METHODS: Parous women with favorable cervixes after amniotomy for labor induction were randomized to immediate titrated oxytocin or placebo intravenous infusion in a double-blind noninferiority trial. After 4 hours, study infusions were stopped, the women were assessed, and open-label oxytocin was started if required. Maternal satisfaction with the birth process was assessed with a 10-point visual numerical rating scale (lower score, greater satisfaction).
RESULTS: Vaginal delivery rates at 12 hours were 91 of 96 (94.8%) compared with 91 of 94 (96.8%) (relative risk 0.98, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92-1.04, P=.72), and maternal satisfaction on a visual numerical rating scale (median [interquartile range]) was 3 [3-4] compared with 3 [3-5], P=.36 for immediate compared with delayed arm, respectively). Cesarean delivery, maternal fever, postpartum hemorrhage, uterine hyperactivity, and adverse neonatal outcome rates were similar between arms. The immediate oxytocin arm had a shorter amniotomy-to-delivery interval of 5.3±3.1 compared with 6.9±2.9 hours (P
Case presentation: An elderly man presented to us with progressive onset of bilateral lower limb weakness which was associated with thoracic radiculopathy and urinary incontinence. An urgent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the spine showed severe cord compression with enlarged prostate and superior mediastinal mass. A computed tomography (CT) guided biopsy of the mediastinal mass was suggestive of prostatic malignancy. An emergency posterior instrumentation and fusion (PSIF) in prone position was successfully done. Histopathological examination of the spine showed malignant glandular tissues, suggestive of prostate.
Discussion: A huge mediastinal mass can compromise the cardiorespiratory system and is very challenging for the anaesthetist to safely secure the airway for surgical procedures. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for patients with metastatic prostatic carcinoma can be achieved either by medical castration or with bilateral orchidectomy.
Conclusion: It is extremely uncommon for a prostatic carcinoma to metastasize to the mediastinum. Patients with a huge mediastinal mass possess risks of cardiorespiratory collapse perioperatively. Chemoradiotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) can be utilized for metastatic prostatic carcinoma with good outcomes.
Case presentation: A 50-years-old Asian man, with a one-year history of surgically resected UC, presented to us with a complaint of worsening upper back pain for three months. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a destructed second thoracic (T2) vertebra with lytic lesion. A thoracic vertebrectomy was performed and histopathological examination (HPE) showed high-grade infiltrating metastatic malignant UC. Postoperatively, he was well and did not have any back pain. He was followed up under combined spine and oncology clinic regularly and was planned for chemoradiotherapy.
Discussion: UC commonly metastasizes to the lungs, liver, and lymph nodes. In young Asians, thoracic spinal metastases are rare. Urgent palliative spinal surgery is indicated to prevent further deterioration of function. Intraoperative usage of targeted controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil and propofol as maintenance of anaesthesia are gold standard in assisting spine surgeons who are guided by neuromuscular monitoring.
Conclusion: Spinal metastasis to the thoracic vertebra is rare among young Asian men. Patients presented with acute neurological deficits and back pain are indicated for spinal surgery. Multidisciplinary approach is needed for management of patients with spinal metastasis. Targeted controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil and propofol are gold standard for maintenance of anaesthesia for spine surgeries which are guided by somatosensory, and motor evoked potential monitoring.