Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 58 in total

  1. Bernstein IS
    Science, 1966 Dec 23;154(3756):1559-60.
    PMID: 4958933
    Two members of a troop of wild Macaca irus in Malaysia have been tentatively identified as hybrids of M. irus and M. nemestrina. Mechanisms prohibiting such hybridization in the natural habitat may have broken down under heavy predation pressure which finally resulted in the local extermination of M. nemestrinia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic*
  2. Abdul Rani KN, Abdulmalek M, A Rahim H, Siew Chin N, Abd Wahab A
    Sci Rep, 2017 04 20;7:46521.
    PMID: 28425443 DOI: 10.1038/srep46521
    This research proposes the various versions of modified cuckoo search (MCS) metaheuristic algorithm deploying the strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm (SPEA) multiobjective (MO) optimization technique in rectangular array geometry synthesis. Precisely, the MCS algorithm is proposed by incorporating the Roulette wheel selection operator to choose the initial host nests (individuals) that give better results, adaptive inertia weight to control the positions exploration of the potential best host nests (solutions), and dynamic discovery rate to manage the fraction probability of finding the best host nests in 3-dimensional search space. In addition, the MCS algorithm is hybridized with the particle swarm optimization (PSO) and hill climbing (HC) stochastic techniques along with the standard strength Pareto evolutionary algorithm (SPEA) forming the MCSPSOSPEA and MCSHCSPEA, respectively. All the proposed MCS-based algorithms are examined to perform MO optimization on Zitzler-Deb-Thiele's (ZDT's) test functions. Pareto optimum trade-offs are done to generate a set of three non-dominated solutions, which are locations, excitation amplitudes, and excitation phases of array elements, respectively. Overall, simulations demonstrates that the proposed MCSPSOSPEA outperforms other compatible competitors, in gaining a high antenna directivity, small half-power beamwidth (HPBW), low average side lobe level (SLL) suppression, and/or significant predefined nulls mitigation, simultaneously.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  3. Thomas V, Yap PL
    PMID: 4749074
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic*
  4. Valdiani A, Abdul Kadir M, Said Saad M, Talei D, Omidvar V, Hua CS
    ScientificWorldJournal, 2012;2012:297545.
    PMID: 22701352 DOI: 10.1100/2012/297545
    The ambiguity of crossability in Andrographis paniculata (AP) was pointed out in the present research. Accordingly, the effects of different style length and crossing time on intraspecific crossability of seven AP accessions in 21 possible combinations were investigated. The best results came out between 08:00 to 11:00 h for manual out-crossing of AP, while the time from 12:00 to 18:00 h showed a decreasing trend. Moreover, 12 mm style length was found as the most proper phenological stage in terms of stigmatic receptivity to perform out-crossing in this plant. All in all, AP behaved unlikely in each combination, and a significant difference was observed in crossability of AP accessions (P < 0.01). The lowest and highest crossability rate was found in hybrids 21 (11261NS × 11344K) and 27 (11322PA × 11350T) with 0.25% and 13.33%, respectively. Furthermore, a significant negative relationship between style length and crossibility (r² = 0.762(∗∗)) was recorded in this research. As a final conclusion, crossing time and proper style length can improve the intraspecific crossability in the species, considerably. Despite all the mentioned contrivances, we still believe that a genetic incongruity should be involved as an additional obstacle in crossability of those combinations that failed or responded deficiently to outcrossing.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic/physiology*
  5. Pang T
    Med J Malaysia, 1979 Dec;34(2):91-4.
