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  1. Seng LT
    Med J Malaysia, 1978 Jun;32(4):328-30.
    PMID: 732633
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  2. Leong TS
    PMID: 7221690
    A total of 104 marine fish belonging to 12 species in 6 families were examined for anisakid larvae. All except one fish species were infected with one or more types of anisakid larvae. Three types of anisakid larvae were recovered, the most abundant being Anisakis type 1 (9 out of 11 fish species) followed by Contracaecum type B (6 out of 11) and Terranova type B (1 out of 11). Latianus malabaricus has the highest mean intensity of both Anisakis type 1 and Contracaecum type B. The public health hazard of anisakine nematodes is briefly discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  3. Lim LH, Gibson DI
    Syst Parasitol, 2009 May;73(1):13-25.
    PMID: 19337856 DOI: 10.1007/s11230-008-9167-1
    Sundatrema langkawiense n. g., n. sp. (Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae) is described from the gills of the orbfish Ephippus orbis (Bloch) (Ephippidae) off the Island of Langkawi, Malaysia, in the Andaman Sea. This new genus has the ancyrocephalid characteristics of four anchors, 14 marginal hooks and two bars, but differs from other four-anchored monogenean genera, and notably from Parancylodiscoides Caballero & Bravo Hollis, 1961 (found on the ephippids Chaetodipterus spp. off Central and South America), by having a unique combination of features. These include a muscular genital sucker and a vas deferens and vagina on the same (sinistral) side of the body. It is similar to Parancylodiscoides in having four haptoral reservoirs opening at the anchoral apertures, four anchors, similar connecting bars and small marginal hooks. The new species is characterised by the above generic features and by possessing a small, short copulatory organ lacking an accessory piece. Diplectanum longiphallus MacCallum, 1915 (previously attributed to Ancyrocephalus Creplin, 1839, Tetrancistrum Goto & Kikuchi, 1917 and Pseudohaliotrema Yamaguti, 1953) is transferred to Parancylodiscoides as P. longiphallus (MacCallum, 1915) n. comb.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  4. Gerasev PI
    Parazitologia, 2009 Nov-Dec;43(6):478-501.
    PMID: 20198967
    Systematization and description of composition and structure of the monogeneans from the genus Dactylogyrus Diesing, 1850 mostly having five rayed ventral (additional) bar of the haptor and parasitizing mainly Palaearctic Barbinae and Leuciscinae, were carried out. These dactylogyrids have Palaearctic origin and occur in the north-western Africa, central and southern Europe, Transcaucasia, middle Asia, Mesopotamia and also in India and the Malacca Peninsula. Previously the analysis of dactylogyrids' distribution by continents (Gerasev et al., 1996), geographical regions (Gerasev, Timofeeva, 1997), taxonomic groups of hosts (Gerasev, 2008a, 6), and different taxonomic groups of host inside one geographical division (Kolpakov et al., 2007; Gerasev et al., 2007, 2008) was performed. This analysis have not been always resulted in the understanding of conjugate evolution of these parasites and their fish hosts, as well as in the resolving of problems concerned with speciation of monogeneans and phylogeography of their hosts. Therefore, in present work we consider more than one geographical region, different fish taxa, and the morphological groups of worms reflecting morphological variational series of types of copulatory organ and additional bar. Typification of copulatory organ, additional bar, anchors, and type of seating for 11 Palaearctic morphological groups of dactylogyrids mainly having five rayed additional ventral bar, were carried out. Four morphological groups of dactylogyrids of African, Indian, and different Palaearctic origin also parasitizing Palaearctic barbs were additionally included into analysis. In all, 92 species of dctylogyrids from 78 host species were considered. Analysis of speciation and phylogeny of dactylogyrids having five rayed additional ventral bar of haptor; conjugate evolution of these dactylogyrids and their fish hosts (mainly Barbinae); point of origin of Palaearctic polyploids Barbinae, and expansion of these fishes over the territory of Palaearctic will be discussed in next article.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  5. Tan WB, Lim LH
    Folia Parasitol., 2009 Sep;56(3):180-4.
