Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 349 in total

  1. Ho SC, Chong HY, Chaiyakunapruk N, Tangiisuran B, Jacob SA
    J Affect Disord, 2016 Mar 15;193:1-10.
    PMID: 26748881 DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.12.029
    Medication non-adherence is one of the major challenges in treating patients with depression. This systematic review aims to determine the clinical and economic outcomes of non-adherence in depression.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder
  2. Ng CG, Chin SC, Yee AH, Loh HS, Sulaiman AH, Sherianne Sook Kuan W, et al.
    Malays J Med Sci, 2014 May;21(3):62-70.
    PMID: 25246837
    BACKGROUND: The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) is a self-assessment scale designed to evaluate anhedonia in various psychiatric disorders. In order to facilitate its use in Malaysian settings, our current study aimed to examine the validity of a Malay-translated version of the SHAPS (SHAPS-M).
    METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 44 depressed patients and 82 healthy subjects were recruited from a university out-patient clinic. All participants were given both the Malay and English versions of the SHAPS, Fawcett-Clark Pleasure Scale (FCPS), General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) to assess their hedonic state, general mental health condition and levels of depression.
    RESULTS: The results showed that the SHAPS-M has impressive internal consistency (α = 0.96), concurrent validity and good parallel-form reliability (intraclass coefficient, ICC = 0.65).
    CONCLUSION: In addition to demonstrating good psychometric properties, the SHAPS-M is easy to administer. Therefore, it is a valid, reliable, and suitable questionnaire for assessing anhedonia among depressed patients in Malaysia.
    KEYWORDS: Malaysia; anhedonia; depression; neuroscience; pleasure; psychiatry; psychology; validation
    Study site: Psychiatric clinic, University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder*
  3. Deva MP
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2006 Mar;61(1):4-6.
    PMID: 16708727
    Depression as a symptom and a disease has been recognized from antiquity. While numerous references to melancholia, illnesses of the heart broken, and delusions of guilt are found in Shakespearean literature, world literature, stories, and dramas the world over, yet the development of modern western medicine has by and large tended to ignore all things psychological in the process of disease recognition and understanding. Even the face of a depressed patient, so obvious to the initiated, is a rarely taught and recognized sign of ill health by non- psychiatrists. The long association of psychiatry with severe psychoses in the minds of medical teachers has dulled the sense of astuteness in the picking up of anxiety and depression. It has also dulled the medical profession into the delusion that mental illnesses do not occur in general hospitals. Thus the fairly large number of mental problems in every day clinical practice remains an area of darkness. In practice, the pick up rate of all mental illnesses in primary care remains very low at less than 5% of all mental illnesses while studies show that about 25% of all primary care patients have significant mental problems that necessitate their attendance in the primary care clinics.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/diagnosis*; Depressive Disorder/therapy*
  4. Jobson L, Miskon N, Dalgleish T, Hitchcock C, Hill E, Golden AM, et al.
    Br J Clin Psychol, 2018 Sep;57(3):382-396.
    PMID: 29572886 DOI: 10.1111/bjc.12181
    OBJECTIVES: Distortions in autobiographical memory have been implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD). Those with MDD demonstrate a 'depressogenic' autobiographical life structure. Research has not examined how culture influences this process. We investigated whether Malay individuals (members of an interdependent culture) with MDD demonstrated a 'depressogenic' autobiographical life structure similar to that of British individuals (members of an independent culture) with MDD.

    DESIGN: A 2 (Culture; Malay, British) × 2 (Mood; depressed, control) cross-sectional design using a card sort task and self-report measures was used.

    METHODS: Malay individuals with MDD or no history of MDD completed the life-structure card-sorting task, which provided a novel method for investigating organizational structure of the life narrative. These data were compared to previously collected data in which British individuals with MDD or without MDD had completed the same task within the same experimental protocol.

