Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 498 in total

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  1. Aditiya HB, Chong WT, Mahlia TM, Sebayang AH, Berawi MA, Nur H
    Waste Manag, 2016 Jan;47(Pt A):46-61.
    PMID: 26253329 DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.07.031
    Rising global temperature, worsening air quality and drastic declining of fossil fuel reserve are the inevitable phenomena from the disorganized energy management. Bioethanol is believed to clear out the effects as being an energy-derivable product sourced from renewable organic sources. Second generation bioethanol interests many researches from its unique source of inedible biomass, and this paper presents the potential of several selected biomasses from Malaysia case. As one of countries with rich biodiversity, Malaysia holds enormous potential in second generation bioethanol production from its various agricultural and forestry biomasses, which are the source of lignocellulosic and starch compounds. This paper reviews potentials of biomasses and potential ethanol yield from oil palm, paddy (rice), pineapple, banana and durian, as the common agricultural waste in the country but uncommon to be served as bioethanol feedstock, by calculating the theoretical conversion of cellulose, hemicellulose and starch components of the biomasses into bioethanol. Moreover, the potential of the biomasses as feedstock are discussed based on several reported works.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol*
  2. Chua HP, Aminah Abdullah
    Aktiviti pengoksidaan ekstrak etanol dan air daripada kacangma (Leonurus sibiricus) telah dikaji menggunakan tiga sistem ujian. Berdasarkan turutan aktiviti antipengoksida, ekstrak etanol kacangma kering didapati tinggi dalam sistem pengoksidaan asid linoleik (LP) 71.6%, sederhana dalam sistem penindasan superoksida xantin oksidase (XOD) 69.7% dan rendah dalam sistem penindasan radikal bebas 1,2-difenil-2-pikrilhidrazil (DPPH) 48.8%. Sebaliknya, ekstrak air kacangma kering didapati tinggi dalam ketiga-tiga sistem iaitu masing-masing 72.7, 76.3 dan 78.2%. Pengekstrakan air didapati lebih berkesan dalam mengeluarkan bahan antipengoksida daripada kacangma kering berbanding pengekstrakan alkohol.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
  3. Tara HS
    Med J Malaysia, 1974 Mar;28(3):176-9.
    PMID: 4278365
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol/blood; Ethanol/metabolism*; Ethanol/urine
  4. Farah Dzilhani Zulkefli, Mohd Ambri Mohamed, Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis
    Sains Malaysiana, 2017;46:1141-1145.
    Transistor berasaskan karbon tiub nano (CNTFET) telah dihasilkan melalui kaedah pertumbuhan langsung menggunakan alkohol pemangkin pemendapan wap kimia. Sifat struktur dan ciri elektrik peranti telah dikaji. FET ini menunjukkan operasi ambikutub dan ia selaras dengan jenis-Schottky FET. Ia telah didapati bahawa ketinggian halangan Schottky yang wujud antara sentuhan elektrod dan CNT, boleh termodulat oleh aplikasi berkesan daripada voltan pincang (VDS) dan voltan get (VGS). Aplikasi voltan pincang sahaja tidak mudah untuk merendahkan ketinggian halangan Schottky dan ketebalan halangan Shottky, tetapi ia berkait rapat dengan aplikasi voltan get. Bagi konfigurasi peranti dalam kajian ini, keberkesanan medan boleh dikaitkan dengan VGS:VDS = 10:-1. Peningkatan arus didapati disebabkan oleh pengurangan tenaga pengaktifan. Kaitan yang jelas antara kesan voltan pincang, voltan get dan tenaga pengaktifan telah diperhati dalam kajian ini.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
  5. Thangavelu SK, Rajkumar T, Pandi DK, Ahmed AS, Ani FN
    Waste Manag, 2019 Mar 01;86:80-86.
