RESULTS: Karyotypic analysis confirmed that all 93 animals phenotypically identified as swamp buffaloes with 48 chromosomes, all 7 as crossbreds with 49 chromosomes, and all 5 as murrah buffaloes with 50 chromosomes. The D-loop of mitochondrial DNA analysis showed that 10 haplotypes were observed with haplotype diversity of 0.8000 ± 0.089. Sequence characterization revealed 72 variables sites in which 67 were parsimony informative sites with sequence diversity of 0.01906. The swamp and murrah buffaloes clearly formed 2 different clades in the phylogenetic tree, indicating clear maternal divergence from each other. The crossbreds were grouped within the swamp buffalo clade, indicating the dominant maternal swamp buffalo gene in the crossbreds.
CONCLUSION: Thus, the karyotyping could be used to differentiate the water buffaloes while genotypic analysis could be used to characterize the water buffaloes and their crossbreds.
CASE REPORT: Her peripheral smear and bone marrow aspirate showed many myeloblasts. Chromosomal study revealed t(8;22;21)(q22;q12;q22) and loss of X chromosome. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using whole chromosome painting probes confirmed the three-way translocation involving chromosomes 8, 21 and 22. RUNX1-RUNX1T1 rearrangement was identified in FISH and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction confirming the diagnosis of AML with variant t(8;21). The patient was treated with standard chemotherapy. She achieved morphological remission one month after induction chemotherapy.
DISCUSSION: Although the clinical significance of variant t(8;21) is not well delineated, the evaluation of 31 such cases suggests patients with variant t(8;21) have similar prognosis to those with classical t(8;21).