Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 62 in total

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  1. Taha M, Imran S, Rahim F, Wadood A, Khan KM
    Bioorg. Chem., 2018 02;76:273-280.
    PMID: 29223804 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2017.12.001
    Inhibition of α-glucosidase is an effective strategy for controlling post-prandial hyperglycemia in diabetic patients. Beside these α-glucosidase inhibitors has been also used as anti-obesity and anti-viral drugs. Keeping in view the greater importance of α-glucosidase inhibitors here in this study we are presenting oxindole based oxadiazoles hybrid analogs (1-20) synthesis, characterized by different spectroscopic techniques including 1H NMR and EI-MS and their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. All compounds were found potent inhibitors for the enzyme with IC50 values ranging between 1.25 ± 0.05 and 268.36 ± 4.22 µM when compared with the standard drug acarbose having IC50 value 895.09 ± 2.04 µM. Our study identifies novel series of potent α-glucosidase inhibitors and further investigation on this may led to the lead compounds. A structure activity relationship has been established for all compounds. The interactions of the active compounds and enzyme active site were established with the help of molecular docking studies.
  2. Taha M, Ismail NH, Imran S, Wadood A, Rahim F, Saad SM, et al.
    Bioorg. Chem., 2016 Jun;66:117-23.
    PMID: 27149363 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2016.04.006
    Twenty derivatives of 5-aryl-2-(6'-nitrobenzofuran-2'-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazoles (1-20) were synthesized and evaluated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activities. Compounds containing hydroxyl and halogens (1-6, and 8-18) were found to be five to seventy folds more active with IC50 values in the range of 12.75±0.10-162.05±1.65μM, in comparison with the standard drug, acarbose (IC50=856.45±5.60μM). Current study explores the α-glucosidase inhibition of a hybrid class of compounds of oxadiazole and benzofurans. These findings may invite researchers to work in the area of treatment of hyperglycemia. Docking studies showed that most compounds are interacting with important amino acids Glu 276, Asp 214 and Phe 177 through hydrogen bonds and arene-arene interaction.
  3. Taha M, Ismail NH, Imran S, Wadood A, Rahim F, Khan KM, et al.
    Bioorg. Chem., 2016 Jun;66:80-7.
    PMID: 27038849 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2016.03.010
    Benzothiazole analogs (1-20) have been synthesized, characterized by EI-MS and (1)H NMR, and evaluated for urease inhibition activity. All compounds showed excellent urease inhibitory potential varying from 1.4±0.10 to 34.43±2.10μM when compared with standard thiourea (IC50 19.46±1.20μM). Among the series seventeen (17) analogs 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, and 18 showed outstanding urease inhibitory potential. Analogs 15 and 19 also showed good urease inhibition activity. When we compare the activity of N-phenylthiourea 20 with all substituted phenyl derivatives (1-18) we found that compound 15 showed less activity than compound 20 having 3-methoxy substituent. The binding interactions of these active analogs were confirmed through molecular docking.
  4. Salar U, Taha M, Ismail NH, Khan KM, Imran S, Perveen S, et al.
    Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2016 Apr 15;24(8):1909-18.
    PMID: 26994638 DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2016.03.020
    Thiadiazole derivatives 1-24 were synthesized via a single step reaction and screened for in vitro β-glucuronidase inhibitory activity. All the synthetic compounds displayed good inhibitory activity in the range of IC50=2.16±0.01-58.06±1.60μM as compare to standard d-saccharic acid 1,4-lactone (IC50=48.4±1.25μM). Molecular docking study was conducted in order to establish the structure-activity relationship (SAR) which demonstrated that thiadiazole as well as both aryl moieties (aryl and N-aryl) involved to exhibit the inhibitory potential. All the synthetic compounds were characterized by spectroscopic techniques (1)H, (13)C NMR, and EIMS.
  5. Taha M, Ismail NH, Imran S, Wadood A, Rahim F, Riaz M
    Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015 Nov 15;23(22):7211-8.
    PMID: 26507431 DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2015.10.017
    Disulfide analogs (1-20) have been synthesized, characterized by HR-MS, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR and screened for urease inhibitory potential. All compounds were found to have varied degree of urease inhibitory potential ranging in between 0.4 ± 0.01 and 18.60 ± 1.24 μM when compared with standard inhibitor thiourea with IC50 19.46 ± 1.20 μM. Structure activity relationship has been established. The binding interactions of compounds with enzyme were confirmed through molecular docking. All the synthesized compounds 1-20 are new. Our compounds are cheaply synthesizable with high yield and can further be studied to discovery lead compounds. We further, tested for carbonic anhydrase, PDE1 and butyrylcholinesterase but they show no activity. On the other hand we evaluated all compounds for cytotoxicity they showed no toxicity.
