Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 911 in total

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  1. Atmaja P. Rosyidi, Tajul Anuar Jamaluddin, Lim CS, Mohd Raihan Taha
    Sains Malaysiana, 2011;40:1393-1405.
    Gempa bumi pada 30 September 2009, dengan kekuatan 7.6 MW yang melanda Bandar Padang, Padang Pariaman dan wilayah Sumatera Barat, Indonesia, telah mengorbankan lebih daripada 1200 orang. Ribuan buah rumah, bangunan dan infrastruktur lain telah mengalami kerosakan tahap ringan hingga teruk. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk melaporkan kesan gempa bumi Padang terhadap kerosakan bangunan dan tanah runtuh yang berlaku pada kawasan Bandar Padang, Padang Pariaman, Pariaman dan Agam. Kesan gempa bumi ini dianalisis berdasarkan data geologi, geoteknik dan impak geo-bencana yang telah dikumpulkan daripada berbagai sumber dan hasil kajian lapangan. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahawa kerosakan di kawasan bandar Padang dan Padang Pariaman lebih disebabkan oleh kualiti bangunan yang tidak memenuhi piawaian bangunan dan pengaruh geologi kawasan, iaitu berlakunya amplifikasi tanah disebabkan oleh endapan aluvium yang tebal. Kerosakan teruk pada bangunan antara lainnya dikaitkan dengan kehadiran jalur-jalur sesar kecil atau ketakselanjaran pada lapisan bawah tanah. Beberapa kejadian tanah runtuh besar yang berlaku di Pariaman dan Agam adalah disebabkan oleh geologi kawasan, geomorfologi dan morfologi cerun yang curam. Kajian lanjut diperlukan bagi mengenal pasti dan menilai risiko bencana untuk persediaan menghadapi bencana gempa bumi di masa hadapan.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  2. Grey JCP
    Malayan Medical Journal, 1936;11:115-6.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  3. Arimoto K
    Zookeys, 2016.
    PMID: 27408551 DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.593.7995
    Dilobitarsus pendleburyi Fleutiaux, 1934 is recorded for the first time after its original description and is redescribed. This represents the first record from the Malay Peninsula, Malaysia and Sumatra, Indonesia. The systematic position of this species is discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  4. Swellengrebel NH, Swellengrebel-de Graaf JMH
    Parasitology, 1920;12:180-198.
    DOI: 10.1017/S0031182000014177
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  5. Zainal Rasyid Mahayuddin, Haslina Arshad, Che Hassan Che Haron
    Kertas kerja ini membincangkan pendekatan dalam mengintegrasikan Java dan persekitaran VRML yang telah diaplikasikan dalam mensimulasi masa nyata bagi proses kisar hujung maya. Pendekatan yang menggunakan Routing ini adalah sangat penting untuk komunikasi dan penghantaran mesej antara VRML dan Java. Dalam pendekatan ini, nod Script digunakan bagi memanggil dan menghubungkan kelas Java dengan entiti-entiti yang sepatutnya di dalam persekitaran VRML. Simulasi bahan termesin bagi proses kisar hujung dalam sistem ini dilaksanakan melalui satu kaedah baru iaitu dengan penggunaan nod penaikan bagi penjanaan objek 3D dan nod PositionInterpolator serta CoordinateInterpolator bagi animasi bahan termesin. Melalui kaedah ini simulasi bagi proses kisar hujung dapat dipaparkan secara maya dan pada masa yang sama graf haus rusuk bagi perkakas pemotong melawan masa pemotongan dapat dijana serentak.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  6. Rendana M, Idris WMR
    J Infect Public Health, 2021 Oct;14(10):1320-1327.
    PMID: 34175236 DOI: 10.1016/j.jiph.2021.05.019
    BACKGROUND: World Health Organization has reported fifty countries have now detected the new coronavirus (B.1.1.7 variant) since a couple of months ago. In Indonesia, the B.1.1.7 cases have been found in several provinces since January 2021, although they are still in a lower number than the old variant of COVID-19. Therefore, this study aims to create a forecast analysis regarding the occasions of COVID-19 and B.1.1.7 cases based on data from the 1st January to 18th March 2021, and also analyze the association between meteorological factors with B.1.1.7 incidences in three different provinces of Indonesia such as the West Java, South Sumatra and East Kalimantan.

    METHODS: We used the Autoregressive Moving Average Models (ARIMA) to forecast the number of cases in the upcoming 14 days and the Spearman correlation analysis to analyze the relationship between B.1.1.7 cases and meteorological variables such as temperature, humidity, rainfall, sunshine, and wind speed.