    PMID: 19827361
    One new and three previously described species of Trianchoratus Price et Berry, 1966 were collected from the gills of Channa lucius (Cuvier) and Channa striata (Bloch) from the Bukit Merah Reservoir, Perak and Endau-Rompin, Pahang, Peninsular Malaysia. They are Trianchoratus longianchoratus sp.n., T. malayensis Lim, 1986 and T. pahangensis Lim, 1986 from C. lucius, and T. ophicephali Lim, 1986 from C. striata. The new species differs from the Trianchoratus species hitherto described from channids and anabantoids in having two ventral anchors with a long curved inner root and one dorsal anchor with a curved inner root and lacking an outer root. A table summarizing the known species of heteronchocleidins (Trianchoratus, Eutrianchoratus and Heteronchocleidus) and Sundanonchus reported from fish hosts of different families (Channidae, Helostomatidae, Anabantidae and Osphronemidae) is provided.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  6. Boxshall GA, Lin CL, Ho JS, Ohtsuka S, Venmathi Maran BA, Justine JL
    Syst Parasitol, 2008 Jun;70(2):81-106.
    PMID: 18427956 DOI: 10.1007/s11230-008-9132-z
    Two new species of the parasitic copepod genus Dissonus Wilson, 1906 are described: D. excavatus n. sp. from the gills of a labrid, Bodianus perditio, and a lutjanid, Macolor niger, collected off New Caledonia and Taiwan, and D. inaequalis n. sp. from a hemiscylliid elasmobranch, Chiloscyllium punctatum, collected off Sarawak (Malaysia) and the Philippines. Material of D. heronensis Kabata, 1966 is described from a balistid host, Pseudobalistes fuscus, off New Caledonia, and this constitutes a new host record for this parasite. D. manteri Kabata, 1966 was collected from four serranid host species off New Caledonia and from one of the same hosts off Taiwan. Two of the hosts from New Caledonia, Plectropomus laevis and Epinephelus cyanopodus, represent new host records. D. pastinum Deets & Dojiri, 1990 was recognised as a new synonym of D. nudiventris Kabata, 1966, so the total number of valid species is now twelve. Material from museum collections of D. nudiventris, D. similis Kabata, 1966 and D. spinifer Wilson, 1906 was re-examined and provided new information which is utilised in a key to all valid species of Dissonus.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  7. Lim LH
    Syst Parasitol, 2003 Jun;55(2):115-26.
    PMID: 12815222
    Four new species of Calydiscoides Young, 1969 are described from three species of nemipterids caught off Kemaman, Terengganu, on the eastern coast of Peninsular Malaysia: C. monogrammae n. sp. from Scolopsis monogramma; C. conus n. sp. from S. magaritifer; C. scolopsidis n. sp. from S. margaritifer and S. monogramma; and C. kemamanensis n. sp. from Pentapodus setosus. The present investigation reveals that the squamodiscs (lamellodiscs) are composed of 10-12 short, complete, interlocking and concentric tubular lamellae. The innermost lamella is attached to a pair of adductor muscles.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  8. Lim LH
    Int. J. Parasitol., 1998 Oct;28(10):1495-515.
    PMID: 9801913
    The diversity of monogeneans from Southeast Asia was examined using information from the literature to show their diversity at different taxonomic (subclass, family, genera, species) levels. Knowledge of monogeneans is still incomplete in Southeast Asia and the present numbers of monogeneans are likely an underestimate of what is present on/in aquatic organisms in the region, since so few hosts have been examined. An estimate of the possible numbers of monogeneans that could be present on/in fishes and turtles in Peninsular Malaysia indicates that only 8% of the monogeneans are presently known. Analysis of the available data on monogenean diversity (or species richness) at different taxonomic levels will provide useful information on their distribution patterns. There is an uneven distribution of investigations on this topic and Malayan fauna is considered to be representative of the Southeast Asian fauna. Southeast Asian (Sundaland) monogeneans are related (at the generic level) to the monogenean fauna of South China, India and Africa.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  9. Lim LH, Gibson DI
    Syst Parasitol, 2008 Jul;70(3):191-213.