  6. Zawawi NK, Taha M, Ahmat N, Ismail NH, Wadood A, Rahim F, et al.
    Bioorg. Chem., 2015 Dec;63:36-44.
    PMID: 26432614 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2015.09.004
    Biscoumarin analogs 1-18 have been synthesized, characterized by EI-MS and (1)H NMR and evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory potential. All compounds showed variety of α-glucosidase inhibitory potential ranging in between 13.5±0.39 and 104.62±0.3μM when compared with standard acarbose having IC50 value 774.5±1.94μM. The binding interactions of the most active analogs were confirmed through molecular docking. The compounds showed very good interactions with enzyme. All synthesized compounds 1-18 are new. Our synthesized compounds can further be studied to developed lead compounds.
  7. Salar U, Taha M, Khan KM, Ismail NH, Imran S, Perveen S, et al.
    Eur J Med Chem, 2016 Oct 21;122:196-204.
    PMID: 27371923 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2016.06.037
    3-Thiazolylcoumarin derivatives 1-14 were synthesized via one-pot two step reactions, and screened for in vitro α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. All compounds showed inhibitory activity in the range of IC50 = 0.12 ± 0.01-16.20 ± 0.23 μM as compared to standard acarbose (IC50 = 38.25 ± 0.12 μM), and also found to be nontoxic. Molecular docking study was carried out in order to establish the structure-activity relationship (SAR) which demonstrated that electron rich centers at one and electron withdrawing centers at the other end of the molecules showed strong inhibitory activity. All the synthesized compounds were characterized by spectroscopic techniques such as EI-MS, HREI-MS, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR. CHN analysis was also performed.
  8. Zawawi NK, Taha M, Ahmat N, Ismail NH, Wadood A, Rahim F
    Bioorg. Chem., 2017 02;70:184-191.
    PMID: 28043716 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2016.12.009
    Thiourea derivatives having benzimidazole 1-17 have been synthesized, characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and EI-MS and evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibition. Identification of potential α-glucosidase inhibitors were done by in vitro screening of 17 thiourea bearing benzimidazole derivatives using Baker's yeast α-glucosidase enzyme. Compounds 1-17 exhibited a varying degree of α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with IC50 values between 35.83±0.66 and 297.99±1.20μM which are more better than the standard acarbose (IC50=774.5±1.94μM). Compound 10 and 14 showed significant inhibitory effects with IC50 value 50.57±0.81 and 35.83±0.66μM, respectively better than the rest of the series. Structure activity relationships were established. Molecular docking studies were performed to understand the binding interaction of the compounds.
  9. Salar U, Khan KM, Taha M, Ismail NH, Ali B, Qurat-Ul-Ain, et al.
    Eur J Med Chem, 2017 Jan 05;125:1289-1299.
    PMID: 27886546 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2016.11.031
    Current study is based on the biology-oriented drug synthesis (BIODS) of 2-(2-methyl-5-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethyl aryl carboxylate derivatives 1-26, by treating metronidazole with different aryl and hetero-aryl carboxylic acids in the presence of 1,1'-carbonyl diimidazole (CDI) as a coupling agent. Structures of all synthetic derivatives were confirmed with the help of various spectroscopic techniques such as EI-MS, (1)H -NMR and (13)C NMR. CHN elemental analyses were also found in agreement with the calculated values. Synthetic derivatives were evaluated to check their β-glucuronidase inhibitory activity which revealed that except few derivatives, all demonstrated good inhibition in the range of IC50 = 1.20 ± 0.01-60.30 ± 1.40 μM as compared to the standard d-saccharic acid 1,4-lactone (IC50 = 48.38 ± 1.05 μM). Compounds 1, 3, 4, 6, 9-19, and 21-24 were found to be potent analogs and showed superior activity than standard. Limited structure-activity relationship is suggested that the molecules having electron withdrawing groups like NO2, F, Cl, and Br, were displayed better activity than the compounds with electron donating groups such as Me, OMe and BuO. To verify these interpretations, in silico study was also performed, a good correlation was observed between bioactivities and docking studies.