    RESULTS: The results of the study showed the fitted ARIMA models forecasted there was an increase in the daily cases in three provinces. The total cases in three provinces would increase by 36% (West Java), 13.5% (South Sumatra), and 30% (East Kalimantan) as compared with actual cases until the end of 14 days later. The temperature, rainfall and sunshine factors were the main contributors for B.1.1.7 cases with each correlation coefficients; r = -0.230; p < 0.05, r = 0.211; p < 0.05 and r = -0.418; p < 0.01, respectively.

    CONCLUSIONS: We recapitulated that this investigation was the first preliminary study to analyze a short-term forecast regarding COVID-19 and B.1.1.7 cases as well as to determine the associated meteorological factors that become primary contributors to the virus spread.

    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia/epidemiology
  7. Ash A, Scholz T, de Chambrier A, Brabec J, Oros M, Kar PK, et al.
    PLoS One, 2012;7(10):e46421.
    PMID: 23056306 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0046421
    Tapeworms of Gangesia Woodland, 1924 (Cestoda: Proteocephalidea) parasitic in freshwater fishes in the Indomalayan Region were critically reviewed. Evaluation of type specimens and newly collected materials from Bangladesh, Cambodia and India, as well as critical examination of extensive literature have shown that only the following four species, instead of 48 nominal species of Gangesia and Silurotaenia Nybelin, 1942 reported from this region (36 new synonymies proposed), are valid: Gangesia bengalensis (Southwell, 1913), type-species of the genus and most common parasite of Wallago attu (Siluridae), G. macrones Woodland, 1924 typical of Sperata seenghala (Bagridae), both species characterized by the possession of two circles of hooks on the rostellum-like organ and several rows of hooklets on the anterior margins of suckers; G. agraensis Verma, 1928 from W. attu (typical host), which has the scolex with only one circle of hooks and 1-3 incomplete rows of tiny hooklets on the suckers; and G. vachai (Gupta and Parmar, 1988) n. comb. from several catfishes, which possesses 4-6 circles of hooks and 5-11 rows of hooklets on the anterior half of suckers. Scolex morphology, including surface ultrastructure (microtriches), of all but one species (G. vachai) is described for the first time using scanning electron microscopy. A phylogenetic analysis based on the partial sequences encoding the large nuclear ribosomal subunit RNA gene has shown that three Indomalayan species, namely G. bengalensis, G. macrones and G. vachai, form a monophyletic group within Gangesia, whereas G. agraensis tends to form a clade with the Palaearctic species of the genus. A table with differential characters of all species from the Indomalayan Region is also provided together with a key to identification of genera of the subfamily Gangesiinae. The present study demonstrates that species of Silurotaenia do not occur in the Indomalayan region.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  8. Jendek E, Chamorro ML
    Zookeys, 2012.
    PMID: 23226712 DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.239.3966
    Six new species of Agrilus Curtis, 1825 with affinities to the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, 1888, are described from the Oriental Region: Agrilus crepuscularissp. n. (Malaysia); Agrilus pseudolubopetrisp. n. (Laos); Agrilus sapphirinussp. n.(Laos); Agrilus seramensissp. n.(Indonesia); Agrilus spineussp. n. (Malaysia); and Agrilus tomentipennissp. n. (Laos). The genus Sarawakita Obenberger, 1924 syn. nov. is considered a junior synonym of Agrilus.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  9. Trihandini, Indang, Adiwoso, Adiningrum Wiradidjaja
    MyJurnal
    Perbezaan penjagaan kesihatan di antara orang-orang kurang upaya intelektual dan penduduk umum adalah jelas. Olimpik Khusus Indonesia (SOIna) adalah organisasi NGO yang berkaitan dengan kegiatan olahraga olimpik sedunia yang berkesempatan bekerja dengan warga kurang upaya intelektual. Kajian ini dilakukan untuk mengukur prevalen pereputan karies dan gingivitis di kalangan atlet-atlet Indonesia yang kurang upaya intelek. Jumlah peserta yang terlibat adalah 1452 atlet daripada 11 wilayah (Jawa Timur, Bali, Selatan Sabah, Utara Sumatera, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Kalimantan tengah, DKI, Jawa Barat, Yogyakarta, Nusa Tenggara Barat, Banten) di Indonesia. Pengumpulan data bermula dari tahun 2004 hingga 2009. Setiap tahun pengambilan data minimum dilakukan di dua wilayah yang berbeza. Purata usia atlet adalah 15.04 ± 4,62 tahun. 77.6% atlet mengalami rasa nyeri di rongga mulut kerana karies yang tidak dirawat. Karies tertinggi dijumpai pada atlet yang tinggal di pulau Jawa (81.5% Yogyakarta; Jawa Barat 83.8%. DKI Jakarta 80.2%, dan Jawa Timur 83.5%) berbanding dengan atlet yang tinggal di luar pulau Jawa. Secara umumnya prevalens inflamasi gusi pada atlet kurang upaya intelektual adalah 29.47%. Atlet dari wilayah DKI Jakarta menunjukkan prevalen inflamasi gusi tertinggi iaitu 51.04% berbanding dengan atlet daripada wilayah Nusa Tenggara Barat dengan 14.84%. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, prevalen karies dan gingivitis adalah tinggi. Atlet yang tinggal di pulau Jawa mengalami kerosakan gigi yang tidak dirawat dan inflamasi gusi yang lebih tinggi berbanding dengan atlet yang tinggal di luar pulau Jawa.


