Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 45 in total

  1. Yahya N, Zakariah MH
    J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2012 Oct;12(10):8147-52.
    PMID: 23421192
    Electromagnetic (EM) waves transmitted by Horizontal Electric Dipole (HED) source to detect contrasts in subsurface resistivity termed Seabed Logging (SBL) is now an established method for hydrocarbon exploration. However, currently used EM wave detectors for SBL have several challenges including the sensitivity and its bulk size. This work exploits the benefit of superconductor technology in developing a magnetometer termed Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) which can potentially be used for SBL. A SQUID magnetometer was fabricated using hexagon shape-niobium wire with YBa2Cu37O, (YBCO) as a barrier. The YBa2Cu37O, samples were synthesized by sol-gel method and were sintered using a furnace and conventional microwave oven. The YBCO gel was dried at 120 degrees C in air for 72 hours. It was then ground and divided into 12 parts. Four samples were sintered at 750 degrees C, 850 degrees C, 900 degrees C, and 950 degrees C for 12 hours in a furnace to find the optimum temperature. The other eight samples were sintered in a microwave with 1100 Watt (W) with a different sintering time, 5, 15, 45 minutes, 1 hour, 1 hour 15 minutes, 1 hour 30 minutes, 1 hour 45 minutes and 2 hours. A DEWAR container was designed and fabricated using fiberglass material. It was filled with liquid nitrogen (LN2) to ensure the superconducting state of the magnetometer. XRD results showed that the optimum sintering temperature for the formation of orthorhombic Y-123 phase was at 950 degrees C with the crystallite size of 67 nm. The morphology results from Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) showed that the grains had formed a rod shape with an average diameter of 60 nm. The fabricated SQUID magnetometer was able to show an increment of approximately 249% in the intensity of the EM waves when the source receiver offset was one meter apart.
  2. Yahya N, Roslan N
    Asia Pac J Clin Oncol, 2018 Oct;14(5):e543-e547.
    PMID: 29316293 DOI: 10.1111/ajco.12831
    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As about 50% of cancer patients may require radiotherapy, the demand of radiotherapy as the main treatment to treat cancer is likely to rise due to rising cancer incidence. This study aims to quantify the radiotherapy demand in countries in Southeast Asia (SEA) in 2025 and 2035 using evidence-based optimal radiotherapy fractions.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: SEA country-specific cancer incidence by tumor site for 2015, 2025 and 2035 was extracted from the GLOBOCAN database. We utilized the optimal radiotherapy utilization rate model by Wong et al. (2016) to calculate the optimal number of fractions for all tumor sites in each SEA country. The available machines (LINAC & Co-60) were extracted from the IAEA's Directory of Radiotherapy Centres (DIRAC) from which the number of available fractions was calculated.

    RESULTS: The incidence of cancers in SEA countries are expected to be 1.1 mil cases (2025) and 1.4 mil (2035) compared to 0.9 mil (2015). The number of radiotherapy fractions needed in 2025 and 2035 are 11.1 and 14.1 mil, respectively, compared to 7.6 mil in 2015. In 2015, the radiotherapy fulfillment rate (RFR; required fractions/available fractions) varied between countries with Brunei, Singapore and Malaysia are highest (RFR > 1.0 - available fractions > required fractions), whereas Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Timor-Leste and Vietnam have RFR 

  3. Yahya N, Manan HA
    World Neurosurg, 2019 Oct;130:e188-e198.
    PMID: 31326352 DOI: 10.1016/j.wneu.2019.06.027
    BACKGROUND: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which visualizes white matter tracts, can be integrated to optimize intracranial radiation therapy (RT) and radiosurgery (RS) treatment planning. This study aimed to systematically review the integration of DTI for dose optimization in terms of evidence of dose improvement, clinical parameter changes, and clinical outcome in RT/RS treatment planning.

