Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 315 in total

  1. Ng CG, Chin SC, Yee AH, Loh HS, Sulaiman AH, Sherianne Sook Kuan W, et al.
    Malays J Med Sci, 2014 May;21(3):62-70.
    PMID: 25246837
    BACKGROUND: The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) is a self-assessment scale designed to evaluate anhedonia in various psychiatric disorders. In order to facilitate its use in Malaysian settings, our current study aimed to examine the validity of a Malay-translated version of the SHAPS (SHAPS-M).
    METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 44 depressed patients and 82 healthy subjects were recruited from a university out-patient clinic. All participants were given both the Malay and English versions of the SHAPS, Fawcett-Clark Pleasure Scale (FCPS), General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) to assess their hedonic state, general mental health condition and levels of depression.
    RESULTS: The results showed that the SHAPS-M has impressive internal consistency (α = 0.96), concurrent validity and good parallel-form reliability (intraclass coefficient, ICC = 0.65).
    CONCLUSION: In addition to demonstrating good psychometric properties, the SHAPS-M is easy to administer. Therefore, it is a valid, reliable, and suitable questionnaire for assessing anhedonia among depressed patients in Malaysia.
    KEYWORDS: Malaysia; anhedonia; depression; neuroscience; pleasure; psychiatry; psychology; validation
    Study site: Psychiatric clinic, University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder*
  2. Deva MP
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2006 Mar;61(1):4-6.
    PMID: 16708727
    Depression as a symptom and a disease has been recognized from antiquity. While numerous references to melancholia, illnesses of the heart broken, and delusions of guilt are found in Shakespearean literature, world literature, stories, and dramas the world over, yet the development of modern western medicine has by and large tended to ignore all things psychological in the process of disease recognition and understanding. Even the face of a depressed patient, so obvious to the initiated, is a rarely taught and recognized sign of ill health by non- psychiatrists. The long association of psychiatry with severe psychoses in the minds of medical teachers has dulled the sense of astuteness in the picking up of anxiety and depression. It has also dulled the medical profession into the delusion that mental illnesses do not occur in general hospitals. Thus the fairly large number of mental problems in every day clinical practice remains an area of darkness. In practice, the pick up rate of all mental illnesses in primary care remains very low at less than 5% of all mental illnesses while studies show that about 25% of all primary care patients have significant mental problems that necessitate their attendance in the primary care clinics.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/diagnosis*; Depressive Disorder/therapy*
  3. Barua A, Jacob GP, Mahmood SS
    Indian J Psychiatry, 2013 Apr;55(2):125-30.
    PMID: 23825844 DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.111448
    BACKGROUND: The adult population often suffers from a number of physical and mental problems. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of mental illnesses in adult population visiting the outpatient departments at Dr. TMA Pai Rotary Hospital, Karkala and to study the socio-demographic correlates of psychiatric disorders.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March 2004 among 193 adult individuals of 18 years and above at Dr. TMA Pai Rotary Hospital, Karkala, Karnataka. Data was analyzed by the statistical package for social sciences version 10.0 for windows and results were expressed in terms of proportions and their 95% confidence intervals (CI). Chi-square test, multiple logistic regression with adjusted odds ratio and its 95% CI.
    RESULTS: The proportion of psychiatric disorders in adult population was determined to be 39.9%. Proportion of psychiatric morbidity among males and females were 36.2 and 42.2%, respectively.
    CONCLUSION: This study revealed that socio-demographic correlates like age group of 50 years and above, unemployed or housewives, living alone, and a history of psychiatric illness in the family were independently associated with psychiatric disorders in adult population.
    KEYWORDS: Adult population; patient health questionnaire; psychiatric disorders; screening; socio-demographic correlates
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder*
  4. Krishnaswamy S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1997 Sep;52(3):222-5.
    PMID: 10968089
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/epidemiology*
  5. Emsley R, Ahokas A, Suarez A, Marinescu D, Dóci I, Lehtmets A, et al.
    J Clin Psychiatry, 2018 Jul 03;79(4).
