.

    CONCLUSIONS: Committing violence against an intimate partner is an all too frequent practice among men in Bangladesh. The study indicated that men who had witnessed father-to-mother violence were more likley to perpetrate IPV, suggesting an intergenerational transmission of violence. This transmission of violence may operate through the learning and modelling of attitudes favourable to spousal abuse. In support of this, witnnessing inter-parental violence was also associated with the endorsement of attitudes justifying spousal abuse. Our findings indicate the continued importance of efforts to identify and assist boys who have witnessed domestic violence and suggest such efforts should aim to change not just behaviours but also attitudes that facilitate such violence.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  9. Fong CY, Lim WK, Kong AN, Lua PL, Ong LC
    Epilepsy Behav, 2017 10;75:6-12.
    PMID: 28806633 DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.06.037
    Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is an important cause of mortality in epilepsy. To date, there is only one published UK study evaluating information provision of SUDEP among parents of children with epilepsy (CWE), and there are no studies published from Asia. Although SUDEP information provision is recommended among parents of CWE, it is uncertain if these recommendations are applicable to Asian countries due to the different cultural attitude towards epilepsy. Our prospective cohort study consisted of multiethnic parents of children with epilepsy (CWE) seen in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia. Information on SUDEP was delivered to parents using an epilepsy educational software program. Participants completed a set of standardized questionnaire and Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-Short Form (DASS-21) immediately after and retested 3-6months after the SUDEP information provision. A total of 127 parents (84 mothers) participated in the study. The CWE consisted of 3 ethnic groups (38% Malay, 30% Chinese, 32% Indian) with a mean age of 9.6years. Majority (70.9%) felt positive after SUDEP information provision, 90.6% wanted SUDEP discussion for themselves with 70.1% wanted SUDEP discussion with their child, and a lower proportion (58.3%) would discuss SUDEP with their child. None of the participants reported increased symptoms of depression, stress or anxiety attributed to SUDEP information provision. Most parents took steps to reduce SUDEP risk, and most parents did not report an impact on their own functioning. However, there was an increase in parental report over time of impact on their child's functioning following SUDEP information (P<0.05). In conclusion, most Malaysian parents of CWE wanted SUDEP information. Following SUDEP information disclosure, majority did not report negative emotions; however, an increase in parents over time reported an impact on their child. Our findings reiterate that provision of SUDEP information should form part of care of CWE and parents should receive ongoing support as they undergo a period of parenting adjustment when dealing with the information provided.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  10. Ibrahim AH, Rahman NNA, Saifuddeen SM, Baharuddin M
    Sci Eng Ethics, 2019 02;25(1):129-142.
    PMID: 29071572 DOI: 10.1007/s11948-017-9980-5
    Tri-parent baby technology is an assisted reproductive treatment which aims to minimize or eliminate maternal inheritance of mutated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The technology became popular following the move by the United Kingdom in granting license to a group of researchers from the Newcastle Fertility Centre, Newcastle University to conduct research on the symptoms of defective mtDNA. This technology differs from other assisted reproductive technology because it involves the use of gamete components retrieved from three different individuals. Indirectly, it affects the preservation of lineage which is important from an Islamic point of view. This paper aims to analyze and discuss the implications of the tri-parent technology on preservation of lineage from the perspective of Maqasid al-Shari'ah based the Islamic bioethics. The analysis shows that there are a few violations of the preservation of lineage, hence the tri-parent baby technology should not be permitted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  11. Partap U, Young EH, Allotey P, Sandhu MS, Reidpath DD
    Int J Epidemiol, 2017 10 01;46(5):1523-1532.
    PMID: 29106558 DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyx114
    Background: There is little evidence regarding risk factors for child obesity in Asian populations, including the role of parental anthropometric and cardiometabolic risk factors. We examined the relation between parental risk factors and child obesity in a Malaysian population.