    PMID: 398437
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic*
  6. Hong, Choon Ong, Tilahun, Surafel Luleseged, Tang, Suey Shya
    Many studies have been carried out using different metaheuristic algorithms on optimisation problems in various fields like engineering design, economics and routes planning. In the real world, resources and time are scarce. Thus the goals of optimisation algorithms are to optimise these available resources. Different metaheuristic algorithms are available. The firefly algorithm is one of the recent metaheuristic algorithms that is used in many applications; it is also modified and hybridised to improve its performance. In this paper, we compare the Standard Firefly Algorithm, the Elitist Firefly Algorithm, also called the Modified Firefly Algorithm with the Chaotic Firefly Algorithm, which embeds chaos maps in the Standard Firefly Algorithm. The Modified Firefly Algorithm differs from the Standard Firefly Algorithm in such a way that the global optimum solution at a particular iteration will not move randomly but in a direction that is chosen from randomly generated directions that can improve its performance. If none of these directions improves its performance, then the algorithm will not be updated. On the other hand, the Chaotic Firefly Algorithm tunes the parameters of the algorithms for the purpose of increasing the global search mobility i.e. to improve the attractiveness of fireflies. In our study, we found that the Chaotic Firefly Algorithms using three different chaotic maps do not perform as well as the Modified Firefly Algorithms; however, at least one or two of the Chaotic Firefly Algorithms outperform the Standard Firefly Algorithm under the given accuracy and efficiency tests.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  7. Nurfadhlina Mohd Sharef, Rozilah Rosli
    Sentiment analysis classification has been typically performed by combining features that represent the dataset at hand. Existing works have employed various features individually such as the syntactical, lexical and machine learning, and some have hybridized to reach optimistic results. Since the debate on the best combination is still unresolved this paper addresses the empirical investigation of the combination of features for product review classification. Results indicate the Support Vector Machine classification model combined with any of the observed lexicon namely MPQA, BingLiu and General Inquirer and either the unigram or inte-gration of unigram and bigram features is the top performer.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  8. Zainal SMIS, Hejazi F, Aziz FNAA, Jaafar MS
    Materials (Basel), 2020 Nov 10;13(22).
    PMID: 33182531 DOI: 10.3390/ma13225055
    The use of fibers in cementitious composites yields numerous benefits due to their fiber-bridging capabilities in resisting cracks. Therefore, this study aimed to improve the shear-resisting capabilities of conventional concrete through the hybridization of multiple synthetic fibers, specifically on reinforced concrete structures in seismic-prone regions. For this study, 16 hybrid fiber-reinforced concretes (HyFRC) were developed from the different combinations of Ferro macro-synthetic fibers with the Ultra-Net, Super-Net, Econo-Net, and Nylo-Mono microfibers. These hybrids were tested under direct shear, resulting in improved shear strength of controlled specimens by Ferro-Ultra (32%), Ferro-Super (24%), Ferro-Econo (44%), and Ferro-Nylo (24%). Shear energy was further assessed to comprehend the effectiveness of the fiber interactions according to the mechanical properties, dosage, bonding power, manufactured material, and form of fibers. Conclusively, all fiber combinations used in this study produced positive synergistic effects under direct shear at large crack deformations.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  9. Arafath MA, Kwong HC, Adam F, Razali MR
    Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun, 2018 May 01;74(Pt 5):687-690.
    PMID: 29850092 DOI: 10.1107/S2056989018005959
    The title compound, C28H24N2O3, is a flexible Schiff base, having a dihedral angle of 59.53 (5)° between the mean planes of two phenyl rings bounded in the centre by a single O atom. The dihedral angles between the mean planes of the phenyl rings bonded to the central O atom and the mean planes of the terminal methyl-phenol rings are 31.47 (6) and 36.03 (5)°, respectively. The sp2-hybridized character of the azanylylidene groups is confirmed by their bond lengths and bond angles. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked into centrosymmetric dimers by weak C-H⋯N inter-actions and connected into dimeric chains through weak C-H⋯O inter-actions. These chains are inter-connected into a two-dimensional network parallel to (1[Formula: see text]1) via weak C-H⋯π inter-actions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  10. Chang YHR
    Chem Commun (Camb), 2020 Sep 17;56(74):10962-10965.
    PMID: 32789397 DOI: 10.1039/d0cc04123h
    While lab-scale synthesis of trigonal-Zr2N2S, hexagonal-Zr2N2S and hexagonal-Zr2N2Se has been reported, meaningful data on the photophysical properties of IV-nitride chalcogenides in general are scarcely available. The first-principles calculations and genetic algorithm modeling in our work reveal the existence of remarkably stable, indirect gap trigonal-Zr2N2Se and trigonal-Hf2N2Se phases, which progress to direct gap, monoclinic materials in monolayer form. These structures display the desired optoelectronic properties, such as exceptionally high visible-UV absorption spectra (105-106 cm-1) and exciton binding energy below 0.02 eV. Strong hybridization between the Zr-d, N-p and Se-p orbitals is accounted for by the polysilicon comparable Vickers hardness (10.64-12.77 GPa), while retaining ductile nature.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  11. Zaki NM, Schwarzacher T, Singh R, Madon M, Wischmeyer C, Hanim Mohd Nor N, et al.
