Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 39 in total

  1. Yussra Y, Sutton PA, Kosai NR, Razman J, Mishra RK, Harunarashid H, et al.
    Clin Ter, 2013;164(5):425-8.
    PMID: 24217830 DOI: 10.7417/CT.2013.1608
    Inguinal hernia remains the most commonly encountered surgical problem. Various methods of repair have been described, and the most suitable one debated. Single port access (SPA) surgery is a rapidly evolving field, and has the advantage of affording 'scarless' surgery. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for inguinal hernia repair is seen to be feasible in both total extraperitoneal (TEP) and transabdominal pre-peritoneal (TAPP) approaches. Data and peri-operative information on both of these however are limited. We aimed to review the clinical experience, feasibility and short term complications related to laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair via single port access. A literature search was performed using Google Scholar, Springerlink Library, Highwire Press, Surgical Endoscopy Journal, World Journal of Surgery and Medscape. The following search terms were used: laparoscopic hernia repair, TAPP, TEP, single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). Fourteen articles in English language related to SILS inguinal hernia repair were identified. Nine articles were related to TEP repair and the remaining 5 to TAPP. A total of 340 patients were reported within these studies: 294 patients having a TEP repair and 46 a TAPP. Only two cases of recurrence were reported. Various ports have been utilized, including the SILS port, Tri-Port and a custom- made port using conventional laparoscopic instruments. The duration of surgery was 40-100 minutes and the average length of hospital stay was one day. Early outcomes of this novel technique show it to be feasible, safe and with potentially better cosmetic outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  2. Gooi BH, Manjit S, Premnath N
    Med J Malaysia, 2002 Mar;57(1):66-9.
    PMID: 14569720 MyJurnal
    Background: Primary palmar hyperhidrosis is a functionally and socially disabling condition. The choice of treatment is controversial.
    Objective: To examine the clinical presentation of primary palmar hyperhidrosis and the results of treatment with thoracoscopic sympathectomy in a local setting.
    Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of 7 patients involving 10 sympathectomies between October 1997 and October 2000 was undertaken.
    Results: The duration of anaesthesia ranged from 55 to 130 minutes with the majority being 1 hour. The immediate results were good, with all operated limbs dry soon after operation. There was no mortality or serious morbidity in this study. All were satisfied with the results of surgery.
    Conclusions: Primary palmar hyperhidrosis is not uncommon but rather underdiagnosed. Thoracoscopic sympathectomy is an effective treatment with minimal complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  3. Hamidon BB, Raymond AA
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Oct;58(4):499-505.
    PMID: 15190624
    In Malaysia, there is limited information on the mortality and morbidity after an acute stroke in hospitalised patients. The objective of the study was to identify the type, time of onset, and frequency of medical and neurological complications following an acute ischaemic stroke. Consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke who were admitted to Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia from June 2000 to January 2001 were observed. The complication rate was 20.9%. The most common individual complication was pneumonia (12.3%), followed by septicaemia (11.0%), urinary tract infection (4.3%), and upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage (3.7%). The overall mean length of stay was 7.48 days. The independent risk factors for complications were diabetes mellitus (OR 2.87; 95%CI 1.06 to 7.78), middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarcts (OR 10.0; 95%CI 4.1 to 24.3), and Glasgow coma score (GCS) less than 9(OR 3.8; 95%CI 1.03 to 14.3). Infection was the commonest complication observed. Patients with diabetes mellitus, poor GCS and large MCA infarcts had a higher risk of developing complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  4. Hansen-Algenstaedt N, Kwan MK, Algenstaedt P, Chiu CK, Viezens L, Chan TS, et al.
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 2017 May 15;42(10):789-797.
    PMID: 27584676 DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001893
    STUDY DESIGN: Prospective propensity score-matched study.

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of minimal invasive surgery (MIS) and conventional open surgery for spinal metastasis patients.

    SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is lack of knowledge on whether MIS is comparable to conventional open surgery in treating spinal metastasis.

    METHODS: Patients with spinal metastasis requiring surgery from January 2008 to December 2010 in two spine centers were recruited. The demographic, preoperative, operative, perioperative and postoperative data were collected and analyzed. Thirty MIS patients were matched with 30 open surgery patients using propensity score matching technique with a match tolerance of 0.02 based on the covariate age, tumor type, Tokuhashi score, and Tomita score.

    RESULTS: Both groups had significant improvements in Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG), Karnofsky scores, visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain and neurological status postoperatively. However, the difference comparing the MIS and open surgery group was not statistically significant. MIS group had significantly longer instrumented segments (5.5 ± 3.1) compared with open group (3.8 ± 1.7). Open group had significantly longer decompressed segment (1.8 ± 0.8) than MIS group (1.0 ± 1.0). Open group had significantly more blood loss (2062.1 ± 1148.0 mL) compared with MIS group (1156.0 ± 572.3 mL). More patients in the open group (76.7%) needed blood transfusions (with higher average units of blood transfused) compared with MIS group (40.0%). Fluoroscopy time was significantly longer in MIS group (116.1 ± 63.3 s) compared with open group (69.9 ± 42.6 s). Open group required longer hospitalization (21.1 ± 10.8 days) compared with MIS group (11.0 ± 5.0 days).

    CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that MIS resulted in comparable outcome to open surgery for patients with spinal metastasis but has the advantage of less blood loss, blood transfusions, and shorter hospital stay.


    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data*
  5. Mohd-Tahir NA, Li SC
    Osteoporos Int, 2017 07;28(7):2035-2044.
    PMID: 28314898 DOI: 10.1007/s00198-017-3985-4
    This review analyzes the economic costs of HF in Asia. The availability and quality of studies on the burden of osteoporosis in Asia are very scarce. There is a need to encourage more quality cost of osteoporosis studies based on standardized methods to convince healthcare authorities in implementing appropriate strategies.
    INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis fractures, especially hip fractures, impose large economic costs to governments and societies. This review aimed to systematically analyze available evidence on healthcare costs associated with osteoporosis-related hip fractures (HF) in Asia.
    METHODS: Articles were systematically sought from databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and EBSCOHost between 2000 and 2015. Total costs associated with HF care, the cost components, and length of stays were retrieved and analyzed. Study designs were also qualitatively analyzed.
    RESULTS: The availability of published studies on economic burden of HF in Asia is severely lacking with only 15 articles met the inclusion criteria. Even among the included studies, only two studies reported comprehensive costs evaluating all costs including indirect or intangible costs. Most studies satisfactorily reported criteria for conducting economic evaluation, but large variations existed in the methodological design. Due to study design and other influencing factors, large variation in the cost of HF treatment from US$774 to US$14,198.90 (median S$2943), representing an average of 18.95% (range: 3.58-57.05%) of the countries' 2014 GDP/capita, was observed. This highlighted the heavy burden of managing HF in Asia with about 40% of the included studies reported using more than one third of GDP/capita.
    CONCLUSION: There is a paucity of burden of illness studies of osteoporosis in the Asian region. For the few available studies, there was a lack of standardization in methodological approach in evaluating the economic burden of the disease. There is a need to encourage more quality burden of illness studies of osteoporosis to inform policymakers in healthcare planning.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  6. Hamdan M, Shuhaina S, Hong JGS, Vallikkannu N, Zaidi SN, Tan YP, et al.
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand, 2021 Nov;100(11):1977-1985.
    PMID: 34462906 DOI: 10.1111/aogs.14247
    INTRODUCTION: Multiparous labor inductions are typically successful, and the process can be rapid, starting from a ripened cervix with a predictable response to amniotomy and oxytocin infusion. Outpatient Foley catheter labor induction in multiparas with unripe cervixes is a feasible option as the mechanical process of ripening is usually without significant uterine contractions and well tolerated. Labor contractions can be initiated by amniotomy and titrated oxytocin infusion in the hospital for well-timed births during working hours as night birth are associated with adverse events. We sought to evaluate outpatient compared with inpatient Foley catheter induction of labor in multiparas for births during working hours and maternal satisfaction.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized trial was conducted in the University of Malaya Medical Center. A total of 163 term multiparas (no dropouts) with unripe cervixes (Bishop score ≤5) scheduled for labor induction were randomized to outpatient or inpatient Foley catheter. Primary outcomes were delivery during "working hours" 08:00-18:00 h and maternal satisfaction on allocated care (assessed by 11-point visual numerical rating score 0-10, with higher score indicating more satisfied).