    METHODS: PubMed and Scopus electronic databases were searched based on the guidelines established by PRISMA to obtain studies investigating the integration of DTI in intracranial RT/RS treatment planning. References and citations from Google Scholar were also extracted. Eligible studies were extracted for information on changes in dose distribution, treatment parameters, and outcome after DTI integration.

    RESULTS: Eighteen studies were selected for inclusion with 406 patients (median study size, 19; range: 2-144). Dose distribution, with or without DTI integration, described changes of treatment parameters, and the reported outcome of treatment were compared in 12, 7, and 10 studies, respectively. Dose distributions after DTI integration improved in all studies. Delivery time or monitor unit was higher after integration. In studies with long-term follow-up (median, >12 months), neurologic deficits were significantly fewer in patients with DTI integration.

    CONCLUSIONS: Integrating DTI into RT/RS treatment planning improved dose distribution, with higher treatment delivery time or monitor unit as a potential drawback. Fewer neurologic deficits were found with DTI integration.

  4. Bhat R, binti Yahya N
    Food Chem, 2014 Aug 1;156:42-9.
    PMID: 24629936 DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.01.063
    Belinjau (Gnetum gnemon L.) seed flour was evaluated for nutritional composition, antioxidant activity and functional properties. Seed flour was found to be rich in protein (19.0g/100g), crude fibre (8.66g/100g), carbohydrates (64.1%), total dietary fibre (14.5%) and encompassed adequate amounts of essential amino acids, fatty acids and minerals. Antioxidant compounds such as total phenols (15.1 and 12.6mgGAE/100g), tannins (35.6 and 16.1mgCE/100g) and flavonoids (709 and 81.6mgCEQ/100g) were higher in ethanolic extracts over aqueous extracts, respectively. Inhibition of DPPH was high in ethanol extracts (48.9%) compared to aqueous extracts (19.7%), whereas aqueous extracts showed a higher FRAP value compared to ethanol extracts (0.98 and 0.61mmolFe(II)/100g, respectively). Results on functional properties revealed acceptable water and oil absorption capacities (5.51 and 1.98g/g, respectively), emulsion capacity and stability (15.3% and 6.90%, respectively), and foaming capacity (5.78%). FTIR spectral analysis showed seed flour to encompass major functional groups such as: amines, amides, amino acids, polysaccharides, carboxylic acids, esters and lipids. As belinjau seed flour possesses a rich nutraceutical value, it has high potential to be used as a basic raw material to develop new low cost nutritious functional foods.
  5. Yahya N, Kamel NS, Malik AS
    Biomed Eng Online, 2014;13(1):154.
    PMID: 25421914 DOI: 10.1186/1475-925X-13-154
    Ultrasound imaging is a very essential technique in medical diagnosis due to its being safe, economical and non-invasive nature. Despite its popularity, the US images, however, are corrupted with speckle noise, which reduces US images qualities, hampering image interpretation and processing stage. Hence, there are many efforts made by researches to formulate various despeckling methods for speckle reduction in US images.
  6. Lai Y, Nik Yahya NH, Ong SG
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2014 Apr;69(2):98-100.
    PMID: 25241822
    Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) are a group of uncommon diseases. Given its rarity and multisystem clinical presentation which are usually serious and potentially fatal, prompt recognition and early treatment are of utmost importance. We report a case of AAV that presented with digital infarcts, cutaneous vasculitis, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, mononeuritis multiplex, eosinophilia and positive myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA antibody. Apart from renal damage, there was complete recovery in other systems following intravenous cyclophosphamide and high-dose glucocorticoids albeit the response was delayed. This response obviates the need for second-line therapy with newer agent such as rituximab (anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody). We would also like to highlight that this is the first case of AAV that is associated with autoimmune thyroid disease to be reported from Malaysia.
  7. Yahya N, Akhtar MN, Koziol K
    J Nanosci Nanotechnol, 2012 Oct;12(10):8116-22.
    PMID: 23421187
    Magnetic nanoparticles in the hollow region of carbon nanotubes have attraction due to their changing physical electrical and magnetic properties. Nickel zinc ferrite plays an important role in many applications due to its superior magnetic properties. Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 single crystals were encapsulated in multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). The magnetic nano crystals were prepared using a sol-gel self combustion method at the sintering temperature of 750 degrees C and were characterized by XRD, FESEM, TEM and VSM. Initial permeability, Q-factor and relative loss factor were measured by impedance vector network analyzer. XRD patterns were used for the phase identification. FESEM images show morphology and dimensions of the grains of Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 single crystals and Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 single crystals in MWCNTs. TEM images were used to investigate single crystal and encapsulation of Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 single crystals in the MWCNTs. VSM results confirmed super paramagnetic behaviour of encapsulated Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 single crystals. It was also attributed that encapsulated Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 single crystals in MWCNTs showed a higher initial permeability (51.608), Q-factor (67.069), and low loss factor (0.0002) as compared to Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 single crystals. The new encapsulated Ni0.8Zn0.2Fe2O4 single crystals in the MWCNTs may have potential applications in electronic and medical industries.
  8. Norsidah AM, Yahya N, Adeeb N, Lim AL
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2001 Mar;56(1):58-64.
    PMID: 11503298
    Ambulatory or day care surgery is still in its infancy in this part of the world. Our newly built university affiliated hospital started its Day Surgery Centre in February 1998. It is the first multidisciplinary ambulatory surgery centre in a teaching hospital in the country. It caters for Orthopaedic surgery, Urology, Plastic surgery, Otorhinolaryngology, General surgery, Paediatric surgery and Ophthalmology. We have done 2,604 cases and our unanticipated admission rate is less than 2%. There has been no major morbidity or mortality. The problems of setting up a multidisciplinary ambulatory centre in a teaching hospital are discussed.
  9. Manan HA, Franz EA, Yahya N
    Neuroradiology, 2020 Mar;62(3):353-367.
    PMID: 31802156 DOI: 10.1007/s00234-019-02322-w
    PURPOSE: Functional MRI (fMRI) can be employed to non-invasively localize brain regions involved in functional areas of language in patients with brain tumour, for applications including pre-operative mapping. The present systematic review was conducted to explore prevalence of different language paradigms utilised in conjunction with fMRI approaches for pre-operative mapping, with the aim of assessing their effectiveness and suitability.