    Chromosome Res, 2021 12;29(3-4):373-390.
    PMID: 34657216 DOI: 10.1007/s10577-021-09675-0
    Chromosome identification is essential for linking sequence and chromosomal maps, verifying sequence assemblies, showing structural variations and tracking inheritance or recombination of chromosomes and chromosomal segments during evolution and breeding programs. Unfortunately, identification of individual chromosomes and chromosome arms has been a major challenge for some economically important crop species with a near-continuous chromosome size range and similar morphology. Here, we developed oligonucleotide-based chromosome-specific probes that enabled us to establish a reference chromosome identification system for oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq., 2n = 32). Massive oligonucleotide sequence pools were anchored to individual chromosome arms using dual and triple fluorescent in situ hybridization (EgOligoFISH). Three fluorescently tagged probe libraries were developed to contain, in total 52,506 gene-rich single-copy 47-mer oligonucleotides spanning each 0.2-0.5 Mb across strategically placed chromosome regions. They generated 19 distinct FISH signals and together with rDNA probes enabled identification of all 32 E. guineensis chromosome arms. The probes were able to identify individual homoeologous chromosome regions in the related Arecaceae palm species: American oil palm (Elaeis oleifera), date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) and coconut (Cocos nucifera) showing the comparative organization and concerted evolution of genomes in the Arecaceae. The oligonucleotide probes developed here provide a valuable approach to chromosome arm identification and allow tracking chromosome transfer in hybridization and breeding programs in oil palm, as well as comparative studies within Arecaceae.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  12. Hii JL
    PMID: 749225
    Anopheles (Cellia) litoralis King and Anopheles (Cellia) sundaicus Rodenwaldt, vectors of malaria, were collected from the same brackis and sea-water habitats in six localities in Sabah. They share the same breeding habitats with predominance of one species over the other. The two species although distinct have small morphological differences and are taxonomically separated by certain wing characters. Hybridization between the two species was successful. Reciprocal crosses produced viable progeny which appeared to develop normally to adults. Hybridized females laid fewer viable eggs in comparison with the parents. The F1 hybrids resembled the litoralis parent in most characters. Backcrosses of both litoralis and sundaicus parents with the F1 hybrids yielded no eggs. F1 male hybrids were thus assumed to be sterile. The results obtained from cross matings between the two species suggested something more than subspecific status.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic*
  13. Bunlungsup S, Kanthaswamy S, Oldt RF, Smith DG, Houghton P, Hamada Y, et al.
    Am J Primatol, 2017 12;79(12).
    PMID: 29095514 DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22726
    In the past decade, many researchers have published papers about hybridization between long-tailed and rhesus macaques. These previous works have proposed unidirectional gene flow with the Isthmus of Kra as the zoogeographical barrier of hybridization. However, these reports analyzed specimens of unknown origin and/or did not include specimens from Thailand, the center of the proposed area of hybridization. Collected specimens of long-tailed and rhesus macaques representing all suspected hybridization areas were examined. Blood samples from four populations each of long-tailed and rhesus macaques inhabiting Thailand, Myanmar, and Laos were collected and analyzed with conspecific references from China (for rhesus macaques) and multiple countries from Sundaic regions (for long-tailed macaques). Ninety-six single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers specifically designed to interrogate admixture and ancestry were used in genotyping. We found genetic admixture maximized at the hybrid zone (15-20°N), as well as admixture signals of varying strength in both directions outside of the hybrid zone. These findings show that the Isthmus of Kra is not a barrier to gene flow from rhesus to long-tailed populations. However, to precisely identify a southernmost barrier, if in fact a boundary rather than simple isolation by distance exists, the samples from peninsular Malaysia must be included in the analysis. Additionally, a long-tailed to rhesus gene flow boundary was found between northern Thailand and Myanmar. Our results suggest that selection of long-tailed and rhesus macaques, the two most commonly used non-human primates for biomedical research, should take into account not only the species identification but also the origin of and genetic admixture within and between the species.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic*
  14. Marcela P, Hassan AA, Hamdan A, Dieng H, Kumara TK
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc, 2015 Dec;31(4):313-20.