    RESULTS: Pan-culturally those with MDD had greater negativity (i.e., used more negative attributes), negative redundancy (i.e., used the same negative attributes repeatedly across life chapters) and negative emodiversity (i.e., had greater variety and relative abundance of negative attributes), and reduced positive redundancy (i.e., used the same positive attributes repeatedly across chapters) in their structuring relative to controls. While the British MDD group had greater compartmentalization (i.e., the negative and positive attributes were clustered separately across different chapters) than British controls, the Malay MDD group had lower levels of compartmentalization than Malay controls.

    CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest culture may shape aspects of the autobiographical life structure in MDD.

    PRACTITIONER POINTS: The majority of the literature investigating depression pertains to individuals from European Western cultures, despite recognition that depression ranks as one of the most debilitating diseases worldwide. This raises questions as to whether current depression models and interventions can be applied universally or whether they are limited to European Western groups. The current study found that pan-culturally those with MDD had similar structuring of their life story relative to controls. However, there were some cultural differences that need to be considered (e.g., Malay individuals provided less detailed, less elaborate and less emotionally diverse life stories and while the British MDD group had greater compartmentalization than British controls, the Malay MDD group had lower levels of compartmentalization than Malay controls). Limitations of the study included group differences in gender and mood at the time of testing. Cultural differences in the number of attributes used may have influenced findings. Only the Malay group completed the individualism-collectivism measure.

    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major/ethnology*; Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology
  5. Barua A, Jacob GP, Mahmood SS
    Indian J Psychiatry, 2013 Apr;55(2):125-30.
    PMID: 23825844 DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.111448
    BACKGROUND: The adult population often suffers from a number of physical and mental problems. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of mental illnesses in adult population visiting the outpatient departments at Dr. TMA Pai Rotary Hospital, Karkala and to study the socio-demographic correlates of psychiatric disorders.
    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March 2004 among 193 adult individuals of 18 years and above at Dr. TMA Pai Rotary Hospital, Karkala, Karnataka. Data was analyzed by the statistical package for social sciences version 10.0 for windows and results were expressed in terms of proportions and their 95% confidence intervals (CI). Chi-square test, multiple logistic regression with adjusted odds ratio and its 95% CI.
    RESULTS: The proportion of psychiatric disorders in adult population was determined to be 39.9%. Proportion of psychiatric morbidity among males and females were 36.2 and 42.2%, respectively.
    CONCLUSION: This study revealed that socio-demographic correlates like age group of 50 years and above, unemployed or housewives, living alone, and a history of psychiatric illness in the family were independently associated with psychiatric disorders in adult population.
    KEYWORDS: Adult population; patient health questionnaire; psychiatric disorders; screening; socio-demographic correlates
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder*
  6. Krishnaswamy S
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1997 Sep;52(3):222-5.
    PMID: 10968089
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/epidemiology*
  7. Charkhandeh M, Talib MA, Hunt CJ
    Psychiatry Res, 2016 05 30;239:325-30.
    PMID: 27058159 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.03.044