    RESULTS: Comparing outpatient and inpatient arms, delivery during working hours were 54/82 (65.9%) vs. 48/81 (59.3%) (relative risk 1.1, 95% CI 0.9-1.4, p = 0.421) and median maternal satisfaction visual numerical rating score was 9 (interquartile range 9-9) vs. 9 (interquartile range 8-9, p = 0.134), repectively. Duration of hospital stay and membrane rupture to delivery interval were significantly shorter in the outpatient arm: 35.8 ± 20.2 vs. 45.2 ± 16.2 h (p = 0.001) and 4.1 ± 2.9 vs. 5.3 ± 3.6 h (p = 0.020), respectively. Other maternal and neonatal secondary outcomes were not significantly different.

    CONCLUSIONS: The trial failed to demonstrate the anticipated increase in births during working hours with outpatient compared with inpatient induction of labor with Foley catheter in parous women with an unripe cervix. Hospital stay and membrane rupture to delivery interval were significantly shortened in the outpatient group. The rate of maternal satisfaction was high in both groups and no significant differences were found.

    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  7. Khor HM, Tan J, Saedon NI, Kamaruzzaman SB, Chin AV, Poi PJ, et al.
    Arch Gerontol Geriatr, 2014 Nov-Dec;59(3):536-41.
    PMID: 25091603 DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2014.07.011
    The presence of pressure ulcers imposes a huge burden on the older person's quality of life and significantly increases their risk of dying. The objective of this study was to determine patient characteristics associated with the presence of pressure ulcers and to evaluate the risk factors associated with mortality among older patients with pressure ulcers. A prospective observational study was performed between Oct 2012 and May 2013. Patients with preexisting pressure ulcers on admission and those with hospital acquired pressure ulcers were recruited into the study. Information on patient demographics, functional status, nutritional level, stages of pressure ulcer and their complications were obtained. Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to assess the risk of death in all patients. 76/684 (11.1%) patients had pre-existing pressure ulcers on admission and 30/684 (4.4%) developed pressure ulcers in hospital. There were 68 (66%) deaths by the end of the median follow-up period of 12 (IQR 2.5-14) weeks. Our Cox regression model revealed that nursing home residence (Hazard Ratio, HR=2.33, 95% confidence interval, CI=1.30, 4.17; p=0.005), infected deep pressure ulcers (HR=2.21, 95% CI=1.26, 3.87; p=0.006) and neutrophilia (HR=1.76; 95% CI 1.05, 2.94; p=0.031) were independent predictors of mortality in our elderly patients with pressure ulcers. The prevalence of pressure ulcers in our setting is comparable to previously reported figures in Europe and North America. Mortality in patients with pressure ulcer was high, and was predicted by institutionalization, concurrent infection and high neutrophil counts.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data*
  8. Ng EK, Goh BL, Hamdiah P
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Apr;67(2):151-4.
    PMID: 22822633 MyJurnal
    In-centre intermittent peritoneal dialysis (IPD), a decade-old modality commonly associated with acute (stab) PD, continues to play an undeniably important role of providing "temporary" renal replacement therapy (RRT) in Malaysia. In our center, IPD is commenced after insertion of Tenckhoff catheter by interventional nephrologists as an interim option until a definitive RRT is established. This study aims to describe our experience and evaluate the viability of this modality as a bridging therapy. We retrospectively analyzed 39 IPD patients from January 2007 to December 2009; looking at demographics, cause of end-stage renal disease, duration on the program, length of hospitalization, PD-related infection profile, biochemical parameters and clinical outcomes. We accumulated a total experience of 169 patient-months, the average age of patients was 54.6 +/- 11.6 years, 84.6% of them diabetics. The median duration of a patient in the program was 88 days with accumulated in-hospital stay of 45 days. Eventually 48.7% of the patients secured placement for long-term haemodialysis while 20.5% were converted to CAPD. The mortality rate was 7.7% while the peritonitis rate was at 1 per 18.8 patient months. Our study shows that IPD is a viable interim option with a low infection rate and good clinical outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  9. Koh KH, Tan C, Hii L, Ong TK, Jong YH
    Med J Malaysia, 2012 Apr;67(2):173-6.
    PMID: 22822638 MyJurnal
    End stage renal disease (ESRD) patients have a much higher rate of cardiac disease and cardiac mortality as compared with the general population. Revascularisation such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) may also carry a higher rate of complications and morbidity. We compared our ESRD patients who underwent CABG with the general population and ESRD population.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  10. Siow SL, Khor TW, Chea CH, Nik Azim NA