  10. Bano B, Arshia, Khan KM, Kanwal, Fatima B, Taha M, et al.
    Eur J Med Chem, 2017 Oct 20;139:849-864.
    PMID: 28865280 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.08.052
    In this study synthesis and β-glucuronidase inhibitory potential of 3/5/8 sulfonamide and 8-sulfonate derivatives of quinoline (1-40) are discussed. Studies reveal that all the synthetic compounds were found to have good inhibitory activity against β-glucuronidase. Nonetheless, compounds 1, 2, 5, 13, and 22-24 having IC50 values in the range of 1.60-8.40 μM showed superior activity than the standard saccharic acid 1,4-lactone (IC50 = 48.4 ± 1.25 μM). Moreover, molecular docking studies of selected compounds were also performed to see interactions between active compounds and binding sites. Structures of all the synthetic compounds were confirmed through (1)H NMR, EI-MS and HREI-MS spectroscopic techniques.
  11. Salar U, Khan KM, Chigurupati S, Taha M, Wadood A, Vijayabalan S, et al.
    Sci Rep, 2017 12 05;7(1):16980.
    PMID: 29209017 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-17261-w
    Current research is based on the identification of novel inhibitors of α-amylase enzyme. For that purpose, new hybrid molecules of hydrazinyl thiazole substituted chromones 5-27 were synthesized by multi-step reaction and fully characterized by various spectroscopic techniques such as EI-MS, HREI-MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. Stereochemistry of the iminic bond was confirmed by NOESY analysis of a representative molecule. All compounds 5-27 along with their intervening intermediates 1-4, were screened for in vitro α-amylase inhibitory, DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities. All compounds showed good inhibition potential in the range of IC50 = 2.186-3.405 µM as compared to standard acarbose having IC50 value of 1.9 ± 0.07 µM. It is worth mentioning that compounds were also demonstrated good DPPH (IC50 = 0.09-2.233 µM) and ABTS (IC50 = 0.584-3.738 µM) radical scavenging activities as compared to standard ascorbic acid having IC50 = 0.33 ± 0.18 µM for DPPH and IC50 = 0.53 ± 0.3 µM for ABTS radical scavenging activities. In addition to that cytotoxicity of the compounds were checked on NIH-3T3 mouse fibroblast cell line and found to be non-toxic. In silico studies were performed to rationalize the binding mode of compounds (ligands) with the active site of α-amylase enzyme.
  12. Ali F, Khan KM, Salar U, Taha M, Ismail NH, Wadood A, et al.
    Eur J Med Chem, 2017 Sep 29;138:255-272.
    PMID: 28672278 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.06.041
    Acarbose, miglitol, and voglibose are the inhibitors of α-glucosidase enzyme and being clinically used for the management of type-II diabetes mellitus. However, many adverse effects are also associated with them. So, the development of new therapeutic agents is an utmost interest in medicinal chemistry research. Current study is based on the identification of new α-glucosidase inhibitors. For that purpose, hydrazinyl arylthiazole based pyridine derivatives 1-39 were synthesized via two step reaction and fully characterized by spectroscopic techniques EI-MS, HREI-MS, (1)H-, and (13)C NMR. However, stereochemistry of the iminic bond was confirmed by NOESY. All compounds were subjected to in vitro α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and found many folds active (IC50 = 1.40 ± 0.01-236.10 ± 2.20 μM) as compared to the standard acarbose having IC50 value of 856.45 ± 5.60 μM. A limited structure-activity relationship was carried out in order to make a presumption about the substituent's effect on inhibitory activity which predicted that substituents of more negative inductive effect played important role in the activity as compared to the substituents of less negative inductive effect. However, in order to have a good understanding of ligand enzyme interactions, molecular docking study was also conducted. In silico study was confirmed that substituents like halogens (Cl) and nitro (NO2) which have negative inductive effect were found to make important interactions with active site residues.
  13. Salar U, Khan KM, Chigurupati S, Syed S, Vijayabalan S, Wadood A, et al.
    Med Chem, 2019;15(1):87-101.
    PMID: 30179139 DOI: 10.2174/1573406414666180903162243
    BACKGROUND: Despite many side effects associated, there are many drugs which are being clinically used for the treatment of type-II diabetes mellitus (DM). In this scenario, there is still need to develop new therapeutic agents with more efficacy and less side effects. By keeping in mind the diverse spectrum of biological potential associated with coumarin and thiazole, a hybrid class based on these two heterocycles was synthesized.

