Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 87 in total

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  1. Hooi LS
    Med J Malaysia, 2006 Dec;61(5):513-5.
    PMID: 17623948
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  2. Wong KW
    Med J Malaysia, 2013 Apr;68(2):179-80.
    PMID: 23629573 MyJurnal
    We report a case of melioidosis presenting as peritonitis in a patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). A 47-year-old man, a lorry driver, with end-stage renal disease due to diabetes mellitus on CAPD presented in PD-related peritonitis. He was started on intraperitoneal cloxacillin and ceftazidime, and changed to intraperitoneal vancomycin and meropenam after day 5 due to nonresponse. Burkholderia pseudomallei was identified from the dialysate culture. He was treated with intraperitoneal meropenam for two weeks, and IV ceftazidime for 4 weeks. He responded, and the Tenckhoff catheter was not removed. He was discharged well and continued on oral sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim for six months. This patient had done his PD exchanges in a lorry.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
  3. Sreenevasan G
    Br J Urol, 1970 Dec;42(6):741.
    PMID: 5497398
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  4. Li PK, Lui SL, Ng JK, Cai GY, Chan CT, Chen HC, et al.
    Nephrology (Carlton), 2017 Dec;22 Suppl 4:3-8.
    PMID: 29155495 DOI: 10.1111/nep.13143
    To address the issue of heavy dialysis burden due to the rising prevalence of end-stage renal disease around the world, a roundtable discussion on the sustainability of managing dialysis burden around the world was held in Hong Kong during the First International Congress of Chinese Nephrologists in December 2015. The roundtable discussion was attended by experts from Hong Kong, China, Canada, England, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan and United States. Potential solutions to cope with the heavy burden on dialysis include the prevention and retardation of the progression of CKD; wider use of home-based dialysis therapy, particularly PD; promotion of kidney transplantation; and the use of renal palliative care service.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  5. Ahmadi S, Amin-Nordin S, Neela VK, Hamat RA, Goh BL, Nor LA, et al.
    Perit Dial Int, 2015 Dec;35(7):767-9.
    PMID: 26703853 DOI: 10.3747/pdi.2013.00154
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  6. Ho SE, Ho CC, Norshazwani N, Teoh KH, Ismail MS, Jaafar MZ, et al.
    Clin Ter, 2013;164(6):499-505.
    PMID: 24424213 DOI: 10.7417/CT.2013.1627
    AIMS: The objective of the study was to examine the quality of life amongst the end stage renal disease (ESRD) haemodialysis patients in Malaysia.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted on 72 ESRD patients at a Dialysis Centre in Malaysia. The modified KDQOL-SF™ subscales, kidney disease-targeted scale and 36 item health survey scale questionnaires were used.

    RESULTS: The overall health rating was 66.73 ± 11.670 indicating good quality of life. There was no significant difference between quality of life for the different domains according to gender (p >0.05). However, there were significant differences between quality of life in the domain of burden of kidney disease. Physical functioning deteriorated significantly with age (p=0.012) while social functioning was lowest in the 50-65 years age group (p=0.037). Those who had no morbidities had significantly better scores on the effects of kidney (p=0.036), burden of kidney disease (p=0.011) and physical functioning (p=0.025).

    CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing haemodialysis have been found to have good quality of life despite having ESRD. It is therefore of paramount importance to constantly monitor the standard of care for these patients to enable them to live their life to the fullest.

    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  7. Ng EK, Goh BL, Chew SE, Tan CC, Ching CH, Sha'ariah MY, et al.
    Semin Dial, 2012 Sep-Oct;25(5):569-73.
    PMID: 22353629 DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-139X.2012.01051.x
    The demands for timely catheter insertion have spurred the growth of peritoneoscopic catheter insertion program by nephrologists in Malaysia. We performed a multicenter analysis to study its impact on the growth of peritoneal dialysis (PD) population. Data were collected retrospectively from five centers at the point of program initiation until December 2009. In Center 1, with this program, PD population continued to grow from 25 patients in 2006 to 120 in 2009. In center 2, the program began in 2005, but comprised only 28.6% of total insertions. From 2007 onwards, nephrologists had overtaken the surgeon, inserting from 85% to 97% of the total insertions. In center 3, with the program at its infancy, a modest growth in its PD population was shown. In center 4, nephrologists maintained an annual average of 41.8% of total catheter insertions, and thus maintaining a stable PD population. In center 5, surgeon-assisted PD catheter insertions helped to maintain the growth of its PD, seeing lesser impact from this program. Subanalysis showed that 1-year catheter survival in Center 1 was 85.4%. This study on PD catheter insertion program by nephrologists showed the greatest impact on new center and center experiencing suboptimal catheter insertions by traditional providers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  8. Koh KH, Wong HS, Go KW, Morad Z
    Perit Dial Int, 2010 06 30;31(5):574-82.
    PMID: 20592100 DOI: 10.3747/pdi.2009.00140
    BACKGROUND: While phase angle of bioimpedance analysis (BIA) has great survival-predicting value in dialysis populations, it is known to be higher in male than in female subjects. In this study, we aimed to explore the factors influencing the predictive value of phase angle and to identify the appropriate physics terms for normalizing capacitance (C) and resistance (R).