    Asian J Surg, 2012 Jan;35(1):23-8.
    PMID: 22726560 DOI: 10.1016/j.asjsur.2012.04.004
    Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) is an evolving concept in minimally invasive surgery. It utilizes the concept of inline viewing and a single incision that accommodates all of the working instruments. Here, we describe a single surgeon's initial experiences of using this technique in a tertiary hospital.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  11. Chong LA, Lee WS, Goh AYT
    Med J Malaysia, 2003 Mar;58(1):89-93.
    PMID: 14556330
    The profile of admissions staying less than 24 hours admitted to the paediatric wards of University Malaya Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, over a period of six weeks was reviewed to ascertain the need of a short-stay ward. Ninety-three (22%) of the 428 admissions admitted during the study period were discharged within 24 hours, 56 (60%) were discharged within 12 hours. Major categories of admissions were: elective investigative procedures (43%), and emergency admissions (44%). Reasons for emergency admissions: infections 42%, minor trauma/cerebral concussion 25% and febrile/afebrile seizures 11%. Only 20% required percutaneous oximetry monitoring and 2% required observations more frequently than 2 hourly. There may be a case for a short stay ward in a big paediatric unit in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data*
  12. Ludin SM, Rashid NA, Awang MS, Nor MBM
    Clin Nurs Res, 2019 09;28(7):830-851.
    PMID: 29618232 DOI: 10.1177/1054773818767551
    Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors show physical and functional improvements but continue to have cognitive and psychosocial problems throughout recovery. However, the functional outcome of severe TBI in Malaysia is unknown. The objective of this study is to measure the functional outcomes of severe TBI within 6 months post-injury. A cohort study was done on 33 severe TBI survivors. The Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOSE) was used in this study. The mean age of the participants was 31.79 years (range: 16-73 years). The logistic regression model was statistically significant, χ²(5, N = 33) = 29.09, p < .001. The length of stay (LOS) in incentive care unit (p = .049, odds ratio = 6.062) and duration on ventilator (p = .048, odds ratio = 0.083) were good predictors of the functional outcomes. Future research should focus on larger sample size of severe TBI in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  13. Ban A, Ismail A, Harun R, Abdul Rahman A, Sulung S, Syed Mohamed A
    BMC Pulm Med, 2012;12:27.
    PMID: 22726610 DOI: 10.1186/1471-2466-12-27
    BACKGROUND: Exacerbations, a leading cause of hospitalization in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), affect the quality of life and prognosis. Treatment recommendations as provided in the evidence-based guidelines are not consistently followed, partly due to absence of simplified task-oriented approach to care. In this study, we describe the development and implementation of a clinical pathway (CP) and evaluate its effectiveness in the management of COPD exacerbation.
    METHODS: We developed a CP and evaluated its effectiveness in a non-randomized prospective study with historical controls on patients admitted for exacerbation of COPD to Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC). Consecutive patients who were admitted between June 2009 and December 2010 were prospectively recruited into the CP group. Non-CP historical controls were obtained from case records of patients admitted between January 2008 and January 2009. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by comparing the length of stay (LOS), complication rates, readmissions, and mortality rates.
    RESULTS: Ninety-five patients were recruited in the CP group and 98 patients were included in the non-CP historical group. Both groups were comparable with no significant differences in age, sex and severity of COPD (p = 0.641). For clinical outcome measures, patients in the CP group had shorter length of stay than the non-CP group (median (IQR): 5 (4-7) days versus 7 (7-9) days, p length of stay and complication rates of patients hospitalized for acute exacerbation of COPD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  14. Chiu CK, Gani SMA, Chung WH, Mihara Y, Hasan MS, Chan CYW, et al.
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 2020 Aug 15;45(16):1128-1134.
    PMID: 32205708 DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003484
    STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective propensity score matching study.

