Displaying all 6 publications

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  1. Idris ZM, Yazdanbakhsh M, Adegnika AA, Lell B, Issifou S, Noordin R
    Genet Test Mol Biomarkers, 2012 Jun;16(6):488-92.
    PMID: 22288822 DOI: 10.1089/gtmb.2011.0209
    Urinary schistosomiasis is caused by the digenetic trematode Schistosoma haematobium, characterized by accumulation of eggs in the genitourinary tract. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) can play an important role in parasitic infection due to its major role as a negative regulator of T-cell activation and proliferation. This study was performed in patients with schistosomiasis and healthy controls to analyze the allele and genotype frequencies of four CTLA-4 gene polymorphisms. The CTLA-4 gene was amplified using Taqman real-time polymerase chain reaction, and allele and genotypes of 49 patients with schistosomiasis were analyzed using allelic discrimination analysis followed by subsequent direct sequencing. The results were compared with healthy control subjects. The frequencies of CTLA-4 rs733618 A allele at position -1722 (p=0.001), rs11571316 C allele at position -1577 (p<0.001), and rs231775 A allele at position +49 (p=0.002) in the patient group were significantly higher than the control group. The rs733618 AA genotype (p=0.001), rs11571316 CC genotype (p<0.001), and rs231775 AA genotype (p=0.007) were also significantly overrepresented. Meanwhile, rs733618 AG genotype (p=0.001), rs11571316 CT genotype (p=0.02), and rs231775 GG genotype (p=0.029) were significantly decreased in the patients with schistosomiasis, as compared with the controls. No significant difference was observed in both allele and genotype of rs16841252. The results of this study suggest that the rs733618, rs11571316, and rs231775 polymorphisms in the CTLA-4 gene may influence susceptibility to schistosomiasis infection in the Gabonese children.
  2. Elias MH, Ankathil R, Salmi AR, Sudhikaran W, Limprasert P, Zilfalil BA
    Genet Test Mol Biomarkers, 2011 Jun;15(6):387-93.
    PMID: 21329465 DOI: 10.1089/gtmb.2010.0191
    Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is the most common form of inherited mental retardation in men. It is caused by abnormalities in the FMR1 gene that are associated with CGG repeat expansion and the hypermethylation status of its promoter. Methylated alleles lead to transcriptional inhibition and consequent loss of Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein. Chemical modification of cytosine to uracil by bisulfite treatment has proved to be an attractive method for DNA methylation studies that precludes labor-intensive Southern blot analysis, which is the gold standard test for FXS. In this report, bisulfite-treated DNA samples were amplified using real-time multiplex methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction followed by melting curve analysis. Our results show that all control samples with known CGG repeat numbers and methylation statuses were correctly diagnosed. The samples from 43 male patients were also successfully diagnosed, which were in complete agreement with the results of Southern blotting. By such means, 39 patients were found to have an unmethylated allele; 3, a fully mutated allele; and 1, both methylated and unmethylated alleles, thus implying a diagnosis of mosaicism. In conclusion, we find our method to be convenient for screening a large number of male patients with FXS, because it is rapid and easy to perform, especially when there is a low quantity of DNA that must be sensitively and accurately assayed.
  3. Yu CY, Ang GY, Subramaniam V, Johari James R, Ahmad A, Abdul Rahman T, et al.
    Genet Test Mol Biomarkers, 2017 Jul;21(7):409-415.
    PMID: 28525288 DOI: 10.1089/gtmb.2016.0235
    AIMS: CYP2D6 is one of the major enzymes in the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase system. It metabolizes ∼25% of prescribed drugs and hence, the genetic diversity of a CYP2D6 gene has continued to be of great interest to the medical and pharmaceutical industries. This study was designed to perform a systematic analysis of the CYP2D6 gene in six subtribes of the Malaysian Orang Asli.

    METHODS: Genomic DNAs were extracted from the blood samples followed by whole-genome sequencing. The reads were aligned to the reference human genome hg19 and variants in the CYP2D6 gene were analyzed. CYP2D6*5 and duplication of CYP2D6 were analyzed using previously established methods.