    PMID: 18535790 DOI: 10.1007/s11230-008-9137-7
    One new and four previously described species of Triacanthinella Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1968 (Monogenea) were collected from the tripodfishes Triacanthus biaculeatus and Tripodichthys blochii off Peninsular Malaysia. Triacanthinella lumutensis n. sp. from Tripodichthys blochii off Lumut, Selangor is similar to Triacanthinella principalis Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1968 in having morphologically similar types of haptoral sclerites and copulatory organ, but differs in possessing a longer copulatory tube. Also re-described are T. principalis Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1968, T. gracilis Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1968 and T. aspera Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1968 from both Triacanthus biaculeatus and Tripodichthys blochii, plus Triacanthinella longipenis Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1968 from Tripodichthys blochii and Triacanthinella tripathii Bychowsky & Nagibina, 1968 based on its type-material. In the new species, the filament loop of the anchors is associated with a sheath-like sclerite which envelops the anchor point. Such sclerites were also observed in the present specimens of Triacanthinella principalis, T. aspera, T. longipenis and T. gracilis but were not mentioned in the original descriptions. The generic diagnosis of Triacanthinella is amended and a key to the recognised species is presented. The specific names of two of the previously described species are emended from the neuter form to T. principalis and T. gracilis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  10. Lim LH
    Syst Parasitol, 2006 May;64(1):13-25.
    PMID: 16773472
    Two new and two previously described species of diplectanid monogeneans (Heteroplectanum flabelliforme n. sp., Diplectanum sumpit n. sp., D. jaculator Mizelle & Kritsky, 1969 and D. toxotes Mizelle & Kritsky, 1969) were collected from archerfish Toxotes jaculatrix off the Island of Langkawi, Kedah and off Perak, Malaysia. The reproductive systems and squamodiscs of D. jaculator and D. toxotes are described for the first time. D. sumpit n. sp. differs from D. toxotes and D. jaculator in a having a small curved copulatory tube with a distinct accessory piece, compared to the long, tubular copulatory tube of D. jaculator and the slender tube of D. toxotes. D. sumpit n. sp. also differs from D. toxotes in having a larger ventral bar and larger squamodiscs. H. flabelliforme n. sp. differs from all known Heteroplectanum species in the shape and size of the squamodiscs, the arrangement of the sclerites in the squamodiscs, the extremely large ventral bar and the short, curved, non-spinous copulatory tube.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  11. Shekhar KC
    PMID: 9656350
    Epidemiological studies have been conducted to determine the association between fish and disease. The fish were obtained from rivers, streams, ponds and lakes but few from aquaculture farms. While no defined studies have been carried out in Malaysia, baseline data show that fish obtained from aquaculture farms (mixed farming) contributed to cases of opisthorchiasis and clonorchiasis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  12. Yousef Kalafi E, Tan WB, Town C, Dhillon SK
    BMC Bioinformatics, 2016 Dec 22;17(Suppl 19):511.
    PMID: 28155722 DOI: 10.1186/s12859-016-1376-z
    BACKGROUND: Monogeneans are flatworms (Platyhelminthes) that are primarily found on gills and skin of fishes. Monogenean parasites have attachment appendages at their haptoral regions that help them to move about the body surface and feed on skin and gill debris. Haptoral attachment organs consist of sclerotized hard parts such as hooks, anchors and marginal hooks. Monogenean species are differentiated based on their haptoral bars, anchors, marginal hooks, reproductive parts' (male and female copulatory organs) morphological characters and soft anatomical parts. The complex structure of these diagnostic organs and also their overlapping in microscopic digital images are impediments for developing fully automated identification system for monogeneans (LNCS 7666:256-263, 2012), (ISDA; 457-462, 2011), (J Zoolog Syst Evol Res 52(2): 95-99. 2013;). In this study images of hard parts of the haptoral organs such as bars and anchors are used to develop a fully automated identification technique for monogenean species identification by implementing image processing techniques and machine learning methods.

    RESULT: Images of four monogenean species namely Sinodiplectanotrema malayanus, Trianchoratus pahangensis, Metahaliotrema mizellei and Metahaliotrema sp. (undescribed) were used to develop an automated technique for identification. K-nearest neighbour (KNN) was applied to classify the monogenean specimens based on the extracted features. 50% of the dataset was used for training and the other 50% was used as testing for system evaluation. Our approach demonstrated overall classification accuracy of 90%. In this study Leave One Out (LOO) cross validation is used for validation of our system and the accuracy is 91.25%.

