Displaying all 12 publications

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  1. Ngeow WC, Lim D
    Adv Ther, 2016 Jul;33(7):1105-39.
    PMID: 27287853 DOI: 10.1007/s12325-016-0357-y
    INTRODUCTION: The use of corticosteroids to reduce the post-operative sequelae of lower third molar surgery, namely pain, swelling and trismus, has been well studied by many researchers over the past 6 decades. This study reviewed the reported outcome of corticosteroids used in controlling the above sequalae after third molar surgery.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed, Medline, EMBASE and Google search was undertaken of all controlled clinical trials on the effects of corticosteroids on pain, swelling and trismus after lower third molar surgery. The review was limited to studies published over the last 10 years (2006-2015).

    RESULTS: Of the 46 initially retrieved articles, 34 were finally included. Eleven studies compared the effect of 2 similar (but different dose) or different group of corticosteroids. Thirty-one studies reported the effects of corticosteroids on all sequale, 2 reported the outcome on swelling and trismus and another 1 on swelling and pain only. In 16 of the studies, corticosteroid use resulted in significant reductions in pain after third molar removal. Twenty-two out of 29 studies reported reduced swelling against negative control while 18 out of 25 studies reported improved mouth opening. Fourteen studies reported the benefit of corticosteroids on all 3 sequelae, with 71.4% resulted from the use of methylprednisolone.

    CONCLUSION: Although there are some conflicting effects, the results of this analysis shows in general the benefits derived from short-term use of corticosteroids in relation to pain, swelling and trismus following third molar surgical extraction, with no side effects observed.

    FUNDING: This work was supported by the University of Malaya's High Impact Research grant UM.C/625/1/HIR/MOHE/05.

    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage*
  2. Lim CS, Rani FA, Tan LE
    Clin Respir J, 2018 Jan;12(1):218-226.
    PMID: 27328740 DOI: 10.1111/crj.12518
    INTRODUCTION: To our knowledge, no meta-analysis has investigated the response of FeNO levels to corticosteroid treatment in ex-smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

    OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis assessed the potential role of fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) as a biomarker for corticosteroid response in ex-smokers with stable COPD.

    METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar databases were searched until November 5, 2014 using the following terms: corticosteroid, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, nitric oxide, NO, exhaled nitric oxide. Only randomized controlled trials (RCT) or two-arm prospective studies were included. The primary outcome measure was FeNO before and after treatment with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in ex-smokers with COPD. Sensitivity analysis was also performed.

    RESULTS: Five studies were included in the analysis with a total of 171 COPD patients. All five studies included 125 ex-smokers and two of these also included 46 current smokers. There was a significant decrease of FeNO in ex-smoking COPD patients following inhaled corticosteroid treatment (-7.51, 95% CI: -11.51 to -3.51; P =0.003); and in a population of subjects that included both smokers and ex-smokers (-1.99, 95% CI: -3.41 to -0.56; P =0.006).

    CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that FeNO levels significantly decreased with corticosteroid treatment in ex-smokers with COPD. Additional studies are required to evaluate whether concurrent smoking has significant effect on FeNO response to ICS.

    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage*
  3. Lau LG
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1999 Jun;54(2):270-2.
    PMID: 10972042
    We describe a case of adult chickenpox which was complicated by severe varicella pneumonia, mild hepatitis and thrombocytopenia. The hepatitis and the thrombocytopenia were asymptomatic clinically and were diagnosed on biochemistry and blood count results. These eventually improved without specific interventions. The pneumonia, however, deteriorated rapidly despite the early commencement of oxygen supplementation, acyclovir and antibiotic. Subsequently, systemic corticosteroid therapy was initiated and the patient was ventilated in the intensive care unit. The patient eventually recovered.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage*
  4. Patil PG, Hazarey V, Chaudhari R, Nimbalkar-Patil S
    PMID: 27720659 DOI: 10.1016/j.oooo.2016.07.026
    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effect of ice-cream stick exercise regimen with or without a mouth-exercising device (MED) on mucosal burning sensation in oral submucous fibrosis.

