Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 243 in total

  1. Lee SS
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2016 02;71(1):30-1.
    PMID: 27130742
    This is a case report of spontaneous pneumomediastinum that occurred in a 19-year-old army trainee during his 2.4km run. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is a rare disorder. It is usually precipitated by activities related to Valsalva manoeuvres such as strenuous physical activities, retching and vomiting. Treatment is expectant and the disorder usually resolves spontaneously within a few days. However, one must be aware of the disorder so that additional advice such as avoiding activities that involve Valsalva manoeuvres can be given.
  2. Lee SL
    Heredity (Edinb), 2000 Oct;85 Pt 4:338-45.
    PMID: 11122411
    The mating system of Dryobalanops aromatica in three different forest types and a seed orchard was quantified by allozyme analysis of progeny arrays using a mixed-mating model. The primary forest (Bukit Sai) had the highest multilocus outcrossing rate (tm=0.923 +/- 0.035), followed by logged forest (Lesong; tm=0.766 +/- 0.056) and artificial forest (FRIM; tm=0.661 +/- 0.066) with seed orchard showing the lowest (Tampin; tm=0.551 +/- 0.095). Deviations from the mixed mating model were evident from differences in pollen and ovule allele frequencies, and heterogeneity of pollen pools in all three different forest types and the seed orchard. A high rate of outcrossing in primary forest (tm=0.92) may indicate that the species is self-incompatible, but a lower value in the seed orchard (tm=0.55) might suggest further that the self-incompatibility system is weak. The outcrossing rate was greater in the primary forest (tm=0.92) than in logged forest (tm=0.77). It is argued that this might be a consequence of the lower density of flowering trees and alteration of pollinator foraging behaviour in logged forest. Higher values of correlated mating (rp) and biparental mating (tm - ts) in primary forest (0.08 and 0.39, respectively) in comparison with logged forest (0.03 and 0.11, respectively) demonstrate that logging activities might reduce the seeds produced through consanguineous mating. Compared with primary forest, it is argued that lower rates of outcrossing in artificial forest (tm=0.67) and seed orchard (tm=0. 55) might be attributed to lack of flowering synchrony and insufficient number of pollinators. The high level of correlated mating (rp=0.43) and biparental mating (tm - ts=0.12) in the seed orchard may further suggest that the seed orchard was established using related seed sources.
  3. Lee ST
    Acta Otolaryngol., 1991;111(3):536-41.
    PMID: 1887780 DOI: 10.3109/00016489109138380
    Two hundred Malaysian patients representing 227 ears with previously untreated cholesteatoma disease were analysed retrospectively in terms of i) type of disease, i.e. primary acquired attic defect or posterior superior retraction pocket and secondary acquired type cholesteatoma; ii) positive history of previous middle ear effusion, atelectasis or grommet insertion; and iii) likelihood of complications as initial presenting feature. The high 47.1% incidence of secondary acquired cholesteatoma disease in our patients contrasts with the predominance of primary acquired cholesteatoma in the Caucasian patient. Correlation of these two disease types with a positive history showed a significant positive association between the primary acquired group and a positive history; and conversely a significant negative association for the secondary acquired type. This supports a role for the retraction theory in primary acquired cholesteatoma but negates this theory in secondary acquired cholesteatoma. Secondary acquired cholesteatoma had a significantly higher (35.5%) complication rate against 15.8% in the primary acquired type (p = 0.001). This fact together with a 47.1% incidence of secondary acquired disease, low otolaryngologist population ratio and patient attitudes to disease account for the high total complication rate of 27.3%.
  4. Lee SS
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1990 Sep;45(3):239-43.
    PMID: 2152086
    Six of 16 patients presenting to the University Hospital Kuala Lumpur with unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis were treated with teflon injection of the paralysed vocal cord. The results are presented and the role of surgical therapy, in particular teflon injection is reviewed.
  5. Lee SM
    Singapore Med J, 1990 Jun;31(3):228-32.
    PMID: 2168091
    Twelve patients with advanced inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were treated with mitomycin, vinblastine and cisplatin (MVP) combination chemotherapy. The overall response rate was 33% (4 partial responses and no complete response) with a median survival of seven months. One responder above subsequently achieved complete remission following successful resection of his tumour and is still alive 14 months after initial chemotherapy. Responses were observed in patients with good performance status and limited disease. Side-effects were generally well tolerated and manageable. MVP is an effective regimen and the low response rate achieved here as compared to other centres is also discussed.
  6. Lee ST
    Singapore Med J, 1992 Jun;33(3):304-5.
    PMID: 1631596
    Complications resulting from the penetrating percutaneous foreign bodies almost always arise in the early post injury period. Delayed presentations of previous asymptomatic foreign bodies are rare. In this case report, symptoms of tracheal irritation arose seven years following the initial penetrating shrapnel injury to the neck. Computed tomography scans enabled localisation of the foreign body at the tracheal wall and carotid sheath interface. The usefulness of this radiologic modality in the evaluation of the penetrating soft tissue injury is highlighted. A review of the phenomenon of the migrating and asymptomatic foreign body follows.