    CONCLUSIONS: The methods presented in this study facilitate fast and accurate fully automated classification of monogeneans at the species level. In future studies more classes will be included in the model, the time to capture the monogenean images will be reduced and improvements in extraction and selection of features will be implemented.

    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  13. Palmieri JR, Krishnasamy M, Sullivan JT
    J. Helminthol., 1979 Mar;53(1):51-63.
    PMID: 458132
    Six species of strigeoid trematodes are reported from Malaysia. One new genus and 3 new species are described: Apatemon (Apatemon( jamesi sp. n (Strigeidae); cercaria Cotylurus sullivani sp. n. (Strigeidae); Neodiplostomum (Neodiplostomum) sp. (Diplostomatidae); Fibricola ramachandrani (Diplostomatidae); Pseudoscolopacitrema otteri gen. n. et sp. n. (Diplostomatidae); and cercaria Cyathocotyle malayi sp. n. (Cyathocotylidae). The life cycles of A. jamesi and C. malayi have also been investigated.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology
  14. Soo OYM
    Parasitol Int, 2019 Feb;68(1):31-39.
    PMID: 30244155 DOI: 10.1016/j.parint.2018.09.003
    Haliotrema susanae sp. nov. is described from the gills of the pinecone soldierfish, Myripristis murdjan off Langkawi Island, Malaysia. This species is differentiated from other Haliotrema species especially those from holocentrids in having a male copulatory organ with bract-like extensions at the initial of the copulatory tube, grooved dorsal anchors and ventral anchors with longer shafts. The maximum likelihood (ML) analysis based on partial 28S rDNA sequences of H. susanae sp. nov. and 47 closely related monogeneans showed that H. susanae sp. nov. is recovered within a monophyletic clade consisting of only species from the genus Haliotrema. It is also observed that H. susanae sp. nov. forms a clade with H. cromileptis and H. epinepheli which coincides with a similar grouping by Young based on solely morphological characteristics. The morphological and molecular results validate the identity of H. susanae sp. nov. as belonging to the genus Haliotrema.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  15. Freeman MA, Anshary H, Ogawa K
    Parasit Vectors, 2013;6(1):336.
    PMID: 24286135 DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-6-336
    The Caligidae is a family of parasitic copepods containing over 30 recognised genera. They are commercially important parasites as they cause disease in numerous finfish aquaculture facilities globally. Morphological features are used to distinguish between the genera and Pseudocaligus has traditionally been differentiated from Caligus solely by the presence of a much reduced form of the fourth thoracic leg. Currently there are numerous DNA sequences available for Caligus spp. but only the type species, Pseudocaligus brevipedis, has molecular data available, so systematic studies using molecular phylogenetic analyses have been limited.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology
  16. Székely C, Shaharom-Harrison F, Cech G, Ostoros G, Molnár K
    Dis. Aquat. Org., 2009 Jan 28;83(1):37-48.
    PMID: 19301635 DOI: 10.3354/dao01991
    During a survey on fishes of the Tasik Kenyir Reservoir, Malaysia, 5 new Myxobolus spp. and 2 known Henneguya spp. were found. The specific locations for 2 Myxobolus spp. were the host's muscles, while 2 other Myxobolus spp. were found to develop in the host's kidney and gills, respectively. Of the species developing intracellularly in muscle cells, M. terengganuensis sp. nov. was described from Osteochilus hasselti and M. tasikkenyirensis sp. nov. from Osteochilus vittatus. M. csabai sp. nov. and M. osteochili sp. nov. were isolated from the kidney of Osteochilus hasselti, while M. dykovae sp. nov. was found in the gill lamellae of Barbonymus schwanenfeldii. Henneguya shaharini and Henneguya hemibagri plasmodia were found on the gills of Oxyeleotris marmoratus and Hemibagrus nemurus, respectively. Description of the new and known species was based on morphological characterization of spores, histological findings on locations of plasmodia and DNA sequence data.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology
  17. Moravec F, Wolter J, Körting W
    Folia Parasitol., 1999;46(4):296-310.
