Displaying all 6 publications

  1. Takaki S, Kadiman SB, Tahir SS, Ariff MH, Kurahashi K, Goto T
    J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth, 2015 Feb;29(1):64-8.
    PMID: 25620140 DOI: 10.1053/j.jvca.2014.06.022
    The aim of this study was to determine the best predictors of successful extubation after cardiac surgery, by modifying the rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI) based on patients' anthropometric parameters.
    Matched MeSH terms: Airway Extubation/adverse effects; Airway Extubation/methods*
  2. Asha'ari ZA, Suhaimi Y, Fadzil A, Zihni M
    Malays J Med Sci, 2012 Oct;19(4):84-7.
    PMID: 23613654 MyJurnal
    Acquired subglottic cyst in infancy is almost always associated with episodes of early life intubation. Most cases typically presented late, usually days to months after extubation. We report a case of a subglottic cyst with different presentation than the norm. This case highlights that subglottic cyst can present acutely, and rapidly enlarging soon after the airway extubation. As the management of a large subglottic cyst can be challenging, a close observation for early diagnosis and intervention are recommended post extubation in the high-risk cases, such as in the premature infant.
    Matched MeSH terms: Airway Extubation
  3. Lim, Min Jim, Tengku Aszraf Tengku Shaeran, Soon, Eu Chong
    Airway managements in maxillofacial fracture patients are complex and crucial. Trauma to the maxillofacial region may cause hemorrhage, swelling which may lead to pulmonary aspiration and airway obstruction. Airway managements in maxillofacial fracture patients are complex and crucial. Besides being uncooperative, presence of fractures and soft tissue injuries posed challenges in managing pediatric patient who already have smaller airway opening. This condition is an important red flag which required extra caution from the treating clinicians. A 6-year-old boy was involved in a road traffic accident and presented with profuse bleeding from the oral cavity and nostrils. Physical examination showed oozing of blood with step deformity of the midpalate. Multiple attempts in intubation resulted in failure before succeeding with the aid of suction devices. After intubation was done, intraoral bleeding was successfully managed with transpalatal wiring and nasal packing. The patient was ventilated in the intensive care unit and was extubated two days later. He was discharged well from hospital after one week of admission. Airway management is a rush against time, particularly in a pediatric patient suffering from a palatal fracture. The need for helping hands for suction and child control must be emphasized to ensure the patient’s survival.
    Matched MeSH terms: Airway Extubation
  4. Azrina, M.R., Saedah Ali, Mohd Nikman Ahmad, Nik Abdullah, N.M., Ziyadi Mohd Ghazali
    Introduction and Objectives: The intensive care unit (ICU) is an uncomfortable and stressful environment for patients. The use of adequate sedation and analgesia is important to reduce stress to patients. The aim of this study was to compare a relatively new sedative agent, dexmedetomidine to current sedative agent used, propofol in the provision of sedation and analgesia, their effects on haemodynamic and respiratory parameters and cost involved on post open heart surgery patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective, randomized single-blinded trial was conducted on post open heart surgery patients in the ICU of the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). Thirty two patients were randomized to dexmedetomidine or propofol groups. Analgesic requirement, haemodynamic and respiratory parameters, and extubation time were measured and compared. Mean rate of infusion to achieve adequate sedation were used to calculate the cost involved in the use of these two agents. Results: Patients sedated with dexmedetomidine required significantly lower dose of morphine compared to propofol [mean (sd): 12.80 (2.61) versus 15.86 (1.87) mg/kg/min, p=0.00]. Mean heart rate was also significantly lower in dexmedetomidine group compared to propofol group [mean (CI): 74.48 (70.38,78.59) versus 83.85 (79.61,88.09) per minutes, p=0.00]. However there were no significant differences in the other parameters between the two groups. Cost involved the use of dexmedetomidine was slightly higher compared to propofol (RM 9.57 versus RM8.94 per hour). Discussion and Conclusions: Dexmedetomidine is comparable to propofol in the provision of sedation, and its effect on haemodynamic and respiratory parameters. However it has added advantages in the provision of analgesia, and caused a significant reduction in heart rate. This is beneficial in these patients by reducing myocardial oxygen demand, and hence subsequent ischaemia and infarction. However, further larger studies are needed to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on perioperative cardiac morbidity and mortality.
    Matched MeSH terms: Airway Extubation
  5. Mohamed Daud A, Mat Baki M, Azman M, Kamaruzaman E, Mohamed AS
    Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2019 Oct;71(Suppl 1):118-120.
    PMID: 31741945 DOI: 10.1007/s12070-017-1146-x
    Respiratory distress after thyroidectomy and thymectomy can be challenging. We encountered a 70-year-old lady with a long-standing goiter with concomitant thymoma. She underwent the surgery and developed respiratory distress upon extubation with loss of laryngeal sensation causing severe aspiration. She was diagnosed myasthenia gravis and symptoms resolved with MG treatments.
    Matched MeSH terms: Airway Extubation
  6. Shehabi Y, Bellomo R, Kadiman S, Ti LK, Howe B, Reade MC, et al.
    Crit Care Med, 2018 06;46(6):850-859.
    PMID: 29498938 DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003071
    OBJECTIVES: In the absence of a universal definition of light or deep sedation, the level of sedation that conveys favorable outcomes is unknown. We quantified the relationship between escalating intensity of sedation in the first 48 hours of mechanical ventilation and 180-day survival, time to extubation, and delirium.

    DESIGN: Harmonized data from prospective multicenter international longitudinal cohort studies SETTING:: Diverse mix of ICUs.

    PATIENTS: Critically ill patients expected to be ventilated for longer than 24 hours.

    INTERVENTIONS: Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale and pain were assessed every 4 hours. Delirium and mobilization were assessed daily using the Confusion Assessment Method of ICU and a standardized mobility assessment, respectively.

    MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Sedation intensity was assessed using a Sedation Index, calculated as the sum of negative Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale measurements divided by the total number of assessments. We used multivariable Cox proportional hazard models to adjust for relevant covariates. We performed subgroup and sensitivity analysis accounting for immortal time bias using the same variables within 120 and 168 hours. The main outcome was 180-day survival. We assessed 703 patients in 42 ICUs with a mean (SD) Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score of 22.2 (8.5) with 180-day mortality of 32.3% (227). The median (interquartile range) ventilation time was 4.54 days (2.47-8.43 d). Delirium occurred in 273 (38.8%) of patients. Sedation intensity, in an escalating dose-dependent relationship, independently predicted increased risk of death (hazard ratio [95% CI], 1.29 [1.15-1.46]; p < 0.001, delirium hazard ratio [95% CI], 1.25 [1.10-1.43]), p value equals to 0.001 and reduced chance of early extubation hazard ratio (95% CI) 0.80 (0.73-0.87), p value of less than 0.001. Agitation level independently predicted subsequent delirium hazard ratio [95% CI], of 1.25 (1.04-1.49), p value equals to 0.02. Delirium or mobilization episodes within 168 hours, adjusted for sedation intensity, were not associated with survival.

    CONCLUSIONS: Sedation intensity independently, in an ascending relationship, predicted increased risk of death, delirium, and delayed time to extubation. These observations suggest that keeping sedation level equivalent to a Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale 0 is a clinically desirable goal.

    Matched MeSH terms: Airway Extubation/statistics & numerical data
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