    METHOD: Hydrazinyl thiazole substituted coumarins 4-20 were synthesized via two step reaction. First step was the acid catalyzed reaction of 3-formyl/acetyl coumarin derivatives with thiosemicarbazide to form thiosemicarbazone intermediates 1-3, followed by the reaction with different phenacyl bromides to afford products 4-20. All the synthetic analogs 4-20 were characterized by different spectroscopic techniques such as EI-MS, HREI-MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. Stereochemical assignment of the iminic double bond was carried out by the NOESY experiments. Elemental analysis was found in agreement with the calculated values.

    RESULTS: Compounds 4-20 were screened for α-amylase inhibitory activity and showed good activity in the range of IC50 = 1.829 ± 0.102-3.37 ± 0.17 µM as compared to standard acarbose (IC50 = 1.819 ± 0.19 µM). Compounds were also investigated for their DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities and displayed good radical scavenging potential. In addition to that molecular modelling study was conducted on all compounds to investigate the interaction details of compounds 4- 20 (ligands) with active site (receptor) of enzyme.

    CONCLUSION: The newly identified hybrid class may serve as potential lead candidates for the management of diabetes mellitus.

  14. Zaman K, Rahim F, Taha M, Wadood A, Adnan Ali Shah S, Gollapalli M, et al.
    Bioorg. Chem., 2019 08;89:102999.
    PMID: 31151055 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2019.102999
    Isoquinoline analogues (KA-1 to 16) have been synthesized and evaluated for their E. coli thymidine phosphorylase inhibitory activity. Except compound 11, all other analogs showed outstanding thymidine inhibitory potential ranging in between 4.40 ± 0.20 to 69.30 ± 1.80 µM when compared with standard drug 7-Deazaxanthine (IC50 = 38.68 ± 4.42 µM). Structure Activity Relationships has been established for all compounds, mainly based on substitution pattern on phenyl ring. All analogs were characterized by various spectroscopic techniques such as 1H NMR, 13C NMR and EI-MS. The binding interactions of isoquinoline analogues with the active site of TP enzyme, the molecular docking studies were performed. Furthermore, the angiogenic inhibitory potentials of isoquinoline analogues (KA-1-9, 14, 12 and 16) were determined in the presence of standard drug Dexamethasone based on percentage inhibitions at various concentrations. Herein this work analogue KA-12, 14 and 16 emerged with most potent angiogenic inhibitory potentials among the synthesized analogues.
  15. Zaman K, Rahim F, Taha M, Wadood A, Shah SAA, Ahmed QU, et al.
    Sci Rep, 2019 11 05;9(1):16015.
    PMID: 31690793 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-52100-0
    Here in this study regarding the over expression of TP, which causes some physical, mental and socio problems like psoriasis, chronic inflammatory disease, tumor angiogenesis and rheumatoid arthritis etc. By this consideration, the inhibition of this enzyme is vital to secure life from serious threats. In connection with this, we have synthesized twenty derivatives of isoquinoline bearing oxadiazole (1-20), characterized through different spectroscopic techniques such as HREI-MS, 1H- NMR and 13C-NMR and evaluated for thymidine phosphorylase inhibition. All analogues showed outstanding inhibitory potential ranging in between 1.10 ± 0.05 to 54.60 ± 1.50 µM. 7-Deazaxanthine (IC50 = 38.68 ± 1.12 µM) was used as a positive control. Through limited structure activity relationships study, it has been observed that the difference in inhibitory activities of screened analogs are mainly affected by different substitutions on phenyl ring. The effective binding interactions of the most active analogs were confirmed through docking study.
  16. Taha M, Rahim F, Ullah H, Wadood A, Farooq RK, Shah SAA, et al.
    Sci Rep, 2020 Jun 30;10(1):10673.
    PMID: 32606439 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-67414-7
    In continuation of our work on enzyme inhibition, the benzofuran-based-thiazoldinone analogues (1-14) were synthesized, characterized by HREI-MS, 1H and 13CNMR and evaluated for urease inhibition. Compounds 1-14 exhibited a varying degree of urease inhibitory activity with IC50 values between 1.2 ± 0.01 to 23.50 ± 0.70 µM when compared with standard drug thiourea having IC50 value 21.40 ± 0.21 µM. Compound 1, 3, 5 and 8 showed significant inhibitory effects with IC50 values 1.2 ± 0.01, 2.20 ± 0.01, 1.40 ± 0.01 and 2.90 ± 0.01 µM respectively, better than the rest of the series. A structure activity relationship (SAR) of this series has been established based on electronic effects and position of different substituents present on phenyl ring. Molecular docking studies were performed to understand the binding interaction of the compounds.
