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  1. Annamalai T, Fong KC, Choo MM
    J Ocul Pharmacol Ther, 2011 Feb;27(1):105-7.
    PMID: 21235384 DOI: 10.1089/jop.2010.0117
    To report a case of bilateral endogenous candida endophthalmitis treated with intravenous fluconazole.
  2. Koay AC, Choo MM, Nathan AM, Omar A, Lim CT
    J Ocul Pharmacol Ther, 2011 Jun;27(3):309-11.
    PMID: 21542771 DOI: 10.1089/jop.2011.0013
    The purpose of this report was to describe 2 cases of periocular infantile hemangiomas (IHs) that were successfully treated with low-dose oral propranolol alone and in combination with oral prednisolone.
  3. Chew FL, Soong TK, Shin HC, Samsudin A, Visvaraja S
    J Ocul Pharmacol Ther, 2010 Apr;26(2):219-22.
    PMID: 20415627 DOI: 10.1089/jop.2009.0077
    To report the treatment of therapy-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis with topical piperacillin/tazobactam.
  4. Ong LB, Liza-Sharmini AT, Chieng LL, Cheong MT, Vengadasalam SR, Shin HC, et al.
    J Ocul Pharmacol Ther, 2005 Oct;21(5):388-94.
    PMID: 16245965
    The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of timolol gel-forming solution as a monotherapy and to compare the efficacy of timolol gel-forming solution morning instillation versus at night application in Asians with newly diagnosed open-angle glaucoma.
  5. Hamid O, Tajuddin AA
    J Ocul Pharmacol Ther, 2000 Dec;16(6):565-9.
    PMID: 11132903
    The kinetics of topical triamterene penetration were estimated from the time-course measurements of triamterene (in Dyazide) concentrations in the anterior chamber of six rabbits (n=12, left and right eyes). The two-compartment model of Jones and Maurice (1) was fitted to the measurements. We found the apparent elimination rate constant oftriamterene A = 0.33 +/- 0.12 hr(-1), the apparent absorption rate constant of triamterene B = 2.68 +/- 0.55 hr(-1), the cornea-aqueous transfer coefficient in reference to the corneal volume of triamterene kc.ca = 0.28 +/- 0.05 hr(-1), the loss coefficient of triamterene from the anterior chamber ko = 0.43 +/- 0.16 hr(-1) and the amount of triamterene in the cornea at time zero Mo = 483 +/- 125 ng/ml. The mean of ko = 0.43 hr(-1) is significantly lower (p = 0.04% using ZTEST) than the lower limit of aqueous loss coefficient = 0.58 hr(-1) usually found in rabbits (2). We conclude that Dyazide lowers the aqueous flow rate in the positive direction, considering glaucoma treatment. Peak triamterene concentration in the anterior chamber was P = 120 +/- 32 ng/ml. Half-life for elimination from the aqueous humor was T1/2 = 1.84 +/- 0.65 hr (Mean +/- SD).
  6. Sharmini AT, Yin NY, Lee SS, Jackson AL, Stewart WC
    J Ocul Pharmacol Ther, 2009 Feb;25(1):71-5.
    PMID: 19232007 DOI: 10.1089/jop.2008.0061
    The aim of this study was to evaluate risk factors for progression in chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG) patients.
  7. Singh S, Agarwal R, Razak ZA, Ngu R, Nyein LL, Vasudevan S, et al.
    J Ocul Pharmacol Ther, 2018 01 17;34(1-2):214-223.
    PMID: 29341837 DOI: 10.1089/jop.2017.0098
    PURPOSE: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common causative organism for contact lens-associated corneal ulcer and is commonly treated with fluoroquinolones. With the emergence of resistant strains, it is important to investigate alternative therapies. Despite well-established efficacy of tazocin against systemic Pseudomonas infections, its topical use for the treatment of Pseudomonas keratitis has not been described, hence this study was aimed to find the ocular permeation of Tazocin and its efficacy in treating keratitis in rabbit eyes.

    METHODS: We investigated the ocular permeation of topical tazocin after single drop application in normal rabbit eyes by estimating piperacillin and tazobactam concentrations in cornea, aqueous, and vitreous using a validated LC-MS/MS method. Furthermore, we determined the efficacy of repeated dose administration of tazocin against experimentally induced P. aeruginosa keratitis in rabbits in comparison to moxifloxacin. To determine the efficacy, clinical examination, histopathological examination, and estimation of bacterial load and inflammatory cytokines in cornea were done.

    RESULTS: Significant corneal concentration of piperacillin and tazobactam was detected in normal rabbit corneas after single dose treatment with tazocin. In rabbits with Pseudomonas-induced keratitis, topical tazocin caused significant clinical and histopathological improvement. This improvement was associated with reduction in corneal bacterial load and inflammatory cytokines. Compared to moxifloxacin 0.5%, tazocin treated group showed greater clinical response which was associated with higher interleukin (IL)-1β, lower tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, a comparable level of IL-8, greater reduction in corneal bacterial load, and lesser inflammatory cell infiltration.

    CONCLUSION: Tazocin showed good ocular penetration and was effective in treatment of Pseudomonas induced keratitis in rabbits.

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