    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  10. Kamal, Z.Z., Daud, A.H.M., Ashidi, M.I.N., Fadel, J.K.M.
    ASM Science Journal, 2007;1(2):87-100.
    MyJurnal
    Covering as much as 25% to 35% of the development cost, software testing is an integral part of the software development lifecycle. Despite its importance, the current software testing practice is still based on highly manual processes from the generation of test cases (i.e. from specifications) up to the actual execution of the test. These manually generated tests are sometimes executed using ad hoc approaches, typically requiring the construction of a test driver for the particular application under test. In addition, test engineers are also under pressure to test increasing lines of code in order to meet market demands for more software functionalities. While there are significant proliferations of helpful testing tools or research prototypes in the market, much of them do not adequately provide the right level of abstraction and automation as required by test engineers. In order to facilitate and address some of the aforementioned issues, an automated testing tool was developed, called SFIT, based on Java® technology. This paper describes the development, implementation and evaluation of SFIT. Two case studies involving the robustness assessment of an adder module and a Linda-based distributed shared memory implementation are described in order to demonstrate the applicability of SFIT as a helpful automated testing tool.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  11. Nurul Azita Salleh, Kamal Ab Hamid, Mohd Nasrun Mohd Nawi, Muhammad Nazrin Shah Zakaria, Suzana Abd Mutalib
    MyJurnal
    Medium penyampaian maklumat merupakan media pengajaran utama yang digunakan dalam menyampaikan
    maklumat kepada pekerja tempatan dan juga asing dalam Kursus Induksi Keselamatan dan Kesihatan (KIKK).
    Justeru, kertas kerja ini menumpukan kepada perbincangan mengenai permasalahan serta hasil kajian lepas berkaitan
    penggunaan media penyampaian maklumat sedia ada oleh pekerja asing dalam KIKK. Kesimpulan hasil kajian
    perpustakaan mendapati terdapat beberapa masalah penggunaan media penyampaian maklumat sedia ada ini daripada
    aspek penggunaan bahasa, cara penyampaian dan medium penyampaian. Bahasa Melayu lazimnya digunakan sebagai
    bahasa pengantar semasa penyampaian maklumat dalam KIKK sama ada dalam bentuk teks mahupun penyampaian
    lisan. Namun, penggunaan Bahasa Melayu ini didapati tidak difahami oleh kebanyakan pekerja asing terutamanya
    pekerja asing bukan warga Indonesia. Cara penyampaian maklumat juga dilihat bersifat satu hala dan kurang difahami
    serta medium penyampaian yang digunakan kurang interaktif dan berbentuk presentasi. Malah, medium penyampaian
    maklumat seperti PowerPoint yang digunakan masih belum cukup kemas untuk memenuhi keperluan kerja pekerja
    asing di tapak bina yang mana teks bahasa Melayu terlalu panjang digunakan, susunan teks dan grafik tidak kemas,
    saiz teks tidak konsisten serta penggunaan grafik yang kurang jelas.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  12. Rifardi, Chairunisa Rachmani, Elizal
    ASM Science Journal, 2018;11(1):23-31.