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether menses affect intraoperative blood loss in female adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF) surgeries.

    SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There were concerns whether patients having menses will have higher intraoperative blood loss if surgery were to be done during this period.

    METHODS: This study included 372 females who were operated between May 2016 to May 2019. Fifty-five patients had menses during surgery (Group 1, G1) and 317 patients did not have menses during surgery (Group 2, G2). Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis with one-to-one, nearest neighbor matching technique and with a match tolerance of 0.001 was used. The main outcome measures were intraoperative blood loss (IBL), volume of blood salvaged, transfusion rate, preoperative hemoglobin, preoperative platelet, preoperative prothrombin time, preoperative activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), international normalized ratio (INR), and postoperative hemoglobin. Postoperative Cobb angle and correction rate were also documented.

    RESULTS: At the end of PSM analysis, 46 patients from each group were matched and balanced. The average operation duration for G1 was 140.8 ± 43.0 minutes compared with 143.1 ± 48.3 minutes in G2 (P = 0.806). The intraoperative blood loss for G1 was 904.3 ± 496.3 mL and for G2 was 907.9 ± 482.8 mL (P = 0.972). There was no significant difference in terms of normalized blood loss (NBL), volume of blood salvaged during surgery, preoperative hemoglobin, postoperative hemoglobin, hemoglobin drift, estimated blood volume (EBV), IBL per EBV and IBL per level fused (P > 0.05). No postoperative complications were encountered in both groups. On average, the postoperative hospital stay was 3.5 ± 0.8 days for both groups (P = 0.143).

    CONCLUSION: Performing corrective surgery during the menstrual phase in female AIS patients is safe without risk of increased blood loss.


