Displaying all 16 publications

  1. Baharuddin M, Sharaf I
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Dec;56 Suppl D:54-6.
    PMID: 14569768
    We report a rare case of an acute haematogenous osteomyelitis of the femur in a five-year-old boy following a closed fracture of the femur. Because of its rare occurrence, the diagnosis of osteomyelitis was missed initially. He presented with a groin abscess seven weeks after injury. He was treated with external fixation, repeated debridements and intravenous antibiotics. Culture grew Staphylococcus aureus. The latest follow-up one-year after the injury showed resolution of the infection and union of the fracture. The range of knee movement is limited from 0-90 degrees due to quadriceps contracture.
  2. Baharuddin M, Sharaf I
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Dec;56 Suppl D:45-7.
    PMID: 14569766
    We reviewed the results of screw osteosynthesis for the treatment of fracture lateral condylar physis in twenty children whose average age was six years old (range, two to ten years) at the time of operation from January 1998 till December 2000. The average interval between the injury and the operation was three and half days (range, one day to two weeks). The average duration of follow up was one year (range, one year to two years). Osteosynthesis was revised in two patients due to anterior placement of screw and rotated distal fracture fragment. Osseous union was achieved in all twenty patients. The result was rated excellent in nineteen patients and good in one patient.
  3. Shalimar, A., Jamari, S., Abdul Halim, A.R., Roohi, S.A., Naicker, A.S., Sharaf, I.
    Malays Orthop J, 2007;1(1):34-38.
    Domestic paediatric hand injuries make up the bulk of overall paediatric hand injuries. This is a retrospective study of domestic paediatric hand injuries admitted into an urban hospital that required surgical intervention. The most common injuries sustained were tendon injuries (24%), total amputations (20%) and lacerations wounds (16%). Accordingly the most common surgical interventions were tendon repairs (28%), toilet suturing (24%) and refashioning (20%). Parents and care providers need to be more vigilant and careful when supervising children including ensuring the safe storage of dangerous items. Sharp items may require additional safety features and warning labels.
  4. Sharma AK, Sharaf I, Ajay S
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Jun;56 Suppl C:70-2.
    PMID: 11814254
    We report a case of a 12-year-old boy with acute compartment syndrome of the foot following a road-traffic accident. Due to the rarity of the injury, there was a delay in diagnosing the injury. An emergency fasciotomy was performed 19 hours after the injury. The foot healed with a mild extension contracture of the second toe.
  5. Shamsuddin SA, Penafort R, Sharaf I
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Dec;56 Suppl D:38-44.
    PMID: 14569765 MyJurnal
    A retrospective study was done on 56 patients treated with percutaneous pinning of displaced supracondylar fractures of the humerus in the Paediatrics Institute of Hospital Kuala Lumpur between November 1999 and October 2000, to ascertain whether there is any significance clinically in the stability of a crossed pinning medial compared with lateral pinning method. There was equal number of patients in each group (28 patients). The radiographs were evaluated for change in Baumann's angle and Lateral Humero-capitellar angle from immediate post-op until the last follow-up. The changes in the angles did not reveal any statistically significant difference in the ability to maintain reduction of the fractures. There were 3 instances of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury in the crossed pinning group; the lateral pinning group had 1 case each of anterior interosseous nerve and radial nerve injury post operatively. No vascular injury was noted. Two cases of superficial pin tract infection were present in each group. The lateral percutaneous pinning technique of displaced supracondylar fractures of the humerus therefore offers a viable alternative to the crossed pinning group as it offers the same stability without the incipient risk of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury.
  6. Ho, S.E., Wan Ahmad, L., Tan, Z.Y., Ho, Christopher Ck, Nursharifah, M.S., Choy, Y.C., et al.
    Medicine & Health, 2015;10(1):58-65.
