Displaying all 10 publications

  1. Sévenet T
    J Ethnopharmacol, 1991 Apr;32(1-3):83-90.
    PMID: 1881171
    How to look for new drugs? What guidelines to use? Have we to continue investigations on plant and marine organisms? These questions arise frequently today. A pharmacological effect results from the addition of many effects at a molecular level, i.e. the interaction between a ligand and a receptor. As long as the chemical structure of this receptor remains unknown, studies of Nature's resources will yield the largest reservoir of new drugs. Nature provides our imagination with the pattern of novel biologically active molecules. Criteria classically used in the past to select plants for study were chemotaxonomy, ethnopharmacology or pharmacotaxonomy. Examples will be taken from personal experience, to illustrate work done according to the chemotaxonomical approach (Ochrosia and ellipticines), and the ethnopharmacological approach (antiinflammatory properties of Euphorbiaceae from New Caledonia). Taking into account that one of the major problems we have to face is the unsatisfactory classical pharmacological testing procedure, we have tried to set up a network grouping biologists and chemists. Among many results obtained, one concerns the use of the mammalian hypothalamo-pituitary system to screen effects of alkaloids extracted from Psychotria oleoides, a Rubiaceae collected in New Caledonia. Psycholeine exhibits an intriguing activity on GH release. Another result concerns the influence of a Labiatae extract on the adenylate cyclase system: 9 HODE extracted from Glechoma hederacea stimulates the basal level of enzyme activity in platelets, this activity being possibly involved in the folk uses claimed. Using the tubulin test to screen antimitotic activities of plant extracts, the biological activity of rhazinilam has been demonstrated as responsible for the antitubulin activity of a Malaysian plant, Kopsia singapurensis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
  2. Mohamad K, Martin MT, Najdar H, Gaspard C, Sévenet T, Awang K, et al.
    J Nat Prod, 1999 Jun;62(6):868-72.
    PMID: 10395505
    Nine 3,4-secoapotirucallanes, argentinic acids A-I, were isolated from the bark of Aglaia argentea and transformed to their methyl esters 1-9. The structures were determined by spectral and chemical means. Compounds 1-8 showed moderate cytotoxic activity against KB cells (IC50 1.0-3.5 microg/mL).
  3. Roux D, Hadi HA, Thoret S, Guénard D, Thoison O, Païs M, et al.
    J Nat Prod, 2000 Aug;63(8):1070-6.
    PMID: 10978200
    Microtubule disassembly inhibitory properties have been established for the known polyisoprenylated benzophenones xanthochymol (1a) and guttiferone E (1b). The compounds were isolated from the fruits of Garcinia pyrifera collected in Malaysia. A structure-activity relationship study, including natural and semisynthetic derivatives, delineated some structural features necessary for the interaction with tubulin within this compound class.
  4. Fu X, Sévenet T, Remy F, Païs M, Hamid A, Hadi A, et al.
    J Nat Prod, 1993 Jul;56(7):1153-63.
    PMID: 8377019
    Four complex flavanones, kurziflavolactones A [2], B [3], C [4], and D [5] and a complex chalcone 6 with an unprecedented carbon side chain on the flavanone or chalcone A ring have been isolated from a Malaysian plant, Cryptocarya kurzii (Lauraceae). Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis, especially 2D nmr experiments. Compounds 3 and 6 showed slight cytotoxicity against KB cells, with IC50 values of 4 and 15 micrograms/ml, respectively. A biosynthetic pathway for the formation of these compounds is suggested.
  5. Alias Y, Awang K, Hadi AH, Thoison O, Sévenet T, Païs M
    J Nat Prod, 1995 Aug;58(8):1160-6.
    PMID: 7595585
    Bioassay-guided fractionation of an ethyl acetate extract of Fissistigma lanuginosum led to the isolation of the known chalcone pedicin [1], which inhibited tubulin assembly into microtubules (IC50 value of 300 microM). From the same EtOAc fraction, two new condensed chalcones, fissistin [2] and isofissistin [3], which showed cytotoxicity against KB cells, were also obtained, together with the inactive dihydropedicin [4] and 6,7-dimethoxy-5,8-dihydroxyflavone [5]. In addition, the aminoquinones 6, 8, and 9 were isolated from the alkaloid extract. These compounds were artifacts, prepared by treatment of 1, 4, and 2, respectively, with NH4OH. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by spectral methods, especially 2D nmr.
  6. Zèches M, Mesbah K, Loukaci A, Richard B, Schaller H, Sévenet T, et al.
    Planta Med, 1995 Feb;61(1):97.
    PMID: 7701009
  7. Lichius JJ, Thoison O, Montagnac A, Païs M, Guéritte-Voegelein F, Sévenet T, et al.
    J Nat Prod, 1994 Jul;57(7):1012-6.
    PMID: 7964782
    Bioassay-guided fractionation of the extracts of Zieridium pseudobtusifolium and Acronychia porteri led to the isolation of 5,3'-dihydroxy-3,6,7,8,4'-pentamethoxyflavone [1], which showed activity against (KB) human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells (IC50 0.04 micrograms/ml) and inhibited tubulin assembly into microtubules (IC50 12 microM). Two other known flavonols, digicitrin [2] and 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavone [5], were also isolated together with three new ones, 3-O-demethyldigicitrin [3], 3,5,3'-trihydroxy-6,7,8,4'-tetramethoxyflavone [4], and 3,5-dihydroxy-6,7,8,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone [6]. All of these flavonols showed cytotoxic activity against KB cells.
  8. Teo LE, Pachiaper G, Chan KC, Hadi HA, Weber JF, Deverre JR, et al.
    J Ethnopharmacol, 1990 Feb;28(1):63-101.
    PMID: 2314111
    A large phytochemical survey of the flora of the Malaysian Peninsula and Sabah is described, covering the systematic search for alkaloids, and partly, for saponins and flavonoids. Details of some chemical studies are reported. This emphasizes the great interest of such a study.
  9. Mukhtar MR, Hadi AH, Sévenet T, Martin MT, Awang K
    Nat Prod Res, 2004 Apr;18(2):163-7.
    PMID: 14984091
    A novel proaporphine-tryptamine dimer alkaloid, named phoebegrandine C 1, was isolated from the leaves of Phoebe grandis (Nees) Merr. Its structural elucidation was carried out using spectroscopic techniques, notably 2D NMR.
  10. Litaudon M, Bousserouel H, Awang K, Nosjean O, Martin MT, Dau ME, et al.
    J Nat Prod, 2009 Mar 27;72(3):480-3.
    PMID: 19161318 DOI: 10.1021/np8006292
    In an effort to find potent inhibitors of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-xL, a systematic in vitro evaluation was undertaken on 1470 Malaysian plant extracts. The ethyl acetate extract obtained from the bark of Meiogyne cylindrocarpa was selected for its interaction with the Bcl-xL/Bak association. Bioassay-guided purification of this species led to the isolation of two new dimeric sesquiterpenoids (1 and 2) possessing an unprecedented substituted cis-decalin carbon skeleton. Meiogynin A (1) showed the strongest activity with a K(i) of 10.8 +/- 3.1 microM.
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