This is a case report of an 11-year-old boy with left mesocolic hernia. This condition is very similar to peritoneal encapsulation and a literature review of both conditions is done. Confusion among authors in naming them accordingly is addressed.
Neck masses in infants and children have a wide differential diagnosis. However, neck masses apparent only during raised intrathoracic pressure are rare with a limited number of causes, including superior herniation of the normal thymus, apical lung herniation, jugular phlebectasia and laryngocoele. These conditions can easily be differentiated from one another by imaging. We present an infant with intermittent suprasternal neck mass visible only during increased intrathoracic pressure, produced either by crying or straining. Diagnosis of superior herniation of the thymus into the neck was confirmed by ultrasonography with the characteristic sonographic appearances of the normal thymus as well as its shape, size and location. Ultrasonography should be the first imaging modality of choice. Management of superior herniation of the thymus into the neck should be conservative as the thymus naturally involutes with increasing age. Awareness of the differential diagnosis of neck swelling present only on Vasalva manoeuvre or increased intrathoracic pressure is important to prevent unnecessary tests, avoid radiation, biopsy and surgery.
Obturator hernia is a rare clinical entity usually presenting with strangulation. Preoperative diagnosis is seldom made and this has contributed to a high. mortality. One should suspect a strangulated obturator hernia in an elderly thin female patient presenting with vague abdominal symptoms or intestinal obstruction associated with a positive Howship-Romberg sign. Urgent laparotomy is indicated to establish the diagnosis and for resection of bowel if indicated.
An internal hernia through the mesosalpinx is a rare condition which is often overlooked. We report the case of a 65-year-old lady who presented with features of small bowel obstruction. At laparotomy, a gangrenous ileum was found to have herniated through a defect in the right mesosalpinx. We discuss this rare cause of a small bowel obstruction and its diagnostic dilemma.
Mesocolic hernia is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in children. The diagnosis involves a high index of suspicion and prompt intervention to prevent strangulation and a high morbidity. The embryological basis of the condition is of paramount importance to assist the eventual surgical correction.