    The main aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of two psychotherapeutic approaches, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a complementary medicine method Reiki, in reducing depression scores in adolescents. We recruited 188 adolescent patients who were 12-17 years old. Participants were randomly assigned to CBT, Reiki or wait-list. Depression scores were assessed before and after the 12 week interventions or wait-list. CBT showed a significantly greater decrease in Child Depression Inventory (CDI) scores across treatment than both Reiki (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/diagnosis; Depressive Disorder/psychology; Depressive Disorder/therapy*
  8. Harvey MB, O'connell KA, Barraza G, Riyanto A, Kurniawan N, Smith EN
    Zootaxa, 2015;4020(3):495-516.
    PMID: 26624112 DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4020.3.5
    We describe Cyrtodactylus psarops sp. nov. and C. semicinctus sp. nov., two new species of bent-toed geckos from montane forests in the southern Bukit Barisan Range of Sumatra, Indonesia. The new species are closely related to one another and to C. semenanjungensis, a lowland species currently known only from Peninsular Malaysia. Three characters of the new species immediately distinguish them from most congeners in the Sunda Region: they lack transversely enlarged subcaudals, have a precloacal depression, and have a greatly enlarged scale positioned at the apex of a continuous series of femoral and precloacal pore-bearing scales. They differ from one another in cephalic pattern, tuberculation of the brachium, and in numbers of cloacal tubercles, dorsal bands, and ventrals in a transverse row. The greatly enlarged scale at the apex of the precloacal pores appears to be a rare apomorphy of these two species and C. agamensis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder
  9. Park S, Hatim A, Si TM, Jeon HJ, Srisurapanont M, Bautista D, et al.
    Int J Soc Psychiatry, 2015 Dec;61(8):735-42.
    PMID: 25846010 DOI: 10.1177/0020764015577842
    Previous studies have identified the significant role of stressful life events in the onset of depressive episodes. However, there is a paucity of cross-national studies on stressful life events that precede depression.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder
  10. Al Jumah K, Hassali MA, Al Qhatani D, El Tahir K
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 2014;10:2031-7.
    PMID: 25378929 DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S71697
    Several studies have investigated the factors associated with adherence to antidepressants, with inconsistent conclusions. However, no similar study has investigated this issue among patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study is to explore patients' adherence to antidepressant medications, and the factors associated with adherence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major
  11. Aljumah K, Ahmad Hassali A, AlQhatani S
    Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat, 2014;10:1433-8.
    PMID: 25120364 DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S67008
    Adherence to antidepressant treatment is an essential step in the management of patients with major depressive disorder, and several factors can contribute to antidepressant nonadherence. Evidence supports the hypothesis that patient treatment satisfaction will result in improved adherence; therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between patient treatment satisfaction and adherence to antidepressants, and the role of patient beliefs toward medication in patient treatment satisfaction.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major
  12. Sharif SP, Lehto RH, Nia HS, Goudarzian AH, Haghdoost AA, Yaghoobzadeh A, et al.
    Support Care Cancer, 2018 Aug;26(8):2571-2579.
    PMID: 29450638 DOI: 10.1007/s00520-018-4088-2
    PURPOSE: The study investigated relationships among the extent of disease, religious coping, and death depression in Iranian patients with cancer.

    METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 482 Iranian cancer patients. Participants completed demographic and health, death depression, and religious coping surveys.

    RESULTS: After controlling for demographic and health characteristics, positive and negative religious coping behaviors were significantly related to the experience of death depression. There was an interaction effect between negative religious coping and extent of disease with significant positive relationships to the experience of death depression.

    CONCLUSIONS: Negative religious coping was found to be more closely associated with death depression in patients with earlier stage disease than those with advanced stages of cancer in this sample of patients with cancer from Iran. Findings support assessing patients for use of religious coping strategies. Muslim patients who are religiously alienated and have existential anguish may be vulnerable and need heightened support following diagnosis and during treatment of early stage cancer.

    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/etiology; Depressive Disorder/pathology; Depressive Disorder/psychology*
  13. Mohd Farid Md Yusof, Shalisah Sharip, Suriati Mohamed Saini, Fairuz Nazri Abdul Rahman, Hamid Abdul Rahman, Raihanah Abdul Khalid
    A Severe encephalitis with an uncontrolled seizure may produce impairment in a variety
    of cognitive functions. The appropriate treatment for cognitive impairment postencephalitisis
    are currently unknown. We are reporting a case of depression and cognitive impairment post- encephalitis with an uncontrolled seizure. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder
  14. Mukhtar F, Oei TPS
    DOI: 10.2174/157340011797183201
    Transforming western technology to Eastern populations, including Malaysia, presents important implications in understanding the development, maintenance, and treatment of depression. The present paper aims to review the literature on the prevalence of depression studies in Malaysia. PsycINFO, Medline databases, local journals, and 13 published articles, were included in the current review. Findings were presented in three categories i.e., 'prevalence of depression in primary care', 'general community', and 'among clinical population'. Major limitations of previous studies were noted, and thus, problems associated with the implementation and future direction of clinical and research on depression in Malaysia, was provided. In short, the contribution of empirical research on the prevalence of depression has remained inconsistent and fragmented and it is therefore, a time to venture modification. © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder
  15. Chan CM, Wan Ahmad WA, Yusof MM, Ho GF, Krupat E
    Psychooncology, 2015 Jun;24(6):718-25.
    PMID: 25345781 DOI: 10.1002/pon.3714
    Distress and psychiatric morbidity in cancer patients are associated with poorer outcomes including mortality. In this study, we examined the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity and its association with cancer survival over time.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology*; Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology; Depressive Disorder/epidemiology; Depressive Disorder/psychology
  16. Tan HJ, Suganthi C, Dhachayani S, Rizal AM, Raymond AA
    Singapore Med J, 2007 Apr;48(4):307-10.
    PMID: 17384877
    Migraine is associated with a variety of personality traits. The objective of this study was to reevaluate the personality traits using Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) in migraine patients diagnosed by applying the new International Classification of Headache Disorders-2 criteria.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/complications*
  17. Srinivasan V, Smits M, Spence W, Lowe AD, Kayumov L, Pandi-Perumal SR, et al.
    World J. Biol. Psychiatry, 2006;7(3):138-51.
    PMID: 16861139
    The cyclic nature of depressive illness, the diurnal variations in its symptomatology and the existence of disturbed sleep-wake and core body temperature rhythms, all suggest that dysfunction of the circadian time keeping system may underlie the pathophysiology of depression. As a rhythm-regulating factor, the study of melatonin in various depressive illnesses has gained attention. Melatonin can be both a 'state marker' and a 'trait marker' of mood disorders. Measurement of melatonin either in saliva or plasma, or of its main metabolite 6-sulfatoxymelatonin in urine, have documented significant alterations in melatonin secretion in depressive patients during the acute phase of illness. Not only the levels but also the timing of melatonin secretion is altered in bipolar affective disorder and in patients with seasonal affective disorder (SAD). A phase delay of melatonin secretion takes place in SAD, as well as changes in the onset, duration and offset of melatonin secretion. Bright light treatment, that suppresses melatonin production, is effective in treating bipolar affective disorder and SAD, winter type. This review discusses the role of melatonin in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder and SAD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder, Major/diagnosis; Depressive Disorder, Major/drug therapy; Depressive Disorder, Major/physiopathology; Depressive Disorder/diagnosis; Depressive Disorder/drug therapy; Depressive Disorder/physiopathology*
  18. Quek KF, Low WY, Razack AH, Loh CS
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2001 Sep;56(3):285-92.
    PMID: 11732072
    This study aimed to validate the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in the Malaysian urological population. Reliability and internal consistency were evaluated using the test-retest method and internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Responsiveness was expressed as the effect size. Internal consistency was high (Cronbach's alpha value = 0.56 to 0.87). Test-retest correlation coefficient and intraclass correlation coefficient were significant (ICC = 0.56 to 0.87) and a high degree of sensitivity and specificity. The BDI is thus a reliable and a valid instrument to be used in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/diagnosis*
  19. Azhar MZ, Varma SL
    Acta Psychiatr Scand, 1995 Apr;91(4):233-5.
    PMID: 7625203
    This study was aimed at determining the effect of psychotherapy in patients in bereavement. Fifteen patients in a control group were given brief psychotherapy and 15 study group patients received psychotherapy with a religious perspective. The patients in the study group showed consistently significant improvements as compared with the control group at the end of 6 months. The results indicate that highly religious patients with grief and bereavement tend to improve faster when a religious psychotherapy is added to a cognitive-behaviour approach.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/psychology
  20. Maniam T
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1987 Dec;42(4):317-9.
    PMID: 3454406
    Traditional methods of treatment are extremely popular with Malaysians especially for psychiatric illnesses. Those who seek such treatment come from all cultures, social classes and different educational levels in this country. In one hospital as much as 49% of psychiatric patients had been to traditional healers . Some receive simultaneously traditional and modern modes of treatment. While many reports have been written on traditional healers such as the bomoh and spirit mediums, relatively less is written about Christian healers who practise exorcism. This paper describes two patients who had received psychiatric diagnoses of major illnesses, and who subsequently underwent Christian exorcism. The process of exorcism and the short-term and long-term outcome are reported.
    Matched MeSH terms: Depressive Disorder/therapy*
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