  17. Barakat A, Al-Majid AM, Soliman SM, Mabkhot YN, Ali M, Ghabbour HA, et al.
    Chem Cent J, 2015;9:35.
    PMID: 26106444 DOI: 10.1186/s13065-015-0112-5
    Chalcones (1,3-diaryl-2-propen-1-ones, represent an important subgroup of the polyphenolic family, which have shown a wide spectrum of medical and industrial application. Due to their redundancy in plants and ease of preparation, this category of molecules has inspired considerable attention for potential therapeutic uses. They are also effective in vivo as anti-tumor promoting, cell proliferating inhibitors and chemo preventing agents.
  18. Ali F, Khan KM, Salar U, Iqbal S, Taha M, Ismail NH, et al.
    Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2016 08 15;24(16):3624-35.
    PMID: 27325448 DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2016.06.002
    Dihydropyrimidones 1-37 were synthesized via a 'one-pot' three component reaction according to well-known Biginelli reaction by utilizing Cu(NO3)2·3H2O as catalyst, and screened for their in vitro β-glucuronidase inhibitory activity. It is worth mentioning that amongst the active molecules, compounds 8 (IC50=28.16±.056μM), 9 (IC50=18.16±0.41μM), 10 (IC50=22.14±0.43μM), 13 (IC50=34.16±0.65μM), 14 (IC50=17.60±0.35μM), 15 (IC50=15.19±0.30μM), 16 (IC50=27.16±0.48μM), 17 (IC50=48.16±1.06μM), 22 (IC50=40.16±0.85μM), 23 (IC50=44.16±0.86μM), 24 (IC50=47.16±0.92μM), 25 (IC50=18.19±0.34μM), 26 (IC50=33.14±0.68μM), 27 (IC50=44.16±0.94μM), 28 (IC50=24.16±0.50μM), 29 (IC50=34.24±0.47μM), 31 (IC50=14.11±0.21μM) and 32 (IC50=9.38±0.15μM) found to be more potent than the standard d-saccharic acid 1,4-lactone (IC50=48.4±1.25μM). Molecular docking study was conducted to establish the structure-activity relationship (SAR) which demonstrated that a number of structural features of dihydropyrimidone derivatives were involved to exhibit the inhibitory potential. All compounds were characterized by spectroscopic techniques such as (1)H, (13)C NMR, EIMS and HREI-MS.
  19. Zawawi NK, Taha M, Ahmat N, Wadood A, Ismail NH, Rahim F, et al.
    Bioorg. Chem., 2016 Feb;64:29-36.
    PMID: 26637946 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2015.11.006
    Newly synthesized benzimidazole hydrazone derivatives 1-26 were evaluated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Compounds 1-26 exhibited varying degrees of yeast α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with IC50 values between 8.40 ± 0.76 and 179.71 ± 1.11 μM when compared with standard acarbose. In this assay, seven compounds that showed highest inhibitory effects than the rest of benzimidazole series were identified. All the synthesized compounds were characterized by different spectroscopic methods adequately. We further evaluated the interaction of the active compounds with enzyme with the help of docking studies.
  20. Taha M, Ismail NH, Imran S, Mohamad MH, Wadood A, Rahim F, et al.
    Bioorg. Chem., 2016 Apr;65:100-9.
    PMID: 26894559 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2016.02.004
    Benzimidazole analogs 1-27 were synthesized, characterized by EI-MS and (1)HNMR and their α-glucosidase inhibitory activities were found out experimentally. Compound 25, 19, 10 and 20 have best inhibitory activities with IC50 values 5.30±0.10, 16.10±0.10, 25.36±0.14 and 29.75±0.19 respectively against α-glucosidase. Compound 6 and 12 has no inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase enzyme among the series. Further studies showed that the compounds are not showing any cytotoxicity effect. The docking studies of the compounds as well as the experimental activities of the compounds correlated well. From the molecular docking studies, it was observed that the top ranked conformation of all the compounds fit well in the active site of the homology model of α-glucosidase.
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