    PMID: 29995359 DOI: 10.4088/JCP.17m11741
    OBJECTIVE: The present placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of 8 weeks of treatment with tianeptine 25-50 mg/d in elderly patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD) according to DSM-IV-TR. Escitalopram 5-10 mg/d was used as an active comparator.
    METHODS: Elderly outpatients aged at least 65 years with a primary diagnosis of moderate to severe episode of recurrent MDD were recruited by psychiatrists in 44 clinical centers in 10 countries from October 2013 to January 2016. Patients were randomly assigned to receive tianeptine (n = 105), placebo (n = 107), or escitalopram (n = 99) for 8 weeks. The primary outcome measure was the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS₁₇) total score.
    RESULTS: Tianeptine improved depressive symptoms, as evaluated by the HDRS₁₇ total score in terms of absolute change from baseline (week 0) to week 8 (placebo-tianeptine difference [SE] of 3.84 [0.85] points, P < .001, using a last-observation-carried-forward approach) and response to treatment (tianeptine: 46.7%; placebo: 34.0%, estimate [SE] = 12.70% [6.70], P = .06). A sensitivity analysis using a mixed model for repeated measures confirmed the main results on HDRS total s​core. The placebo-tianeptine difference (SE) was 0.66 (0.15) for Clinical Global Impressions-Severity of Illness (95% CI, 0.37 to 0.96; P < .001) and 0.57 (0.14) for Clinical Global Impressions- Improvement (95% CI, 0.30 to 0.83; P < .001). Positive results were also obtained with the active control escitalopram (HDRS₁₇ total score placebo-escitalopram difference of 4.09 ± 0.86 points, P < .001), therefore validating the sensitivity of the studied population. Tianeptine was well tolerated, with only minimal differences in tolerability from placebo.
    CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides robust evidence that an 8-week treatment period with tianeptine 25-50 mg is efficacious and well tolerated in depressed patients aged 65 years or older.
    TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT identifier: 2012-005612-26​.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major*
  6. Charkhandeh M, Talib MA, Hunt CJ
    Psychiatry Res, 2016 05 30;239:325-30.
    PMID: 27058159 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.03.044
    The main aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of two psychotherapeutic approaches, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a complementary medicine method Reiki, in reducing depression scores in adolescents. We recruited 188 adolescent patients who were 12-17 years old. Participants were randomly assigned to CBT, Reiki or wait-list. Depression scores were assessed before and after the 12 week interventions or wait-list. CBT showed a significantly greater decrease in Child Depression Inventory (CDI) scores across treatment than both Reiki (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/diagnosis; Depressive Disorder/psychology; Depressive Disorder/therapy*
  7. Sharif SP, Lehto RH, Nia HS, Goudarzian AH, Haghdoost AA, Yaghoobzadeh A, et al.
    Support Care Cancer, 2018 Aug;26(8):2571-2579.
    PMID: 29450638 DOI: 10.1007/s00520-018-4088-2
    PURPOSE: The study investigated relationships among the extent of disease, religious coping, and death depression in Iranian patients with cancer.

    METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 482 Iranian cancer patients. Participants completed demographic and health, death depression, and religious coping surveys.

    RESULTS: After controlling for demographic and health characteristics, positive and negative religious coping behaviors were significantly related to the experience of death depression. There was an interaction effect between negative religious coping and extent of disease with significant positive relationships to the experience of death depression.

    CONCLUSIONS: Negative religious coping was found to be more closely associated with death depression in patients with earlier stage disease than those with advanced stages of cancer in this sample of patients with cancer from Iran. Findings support assessing patients for use of religious coping strategies. Muslim patients who are religiously alienated and have existential anguish may be vulnerable and need heightened support following diagnosis and during treatment of early stage cancer.