  7. Lee SM
    Singapore Med J, 1990 Aug;31(4):317-20.
    PMID: 2175049
    Seventeen patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC) were treated with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin and vincristine (CAV) combination chemotherapy. The overall response rate was 76.5% with 47% achieving complete response and 29.5% partial response. In limited and extensive stage disease, complete response was achieved in 67% and 36.5% respectively. Chinese were the predominant ethnic group affected (82%). Six patients presenting with superior vena cava obstruction responded significantly to CAV chemotherapy alone. Median survival for patients with extensive disease was 7.4 months. All patients with limited disease were still alive. Two relapsed patients with limited disease achieved significant response to VP-16/Cisplatin combination chemotherapy.
  8. Lee SM
    Int Migr Rev, 1989;23(2):309-31.
    PMID: 12315959
    "The role of Chinese and Indian women as immigrants and workers in colonial Malaya is examined using data from censuses, immigration records, official reports and secondary sources. The article discusses the main types of work of female immigrants and their contribution to the economic development of colonial Malaya during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in an attempt to redress the neglect of female immigrants' economic role in Malaya's history. Comparisons between male and female immigrants' labor and between Chinese and Indian immigrants, are drawn to highlight the different conditions of migration and labor for the different groups of immigrants."
  9. Lee S, Park H
    Water Sci. Technol., 2010;61(12):3129-40.
    PMID: 20555209 DOI: 10.2166/wst.2010.454
    This study deals with the overcapacity problem of water treatment plants in Korea, and mainly discusses status, causes, and engineering options. To this end, we first statistically analyze the recent trend of demand, revealing that the demands of small- and mid-size systems are still increasing while that of large-size systems is now decreasing. Since the existing approach to plan capacity implicitly assumes that demand will increase at a regular rate, we estimate excess capacities and system utilizations of large-size systems. From these results it is found that the large-size systems are suffering from serious overcapacity, thus necessitating that engineers make very difficult decisions given that systems are still expanding the capacities of plants due to a lack of awareness of the current demand trend. For other systems where there is a better understanding of the transition of demand, planners have ceased to expand plants or have closed down relatively old plants in efforts to reduce O&M costs. To address this problem, quick recognition of the transition of demand is being highlighted by the concepts of integrated resources management and cybernetics. Therefore, we examined how quickly the new trend of the Seoul case could be precisely recognized and appropriately addressed. Using the Bayesian parameter estimation method, we found that a new trend can be recognized six years after the transition of demand.
  10. Chee S, Lee S
    Malays J Nutr, 2003 Sep;9(2):85-93.
    PMID: 22691730 MyJurnal
    The relationship between dietary habits and bone health status was evaluated in 61 pairs of premenopausal mothers and their biological daughters aged 10-19 years. Subjects were volunteers living in Kuala Lumpur. Bone status of the calcaneus was assessed using Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) which measured the Broadband Ultrasound Attenuation (BUA; in units of dB/MHz) of the bone. Daily nutrient intake of all subjects was evaluated using a 3-day dietary record. Reproductive history, food intake habits, and physical activity level were assessed using questionnaires. Bone health status of mothers (mean BUA of 98.0 ± 15.8 dB/MHz) was significantly higher (p<0.001) compared to their daughters (mean BUA of 86.4 ± 17.0 dB/MHz). BUA (r=0.30, p<0.05), weight (r=0.30, p<0.05) and BMI (r=0.32, p<0.05) were significantly correlated within mother-daughter pairs. Lifestyle characteristics such as calcium intake and physical activity were not correlated. However, other dietary habits (energy intake, milk intake and frequency of skipping meals) in daughters were significantly correlated with their mothers. This study suggests that mothers play an important role in influencing the dietary habits of their daughters, which in turn may affect their bone health status.
  11. Lee SK, Zainal A
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2004 Mar;59(1):115-7.
    PMID: 15535347
    Pseudoaneurysms of the subclavian artery are extremely rare lesions despite the overall increase in the frequency of septic pseudoaneurysms caused by illicit parenteral drug abuse. A case of subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm presenting with Horner's syndrome in an intravenous drug user is discussed.
  12. Lee ST, Niimi S
    J Laryngol Otol, 1990 Nov;104(11):876-8.
    PMID: 2266311
    Vocal fold sulcus is a cause of dysphonia which has not been recognized until recently. Awareness of its existence combined with use of laryngostroboscopy would enhance the management of this group of patients. Five such cases were treated initially by voice therapy and subsequently combined with microlaryngeal Teflon injections of the vocal cord. Representative photomicrographs and the end results of treatment are presented. A good voice, subjectively and objectively, was obtained in three patients, with satisfactory improvement in the other two.
  13. Lee SW, Wendy W
    Vet World, 2017 Jul;10(7):803-807.