    PMID: 26675452 DOI: 10.2987/moco-31-04-313-320.1
    Mating behavior between Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus, established colony strains were examined under laboratory conditions (30-cm(3) screened cages) for 5 consecutive days. The effect of selected male densities (30, 20, 10) and female density (20) on the number of swarming, mating pairs, eggs produced, and inseminated females were evaluated. Male densities significantly increased swarming behavior, mating pairs, and egg production of heterospecific females, but female insemination was reduced. Aedes aegypti males mate more readily with heterospecific females than do Ae. albopictus males. The current study suggests that Ae. aegypti males were not species-specific in mating, and if released into the field as practiced in genetically modified mosquito techniques, they may mate with both Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus females, hence reducing populations of both species by producing infertile eggs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic*
  15. Bongso TA, Hilmi M, Sopian M, Zulkifli S
    Res Vet Sci, 1988 Mar;44(2):251-4.
    PMID: 3387680
    The chromosomes of five gaur (Bos gaurus hubbacki) domestic cattle (B indicus cross B taurus) hybrids (three females, two males) were studied using the leucocyte culture method and centromeric (C) banding technique. All the hybrids had a diploid chromosome number of 2n = 58, made up of two submetacentric autosomes (different in size) and 54 acrocentric autosomes, most of which could be arranged in pairs in descending order of size. The sex (X) chromosomes in females were a pair of submetacentric chromosomes smaller than the submetacentric autosomes. The Y chromosome in males was a small submetacentric chromosome. The C banding patterns were useful in identifying the X and Y chromosomes and the inherited submetacentric autosomes from the gaur sire. Phenotypically, the hybrids resembled normal B indicus cross B taurus calves except for the presence of a distinct hump-like dorsal ridge containing the spinous processes of the third to 11th thoracic vertebrae, upright 'deer-like' ears and long lean legs. The potential of these hybrids as important genetic resources for meat production is stressed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic*
  16. Rosli MAF, Azizan KA, Baharum SN, Goh HH
    Data Brief, 2017 Oct;14:295-297.
    PMID: 28795107 DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2017.07.068
    Hybridisation plays a significant role in the evolution and diversification of plants. Hybridisation among Nepenthes species is extensive, either naturally or man-made. To investigate the effects of hybridisation on the chemical compositions, we carried out metabolomics study on pitcher tissue of Nepenthes ampullaria, Nepenthes rafflesiana and their hybrid, Nepenthes × hookeriana. Pitcher samples were harvested and extracted in methanol:chloroform:water via sonication-assisted extraction before analysed using LC-TOF-MS. MS data were analysed using XCMS online version 2.2.5. This is the first MS data report towards the profiling, identification and comprehensive comparison of metabolites present in Nepenthes species.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  17. Wu R, Zou P, Tan G, Hu Z, Wang Y, Ning Z, et al.
    Ecol Evol, 2019 May;9(10):5766-5776.
    PMID: 31160997 DOI: 10.1002/ece3.5160
    Hybridization is very common in flowering plants and it plays a significant role in plant evolution and adaptation. Melastoma L. (Melastomataceae) comprises about 80-90 species in tropical Asia and Oceania, among which 41 species occur in Borneo. Natural hybridization is frequently reported in Melastoma in China, but so far there have been no confirmed cases of hybridization in Southeast Asia (including Borneo), where most species occur. Here, we identified a case of natural hybridization between Melastoma malabathricum L. and Melastoma beccarianum Cogn. in Sarawak, Malaysia, by using sequence data of three nuclear genes and one chloroplast intergenic spacer. Melastoma malabathricum is the most widespread species of this genus, occurring in almost the whole range of this genus, while M. beccarianum is a local species endemic to northern Borneo. Our results showed that natural hybridization and introgression occur between M. malabathricum and M. beccarianum, and the introgression was asymmetrical, mainly from M. malabathricum to M. beccarianum. As adaptive traits can be transferred by introgression, our study suggests that natural hybridization should be a significant mechanism for the evolution and adaptation of Melastoma in Southeast Asia. However, introgression from the common species M. malabathricum to the relatively rare species M. beccarianum may cause the decline of M. beccarianum, incurring conservation concern. With a large number of species of Melastoma and almost year-around flowering in Southeast Asia, more cases of natural hybridization are expected to be found and identified in near future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  18. Qiu J, Jia L, Wu D, Weng X, Chen L, Sun J, et al.