    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/etiology; Depressive Disorder/pathology; Depressive Disorder/psychology*
  8. Mohd Farid Md Yusof, Shalisah Sharip, Suriati Mohamed Saini, Fairuz Nazri Abdul Rahman, Hamid Abdul Rahman, Raihanah Abdul Khalid
    A Severe encephalitis with an uncontrolled seizure may produce impairment in a variety
    of cognitive functions. The appropriate treatment for cognitive impairment postencephalitisis
    are currently unknown. We are reporting a case of depression and cognitive impairment post- encephalitis with an uncontrolled seizure. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder
  9. See CK, Turnbull D, Ritson F, Martin S, Tully P, Wittert G
    PMID: 30925504 DOI: 10.11124/JBISRIR-2017-004035
    REVIEW QUESTIONS: In this systematic review, we seek to answer the following questions: i) What is the association between serum testosterone concentration and incident depression in men? ii) What is the association between serum testosterone concentration and depression severity in men?
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder
  10. Chan CM, Wan Ahmad WA, Yusof MM, Ho GF, Krupat E
    Psychooncology, 2015 Jun;24(6):718-25.
    PMID: 25345781 DOI: 10.1002/pon.3714
    Distress and psychiatric morbidity in cancer patients are associated with poorer outcomes including mortality. In this study, we examined the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity and its association with cancer survival over time.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology*; Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology; Depressive Disorder/epidemiology; Depressive Disorder/psychology
  11. Tan HJ, Suganthi C, Dhachayani S, Rizal AM, Raymond AA
    Singapore Med J, 2007 Apr;48(4):307-10.
    PMID: 17384877
    Migraine is associated with a variety of personality traits. The objective of this study was to reevaluate the personality traits using Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) in migraine patients diagnosed by applying the new International Classification of Headache Disorders-2 criteria.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/complications*
  12. Srinivasan V, Smits M, Spence W, Lowe AD, Kayumov L, Pandi-Perumal SR, et al.
    World J. Biol. Psychiatry, 2006;7(3):138-51.
    PMID: 16861139
    The cyclic nature of depressive illness, the diurnal variations in its symptomatology and the existence of disturbed sleep-wake and core body temperature rhythms, all suggest that dysfunction of the circadian time keeping system may underlie the pathophysiology of depression. As a rhythm-regulating factor, the study of melatonin in various depressive illnesses has gained attention. Melatonin can be both a 'state marker' and a 'trait marker' of mood disorders. Measurement of melatonin either in saliva or plasma, or of its main metabolite 6-sulfatoxymelatonin in urine, have documented significant alterations in melatonin secretion in depressive patients during the acute phase of illness. Not only the levels but also the timing of melatonin secretion is altered in bipolar affective disorder and in patients with seasonal affective disorder (SAD). A phase delay of melatonin secretion takes place in SAD, as well as changes in the onset, duration and offset of melatonin secretion. Bright light treatment, that suppresses melatonin production, is effective in treating bipolar affective disorder and SAD, winter type. This review discusses the role of melatonin in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder and SAD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major/diagnosis; Depressive Disorder, Major/drug therapy; Depressive Disorder, Major/physiopathology; Depressive Disorder/diagnosis; Depressive Disorder/drug therapy; Depressive Disorder/physiopathology*
  13. Quek KF, Low WY, Razack AH, Loh CS
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2001 Sep;56(3):285-92.
    PMID: 11732072
    This study aimed to validate the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in the Malaysian urological population. Reliability and internal consistency were evaluated using the test-retest method and internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Responsiveness was expressed as the effect size. Internal consistency was high (Cronbach's alpha value = 0.56 to 0.87). Test-retest correlation coefficient and intraclass correlation coefficient were significant (ICC = 0.56 to 0.87) and a high degree of sensitivity and specificity. The BDI is thus a reliable and a valid instrument to be used in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/diagnosis*
  14. Azhar MZ, Varma SL
    Acta Psychiatr Scand, 1995 Apr;91(4):233-5.
    PMID: 7625203
    This study was aimed at determining the effect of psychotherapy in patients in bereavement. Fifteen patients in a control group were given brief psychotherapy and 15 study group patients received psychotherapy with a religious perspective. The patients in the study group showed consistently significant improvements as compared with the control group at the end of 6 months. The results indicate that highly religious patients with grief and bereavement tend to improve faster when a religious psychotherapy is added to a cognitive-behaviour approach.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/psychology
  15. Maniam T
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1987 Dec;42(4):317-9.