    STUDY DESIGN: In total, 282 patients with oral submucous fibrosis were treated with topical corticosteroid and oral antioxidant and the ice-cream stick exercise regimen. Patients in subgroups A1, A2, and A3 were additionally given a new MED. Patients in subgroups A1 and B1 patients with interincisal distance (IID) of 20 to 35 mm were managed without any additional therapy; patients in subgroups A2 and B2 with IID of 20 to 35 mm were additionally managed with intralesional injections; and those in subgroups A3 and B3 with IID less than 20 mm were managed surgically. Subjective evaluation of decrease in the oral mucosal burning was measured on a visual analogue scale (VAS). Analysis of variance and Tukey's multiple post hoc analysis were carried out to present the results.

    RESULTS: Patients using the MED, that is, subgroups A1, A2, and A3, showed reduction in burning sensation in the range of 64.8% to 71.1% and 27.8% to 30.9%, whereas in subgroups B1, B2, and B3, reduction in burning sensation ranged from 64.7% to 69.9% and from 29.3% to 38.6% after 6 months. The wo-way analysis of variance indicated statistically significant results in changes in initial VAS scores to 6-monthly VAS scores between MED users and non-MED users.

    CONCLUSIONS: The MED helps to enhance the rate of reduction of mucosal burning sensation, in addition to the conventional ice-cream stick regimen, as an adjunct to local and surgical treatment.