    METHODS: We formulated body capacitive index (BCI), C(BMI) (capacitance × height(2)/weight), body resistive index (BRI), R(BMI) (resistance × weight/height(2)), and CH(2) (capacitance × height(2)). We also studied H(2)/R, R/H, and reactance of a capacitor/height (X(C) /H). There are 3 components in this study design: (1) establishment of normal values in a control Malaysian population, (2) comparison of these with a CAPD population, and (3) prediction of survival within a CAPD population. We initially performed a BIA study in 206 female and 116 male healthy volunteers, followed by a prospective study in a cohort of 128 CAPD patients [47 with diabetes mellitus (DM), 81 non-DM; 59 males, 69 females] for at least 2 years. All the parameters during enrolment, including BIA, serum albumin, peritoneal equilibrium test, age, and DM status, were analyzed. Outcome measurement was survival.

    RESULTS: In healthy volunteers, both genders had the same BCI (2.0 nF kg/m(2)). On the contrary, female normal subjects had higher BRI than male normal subjects (median 15 642 vs 13242 Ω kg/m(2), p < 0.001) due to higher fat percentage (35.4% ± 0.4% vs 28.0% ± 0.6%, p < 0.001), resulting in a lower phase angle (mean 5.82 ± 0.04 vs 6.86 ± 0.07 degrees, p < 0.001). Logistic regression showed that BCI was the best risk indicator in 128 CAPD patients versus 322 normal subjects. In age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched head-to-head comparison, BCI had the highest χ(2) value (χ(2) = 102.63), followed by CH(2) (or H(2)/X(C); χ(2) = 81.00), BRI (χ(2) = 20.54), and X(C)/H (χ(2) = 20.48), with p value < 0.001 for these parameters. In comparison, phase angle (χ(2) = 11.42), R/H (χ(2) = 7.19), and H(2)/R (χ(2) = 5.69) had lower χ(2) values. 35 (27.3%) patients died during the study period. Univariate analysis adjusted for DM status and serum albumin level demonstrated that non-surviving patients had significantly higher CH(2) (245 vs 169 nF m(2), p < 0.001) and BCI (4.0 vs 2.9 nF m(2)/kg, p = 0.005) than patients that survived. CH(2) was the best predictor for all-cause mortality in Cox regression analysis, followed by BCI, phase angle, and X(C)/H.

    CONCLUSION: Measures that normalize, such as BCI and CH(2), have higher risk discrimination and survival prediction ability than measures that do not normalize, such as phase angle. Unlike phase angle, measurement of BCI overcomes the gender effect. In this study, the best risk indicator for CAPD patients versus the general population is BCI, reflecting deficit in nutritional concentration, while CH(2) reflects total nutritional deficit and thus is the major risk indicator for survival of CAPD patients.

