Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 124 in total

  1. Buttery JE, de Witt GF, Ahmad UO
    Med J Malaya, 1967 Jun;21(4):362-5.
    PMID: 4230505
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  2. Lim HH, Zaini-Rahman M
    Med J Malaysia, 1979 Jun;33(4):317-20.
    PMID: 522742
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  3. Buttery JE, de Witt GF, Omar Ahmad U
    Med J Malaya, 1968 Sep;23(1):54-7.
    PMID: 4237558
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  4. Ch'ng SL, Marinah TA
    Clin. Chim. Acta, 1988 Apr 15;173(2):165-71.
    PMID: 3378356 DOI: 10.1016/0009-8981(88)90254-9
    In vitro glycation of sera dried on water-resistant medium (Parafilm) and on paper were studied by measuring the change of glucose level, fructosamine:total protein ratio, glycated protein concentration and alteration of electrophoretic mobility of sera before and after drying. The results suggested the instability of glucose in dried sera was due to in vitro glycation which was influenced by surface properties of media on which the sera were deposited. A new method for rapid effective in vitro glycation of sera was also proposed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  5. Lim SK, Loh SP
    Med J Malaysia, 1997 Mar;52(1):64-9.
    PMID: 10968055
    Blood glucose concentration was measured in 100 children immediately before and during surgery. These children were randomly assigned to receive either lactated Ringer's (LR) solution or 5% dextrose in lactated Ringer's (5%D/LR) intraoperatively as maintenance and replacement fluids. Blood samples were taken immediately after induction of anaesthesia and at 1/2, 1, 1.5, 2 and subsequent hours. Blood glucose concentration was assayed by a reflectance meter. None of the patients was noted to be hypoglycaemic pre- and intraoperatively. Intraoperative blood glucose concentration increased significantly (p < 0.05) from preoperative levels for both groups of children but the increase in those that received 5%D/LR was significantly greater (p < 0.05) than those who received LR. The number of children who were hyperglycaemic during surgery was also greater in those who received 5% dextrose in lactated Ringer's as their intraoperative fluid. These data suggest that lactated Ringer's alone is a safe and appropriate fluid for intraoperative fluid therapy in children.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  6. Larijani B, Zahedi F, Sanjari M, Amini MR, Jalili RB, Adibi H, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Dec;58(5):678-80.
    PMID: 15190653
    The effect of Ramadan fasting on fasting serum glucose (FPG) is still a matter of controversy. One hundred and fifteen healthy volunteers fasted for > or = 25 days during Ramadan. Blood samples were taken 1 week before Ramadan and on the 14th and 28th day of Ramadan. Serum glucose was determined by the glucose oxidase method. FPG decreased from 88.4 + 9.0 mg/dl to 62.9 +/- 7.7 mg/dl (p < 0.001). Men and women both experienced a significant drop in FPG. Calorie intake decreased in all groups (p < 0.001) and was positively correlated with decreasing FPG. FPG decreases with Ramadan fasting and has no serious adverse effect on fasting adults.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  7. Sheikh Ghadzi SM, Karlsson MO, Kjellsson MC
    CPT Pharmacometrics Syst Pharmacol, 2017 10;6(10):686-694.
    PMID: 28575547 DOI: 10.1002/psp4.12214
    In antihyperglycemic drug development, drug effects are usually characterized using glucose provocations. Analyzing provocation data using pharmacometrics has shown powerful, enabling small studies. In preclinical drug development, high power is attractive due to the experiment sizes; however, insulin is not always available, which potentially impacts power and predictive performance. This simulation study was performed to investigate the implications of performing model-based drug characterization without insulin. The integrated glucose-insulin model was used to simulate and re-estimated oral glucose tolerance tests using a crossover design of placebo and study compound. Drug effects were implemented on seven different mechanisms of action (MOA); one by one or in two-drug combinations. This study showed that exclusion of insulin may severely reduce the power to distinguish the correct from competing drug effect, and to detect a primary or secondary drug effect, however, it did not affect the predictive performance of the model.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  8. Sellamuthu PS, Arulselvan P, Fakurazi S, Kandasamy M
    Pak J Pharm Sci, 2014 Jan;27(1):161-7.