    Genome Biol, 2020 03 26;21(1):70.
    PMID: 32213201 DOI: 10.1186/s13059-020-01980-x
    BACKGROUND: Worldwide feralization of crop species into agricultural weeds threatens global food security. Weedy rice is a feral form of rice that infests paddies worldwide and aggressively outcompetes cultivated varieties. Despite increasing attention in recent years, a comprehensive understanding of the origins of weedy crop relatives and how a universal feralization process acts at the genomic and molecular level to allow the rapid adaptation to weediness are still yet to be explored.

    RESULTS: We use whole-genome sequencing to examine the origin and adaptation of 524 global weedy rice samples representing all major regions of rice cultivation. Weed populations have evolved multiple times from cultivated rice, and a strikingly high proportion of contemporary Asian weed strains can be traced to a few Green Revolution cultivars that were widely grown in the late twentieth century. Latin American weedy rice stands out in having originated through extensive hybridization. Selection scans indicate that most genomic regions underlying weedy adaptations do not overlap with domestication targets of selection, suggesting that feralization occurs largely through changes at loci unrelated to domestication.

    CONCLUSIONS: This is the first investigation to provide detailed genomic characterizations of weedy rice on a global scale, and the results reveal diverse genetic mechanisms underlying worldwide convergent rice feralization.

    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  19. Ismail AS, Jawaid M, Naveen J
    Materials (Basel), 2019 Jun 28;12(13).
    PMID: 31261821 DOI: 10.3390/ma12132094
    This study aims to investigate the void content, tensile, vibration and acoustic properties of kenaf/bamboo fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites. The composites were made using the hand lay-up method. The weight ratios of kenaf/bamboo were 30:70, 50:50 and 70:30. Further, kenaf and bamboo composites were fabricated for the purpose of comparison. The hybridization of woven kenaf/bamboo reduced the void content. The void contents of hybrid composites were almost similar. An enhancement in elongation at break, tensile strength and modulus of hybrid composites was observed until a kenaf/bamboo ratio of 50:50. Kenaf/bamboo (50:50) hybrid composite displays the highest elongation at break, tensile strength and modulus compared to the other hybrid composites which are 2.42 mm, 55.18 MPa and 5.15 GPa, respectively. On the other hand, the highest natural frequency and damping factors were observed for Bamboo/Kenaf (30:70) hybrid composites. The sound absorption coefficient of composites were measured in two conditions: without air gap and with air gap (10, 20, 30 mm). The sound absorption coefficient for testing without air gap was less than 0.5. Introducing an air gap improved the sound absorption coefficient of all composites. Hence, hybrid kenaf/bamboo composites exhibited less void content, as well as improved tensile, vibration and acoustic properties.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
  20. Aji, I.S., Zinudin, E.S., Khairul, M.Z., Abdan, K., S. M. Sapuan
    Electron beam irradiation, without any addition of cross-linking agents, was investigated at varying
    doses of EB-Irradiation to develop an environmentally friendly hybridized kenaf (bast)/ pineapple leaf
    fibre (PALF) bio-composites. Improvement in tensile property of the hybrid was achieved with the result
    showing a direct proportionality relationship between tensile properties and increasing radiation dose.
    Statistical analysis software (SAS) was employed to validate the result. HDPE has been shown to have
    self-cross-linked, enabling interesting tensile properties with irradiation. Statistical analysis validated
    the results obtained and also showed that adequate mixing of fibres and matrix had taken place at 95%
    confidence level. Hybridization and subsequent irradiation increased the tensile strength and modulus
    of HDPE up to 31 and 185%, respectively, at about 100kGy. Meanwhile, SEM was used to view the
    interaction between the fibres and matrix.
    Matched MeSH terms: Hybridization, Genetic
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