    Patient’s belief towards pain management may affect pain management outcomes and quality of life. The main aim of the present study was to determine the impact of a pre-operative pain education package towards pain belief among patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery in a tertiary hospital. A one-group pre-test post-test design study was conducted on orthopaedic surgery patients. Thirty respondents were recruited and pre-operative pain education was administered individually before surgery. Pre-operative and post-operative pain belief, management scores and side effects were measured using the Barrier Questionnaire (BQ-13). The results reported significant differences between pre-test scores (Mean = 41.87, Standard Deviation = 11.467) and post-test scores (Mean=34.80, Standard Deviation=13.026) of pain belief (t = 2.84, p = 0.004). There were also significant differences between pre-test scores (Mean = 37.10, Standard Deviation = 10.610) and post-test scores (Mean=30.80, Standard Deviation = 11.424) of pain management (t = 3.856, p = 0.0005). Respondent’s gender (t = -2.403, p = 0.023) and ethnicity (F = 5.038, p=0.014) reported significant differences with p value < 0.05, respectively. However, there were no significant differences between educational level, ethnicity, prior surgical history with pain belief (p> 0.05). There was positive impact of the pain education package towards pain belief and painmanagement among respondents who underwent orthopaedics surgery in a tertiary hospital. Reinforcement of pain educational program is pivotal in order to achieve optimal post-operative pain management.
    Keywords: pain, education, orthopaedics, patient, surgery
  7. Kamal J, Abdul Halim AR, Sharaf I
    Medicine & Health, 2017;12(2):335-340.
    Septic arthritis of the hip in children represents a serious disorder with unfavourable long-term sequelae. In neonates, a poor hip outcome is expected especially if the treatment was delayed. Late sequelae can lead to structural joint damage and instability, causing deformity and dislocations which ultimately may result in limb length discrepancy, early degenerative changes and limited range of motion. Surgery at the appropriate time can improve the hip condition and functional outcome. Previous classifications of post septic hip sequelae are useful guides for treatment, but did not discuss one particular group of patient. This group-septic hip dislocation with a preserved femoral head, has recently been described as a distinct entity. This report highlights an 11-year follow-up of a 2-year-old child who had a successful outcome following open reduction and varus derotation
    osteotomy for a septic hip dislocation with a preserved femoral head.
    Keywords: septic arthritis, hip dislocation, child, infection
  8. Shalimar A, Sharaf I, Farah Wahida I, Ruszymah BH
    J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong), 2007 Dec;15(3):357-60.
    PMID: 18162686 DOI: 10.1177/230949900701500323
    A Malaysian family with congenital insensitivity to pain with anhydrosis was diagnosed based on clinical symptoms of chronic ulcers, joint deformities, malunited fractures, anhydrosis, and learning disabilities. We detected a compound heterozygous mutation in exon 16: V709L from the mother and G718S from the father. Two novel mutations were identified: at amino acid 709, a change of G to C at nucleotide 2209 (approximately 2209G to C) causing a valine to leucine substitution (V709L), and at amino acid 718, a change of G to A at nucleotide 2236 (approximately 2236G to A) causing a glycine to serine substitution (G718S). Polymorphisms identified were at nucleotides approximately 2113G to C and approximately 2176T to C.
  9. Sharaf I, Saw A, Hyzan Y, Sivananthan KS
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl C:3-7.
    PMID: 16381273
    The tsunami which occurred off the west coast of North Sumatra on December 26, 2004 devastated the coastal areas of North Sumatra, South-West Thailand, South-East India and Sri Lanka killing more than a quarter of a million people. The destruction was enormous with many coastal villages destroyed. The other countries affected were Malaysia, Myanmar, Maldives, Bangladesh, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and the Seychelles. In January 2005, volunteers went in weekly rotation to Banda Aceh in collaboration with Global Peace Mission. These were Dr Hyzan Yusof, Dr Suryasmi Duski, Dr Sharaf Ibrahim, Dr Saw Aik, Dr Kamariah Nor and Dr Nor Azlin. In Banda Aceh, the surgical procedures that we could do were limited to external fixation of open fractures and debriding infected wounds at the Indonesian Red Crescent field hospital. In February, a team comprising Dato Dr K S Sivananthan, Dr T Kumar and Dr S Vasan spent a week in Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka, Dato Sivananthan and his team were able to perform elective orthopaedic operations in Dr Poonambalam Memorial Hospital. We appealed for national and international aid and received support from local hospitals and the orthopaedic industry. International aid bound for Banda Aceh arrived in Kuala Lumpur from the Philippine Orthopaedic Association, the Chiba Children's Hospital in Japan and the Chinese Orthopaedic Association. The COA donated 1.5 tons of orthopaedic equipments. A special handing over ceremony from the COA to the Indonesian Orthopaedic Association was held in Putrajaya in March. Malaysia Airlines flew in the donated equipment to Kuala Lumpur while the onward flight to Aceh was provided by the Royal Malaysian Air Force. In April, Dr Saw Aik and Dr Yong Su Mei joined the Tsu-Chi International Medical Association for volunteer services on Batam Island, Indonesia. The MOA acknowledges the many individuals and organizations, both governmental and non-governmental, for their contributions in the humanitarian efforts.