    PMID: 30902242 DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2019.01.035
    Microwave assisted acid hydrolysis (H2SO4 and HCl with >0.5 mol/L) to produce bioethanol from sago pith waste (SPW) was studied. The energy consumption for microwave hydrolysis at different energy inputs and acid concentration were calculated. The overall energy consumption for bioethanol fuel production from SPW was assessed. A maximum of 88% glucose yield and 80% ethanol yield (3.1 g ethanol per 10 g SPW) were obtained using 1.0 mol/L H2SO4. Microwave hydrolysis using 1.0 mol/L H2SO4 consumed the minimum energy of 8.1 kJ to produce 1 g glucose from SPW when energy input was fixed at 54 kJ (900 W for 1 min). In general, 1 g glucose can produce 16 kJ. The overall energy consumption for fuel grade bioethanol production from SPW was 31.77 kJ per g ethanol, which was slightly higher than the lower heating values of ethanol (26.74 kJ/g ethanol).
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol*
  6. Annegowda HV, Anwar LN, Mordi MN, Ramanathan S, Mansor SM
    Pharmacognosy Res, 2010 Nov;2(6):368-73.
    PMID: 21713141 DOI: 10.4103/0974-8490.75457
    This study was designed to evaluate the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of ethanolic extracts from T. catappa leaves obtained by different intervals of sonication.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
  7. Rahman ML, Kulkarni AD, Mohd Yusoff M, Kwong HC, Quah CK
    PMID: 27006787 DOI: 10.1107/S2056989016001614
    The title indolin-2-one compound, C28H23FN4O·C2H6O, crystallizes as a 1:1 ethanol solvate. The ethanol mol-ecule is disordered over two positions with refined site occupancies of 0.560 (14) and 0.440 (14). The pyrazole ring makes dihedral angles of 84.16 (10) and 85.33 (9)° with the indolin-2-one and indole rings, respectively, whereas the dihedral angle between indolin-2-one and indole rings is 57.30 (7)°. In the crystal, the components are linked by N-H⋯O and O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming an inversion mol-ecule-solvate 2:2 dimer with R 4 (4)(12) ring motifs. The crystal structure is consolidated by π-π inter-action between pairs of inversion-related indolin-2-one rings [inter-planar spacing = 3.599 (2) Å].
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
  8. Pramanik T, Ghosh A, Roychowdhury P
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Mar;60(1):116.
    PMID: 16250297
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol*
  9. Lam MK, Lee KT
    Biotechnol Adv, 2012 May-Jun;30(3):673-90.
    PMID: 22166620 DOI: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2011.11.008
    Culturing of microalgae as an alternative feedstock for biofuel production has received a lot of attention in recent years due to their fast growth rate and ability to accumulate high quantity of lipid and carbohydrate inside their cells for biodiesel and bioethanol production, respectively. In addition, this superior feedstock offers several environmental benefits, such as effective land utilization, CO(2) sequestration, self-purification if coupled with wastewater treatment and does not trigger food versus fuel feud. Despite having all these 'theoretical' advantages, review on problems and issues related to energy balance in microalgae biofuel are not clearly addressed until now. Base on the maturity of current technology, the true potential of microalgae biofuel towards energy security and its feasibility for commercialization are still questionable. Thus, this review is aimed to depict the practical problems that are facing the microalgae biofuel industry, covering upstream to downstream activities by accessing the latest research reports and critical data analysis. Apart from that, several interlink solutions to the problems will be suggested with the purpose to bring current microalgae biofuel research into a new dimension and consequently, to revolutionize the entire microalgae biofuel industry towards long-term sustainability.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol/metabolism*; Ethanol/chemistry
  10. Shahla S, Ngoh GC, Yusoff R
    Bioresour Technol, 2012 Jan;104:1-5.
    PMID: 22154586 DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.11.010
    In this paper, the kinetics of palm oil ethanolysis with various models have been investigated in a temperature range of 25-55 °C. The highest yield was achieved when the conversion to ethyl ester was 97.5±0.5% in the stated temperature range, using ethanol:oil molar ratio of 12:1, and 1.0 wt.% sodium ethoxide. The level of conformity of the reaction with reversible second order, irreversible second order and first order kinetic models were evaluated by means of the R(2) values of the linear curves. The ethanolysis showed the best conformity with irreversible second order kinetic model with 92-98% level of confidence. The reaction rate constants were within 0.018-0.088 dm(3)/mol min and the activation energy of the reaction was 42.36 kJ/mol.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol/chemical synthesis*; Ethanol/isolation & purification
  11. LLEWELLYN-JONES D
    Med J Malaya, 1958 Sep;13(1):25-31.
