Bladder perforation secondary to transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) increases the risk of tumour cell seeding and eventual extravesical metastasis. Here we presented a case where a patient with localised bladder tumour was initially managed with repeated TURBTs for tumour recurrence. Subsequently he was found to have extravesical pelvic metastasis. This was likely secondary to microperforation of bladder and tumour cell seeding. Microscopic bladder perforation is difficult to diagnose. However patients with confirmed bladder perforation during TURBT would justify systemic radiological cancer surveillance in view of higher risk of metastatic disease.
A series of novel cholinesterase inhibitors containing nitrobenzoate core structure were synthesized by a facile and efficient method. The structure of the novel compounds were fully characterized and confirmed by analytical as well as spectroscopic methods. Compound indicated as 2f was found to possess the best cholinesterase inhibitory activities of all the evaluated compounds. Results suggest that 2f is a selective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, although it also inhibits butyrylcholinesterase at higher concentration. Kinetics inhibition result suggest that 2f is a mixed-mode inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase. In addition, it was found to have low cytotoxicity. Molecular docking on compound 2f was carried out to rationalize the observed in vitro enzymatic assay results. Most importantly, the potential of nitrobenzoate derivatives as cholinesterase inhibitor was shown through this study. In summary, we discovered nitrobenzoates as a new scaffold that may eventually yield useful compounds in treatment of Alzheimer's disease.