    PMID: 3454406
    Traditional methods of treatment are extremely popular with Malaysians especially for psychiatric illnesses. Those who seek such treatment come from all cultures, social classes and different educational levels in this country. In one hospital as much as 49% of psychiatric patients had been to traditional healers . Some receive simultaneously traditional and modern modes of treatment. While many reports have been written on traditional healers such as the bomoh and spirit mediums, relatively less is written about Christian healers who practise exorcism. This paper describes two patients who had received psychiatric diagnoses of major illnesses, and who subsequently underwent Christian exorcism. The process of exorcism and the short-term and long-term outcome are reported.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/therapy*
  16. Wan Mohd Yunus WMA, Musiat P, Brown JSL
    Occup Environ Med, 2018 01;75(1):66-75.
    PMID: 29074553 DOI: 10.1136/oemed-2017-104532
    Depression is increasingly being recognised as a significant mental health problem in the workplace contributing to productivity loss and economic burden to organisations. This paper reviews recently published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of universal and targeted interventions to reduce depression in the workplace. Studies were identified through searches of EMBASE, MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES Full Text, and Global Health and Social Policy and Practice databases. Studies were included if they included an RCT of a workplace intervention for employees targeting depression as the primary outcome. Twenty-two published RCTs investigating interventions utilising various therapeutic approaches were identified. The cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) approach is the most frequently used in the workplace, while interventions that combine different therapeutic approaches showed the most promising results. A universal intervention in the workplace that combines CBT and coping flexibility recorded the highest effect size (d=1.45 at 4 months' follow-up). Most interventions were delivered in group format and showed low attrition rates compared with other delivery formats. Although all studies reviewed were RCTs, the quality of reporting is low. Interventions using different therapeutic approaches with different modes of delivery have been used. Most of these interventions were shown to reduce depression levels among employees in the workplace, particularly those that combine more than one therapeutic approaches.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/therapy*
  17. Al-Rahbi B, Zakaria R, Muthuraju S, Othman Z, Hassan A
    Malays J Med Sci, 2013 Mar;20(2):35-40.
    PMID: 23983575 MyJurnal
    Depression is one of the common post-menopausal symptoms. In addition to estrogen deficiency, social instability stress may contribute as an additional underlying factor in the development of depressive behaviour in females. Therefore, this study was aimed at examining the influence of social instability stress on depressive behaviour in ovariectomized rats.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder
  18. Nik Jaafar NR, Selamat Din SH, Mohamed Saini S, Ahmad SN, Midin M, Sidi H, et al.
    Compr Psychiatry, 2014 Jan;55 Suppl 1:S52-9.
    PMID: 23706655 DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.03.003
    The period of the cancer patients undergoing treatment is also the most stressful time for their family caregivers. This study aimed to determine the rates of major depressive disorder and dysthymia; and their associated factors in the caregivers during this time.

    Study site: Oncology centre, Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major/etiology; Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology; Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology*
  19. Ang QQ, Wing YK, He Y, Sulaiman AH, Chiu NY, Shen YC, et al.
    Int. J. Clin. Pract., 2009 Jul;63(7):1041-9.
    PMID: 19570122 DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2009.02107.x
    Reports from non-Asian populations indicate that painful physical symptoms (PPS) are associated with poorer clinical and functional outcomes in major depressive disorder (MDD). The purpose of this study is to report comparative changes in disease severity, treatment patterns and quality of life observed in East Asian patients with MDD, with and without PPS, as assessed prospectively over a 3-month observation period.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major/complications*; Depressive Disorder, Major/drug therapy; Depressive Disorder, Major/ethnology
  20. Soh KC, Kua EH, Ng TP
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 2009 Jul;24(7):723-30.
    PMID: 19089846 DOI: 10.1002/gps.2188
    Somatic and other non-affective symptomatology characterizes late life depression and contributes to its under-diagnosis, especially in some ethnic groups.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/diagnosis; Depressive Disorder/ethnology; Depressive Disorder/psychology*
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