Displaying all 11 publications

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  1. Mohd Sidik S, Arroll B, Goodyear-Smith F
    Br J Gen Pract, 2011 Jun;61(587):e326-32.
    PMID: 21801511 DOI: 10.3399/bjgp11X577990
    Background: This is the first study investigating Anxiety among women attending a primary care clinic
    in Malaysia.
    Aim: The objective was to determine the factors associated with anxiety among these women.
    Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a government-funded primary care clinic in Malaysia. Consecutive female patients attending the clinic during the data-collection period were invited to participate in the study.
    Method: Participants were given self-administered questionnaires, which included the validated Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7 questionnaire (GAD-7) Malay version to detect anxiety.
    Results: Of the 1023 patients who were invited, 895 agreed to participate (response rate 87.5%). The prevalence of anxiety in this study was 7.8%, based on the GAD-7 (score ≥8). Multiple logistic regression analysis found that certain stressful life events and the emotional aspect of domestic violence were significantly associated with anxiety (P<0.05).
    Conclusion: The prevalence of anxiety among women in this study is similar to that found in other countries.
    Factors found to be associated with anxiety, especially issues on domestic violence, need to be addressed andmanaged appropriately.
    Keywords: anxiety; Malaysia; prevalence; primary care; women.
    Questionnaire: Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale; GAD-7 (Malay version); Hark questionnaire
  2. Liew SM, Tong SF, Lee VK, Ng CJ, Leong KC, Teng CL
    Br J Gen Pract, 2009 Dec;59(569):916-20.
    PMID: 19712544 DOI: 10.3399/bjgp09X472250
    Non-attendance results in administrative problems and disruption in patient care. Several interventions have been used to reduce non-attendance, with varying degree of success. A relatively new intervention, text messaging, has been shown to be as effective as telephone reminders in reducing non-attendance. However, no study has looked specifically at using text messaging reminders to reduce non-attendance in chronic disease care.
  3. Mathers N, Khoo EM, McCarthy S, Thompson J, Low WY
    Br J Gen Pract, 2003 May;53(490):409.
    PMID: 12830578
  4. Ng CG, Dijkstra E, Smeets H, Boks MP, de Wit NJ
    Br J Gen Pract, 2013 Jan;63(606):e63-8.
    PMID: 23336475 DOI: 10.3399/bjgp13X660797
    It is unclear whether psychiatric disorders are specifically related to the terminal phase of cancer, or independent of the underlying disease.
  5. Liew SM, Blacklock C, Hislop J, Glasziou P, Mant D
    Br J Gen Pract, 2013 Jun;63(611):e401-7.
    PMID: 23735411 DOI: 10.3399/bjgp13X668195
    BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines and the Quality Outcomes Framework require practitioners to use cardiovascular risk scores in assessments for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
    AIM: To explore GPs understanding and use of cardiovascular risk scores.
    DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative study with purposive maximum variation sampling of 20 GPs working in Oxfordshire, UK. Method Thematic analysis of transcriptions of face-to-face interviews with participants undertaken by two individuals (one clinical, one non-clinical).
    RESULTS: GPs use cardiovascular risk scores primarily to guide treatment decisions by estimating the risk of a vascular event if the patient remains untreated. They expressed considerable uncertainty about how and whether to take account of existing drug treatment or other types of prior risk modification. They were also unclear about the choice between the older scores, based on the Framingham study, and newer scores, such as QRISK. There was substantial variation in opinion about whether scores could legitimately be used to illustrate to patients the change in risk as a result of treatment. The overall impression was of considerable confusion.
    CONCLUSION: The drive to estimate risk more precisely by qualifying guidance and promoting new scores based on partially-treated populations appears to have created unnecessary confusion for little obvious benefit. National guidance needs to be simplified, and, to be fit for purpose, better reflect the ways in which cardiovascular risk scores are currently used in general practice. Patients may be better served by simple advice to use a Framingham score and exercise more clinical judgement, explaining to patients the necessary imprecision of any individual estimate of risk.
  6. Sagili S, Malhotra R
    Br J Gen Pract, 2013 Feb;63(607):74.
    PMID: 23700655
    A 51-year-old Malaysian female was referred with a left lower eyelid lesion noticed 4 years ago. She consulted her GP a year ago and was diagnosed to have a chalazion. Her GP requested funding for treatment. The primary care trust (PCT) considered this a low-priority procedure and declined funding. One year later she approached her GP again and was referred to a hospital for management of this eyelid lesion (Figure 1). She underwent a biopsy and the histology was suspicious of a squamous cell carcinoma. She was referred to our unit. On examination, she had a left lower eyelid, firm 4mm nodule with thickening and distortion of tarsal conjunctiva. With a clinical suspicion of sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC), a wedge excision of the lesion was performed. Paraffin section histology confirmed complete excision of SGC. Delayed repair required a Tenzel flap. She remains asymptomatic at 5-month follow-up.
  7. Murdoch JC
    Br J Gen Pract, 1997 Oct;47(423):656-8.
    PMID: 9474833
    The new-found popularity of generalism as a political force has emphasized the need to clarify the essential philosophy that underpins its practice, teaching, and research. Drawing on the example of Sir James Mackenzie, the author seeks to clarify certain essential issues that need to be emphasized if we are to promote and develop general practice as a distinct academic discipline. Dissatisfaction, uncertainty about our role, and continuing contact with real people seems to be essential to continuing creativity.
  8. Wilkinson IE
    Br J Gen Pract, 1992 Feb;42(355):84.
    PMID: 1493024
  9. van der Werf ET, Redmond NM, Turnbull S, Thornton H, Thompson M, Little P, et al.
    Br J Gen Pract, 2019 Apr;69(681):e236-e245.
    PMID: 30858333 DOI: 10.3399/bjgp19X701837
    BACKGROUND: Severity assessments of respiratory tract infection (RTI) in children are known to differ between parents and clinicians, but determinants of perceived severity are unknown.

    AIM: To investigate the (dis)agreement between, and compare the determinants of, parent and clinician severity scores.

    DESIGN AND SETTING: Secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study of 8394 children presenting to primary care with acute (≤28 days) cough and RTI.

    METHOD: Data on sociodemographic factors, parent-reported symptoms, clinician-reported findings, and severity assessments were used. Kappa (κ)-statistics were used to investigate (dis) agreement, whereas multivariable logistic regression was used to identify the factors associated with illness severity.

    RESULTS: Parents reported higher illness severity (mean 5.2 [standard deviation (SD) 1.8], median 5 [interquartile range (IQR) 4-7]), than clinicians (mean 3.1 [SD 1.7], median 3 [IQR 2-4], P<0.0001). There was low positive correlation between these scores (+0.43) and poor inter-rater agreement between parents and clinicians (κ 0.049). The number of clinical signs was highly correlated with clinician scores (+0.71). Parent-reported symptoms (in the previous 24 hours) that were independently associated with higher illness severity scores, in order of importance, were: severe fever, severe cough, rapid breathing, severe reduced eating, moderate-to-severe reduced fluid intake, severe disturbed sleep, and change in cry. Three of these symptoms (severe fever, rapid breathing, and change in cry) along with inter/subcostal recession, crackles/crepitations, nasal flaring, wheeze, and drowsiness/irritability were associated with higher clinician scores.

    CONCLUSION: Clinicians and parents use different factors and make different judgements about the severity of children's RTI. Improved understanding of the factors that concern parents could improve parent-clinician communication and consultation outcomes.

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