    PMID: 24374436
    Salacia chinensis L. is a traditional Southeast Asian herbal medicine and used in the treatment of diabetes. To investigate the antidiabetic properties of mangiferin from Salacia chinensis and its beneficial effect on toxicological and hematological parameters in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Mangiferin was orally treated with the dose of 40 mg/kg body weight/day for 30 days to diabetic rats. Biochemical (blood glucose, uric acid, urea and creatinine), toxicological (AST, ALT and ALP) and hematological parameters (red and white blood cells) and their functional indices were evaluated in diabetic treated groups with mangiferin and glibenclamide. Mangiferin treated diabetic rats significantly (p<0.05) lowered the level of blood glucose, in addition, altered the levels of biochemical parameters including urea, uric acid, and creatinine. Toxicological parameters including AST, ALT and ALP were also significantly reduced after treatment with mangiferin in diabetic rats. Similarly, the levels of red blood, white blood cells and their functional indices were significantly improved through the administration of mangiferin. Thus, our results indicate that mangiferin present in S. chinensis possesses antidiabetic properties and nontoxic nature against chemically induced diabetic rats. Further experimental investigations are warrant to make use of its relevant therapeutic effect to substantiate its ethno-medicinal usage.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis
  9. Balasubramaniam S, Kapoor R, Yeow JH, Lim PG, Flanagan S, Ellard S, et al.
    J. Pediatr. Endocrinol. Metab., 2011;24(7-8):573-7.
    PMID: 21932603
    Hyperinsulinism-hyperammonemia syndrome (HI/HA) (OMIM 606762), the second most common form of congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is associated with activating missense mutations in the GLUD1 gene, which encodes the mitochondrial matrix enzyme, glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH). Patients present with recurrent symptomatic postprandial hypoglycemia following protein-rich meals (leucine-sensitive hypoglycemia) as well as fasting hypoglycemia accompanied by asymptomatic elevations of plasma ammonia. In contrast to other forms of CHI, the phenotype is reported to be milder thus escaping recognition for the first few months of life. Early diagnosis and appropriate management are essential to avoid the neurodevelopmental consequences including epilepsy and learning disabilities which are prevalent in this disorder. We report an infant presenting with afebrile seizures secondary to hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia resulting from a novel de novo mutation of the GLUD1 gene.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis
  10. Tan PC, Chai JN, Ling LP, Omar SZ
    Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol, 2011;38(2):150-4.
    PMID: 21793277
    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal hemoglobin levels and red cell indices as predictive factors for gestational diabetes (GDM).

    METHOD: Data from 1,538 women were analyzed. At the first visit for prenatal care, the 50-gram glucose challenge test was followed by the 75-gram glucose tolerance test in those who screened positive. GDM was diagnosed based on the WHO (1999) criteria. Maternal complete blood count was obtained at the first visit, hospitalization for birth, and after birth. Receiver operator characteristic curves were generated to establish thresholds. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to establish independent predictors of GDM.

    RESULTS: GDM was diagnosed in 182/1,538 (11.8%). GDM was associated with hemoglobin level, hematocrit and erythrocyte count at the first visit for prenatal care only. Hemoglobin threshold at the first visit was established at 11.5 g/dl. After adjustment, high hemoglobin [AOR 1.5 (95% CI 1.0-2.1); p = 0.027] remained predictive of GDM.

    CONCLUSIONS: High maternal hemoglobin level at the first prenatal visit is independently predictive of GDM.