    Methods: We used data from health and demographic surveillance conducted by the South East Asia Community Observatory in Segamat, Malaysia. Analyses included 9207 individuals (4806 children, 2570 mothers and 1831 fathers). Child obesity was defined based on the World Health Organization 2007 reference. We assessed the relation between parental anthropometric (overweight, obesity and central obesity) and cardiometabolic (systolic hypertension, diastolic hypertension and hyperglycaemia) risk factors and child obesity, using mixed effects Poisson regression models with robust standard errors.

    Results: We found a high burden of overweight and obesity among children in this population (30% overweight or obese). Children of one or more obese parents had a 2-fold greater risk of being obese compared with children of non-obese parents. Sequential adjustment for parental and child characteristics did not materially affect estimates (fully adjusted relative risk for obesity in both parents: 2.39, 95% confidence interval: 1.82, 3.10, P 

    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  12. Tan S, Rey J
    Australas Psychiatry, 2005 Mar;13(1):76-9.
    PMID: 15777418
    To examine the relationship between depression in children and adolescents, parental depression and parenting stress.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  13. Hamidah A, Rustam ZA, Tamil AM, Zarina LA, Zulkifli ZS, Jamal R
    Pediatr Blood Cancer, 2009 Jan;52(1):70-4.
    PMID: 18937312 DOI: 10.1002/pbc.21798
    The purpose of the current study was to determine the prevalence of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by children with cancer and to compare the characteristics of CAM users and CAM nonusers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  14. Fadzil A, Norzila MZ
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2002 Dec;57(4):474-81.
    PMID: 12733173
    Asthma knowledge an important components of asthma education.
    Objective: To determine the levels of asthma knowledge in parents of asthmatic children and factors that may influence it.
    Methods: This is a prospective study done between March 1998 and July 1998. Sixty-seven parents were interviewed using the 31 item asthma knowledge questionnaire that had been validated and translated. The children asthma severity was classified. The questionnaire includes biodata of children and parents, types of medication and dosage duration of asthma, exposure to cigarette smoke, acute asthma admission and patient’s economic status.
    Results: This mean score for asthma knowledge was 15.5. The total score was 31. Asthma knowledge was significantly higher in parents whose children were using steroids [p=0.03, CI (-3.85, -0.02)]. It correlated significantly with steroid dosage (r=0.29, p=0.02), and was significantly higher in parents of higher economic status. Patient’s asthma knowledge had no association with children’s asthma status, age of the child or parents, exposure to cigarette smoke, frequency of admission of asthma duration.
    Conclusion: The low asthma knowledge level indicates the need to increase the effort in educating parents. The main indicator for higher knowledge was steroid usage and dosage. Higher asthma knowledge in the high-income group was probably related to levels of education.
    Keywords: parent, asthma, knowledge, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Study site: Respiratory clinic, Institut Pediatrik, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
  15. Nizam M, Norzila MZ
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2001 Dec;56(4):428-34.
    PMID: 12014761
    Objectives: A child's admission into intensive care is a major cause of stress for parents. However among Malaysian parents, data concerning the perception of stress are virtually absent. Therefore we conducted a study to measure the reliability of the Malay version of Parental Stressor Scale: Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PSS: PICU) in identifying sources of stress and to study factors that might influence their stress response.
    Methods: Over a six-month period, one hundred and twelve parents were requested to answer the questionnaires twice either in Malay or English, a week apart. Spearman's correlation and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used to assess the repeatability and internal consistency of the questionnaires.
    Results: Ninety-four (83.9%) and seventy-one (75.3%) parents responded to the first and second administration of questionnaire respectively. All answered in the Malay language except for three. The correlation ranged from 0.50 to 0.71 with a total score of 0.76. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient ranged from 0.75 to 0.93, with total a score of 0.95.
    Alteration in parental roles was the most stressful source of stress. Fathers, parents of children with higher PRISM score and parents with no previous admission into intensive care unit scored significantly higher in staff’s communication.
    Conclusion: The Malay version of PSS: PICU is reliable in identifying sources of stress. Alteration in parental roles was the most stressful source of stress. Parents' gender, previous experience and severity of the child illness may influence their stress responses.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  16. Ling SG
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2000 Dec;55(4):419-23.
    PMID: 11221152
    A questionnaire survey was conducted on parents of 58 patients admitted with febrile convulsion (FC) over a 4 month period to the University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur to determine parental response towards febrile convulsion in their child and their understanding of home management of FC.
    Results: The majority of parents (93%) were frightened or were in a panic state of witnessing FC in their child. Most (77.6%) of them were able to bring their child to medical attention within 30 minutes, with delays attributed to transport problems. Parental understanding on FC was deficient, particularly with regard to home management of acute seizures. The parents’ main source of information was friends and relatives.
    Conclusions: Urgent intervention to counsel and allay fears of parents who have just witnessed an acute FC in their child is required. More effort must be made to educate parents about FC, with particular reference to home management of seizures.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  17. Chan PW, DeBruyne JA
    Pediatr Int, 2000 Oct;42(5):547-51.
    PMID: 11059547
    BACKGROUND: Parental attitudes towards the use of inhaled therapy in children with chronic asthma influence treatment adherence and outcome. In the present study, we evaluated the perceptions and concerns of parents of children with chronic asthma towards inhaled therapy.