    PMID: 28831226 DOI: 10.14202/vetworld.2017.803-807
    AIM: The aim of this study is to identify antibiogram and heavy metal resistance pattern of Aeromonas hydrophila and Edwardsiella tarda isolated from red hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) coinfected with motile aeromonas septicemia and edwardsiellosis in four commercial fish farms.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A. hydrophila and E. tarda were isolated using glutamate starch phenol red and xylose lysine deoxycholate (Merck, Germany) as a selective medium, respectively. All the suspected bacterial colonies were identified using conventional biochemical tests and commercial identification kit (BBL Crystal, USA). Susceptibility testing of present bacterial isolates to 16 types of antibiotics (nalidixic acid, oxolinic acid, compound sulfonamides, doxycycline, tetracycline, novobiocin, chloramphenicol, kanamycin, sulfamethoxazole, flumequine, erythromycin, ampicillin, spiramycin, oxytetracycline, amoxicillin, and fosfomycin) and four types of heavy metals (mercury, chromium, copper, and zinc) were carried out using disk diffusion and two-fold agar dilution method, respectively.

    RESULTS: Three hundred isolates of A. hydrophila and E. tarda were successfully identified by biochemical tests. Antibiotic susceptibility testing results showed that 42.2% of the bacterial isolates were sensitive to compound sulfonamides, sulfamethoxazole, flumequine, oxytetracycline, doxycycline, and oxolinic acid. On the other hand, 41.6% of these isolates were resistant to novobiocin, ampicillin, spiramycin, and chloramphenicol, which resulted for multiple antibiotic resistance index values 0.416. Among tested heavy metals, bacterial isolates exhibited resistant pattern of Zn(2+) > Cr(6+) > Cu(2+) > Hg(2+).

    CONCLUSION: Results from this study indicated that A. hydrophila and E. tarda isolated from coinfected farmed red hybrid tilapia were multi-resistant to antibiotics and heavy metals. These resistant profiles could be useful information to fish farmers to avoid unnecessary use of antimicrobial products in the health management of farmed red hybrid tilapia.

  14. Lee SV, Bahaman AR
    Trop Biomed, 2010 Aug;27(2):351-4.
    PMID: 20962737
    Agarose gel electrophoresis is the standard method that is used to separate, identify, and purify DNA fragments. However, this method is time-consuming and capable of separating limited range of fragments. A new technique of gel preparation was developed to improve the DNA fragment analysis via electrophoresis.
  15. Lee SM, Wong NW
    Singapore Med J, 1994 Feb;35(1):53-6.
    PMID: 8009280
    A prospective comparative study was carried out on thirty-seven consecutive patients presenting with bleeding oesophageal varices at University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur. All patients received injection sclerotherapy if active bleeding was seen at the time of initial endoscopy, followed by repetitive courses of sclerotherapy to obliterate the varices. Predominant aetiological factors were hepatitis-B cirrhosis (43%) and alcoholic cirrhosis (30%). Chinese ethnic group accounted for 62.5% of hepatitis-B cirrhotics and Indian 73% of alcoholic cirrhotics. After excluding patients lost to follow-up, analysis of the remaining thirty-four patients showed reduced long-term survival in patients with Child's C disease. Log-rank analysis of survival curves between hepatitis-B cirrhosis and alcoholic cirrhosis in patients with Child's C liver disease showed no significant difference in long-term survival (p = 0.07). However, six deaths were seen in hepatitis-B cirrhosis compared to one death in alcoholic cirrhosis in the first eight months of follow-up. Most patients died from progressive liver failure. Median survival for Child's C hepatitis-B cirrhosis was 7.5 months whereas this had not been reached for Child's C alcoholic cirrhosis (median follow-up 11.6 months). We conclude that variceal haemorrhage in Child's C hepatitis-B cirrhosis is a bad prognostic sign and is associated with reduced survival with a median survival of 7.5 months despite control of the variceal bleed.
  16. Lee ST, Amin MJ
    Singapore Med J, 1994 Dec;35(6):591-4.
    PMID: 7761882
    Nonsedating selective peripheral H1 receptor antagonists are an important advance in antihistaminic therapy in allergic patients. This is a randomised, double-blind parallel group study comparing the use of two such agents viz loratadine 10mg daily and astemizole 10mg daily for two weeks in 39 Malaysian allergic rhinitis patients. At these dosages, both drugs were demonstrated to be efficacious (p < 0.05) for controlling nasal symptoms and safe in terms of short term biochemical and haematological changes and adverse effects noted. Evaluating efficacy criteria utilised in this study loratadine and astemizole were comparable but loratadine was significantly more effective in three areas viz: (i) in diminishing nasal symptoms after 2 weeks of treatment (p = 0.03); (ii) physician's efficacy evaluation after 2 weeks' treatment (p = 0.009); (iii) patient's efficacy evaluation after 2 weeks' treatment (p = 0.019).
    Study site: Allergy clinic, University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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