    METHODS: A systematic literature search of brain tumours in the context of fMRI methods applied to pre-operative mapping for language functional areas was conducted using PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus electronic database following PRISMA guidelines. The article search was conducted between the earliest record and March 1, 2019. References and citations were checked in Google Scholar database.

    RESULTS: Twenty-nine independent studies were identified, comprising 1031 adult participants with 976 patients characterised with different types and sizes of brain tumours, and the remaining 55 being healthy controls. These studies evaluated functional language areas in patients with brain tumours prior to surgical interventions using language-based fMRI. Results demonstrated that 86% of the studies used a Word Generation Task (WGT) to evoke functional language areas during pre-operative mapping. Fifty-seven percent of the studies that used language-based paradigms in conjunction with fMRI as a pre-operative mapping tool were in agreement with intra-operative results of language localization.

    CONCLUSIONS: WGT was most commonly utilised and is proposed as a suitable and useful technique for a language-based paradigm fMRI for pre-operative mapping. However, based on available evidence, WGT alone is not sufficient. We propose a combination and convergence paradigms for a more sensitive and specific map of language function for pre-operative mapping. A standard guideline for clinical applications should be established.

  10. Rashid A, Manan AA, Yahya N, Ibrahim L
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(10):e109429.
    PMID: 25338116 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109429
    This cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the support in making Penang UNESCO World Heritage Site (GTWHS) smoke free and to determine the influence of tolerance towards smoking on this support. This is the first phase in making Penang, Malaysia a smoke free state. A multistage sampling process was done to select a sample of respondents to represent the population of GTWHS. Attitude towards smoking was assessed using tolerance as a proxy. A total of 3,268 members of the community participated in the survey. A big majority (n = 2969; 90.9%) of the respondents supported the initiative. Support was lowest among the owners and residents/tenants, higher age groups, the Chinese, men, respondents who had poor knowledge of the places gazetted as smoke free, and respondents with poor knowledge of the health effects on smokers and on passive smokers. The odds (both adjusted and unadjusted) of not supporting the initiative was high among those tolerant to smoking in public areas. Tolerance towards smoking was associated with 80.3% risk of non-support in the respondents who were tolerant to smoking and a 57.2% risk in the population. Health promotion and education concerning the harm of tobacco smoke in Malaysia, which has mainly targeted smokers, must change. Health education concerning the risks of second hand smoke must also be given to non-smokers and efforts should be made to denormalize smoking.
  11. Abas AA, Rahman RA, Yahya N, Kamaruzaman E, Zainuddin K, Manap NA
    Clin Ter, 2014;165(4):e253-7.
    PMID: 25203339 DOI: 10.7417/CT.2014.1739
    The role of anesthetists during orthopedic fluoroscopic procedures exposes them to radiation. We conducted a prospective, descriptive study to estimate the radiation exposure to anesthetists during procedures over a six-month period in the orthopedic trauma operating theatres which had the most fluoroscopic usage.
  12. Yahya N, Kamarudin SK, Karim NA, Masdar MS, Loh KS
    Nanoscale Res Lett, 2017 Nov 25;12(1):605.
    PMID: 29177577 DOI: 10.1186/s11671-017-2360-x
    This study presents a novel anodic PdAu/VGCNF catalyst for electro-oxidation in a glycerol fuel cell. The reaction conditions are critical issues affecting the glycerol electro-oxidation performance. This study presents the effects of catalyst loading, temperature, and electrolyte concentration. The glycerol oxidation performance of the PdAu/VGCNF catalyst on the anode side is tested via cyclic voltammetry with a 3 mm2 active area. The morphology and physical properties of the catalyst are examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. Then, optimization is carried out using the response surface method with central composite experimental design. The current density is experimentally obtained as a response variable from a set of experimental laboratory tests. The catalyst loading, temperature, and NaOH concentration are taken as independent parameters, which were evaluated previously in the screening experiments. The highest current density of 158.34 mAcm-2 is obtained under the optimal conditions of 3.0 M NaOH concentration, 60 °C temperature and 12 wt.% catalyst loading. These results prove that PdAu-VGCNF is a potential anodic catalyst for glycerol fuel cells.
  13. Soleimani H, Abbas Z, Yahya N, Shameli K, Soleimani H, Shabanzadeh P
    Int J Mol Sci, 2012;13(7):8540-8.
    PMID: 22942718 DOI: 10.3390/ijms13078540