    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  11. Poh R, Muniandy S
    PMID: 21073045
    The role of paraoxonase 1 in cardiovascular disease complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus is not fully understood. We studied paraoxonase activity towards paraoxon in 188 non-diabetic and 140 diabetic subjects using general linear models and univariate analysis. Adjusting for age revealed a reduction in activity towards paraoxon was associated with a significant increase in risk (p = 0.023) for cardiovascular disease complications in diabetic patients. Multivariate analysis of two plasma measures of paraoxonase activity using paraoxon and diazoxon also showed reduced paraoxonase activity towards paraoxon was associated with a significant increase in risk (p = 0.045) for cardiovascular disease complications in diabetic patients. These analyses showed that a reduced paraoxonase activity towards paraoxon was associated with ethnicity. Based on multivariate analysis, subjects of Malay ethnic origin have significantly higher than expected activity (p = 0.008, compared to Indians), towards paraoxon than subjects of Chinese origin who in turn had higher than expected paraoxonase activity (p = 0.028, compared to Indians) Indian subjects.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis
  12. Saththasivam P, Umadevan D, Ramli N, Voralu K, Naing NN, Ilias MI, et al.
    Singapore Med J, 2009 Oct;50(10):1004-7.
    PMID: 19907892
    The aim of this study was to determine whether there was a difference in the pain indicators and effectiveness between venipuncture (VP) and heel prick (HP) for blood glucose monitoring in term neonates (recently, venipuncture was shown superior for the Guthrie test).
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  13. Ahmad F, Christenson A, Bainbridge M, Yusof AP, Ab Ghani S
    Biosens Bioelectron, 2007 Mar 15;22(8):1625-32.
    PMID: 16934449
    A new implantable electrocatalytic glucose sensor for subcutaneous glucose monitoring has been fabricated by immobilizing glucose oxidase on a chemically modified carbon fiber. The sensor was inserted subcutaneously on a male spraguely rat without any incision after dipping the microsensor in the rat's serum for 3 days. The so called "stained" microsensor, operated in the amperometric mode with an applied potential of +0.23 V versus Ag|AgCl, was able to directly measure the glucose concentration upon infusion of glucose. The results obtained were encouraging, with the response time was less than 2s and the apparent Michaelis-Menten value at 5.1+/-0.5mM. The "stained" microsensor shows good stability and reproducibility with constant response spanned over 25 days. Most common interferences in glucose analysis were minimized by the outerlayer Nafion. Hematology examinations showed minimal material-tissue interaction. Use of such mechanical devices will allow a more refined understanding towards glucose control in diabetic patients as the implanted microsensor was not effected by biocompatibility failures.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis
  14. Ang LW, Ma S, Cutter J, Chew SK, Tan CE, Tai ES
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract, 2005 Jan;67(1):53-62.
    PMID: 15620434
    We used factor analysis to define and compare the manner in which the various features of the metabolic syndrome are linked or clustered in Chinese, Malays and Asian Indians. One thousand nine hundred and fifty seven men (1324 Chinese, 391 Malays and 261 Asian Indians) and 2308 women (1622 Chinese, 391 Malays and 296 Asian Indians) were examined. Anthropometry, blood pressure, serum glucose, lipid concentrations, and serum insulin were measured for all subjects. These data were then subjected to factor analysis which reduced the variables examined to three factors in all ethnic groups and both genders. The first (dyslipidemia) factor was positively loaded for obesity, insulin resistance (IR), fasting triglyceride and negatively loaded for HDL-cholesterol. The second (hyperglycemia) factor was positively loaded for IR and blood glucose. The third (hypertension) factor was positively loaded for obesity and blood pressure. IR was positively loaded in the hypertension factor in Malay women but not in others. Rather than a single entity causally associated with insulin resistance (IR), our findings support a concept in which the metabolic syndrome represents several distinct entities (dyslipidemia, hypertension and hyperglycemia). It appears that Malay females may be more prone to develop hypertension in association with IR.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis
  15. Azila AA, Barbari T, Searson P
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 May;59 Suppl B:51-2.