    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
  9. Cheong YT, Taib NA, Normayah K, Hisham AN
    Asian J Surg, 2009 Jan;32(1):51-4.
    PMID: 19321403 DOI: 10.1016/S1015-9584(09)60009-9
    Renal hyperparathyroidism with attendant osteodystrophy is a frequent and severe morbidity affecting the quality of life of end stage renal failure patients surviving on long-term renal replacement therapy. A small subgroup of these patients with severe cardiorespiratory dysfunction was deemed at very high risk for general anaesthesia (GA). We report on a series of total parathyroidectomy under local anaesthesia (LA) for these patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
  10. Tan SY
    Perit Dial Int, 2008 Jun;28 Suppl 3:S49-52.
    PMID: 18552263
    Although peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an effective alternative to hemodialysis (HD) and indeed, in terms of survival, superior to HD in first year of dialysis, the utilization rate for PD remains low. Although the utilization rate of PD varies considerably, the worldwide penetration rate appears to be falling. Still, in rapidly developing countries such as China, the PD penetration rate is rising-an encouraging sign. Clearly, considerable room for improvement remains, particularly with the take-on rate of PD, and one of the potentially influential factors is the role of research activities in improving both the quantity and quality of life of patients on PD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  11. Liu WJ, Hooi LS
    Med J Malaysia, 2007 Aug;62(3):197-200.
    PMID: 18246906 MyJurnal
    The epidemiology of new patients presenting to Sultanah Aminah Hospital Johor Bahru (HSAJB) with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in 2003 and 2004 was analysed. Patients with ESRD were prospectively registered in the renal replacement therapy (RRT) database in the nephrology unit. The incidence of ESRD and the RRT provision rate in the district of Johor Bahru were calculated according to gender and race. There were 306 new patients in 2003 and 299 in 2004. Diabetic nephropathy contributed 56.8% new patients in 2003 and 57.9% in 2004. The mean age was 50.8 + 15.1 years in 2003 and 51.3 + 14.2 years in 2004. Males accounted for 53.3% in 2003 and 47.8% in 2004. Haemodialysis was the commonest form of RRT (60.5% in 2003, 69.9% in 2004), followed by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (30.1% in 2003, 19.4% in 2004) and renal transplantation (5.5% in 2003, 2.3% in 2004). Ninety-one percent of patients in 2003 and 90% in 2004 were alive at the end of the year they presented. The incidence of ESRD in the district of Johor Bahru was estimated as 136 per million population (p.m.p.) in 2003 and 151 p.m.p. in 2004. In the two year period the incidence of ESRD was higher among females (154 p.m.p.) than males (134 p.m.p.). Malays (194 p.m.p.) had higher ESRD incidence compared to Chinese (126 p.m.p.) and Indians (134 p.m.p.). RRT provision in Johor Bahru (92.7%) did not differ significantly with gender or race. The increasing number of patients presenting to HSAJB with ESRD especially those with diabetic nephropathy is a major concern. Prevention strategies at the primary care level may curb the burden of this chronic disease.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
  12. Li PK, Lui SL, Leung CB, Yu AW, Lee E, Just PM, et al.
    Perit Dial Int, 2007 Jun;27 Suppl 2:S59-61.
    PMID: 17556331
    With the number of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients growing, one of the crucial questions facing health care professionals and funding agencies in Asia is whether funding for dialysis will be sufficient to keep up with demand. During the ISPD's 2006 Congress, academic nephrologists and government officials from China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Macau, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam participated in a roundtable discussion on dialysis economics in Asia. The focus was policy and health care financing. The roundtable addressed ESRD growth in Asia and how to obtain enough funding to keep up with the growth in patient numbers. Various models were presented: the "peritoneal dialysis (PD) first" policy model, incentive programs, nongovernmental organizations providing PD, and PD reimbursement in a developing economy. This article summarizes the views of the participant nephrologists on how to increase the utilization of PD to improve on clinical and financial management of patients with ESRD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  13. Shaza AM, Rozina G, Izham MIM, Azhar SSS
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Aug;60(3):320-7.
    PMID: 16379187 MyJurnal
    This research was carried out to study the characteristics of ESRD patients and the resources consumed with dialysis treatment as well as to assess the clinical outcomes of ESRD treatment in Penang Hospital. A total of 117 ESRD patients were studied over 30 months. 56.4% of the patients were male and the median age was 40. Diabetic nephropathy was the commonest cause of ESRD (29.9%). Hypertension was the predominant comorbidity (60.6%). A larger proportion started treatment with Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (59.0%). At the end of the study period, 49.6% of the patients continued their treatment in the same modality and 27.4% died. Average Dialysis Adequacy (Kt/V) achieved was satisfactory, 2.29 in CAPD and 1.50 in Haemodialysis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  14. Hooi LS, Lim TO, Goh A, Wong HS, Tan CC, Ahmad G, et al.