  10. Rasit AH, Sharaf I, Pan KL
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Dec;59 Suppl F:52-3.
    PMID: 15941163
    Sleeve fracture of the inferior pole of the patella is a rare and distinctive fracture in children with few published reports. These fractures are frequently misdiagnosed and neglected. We highlight a case of a neglected and misdiagnosed sleeve fracture of the patella in an eleven-year-old boy. This was initially diagnosed as an avulsion fracture of the tibial tubercle. A good outcome was achieved after open reduction and internal fixation.
  11. Rasit AH, Sharaf I, Rahman HA
    Med J Malaysia, 2001 Jun;56 Suppl C:86-8.
    PMID: 11814259
    Ewing's sarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of the foot in children. We report a case of Ewing's sarcoma of the talus in a four-year-old Chinese girl to highlight the initial difficulty in diagnosis and the clinical course of the disease. She was initially diagnosed as osteomyelitis of the talus and died eight months after presentation with pleural and spinal metastases. To the best of our knowledge, Ewing's sarcoma of the talus in a young child has never been reported in Malaysia.
  12. Aminudin CA, Sharaf I, Hamzaini AH, Salmi A, Aishah MAS
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Dec;59 Suppl F:49-51.
    PMID: 15941162
    Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor (OFMT) is a rare benign tumor, most of which occurs in adults with localization in the subcutaneous tissue or muscle of the extremities. A five-year-old girl presented with a mass in her right upper thigh. Due to the large size of the mass (10 x 7 cm), our provisional diagnosis was a soft tissue sarcoma. A tru-cut biopsy showed that the lesion was benign. The mass was excised and has not recurred since. To the best of our knowledge, this patient is the youngest case of OFMT reported in the English literature.
  13. Azmi B, Aminuddin BS, Sharaf I, Samsudin OC, Munirah S, Chua KH, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:13-4.
    PMID: 15468795
    Animal serum is commonly used in chondrocytes culture expansion to promote cell proliferation and shorten the time lag before new tissue reconstruction is possible. However, animal serum is not suitable for regeneration of clinical tissue because it has potential risk of viral and prion related disease transmission particularly mad cow disease and foreign protein contamination that can stimulate immune reaction leading to graft rejection. In this context, human serum as homologous supplement has a greater potential as growth promoting agents for human chondrocytes culture.
  14. Badrul AH, Aminuddin BS, Sharaf I, Samsudin OC, Munirah S, Ruszymah BH
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:11-2.
    PMID: 15468794
    Culture media supplemented with animal serum e.g. fetal bovine serum; FBS is commonly used for human culture expansion. However, for clinical application, FBS is restricted as its carry a risk of viral or prion transmission. Engineering autologous cartilage with autologous human serum supplementation is seen as a better solution to reduce the risk of transmitting infectious diseases and immune rejection during cartilage transplantation. The purpose of this study is to establish and compare the effects of 10% autologous human serum (AHS) and 10% FBS on the growth of chondrocytes and the formation of tissue engineered human articular cartilage.
  15. Ismail MS, Sharaf I, Thambidorai CR, Zainal A, Somasundaram S, Adeeb S, et al.
    Pediatr Surg Int, 2005 May;21(5):392-5.
    PMID: 15806424
    A 16-year-old boy was referred with features of Parkes Weber syndrome (PWS) involving the right lower limb. He had presented at birth with cutaneous vascular malformations (VM) in the right thigh and at the age of 7 years developed congestive cardiac failure, which was controlled with drugs. He received alpha interferon and steroids during this period without any benefit. He defaulted follow-up and at 12 years of age presented with further enlargement of the VM in the right thigh and leg with skin and soft tissue thickening. At this stage, embolization and subsequent excision of the VM were tried, but the surgery was abandoned because of massive hemorrhage. Over the next 4 years, the boy became totally bedridden because of massive increase in the size of the limb, repeated hemorrhages, and secondary infection of the VM. Right hip disarticulation was considered the best option to improve his quality of life. To prevent uncontrollable hemorrhage during surgery, the disarticulation was done under cardiopulmonary bypass with low circulatory flow. Postoperatively, the patient required intensive care nursing for a week. He is presently ambulatory with crutches. Cardiopulmonary bypass with low flow has been used for treating posttraumatic arteriovenous malformations. However, its use in surgery for PWS has not been reported earlier.
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