    PMID: 10730202
    Five species of adult nematodes, unidentifiable nematode larvae, and three species of acanthocephalans, were found in freshwater ornamental fishes newly imported into Germany from Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Peru, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The following species were identified: Adult Nematoda: Pseudocapillaria tomentosa, Capillariidae gen. sp., Dichelyne hartwichi sp. n., Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) pintoi and Spinitectus allaeri; Acanthocephala: Pseudogorgorhynchus arii gen. et sp. n., Neoechinorhynchus sp. and Pallisentis sp. The nematode Dichelyne hartwichi sp. n. (male only) from the intestine of Chelonodon fluviatilis (Hamilton) from Thailand is characterised mainly by the presence of minute cuticular spines on the tail tip, length of spicules (510 microns) and arrangement of caudal papillae. The acanthocephalan Pseudogorgorhynchus arii sp. n. from the intestine of Ariopsis seemanni (Günther) from Colombia represents a new genus Pseudogorgorhynchus gen. n., differing from other genera of the Rhadinorhynchidae mainly in possessing a small proboscis armed with markedly few (18) hooks arranged in six spiral rows. Spinitectus macheirus Boomker et Puylaert, 1994 and Spinitectus moraveci Boomker et Puylaert, 1994 are considered junior synonyms of Spinitectus allaeri Campana-Rouget, 1961.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  18. Littlewood DT, Rohde K, Clough KA
    Int. J. Parasitol., 1997 Nov;27(11):1289-97.
    PMID: 9421713
    Partial nuclear 28S ribosomal RNA and mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene sequences (953 and 385 nucleotides, respectively) of one fish monogenean (outgroup) and six polystome monogeneans (four Polystomoides spp. from the oral cavities and urinary bladders of freshwater turtles in Australia and Malaya, two Neopolystoma spp. from the urinary bladder and conjunctival sac of a freshwater turtle in Australia) were used to examine the question of whether congeneric species infecting different sites in the same host species have speciated in that host by adapting to different sites, or whether species infecting a particular site in one host have given rise to species infecting the same site in different hosts. Results show unequivocally that congeneric species infecting the same site, even of host species belonging to different suborders and occurring on different continents, are more closely related than congeneric species infecting different sites of the same host species. This is interpreted as meaning that speciation has not occurred in one host. Morphological evolution of polystomes has been very slow: few differences between species and even genera have evolved over a period of at least 150 Myr, and this is matched by low substitution rates of nucleotides, and the ambiguous position of species of different genera, depending on whether COI or 28S rDNA sequences are used.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology
  19. Trusch F, Loebach L, Wawra S, Durward E, Wuensch A, Iberahim NA, et al.
    Nat Commun, 2018 06 14;9(1):2347.
    PMID: 29904064 DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04796-3
    The animal-pathogenic oomycete Saprolegnia parasitica causes serious losses in aquaculture by infecting and killing freshwater fish. Like plant-pathogenic oomycetes, S. parasitica employs similar infection structures and secretes effector proteins that translocate into host cells to manipulate the host. Here, we show that the host-targeting protein SpHtp3 enters fish cells in a pathogen-independent manner. This uptake process is guided by a gp96-like receptor and can be inhibited by supramolecular tweezers. The C-terminus of SpHtp3 (containing the amino acid sequence YKARK), and not the N-terminal RxLR motif, is responsible for the uptake into host cells. Following translocation, SpHtp3 is released from vesicles into the cytoplasm by another host-targeting protein where it degrades nucleic acids. The effector translocation mechanism described here, is potentially also relevant for other pathogen-host interactions as gp96 is found in both animals and plants.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
  20. Freeman MA, Shinn AP
    Parasit Vectors, 2011;4:220.
    PMID: 22115202 DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-4-220
    Myxosporeans are known from aquatic annelids but parasitism of platyhelminths by myxosporeans has not been widely reported. Hyperparasitism of gill monogeneans by Myxidium giardi has been reported from the European eel and Myxidium-like hyperparasites have also been observed during studies of gill monogeneans from Malaysia and Japan.The present study aimed to collect new hyperparasite material from Malaysia for morphological and molecular descriptions. In addition, PCR screening of host fish was undertaken to determine whether they are also hosts for the myxosporean.
    Matched MeSH terms: Fishes/parasitology*
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