    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage
  5. Lee TG, Ahmad TS
    Foot Ankle Int, 2007 Sep;28(9):984-90.
    PMID: 17880872
    The response of chronic plantar fasciitis to any treatment is unpredictable. Autologous blood might provide cellular and humoral mediators to induce healing in areas of degeneration, the underlying pathology in plantar fasciitis. This study compared the efficacy of intralesional autologous blood with corticosteroid injection for plantar fasciitis present for more than 6 weeks.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage
  6. Ng SF, Anuwi NA, Tengku-Ahmad TN
    AAPS PharmSciTech, 2015 Jun;16(3):656-63.
    PMID: 25511806 DOI: 10.1208/s12249-014-0248-y
    Hydrocortisone cream intended for atopic eczema often produces unwanted side effects after long-term use. These side effects are essentially due to repeated percutaneous administration of the medication for skin dermatitis, as atopic eczema is a relapsing disorder. Hence, there is a need to develop a new hydrocortisone formulation that will deliver the drug more effectively and require a reduced dosing frequency; therefore, the side effects could be minimized. In this study, a hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) lyogel system based on 80% organic and 20% aqueous solvents containing 1% hydrocortisone was formulated. The hydrocortisone lyogel physicochemical characteristics, rheological properties, stability profile, and in vitro Franz cell drug release properties, as well as the in vivo therapeutic efficacies and dermal irritancy in Balb/c mice were investigated. The HPMC lyogel appeared clear and soft and was easy to rub on the skin. The lyogel also showed a higher drug release profile compared with commercial hydrocortisone cream. Similar to the cream, HPMC lyogels exhibited pseudoplastic behavior. From the mouse model, the hydrocortisone lyogel showed higher inflammatory suppressive effects than the cream. However, it did not reduce the transepidermal water loss as effectively as the control did. The dermal irritancy testing revealed that the hydrocortisone lyogel caused minimal irritation. In conclusion, HPMC lyogel is a promising vehicle to deliver hydrocortisone topically, as it showed a higher drug release in vitro as well as enhanced therapeutic efficacy in resolving eczematous inflammatory reaction compared with commercial cream.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage*
  7. Jasmin R, Sockalingam S, Shahrizaila N, Cheah TE, Zain AA, Goh KJ
    Lupus, 2012 Sep;21(10):1119-23.
    PMID: 22433918 DOI: 10.1177/0961203312440346
    Peripheral neuropathy is a known manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. However, the association of primary autoimmune inflammatory neuropathies such as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) with SLE is uncommon. We report a 26-year-old man who simultaneously presented with severe CIDP and photosensitive rash, but was unresponsive to intravenous immunoglobulin infusion and continued to progress. He was found to have underlying SLE and improved with combined corticosteroid and immunosuppressive therapy with oral cyclophosphamide. CIDP with underlying SLE may be more resistant to conventional therapy with IVIG, requiring the addition of other immunosuppressive agents.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage
  8. Ong LM, Hooi LS, Lim TO, Goh BL, Ahmad G, Ghazalli R, et al.
    Nephrology (Carlton), 2005 Oct;10(5):504-10.
    PMID: 16221103
    BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of mycophenolate mofetil in the induction therapy of proliferative lupus nephritis.
    METHODS: Forty-four patients from eight centres with newly diagnosed lupus nephritis World Health Organization class III or IV were randomly assigned to either mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) 2 g/day for 6 months or intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVC) 0.75-1 g/m(2) monthly for 6 months in addition to corticosteroids.
    RESULTS: Remission occurred in 13 out of 25 patients (52%) in the IVC group and 11 out of 19 patients (58%) in the MMF group (P = 0.70). There were 12% in the IVC group and 26% in the MMF group that achieved complete remission (P = 0.22). Improvements in haemoglobin, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum albumin, serum complement, proteinuria, urinary activity, renal function and the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index score were similar in both groups. Twenty-four follow-up renal biopsies at the end of therapy showed a significant reduction in the activity score in both groups. The chronicity index increased in both groups but was only significant in the IVC group. Adverse events were similar. Major infections occurred in three patients in each group. There was no difference in gastrointestinal side-effects.
    CONCLUSIONS: MMF in combination with corticosteroids is an effective induction therapy for moderately severe proliferative lupus nephritis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage
  9. Liam CK
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2000 Jun;55(2):285-92; quiz 293.
    PMID: 19839165
    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage
  10. Salim N, Abdullah S, Sapuan J, Haflah NH
    J Hand Surg Eur Vol, 2012 Jan;37(1):27-34.
    PMID: 21816888 DOI: 10.1177/1753193411415343
    We compared the effectiveness of physiotherapy and corticosteroid injection treatment in the management of mild trigger fingers. Mild trigger fingers are those with mild crepitus, uneven finger movements and actively correctable triggering. This is a single-centred, prospective, block randomized study with 74 patients; 39 patients for steroid injection and 35 patients for physiotherapy. The study duration was from Jun 2009 until August 2010. Evaluation was done at 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months post-treatment. At 3 months, the success rate (absence of pain and triggering) for those receiving steroid injection was 97.4% and physiotherapy 68.6%. The group receiving steroid injection also had lower pain score, higher rate of satisfaction, stronger grip strength and early recovery to near normal function (findings were all significant, p 
    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage*
  11. Beale R, Janes JM, Brunkhorst FM, Dobb G, Levy MM, Martin GS, et al.
    Crit Care, 2010;14(3):R102.
    PMID: 20525247 DOI: 10.1186/cc9044
    The benefits and use of low-dose corticosteroids (LDCs) in severe sepsis and septic shock remain controversial. Surviving sepsis campaign guidelines suggest LDC use for septic shock patients poorly responsive to fluid resuscitation and vasopressor therapy. Their use is suspected to be wide-spread, but paucity of data regarding global practice exists. The purpose of this study was to compare baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients treated or not treated with LDC from the international PROGRESS (PROmoting Global Research Excellence in Severe Sepsis) cohort study of severe sepsis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage*
  12. Liam CK, Pang YK, Chua KT
    Asian Pac. J. Allergy Immunol., 2014 Jun;32(2):145-52.
    PMID: 25003728 DOI: 10.12932/AP0359.32.2.2013
    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Malaysian patients' satisfaction levels and asthma control with Symbicort SMART® in the primary care setting.
    METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, multicentre study involving adult patients with persistent asthma who were prescribed only Symbicort SMART in the preceding one month prior to recruitment. Patients' satisfaction with Symbicort SMART and asthma control were evaluated using the self-administered Satisfaction with Asthma Treatment Questionnaire (SATQ) and the Asthma Control Test (ACT).
    RESULTS: Asthma was controlled (ACT score >20) in 189 (83%) of 228 patients. The mean overall SATQ score for patients with controlled asthma was 5.65 indicating a high satisfaction level, which was positively correlated with high ACT scores. There were differences in asthma control based on ethnicity, number of unscheduled visits and treatment compliance.
    CONCLUSIONS: Symbicort SMART resulted in a high satisfaction level and asthma control among Malaysian patients treated in the primary care setting and it is an effective and appealing treatment for asthmatic patients.
    Study site: General practice clinics, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Adrenal Cortex Hormones/administration & dosage*
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