    The sol-gel method was carried out to synthesize nanosized Yttrium Iron Garnet (YIG). The nanomaterials with ferrite structure were heat-treated at different temperatures from 500 to 1000 °C. The phase identification, morphology and functional groups of the prepared samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), respectively. The YIG ferrite nanopowder was composited with polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) by a solution casting method. The magnitudes of reflection and transmission coefficients of PVDF/YIG containing 6, 10 and 13% YIG, respectively, were measured using rectangular waveguide in conjunction with a microwave vector network analyzer (VNA) in X-band frequencies. The results indicate that the presence of YIG in polymer composites causes an increase in reflection coefficient and decrease in transmission coefficient of the polymer.
  14. Wong HS, Abdul Rahman R, Choo SY, Yahya N
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2012 Aug;67(4):435-7.
    PMID: 23082461 MyJurnal
    We report a rare case of an 18 year old girl with Sturge-Weber syndrome, she had extensive facial port wine stains, right bupthalmos and advanced glaucoma involving both eyes. She underwent right eye glaucoma drainage device surgery under general anaesthesia, and had a difficult intubation due to extensive angiomatous like soft tissue swelling at her upper airway. This report highlights the importance of being aware of the need for continuous follow-up in Sturge-Weber syndrome patients as this syndrome can lead to blindness due to advance glaucoma and the awareness of possible difficult intubation for this group of patients.
  15. Yahya NA, Ismail Z, Embong KH, Mohamad SA
    PMID: 8629091
    High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with phenylisothiocyanate (PITC) is recently used for confirming the diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) especially amino acid disorders in Malaysian children. The method of HPLC used is a precolumn derivatization of amino acids with phenylisothiocyanate and is separated by reversed phase chromatography using 3.9 x 300 mm free amino acid columns and is detected by a UV/Vis detector. The samples are obtained from cases suspected of inborn errors of metabolism, especially of amino acid disorders, which are detected clinically by pediatricians. Initially, samples from patients suspected of inborn errors of metabolism, either urine or serum, are run on one-dimensional thin layer chromatography and supplementary chemical tests to detect the abnormal bands and associated abnormalities respectively. Positive samples are further run on HPLC to determine the specific amino acids abnormality. An examples of a case of maple syrup urine disease is discussed, based on the thin layer chromatography findings and HPLC findings.
  16. Yahya N, Kamarudin SK, Karim NA, Basri S, Zanoodin AM
    Nanoscale Res Lett, 2019 Feb 11;14(1):52.
    PMID: 30742238 DOI: 10.1186/s11671-019-2871-8
    The aim of this study was to synthesize, characterize, and observe the catalytic activity of Pd1Au1 supported by vapor-grown carbon nanofiber (VGCNF) anode catalyst prepared via the chemical reduction method. The formation of the single-phase compounds was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld refinement analysis, which showed single peaks corresponding to the (111) plane of the cubic crystal structure. Further analysis was carried out by field emission scanning emission microscopy (FESEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), nitrogen adsorption/desorption measurements, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The electrochemical performance was examined by cyclic voltammetry tests. The presence of mesoporous VGCNF as support enables the use of a relatively small amount of metal catalyst that still produces an excellent current density (66.33 mA cm-2). Furthermore, the assessment of the kinetic activity of the nanocatalyst using the Tafel plot suggests that Pd1Au1/VGCNF exerts a strong electrocatalytic effect in glycerol oxidation reactions. The engineering challenges are apparent from the fact that the application of the homemade anode catalyst to the passive direct glycerol fuel cell shows the power density of only 3.9 mW cm-2. To understand the low performance, FESEM observation of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) was carried out, examining several morphological defects that play a crucial role and affect the performance of the direct glycerol fuel cell.
  17. Yahya N, Chua XJ, Manan HA, Ismail F
    Strahlenther Onkol, 2018 08;194(8):780-786.
    PMID: 29774397 DOI: 10.1007/s00066-018-1303-5
    PURPOSE: This systematic review evaluates the completeness of dosimetric features and their inclusion as covariates in genetic-toxicity association studies.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Original research studies associating genetic features and normal tissue complications following radiotherapy were identified from PubMed. The use of dosimetric data was determined by mining the statement of prescription dose, dose fractionation, target volume selection or arrangement and dose distribution. The consideration of the dosimetric data as covariates was based on the statement mentioned in the statistical analysis section. The significance of these covariates was extracted from the results section. Descriptive analyses were performed to determine their completeness and inclusion as covariates.