    METHODS: A self-administered standard questionnaire was distributed to parents of children attending the Paediatric Asthma Clinic. All these children required inhaled steroids for treatment.

    RESULTS: One-hundred and twelve of 170 parents (66%) surveyed were concerned with inhaled therapy. The most common concern with its use was medication side effects (91%), followed by 'inhaler dependency' (86%), cost of the inhaler (34%) and difficulty in using the inhaler (15%). Parental perception that the oral route was superior to the inhaled route, preference for the oral route for asthma prophylaxis and a higher steroid dose required for prophylaxis were more likely to be associated with concerns towards inhaled therapy. More importantly, these children were also more likely to miss > 25% of their prescribed doses of inhaled steroids (46 vs 22% in the group concerned about inhaled therapy compared with the group that was not concerned, respectively; P = 0.007) and had a higher mean number of nebulization treatments in the last year (3.2 +/- 2.9 vs 1.8 +/- 1.3 in the group concerned about inhaled therapy compared with the group that was not concerned, respectively; P = 0.01).

    CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of parents whose children were on inhaled prophylaxis had concerns towards the use of inhaled therapy. Parental concern towards inhaled therapy appeared to increase the problem of non-adherence to treatment. Education for these parents will need to be addressed to improve asthma management in our patient population.

    Matched MeSH terms: Parents/psychology*
  18. Mukari SZ, Vandort S, Ahmad K, Saim L, Mohamed AS
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1999 Mar;54(1):87-95.
    PMID: 10972010
    We surveyed parents of school-aged hearing impaired children to investigate their awareness and knowledge of the special needs of their child, especially in the area of the usage of hearing aids and methods of communication. Questionnaires were distributed to parents of hearing impaired children at 13 special schools for the deaf in Malaysia. Out of 1,267 questionnaires given out, 787 (62.1%) were completed and returned. Results of the survey indicated the majority of parents (68.6%) suspected hearing loss late, that is after their child's first birthday, and there was a significant time lag before the suspicion was confirmed. Over 82.8% of the children were diagnosed only after 1 year of age, with 41.3% being diagnosed after 3 years of age. Hearing aids were fitted late (mean = 5.32 years; SD = 2.66). Hearing aid ownership was influenced by the factors of socio-economic level and ethnic group (p < 0.01) whereas knowledge of use and proper care of the aids was influenced by socio-economic level (p < 0.01). Communication methods were generally inappropriate with 41.3% of the mothers and 48.5% of the fathers reporting ignorance of Bahasa Malaysia Kod Tangan, the sign language that is commonly used by their children. The parents' choice of communication method was not significantly influenced by socio-economic level or ethnic group. The study revealed the present inadequate state of services available for the rehabilitation of children with congenital hearing impairment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Parents*
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