    PMID: 13589365
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol/analogs & derivatives; Ethanol/therapeutic use*
  12. Zamiri R, Zakaria A, Husin MS, Wahab ZA, Nazarpour FK
    Int J Nanomedicine, 2011;6:2221-4.
    PMID: 22114485 DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S23830
    In the present work, we prepared silver nanoparticles by laser ablation of pure silver plate in ethanol and then irradiated the silver nanoparticles using a 532 nm Q-switched Nd:YAG pulsed laser. Transmission electron microscopic images of the sample after irradiation clearly showed formation of big structures, such as microrods and microbelts in ethanol. The obtained microbelts had a width of about 0.166 μm and a length of 1.472 μm. The reason for the formation of such a big structure is the tendency of the nanoparticles to aggregate in ethanol before irradiation, which causes fusion of the nanoparticles.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol/chemistry*
  13. Salleh MSM, Ibrahim MF, Roslan AM, Abd-Aziz S
    Sci Rep, 2019 05 15;9(1):7443.
    PMID: 31092836 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-43718-1
    Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) with delayed yeast extract feeding (DYEF) was conducted in a 2-L bioreactor equipped with in-situ recovery using a gas stripping in order to enhance biobutanol production from lignocellulosic biomass of oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB). This study showed that 2.88 g/L of biobutanol has been produced from SSF with a similar yield of 0.23 g/g as compared to separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF). An increase of 42% of biobutanol concentration was observed when DYEF was introduced in the SSF at 39 h of fermentation operation. Biobutanol production was further enhanced up to 11% with a total improvement of 72% when in-situ recovery using a gas stripping was implemented to reduce the solvents inhibition in the bioreactor. In overall, DYEF and in-situ recovery were able to enhance biobutanol production in SSF.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol/metabolism*
  14. Zolkeflee NKZ, Isamail NA, Maulidiani M, Abdul Hamid NA, Ramli NS, Azlan A, et al.
    Phytochem Anal, 2021 Jan;32(1):69-83.
    PMID: 31953888 DOI: 10.1002/pca.2917
    INTRODUCTION: Muntingia calabura from the Muntingiaceae family has been documented for several medicinal uses. The combinations of drying treatment and extracting solvents for a plant species need to be determined and optimised to ensure that the extracts contain adequate amounts of the bioactive metabolites.

    OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the metabolite variations and antioxidant activity among M. calabura leaves subjected to different drying methods and extracted with different ethanol ratios using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H-NMR)-based metabolomics. Methodology The antioxidant activity of M. calabura leaves dried with three different drying methods and extracted with three different ethanol ratios was determined by using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and nitric oxide (NO) scavenging assays. The metabolites variation among the extracts and correlation with antioxidant activity were analysed by 1 H-NMR-based metabolomics.

    RESULTS: Muntingia calabura leaves extracted with 50% and 100% ethanol from air-drying and freeze-drying methods had the highest total phenolic content and the lowest IC50 value for the DPPH scavenging activity. Meanwhile, oven-dried leaves extracted with 100% ethanol had the lowest IC50 value for the NO scavenging activity. A total of 43 metabolites, including sugars, organic acids, amino acids, phytosterols, phenolics and terpene glycoside were tentatively identified. A noticeable discrimination was observed in the different ethanol ratios by the principal component analysis. The partial least-squares analysis suggested that 32 compounds out of 43 compounds identified were the contributors to the bioactivities.

    CONCLUSION: The results established set the preliminary steps towards developing this plant into a high value product for phytomedicinal preparations.

    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol*
  15. Zakaria SM, Visvanathan R, Kamarudin K, Yeon AS, Md Shakaff AY, Zakaria A, et al.
    Sensors (Basel), 2015;15(12):30894-912.