    PMID: 15468814
    Considerable effort has been focused on the method of immobilizing glucose oxidase (GOD) for amperometric glucose biosensors since the technique employed may influence the available activity of the enzyme and thus affect the performance of the sensor. Narrow measuring range and low current response are still considered problems in this area. In this work, poly(vinyl alcohol)(PVA) was investigated as a potential matrix for GOD immobilization. GOD was entrapped in cross-linked PVA. The use of a PVA-GOD membrane as the enzymatic component of a glucose biosensor was found to be promising in both the magnitude of its signal and its relative stability over time. The optimum PVA-GOD membrane (cross-linking density of 0.06) was obtained through careful selection of the cross-linking density of the PVA matrix.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  16. Zaki R, Bulgiba A, Ismail NA
    Prev Med, 2013;57 Suppl:S80-2.
    PMID: 23313586 DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.01.003
    The Bland-Altman method is the most popular method used to assess the agreement of medical instruments. The main concern about this method is the presence of proportional bias. The slope of the regression line fitted to the Bland-Altman plot should be tested to exclude proportional bias. The aim of this study was to determine whether the overestimation of bias in the Bland-Altman analysis is still present even when the proportional bias has been excluded.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis
  17. Brand-Miller J, Atkinson F, Rowan A
    Nutrients, 2013 Jan;5(1):23-31.
    PMID: 23306187 DOI: 10.3390/nu5010023
    Powdered milk products for children (Growing Up Milk Powders or GUMPs) containing added carbohydrates such as glucose and sucrose are now well established in parts of Asia. We surveyed GUMPs in Malaysia and Indonesia to determine the content of added carbohydrates. The ingredient lists and nutrition information panels were used to calculate the percentage of declared carbohydrates contributed by added carbohydrates and a subset of seven products was tested for their glycemic index (GI) and insulin responses in healthy adults. The glycemic load for each product was calculated. In total, 58 products (n = 24 in Malaysia and n = 34 in Indonesia) were surveyed. Added carbohydrate content (excluding fibre) ranged from 0 to 21.5 g per serve. Milk powders without added sources of carbohydrate had similar GI values to standard liquid whole milk. Products containing maltodextrins, corn or glucose syrups increased the GI by more than 2-fold, and glycemic load (GL) by 7-fold compared to milk powders with no added carbohydrates. Insulin responses were significantly but not strongly correlated with glucose responses (r = 0.32, p < 0.006). Children's milk powders containing higher levels of added carbohydrate ingredients elicit higher glucose and insulin responses than liquid or powdered whole milk.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis*
  18. Samad NA, Yong PW, Mahendran K
    Malays J Pathol, 2015 Aug;37(2):137-40.
    PMID: 26277670 MyJurnal
    BACKGROUND: Data from the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011 showed that 20.8% of Malaysians above 30 years have diabetes. 10.1%of them are undiagnosed. Mobile blood drives could complement the public health department efforts in diabetes screening for early detection of the illness.
    AIMS: This study aims to determine the necessity of diabetes screening as a routine screening program during blood donation campaign.
    METHODS AND MATERIAL: Blood donation campaigns which involved the public community between January 2013 and June 2013 were included in this study. Donors above 30-years-old, not known to have diabetes, consented for diabetes screening. Diabetes screening was done by checking random capillary blood sugar (RCBS) levels while performing a Hemoglobin test and ABO grouping. Donors with RCBS of ≥ 7.8 mmol/L were given appointments for oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes.
    RESULTS: A total of 211 diabetes screenings were performed. Mean RCBS was 6 mmol/L. 43(20.4%) donors had RCBS≥ 7.8 mmol/L. 10 donors were later diagnosed to have diabetes (5.0%) and 5 donors were prediabetes (2.5%). 9 donors (4.3%) did not turn up for further investigation.
    CONCLUSIONS: Blood donors are expected to be healthy volunteers. The diabetes prevalence among blood donors (5.0%) is considered low if compared with the prevalence in the whole population (20.8%). However, the number is largely comparable to the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes in the country (10.1%). Routine diabetes screening during blood donation campaign should be implemented to safeguard donors' health and serve as a public health initiative to improve community health.
    Matched MeSH terms: Blood Glucose/analysis
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