    RESULTS: A total of 174 studies were found to satisfy the inclusion criteria. Studies published ≥2010 showed increased use of dose distribution information (p = 0.07). 33% of studies did not include any dose features in the analysis of gene-toxicity associations. Only 29% included dose distribution features as covariates and reported the results. 59% of studies which included dose distribution features found significant associations to toxicity.

    CONCLUSION: A large proportion of studies on the correlation of genetic markers with radiotherapy-related side effects considered no dosimetric parameters. Significance of dose distribution features was found in more than half of the studies including these features, emphasizing their importance. Completeness of radiation-specific clinical data may have increased in recent years which may improve gene-toxicity association studies.

  18. Yahya N, Musa H, Ong ZY, Elamvazuthi I
    Sensors (Basel), 2019 Nov 08;19(22).
    PMID: 31717412 DOI: 10.3390/s19224878
    In this work, an algorithm for the classification of six motor functions from an electroencephalogram (EEG) signal that combines a common spatial pattern (CSP) filter and a continuous wavelet transform (CWT), is investigated. The EEG data comprise six grasp-and-lift events, which are used to investigate the potential of using EEG as input signals with brain computer interface devices for controlling prosthetic devices for upper limb movement. Selected EEG channels are the ones located over the motor cortex, C3, Cz and C4, as well as at the parietal region, P3, Pz and P4. In general, the proposed algorithm includes three main stages, band pass filtering, CSP filtering, and wavelet transform and training on GoogLeNet for feature extraction, feature learning and classification. The band pass filtering is performed to select the EEG signal in the band of 7 Hz to 30 Hz while eliminating artifacts related to eye blink, heartbeat and muscle movement. The CSP filtering is applied on two-class EEG signals that will result in maximizing the power difference between the two-class dataset. Since CSP is mathematically developed for two-class events, the extension to the multiclass paradigm is achieved by using the approach of one class versus all other classes. Subsequently, continuous wavelet transform is used to convert the band pass and CSP filtered signals from selected electrodes to scalograms which are then converted to images in grayscale format. The three scalograms from the motor cortex regions and the parietal region are then combined to form two sets of RGB images. Next, these RGB images become the input to GoogLeNet for classification of the motor EEG signals. The performance of the proposed classification algorithm is evaluated in terms of precision, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy with average values of 94.8%, 93.5%, 94.7%, 94.1%, respectively, and average area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve equal to 0.985. These results indicate a good performance of the proposed algorithm in classifying grasp-and-lift events from EEG signals.
  19. Khan Z, Yahya N, Alsaih K, Ali SSA, Meriaudeau F
    Sensors (Basel), 2020 Jun 03;20(11).
    PMID: 32503330 DOI: 10.3390/s20113183
    In this paper, we present an evaluation of four encoder-decoder CNNs in the segmentation of the prostate gland in T2W magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) image. The four selected CNNs are FCN, SegNet, U-Net, and DeepLabV3+, which was originally proposed for the segmentation of road scene, biomedical, and natural images. Segmentation of prostate in T2W MRI images is an important step in the automatic diagnosis of prostate cancer to enable better lesion detection and staging of prostate cancer. Therefore, many research efforts have been conducted to improve the segmentation of the prostate gland in MRI images. The main challenges of prostate gland segmentation are blurry prostate boundary and variability in prostate anatomical structure. In this work, we investigated the performance of encoder-decoder CNNs for segmentation of prostate gland in T2W MRI. Image pre-processing techniques including image resizing, center-cropping and intensity normalization are applied to address the issues of inter-patient and inter-scanner variability as well as the issue of dominating background pixels over prostate pixels. In addition, to enrich the network with more data, to increase data variation, and to improve its accuracy, patch extraction and data augmentation are applied prior to training the networks. Furthermore, class weight balancing is used to avoid having biased networks since the number of background pixels is much higher than the prostate pixels. The class imbalance problem is solved by utilizing weighted cross-entropy loss function during the training of the CNN model. The performance of the CNNs is evaluated in terms of the Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and our experimental results show that patch-wise DeepLabV3+ gives the best performance with DSC equal to 92 . 8 % . This value is the highest DSC score compared to the FCN, SegNet, and U-Net that also competed the recently published state-of-the-art method of prostate segmentation.
  20. Yahya N, Ebert MA, Bulsara M, Haworth A, Kennedy A, Joseph DJ, et al.
    Radiother Oncol, 2015 Jul;116(1):112-8.
    PMID: 26163088 DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2015.06.011
    To identify dosimetry, clinical factors and medication intake impacting urinary symptoms after prostate radiotherapy.
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