    PMID: 26690175 DOI: 10.3390/s151229834
    The lack of information on ground truth gas dispersion and experiment verification information has impeded the development of mobile olfaction systems, especially for real-world conditions. In this paper, an integrated testbed for mobile gas sensing experiments is presented. The integrated 3 m × 6 m testbed was built to provide real-time ground truth information for mobile olfaction system development. The testbed consists of a 72-gas-sensor array, namely Large Gas Sensor Array (LGSA), a localization system based on cameras and a wireless communication backbone for robot communication and integration into the testbed system. Furthermore, the data collected from the testbed may be streamed into a simulation environment to expedite development. Calibration results using ethanol have shown that using a large number of gas sensor in the LGSA is feasible and can produce coherent signals when exposed to the same concentrations. The results have shown that the testbed was able to capture the time varying characteristics and the variability of gas plume in a 2 h experiment thus providing time dependent ground truth concentration maps. The authors have demonstrated the ability of the mobile olfaction testbed to monitor, verify and thus, provide insight to gas distribution mapping experiment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
  16. Rahman AA, Usman A, Chantrapromma S, Fun HK
    Acta Crystallogr C, 2003 Sep;59(Pt 9):i92-4.
    PMID: 12944636
    A sample of hydronium perchlorate, H(3)O(+) x ClO(4)(-), crystallized from ethanol at ambient temperature, was found to be orthorhombic (space group Pnma) at both 193 and 293 K, with no phase transition observed in this temperature range. This contrasts with the earlier observation [Nordman (1962). Acta Cryst. 15, 18-23] of a monoclinic phase (space group P2(1)/n) at 193 K for crystals grown at that temperature from perchloric acid. The hydronium and perchlorate ions lie across a mirror plane but it is not possible to define at either temperature a simple description of the H-atom positions due to the three-dimensional tumbling of the hydronium cation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
  17. Shanmuga Sundara Raj S, Razak IA, Fun HK, Zhao PS, Jian F, Yang X, et al.
    Acta Crystallogr C, 2000 Apr 15;56(Pt 4):E130-1.
    PMID: 15263175
    In the crystal of the title complex, [Co(C(9)H(6)NO)(3)].C(2)H(5)OH, the central Co atom has a distorted octahedral coordination comprised of three N atoms and three O atoms from the three 8-quinolinolato ligands. The three Co-O bond distances are in the range 1.887 (2)-1.910 (2) A, while the three Co-N bond distances range from 1.919 (2) to 1.934 (2) A. The solvent ethanol molecule forms an intermolecular O-H.O hydrogen bonding with a quinolinolato ligand.
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
  18. Nor Qhairul Izzreen, M.N., Mohd Fadzelly, A.B.
    MyJurnal
    This study was conducted to determine the total phenolic (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) as well as the antioxidant activity of 50% ethanolic extracts from different parts of Camellia sinensis (shoot, young and matured leaves). Comparison was also made between black (fermented) and green (unfermented) tea. For green tea, the results showed that the shoot contained significantly higher total phenolic content, followed by the young and matured leaves (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
  19. Chan, S.W., Lee, C.Y., Yap, C.F., Wan Aida, W.M., Ho, C.W.
    MyJurnal
    The objective of this study was to optimise the extraction conditions for phenolic compounds from limau purut (Citrus hystrix) peels using response surface methodology (RSM). A central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was applied to determine the effects of ethanol concentration (%), extraction temperature (oC), and extraction time (min) on total phenolic content (TPC) from limau purut (Citrus hystrix) peels. The independent variables were coded at five levels and their actual values were selected based on the results of single factor experiments. Results showed that ethanol concentration was the most significant (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
  20. Chemah, T.C., Aminah, A., Noriham, A., Wan Aida, W.M.
    MyJurnal
    The antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content of seeds of three types of pitaya namely Hylocereus polyrhizus, Hylocereus undatus and Selenicereus megalanthus and the fatty acid content of pitaya seeds oil were examined in this study. The ethanolic extracts of H. polyrhizus seeds showed significantly high (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Ethanol
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