    Nephrology (Carlton), 2005 Feb;10(1):25-32.
    PMID: 15705178 DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2005.00360.x
    BACKGROUND: This is a multi-centre study to determine cost efficiency and cost effectiveness of the Ministry of Health centre haemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) programme.
    METHODS: Forty-four haemodialysis and 11 CAPD centres were enrolled in this study in 2001. Sixty patients, 30 from each modality, were evaluated. Micro-costing was used to determine costs.
    RESULTS: The number of haemodialyses conducted ranged from 402 to 23,000 procedures per year, while for CAPD, output ranged from 70 to 2300 patient months/year. Cost ranged from RM79.61 to RM475.79 per haemodialysis treatment, with a mean cost of RM169 per HD (USD 1 = RM 3.80). The cost of CAPD treatment ranged from RM1400 to RM3200 per patient month, with a mean of RM2186. Both modalities incurred similar outpatient costs. The cost of erythropoeitin per year is RM4500 and RM2500 for haemodialysis and CAPD, respectively. The number of life years saved is 10.96 years for haemodialysis and 5.21 years for CAPD. Cost per life year saved is RM33 642 for haemodialysis and RM31 635 for CAPD. The cost for land, building, equipment, overheads, and staff were higher for haemodialysis, while consumables and hospitalization cost more for CAPD. Sensitivity analysis was performed for two discount rates (3 and 5%), varying erythropoietin doses and maximum and minimum overheads. Relative cost effectiveness of haemodialysis and CAPD was unchanged in all sensitivity scenarios, except for overhead costs, which influenced the cost effectiveness of HD.
    CONCLUSION: It is economically viable to promote the use of both CAPD and haemodialysis because the cost effectiveness of both are nearly equal.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  15. Alper M, Balbay O, Akman Y, Arbak P, Cam K
    Med J Malaysia, 2004 Mar;59(1):118-9.
    PMID: 15535348
    Tuberculosis confined to the testes with no epididymal involvement is uncommon. Chronic renal failure patients requiring hemodialysis have increased risk for developing tuberculosis. We report a 47-year old chronic renal failure man presenting with right testicular tuberculous orchitis. A high index of suspicion is required to recognize the unusual presentation of tuberculosis in this group of patients, and routine screening for tuberculosis may be recommended in patients undergoing hemodialysis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
  16. Morad Z, Lee DG, Lim YN, Tan PC
    Perit Dial Int, 2005 9 24;25(5):426-31.
    PMID: 16178472
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  17. Tan HJ, Eadington D
    Hosp Med, 2001 Mar;62(3):176-7.
    PMID: 11291470
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
  18. Zainal D, Monniaty M, Nazmi N
    PMID: 9139394
    The pattern and outcome of patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) in Kelantan, the northeastern state of Malaysia was determined. A total of 60 patients with CRF managed at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia between January 1991 and June 1993 were reviewed retrospectively. The prevalence of CRF was 24.8 patients per year. The ratio of male to female patients was 1.5 : 1.0. Their mean age at presentation was 51.4 +/- 13.7 years. The cause of CRF in majority of our patients was unknown. Their mean blood urea and serum creatinine were 38.9 +/- 9.8 mmol/l and 1,154.9 +/- 458.7 mumol/l respectively. Sixty-five percent of our patients were already in end-stage renal failure (ESRF) at the time of presentation and only 53.8% of them could afford a definitive renal replacement therapy. Their mortality rate was 21.7% and majority of the death occurred in patients who were not receiving definitive renal replacement therapy. This debilitating course will continue unless the cost of renal replacement therapy is subsidised or a renal transplantation program is activated. Hence public education to encourage organ donation in this part of Malysia is necessary.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy*
  19. Segasothy M, Kamal A, Suleiman AB
    Med J Malaysia, 1986 Jun;41(2):144-51.
    PMID: 3821610
    Skeletal radiographs of 122 patients treated by maintenance haemodialysis were reviewed retrospectively for bone disease. Significant radiological bone changes were very low at commencement of dialysis (2- 9%), as well as at six months of dialysis (6.1%). This figure rose to 19.7% when the total period of dialysis was considered. In the latter group, fractures occurred in seven patients (5.7%), erosions in 12 patients (9.8%), vascular calcification in 13 patients (10.7%) and osteosclerosis in eight patients (6.6%). Osteoporosis was noted to be very common (76.2%). Significant bone changes are hence rare in maintenance haemodialysis patients in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
  20. Suleiman AB, Rejab SM, Khoo HE
    Med J Malaysia, 1986 Mar;41(1):12-8.
    PMID: 3796341
    The clinical syndrome of dialysis encephalopathy which has been observed all over the world has also been seen here. The clinical syndrome and clinical course are reported; it has been associated with high levels of aluminium in untreated water used for haemodialysis. Since the introduction of water treatment, this disease has not been observed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
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