    RESULTS: A total of 72 single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified. CYP2D6*1, *2, *4, *5, *10,*41, and duplication of the gene were found in the Orang Asli, whereby CYP2D6*2 and *41 alleles are reported for the first time in the Malaysian population.

    CONCLUSION: The findings in this study provide insights into the genetic polymorphisms of CYP2D6 in the Orang Asli of Peninsular Malaysia.

  4. Al-Absi B, Razif MFM, Noor SM, Saif-Ali R, Aqlan M, Salem SD, et al.
    Genet Test Mol Biomarkers, 2017 Oct;21(10):592-599.
    PMID: 28768142 DOI: 10.1089/gtmb.2017.0084
    BACKGROUND: Genome-wide and candidate gene association studies have previously revealed links between a predisposition to acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and genetic polymorphisms in the following genes: IKZF1 (7p12.2; ID: 10320), DDC (7p12.2; ID: 1644), CDKN2A (9p21.3; ID: 1029), CEBPE (14q11.2; ID: 1053), and LMO1 (11p15; ID: 4004). In this study, we aimed to conduct an investigation into the possible association between polymorphisms in these genes and ALL within a sample of Yemeni children of Arab-Asian descent.

    METHODS: Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IKZF1, three SNPs in DDC, two SNPs in CDKN2A, two SNPs in CEBPE, and three SNPs in LMO1 were genotyped in 289 Yemeni children (136 cases and 153 controls), using the nanofluidic Dynamic Array (Fluidigm 192.24 Dynamic Array). Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate ALL risk, and the strength of association was expressed as odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals.

    RESULTS: We found that the IKZF1 SNP rs10235796 C allele (p = 0.002), the IKZF1 rs6964969 A>G polymorphism (p = 0.048, GG vs. AA), the CDKN2A rs3731246 G>C polymorphism (p = 0.047, GC+CC vs. GG), and the CDKN2A SNP rs3731246 C allele (p = 0.007) were significantly associated with ALL in Yemenis of Arab-Asian descent. In addition, a borderline association was found between IKZF1 rs4132601 T>G variant and ALL risk. No associations were found between the IKZF1 SNPs (rs11978267; rs7789635), DDC SNPs (rs3779084; rs880028; rs7809758), CDKN2A SNP (rs3731217), the CEBPE SNPs (rs2239633; rs12434881) and LMO1 SNPs (rs442264; rs3794012; rs4237770) with ALL in Yemeni children.

    CONCLUSION: The IKZF1 SNPs, rs10235796 and rs6964969, and the CDKN2A SNP rs3731246 (previously unreported) could serve as risk markers for ALL susceptibility in Yemeni children.

  5. Velapasamy S, Alex L, Chahil JK, Lye SH, Munretnam K, Hashim NA, et al.
    Genet Test Mol Biomarkers, 2013 Jan;17(1):62-8.
    PMID: 23113749 DOI: 10.1089/gtmb.2012.0223
    The identification of high-risk individuals can help to improve early cancer detection and patient survival. Risk assessment, however, can only be accomplished if the risk factors are known. To date, the genetic risk factors for ovarian cancer, other than mutations in the BRCA1/2 genes, have never been systematically explored in Malaysia. The present study aims to identify from a panel of cancer-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), those associated with ovarian cancer risk in Malaysia.
  6. Mohamad NA, Ramachandran V, Ismail P, Mohd Isa H, Chan YM, Ngah NF, et al.
    Genet Test Mol Biomarkers, 2017 Oct;21(10):600-607.
    PMID: 28926292 DOI: 10.1089/gtmb.2017.0079
    AIM: To determine the association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphisms with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-five nAMD patients and 135 controls were recruited to determine the association of the -460 C/T, the -2549 I/D, and the +405 G/C polymorphisms with the VEGF gene. Genotyping was conducted using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) approach, and association analyses were conducted using chi-square analysis and logistic regression analysis.

    RESULTS: A significant association was observed between nAMD and the VEGF +405 G/C genotypes (p = 0.002) and alleles (odds ratio = 1.36, 95% confidence interval = 1.12-1.62, p = < 0.001) compared with the controls. This association was confirmed by logistic regression analyses, using two different genetic models (additive and dominant) resulting in p-values of p = 0.001 and p 

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