    MyJurnal
    The main purpose of this study is to determine shoreline change in Bengkalis Cape, Riau Province, Indonesia using sediment samples analysis, satellite images, and oceanographic parameters. The samples were collected at five stations by using sediment grab and oceanographic observation was also carried out at each station in November 2015. The southern part of Bengkalis Cape is characterised by fine-grain sediments (mud) and high rate of accretion that reaches 29.77 metre/year, and is influenced by weak tidal currents with a velocity of less than 0.06 m/s and low wave energy. In contrast, the northern part is occupied by coarse-grain sediments (sand) which is characterised by high rate of abrasion as shown in the image data for 20 years; 1995-2015 reaches 38.02 metre/year, and is under the influence of strong tidal current (0.16 m/s) and high wave energy. The major contributing factor for the shoreline change is the current system which flowing from Malacca strait to the shore area and sediments deposition in the area.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  13. Mukhlasin, Fitri M, Elengoe A
    Enferm Clin, 2020 06;30 Suppl 5:213-215.
    PMID: 32713573 DOI: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.11.057
    Ship Sanitation is one of the efforts to overcome several factors of the physical environment that are needed for the main creatures' things that have the damaging effects of physical development, health, and survival. What is done on a transport device that uses a machine or screen that travels nationally or internationally. This type of research uses descriptive methods with a sample of all Ro-Ro vessels at the Merak Ferry Port of 20 ships. Data collection using ship sanitation observation sheets. The results of the study with univariate analysis showed the condition of kitchen sanitation on Ro-Ro vessels which were categorized as not meeting the requirements of 55%, the sanitary conditions of the food raft room category fulfilled the requirements of 85%, the sanitation conditions 80%, the physical conditions of drinking water 100%, the sanitation requirements of the facilities 70% medical, Ro-Ro ship sanitation requirements do not meet the requirements of 53%. Through this research, the authors expect the efforts of related parties to improve the sanitation of Ro-Ro vessels to be safe by increasing sanitation production of clean and healthy Ro-Ro ships.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia
  14. Pieris A
    J Soc Hist, 2011;45(2):453-79.
    PMID: 22299197
    The rhetoric surrounding the transportation of prisoners to the Straits Settlements and the reformative capacity of the penal labor regime assumed a uniform subject, an impoverished criminal, who could be disciplined and accordingly civilized through labor. Stamford Raffles, as lieutenant governor of Benkulen, believed that upon realizing the advantages of the new colony, criminals would willingly become settlers. These two colonial prerogatives of labor and population categorized transportees into laboring classes where their exploitation supposedly brought mutual benefit. The colonized was collectively homogenized as a class of laborers and evidence to the contrary, of politically challenging and resistant individuals was suppressed. This paper focuses on two prisoners who were incriminated during the anti-colonial rebellions of the mid-nineteenth century and were transported to the Straits Settlements. Nihal Singh, a political prisoner from Lahore, was incarcerated in isolation to prevent his martyrdom and denied the supposed benefits of labor reform. Conversely, Tikiri Banda Dunuwille, a lawyer from Ceylon was sent to labor in Melaka as a form of humiliation. Tikiri’s many schemes to evade labor damned him in the eyes of the authorities. The personal histories of these two individuals expose how colonial penal policy recognized and manipulated individual differences during a time of rising anti-colonial sentiment. The experiences of these prisoners, the response of their communities and the voices of their descendents offer us a very different entry point into colonial penal history.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia/ethnology
  15. Serva M, Petroni F, Volchenkov D, Wichmann S
    J R Soc Interface, 2012 Jan 7;9(66):54-67.
    PMID: 21632612 DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2011.0228
    The origin of Malagasy DNA is half African and half Indonesian, nevertheless the Malagasy language, spoken by the entire population, belongs to the Austronesian family. The language most closely related to Malagasy is Maanyan (Greater Barito East group of the Austronesian family), but related languages are also in Sulawesi, Malaysia and Sumatra. For this reason, and because Maanyan is spoken by a population which lives along the Barito river in Kalimantan and which does not possess the necessary skill for long maritime navigation, the ethnic composition of the Indonesian colonizers is still unclear. There is a general consensus that Indonesian sailors reached Madagascar by a maritime trek, but the time, the path and the landing area of the first colonization are all disputed. In this research, we try to answer these problems together with other ones, such as the historical configuration of Malagasy dialects, by types of analysis related to lexicostatistics and glottochronology that draw upon the automated method recently proposed by the authors. The data were collected by the first author at the beginning of 2010 with the invaluable help of Joselinà Soafara Néré and consist of Swadesh lists of 200 items for 23 dialects covering all areas of the island.
    Matched MeSH terms: Indonesia/ethnology
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