    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  15. Willeam Peter SS, Hassan SS, Khei Tan VP, Ngim CF, Azreen Adnan NA, Pong LY, et al.
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis, 2019 07;19(7):549-552.
    PMID: 30668248 DOI: 10.1089/vbz.2018.2379
    There is an escalation of frequency and magnitude of dengue epidemics in Malaysia, with a concomitant increase in patient hospitalization. Prolonged hospitalization (PH) due to dengue virus (DENV) infections causes considerable socioeconomic burden. Early identification of patients needing PH could optimize resource consumption and reduce health care costs. This study aims to identify clinicopathological factors present on admission that are associated with PH among patients with DENV infections.
    This study was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital in Southern Malaysia. Relevant clinical and laboratory data upon admission were retrieved from medical records of 253 consecutive DENV nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) antigen and PCR-positive hospitalized patients. The DENV serotype present in each patient was determined. Patients were stratified based on duration of hospital stay (<4 vs. ≥4 days). Data were analyzed using IBM® SPSS® 25.0. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to examine the association between PH and admission parameters.
    Of 253 DENV hospitalized patients, 95 (37.5%) had PH (≥4 days). The mean duration of hospital stay was 3.43 ± 2.085 days (median = 3 days, interquartile range = 7 days). Diabetes mellitus (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 6.261, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.130-18.406, p = 0.001), DENV-2 serotype (AOR = 2.581, 95% CI = 1.179-5.650, p = 0.018), duration of fever ≤4 days (AOR = 2.423, 95% CI = 0.872-6.734, p = 0.09), and a shorter preadmission fever duration (AOR = 0.679, 95% CI = 0.481-0.957, p = 0.027) were independently associated with PH. However, PH was not found to be associated with symptoms on admission, secondary DENV infections or platelet count, hematocrit, or liver enzyme levels on admission.
    Early identification of these factors at presentation may alert clinicians to anticipate and recognize challenges in treating such patients, leading to more focused management plans that may shorten the duration of hospitalization.
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data*
  16. Mrkobrada M, Chan MTV, Cowan D, Spence J, Campbell D, Wang CY, et al.
    BMJ Open, 2018 07 06;8(7):e021521.
    PMID: 29982215 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021521
    OBJECTIVES: Covert stroke after non-cardiac surgery may have substantial impact on duration and quality of life. In non-surgical patients, covert stroke is more common than overt stroke and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline and dementia. Little is known about covert stroke after non-cardiac surgery.NeuroVISION is a multicentre, international, prospective cohort study that will characterise the association between perioperative acute covert stroke and postoperative cognitive function.

    SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We are recruiting study participants from 12 tertiary care hospitals in 10 countries on 5 continents.

    PARTICIPANTS: We are enrolling patients ≥65 years of age, requiring hospital admission after non-cardiac surgery, who have an anticipated length of hospital stay of at least 2 days after elective non-cardiac surgery that occurs under general or neuraxial anaesthesia.

    PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients are recruited before elective non-cardiac surgery, and their cognitive function is measured using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) instrument. After surgery, a brain MRI study is performed between postoperative days 2 and 9 to determine the presence of acute brain infarction. One year after surgery, the MoCA is used to assess postoperative cognitive function. Physicians and patients are blinded to the MRI study results until after the last patient follow-up visit to reduce outcome ascertainment bias.We will undertake a multivariable logistic regression analysis in which the dependent variable is the change in cognitive function 1 year after surgery, and the independent variables are acute perioperative covert stroke as well as other clinical variables that are associated with cognitive dysfunction.

    CONCLUSIONS: The NeuroVISION study will characterise the epidemiology of covert stroke and its clinical consequences. This will be the largest and the most comprehensive study of perioperative stroke after non-cardiac surgery.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01980511; Pre-results.

    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data*
  17. Kwan MK, Chan CY
    Spine J, 2017 02;17(2):224-229.
    PMID: 27609611 DOI: 10.1016/j.spinee.2016.09.005
    BACKGROUND CONTEXT: With an increased cost of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery over the past 10 years, improvement of patient safety and optimization of the surgical management of AIS has become an important need. A dual attending surgeon strategy resulted in reduction of blood loss and complication rate.
    PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the perioperative outcome of posterior selective thoracic fusion in Lenke 1 and 2 AIS patients comparing a single versus a dual attending surgeon strategy.
    STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was carried out.
    PATIENT SAMPLE: The study sample comprised 60 patients
    OUTCOME MEASURE: Operative duration, blood loss, postoperative hemoglobin, need for transfusion, morphine usage, and duration of hospital stay were the outcome measures.
    METHODS: A total of 116 patients who underwent posterior selective thoracic fusion from two centers were prospectively recruited. The patients were grouped into Group 1 (single surgeon) and Group 2 (two surgeons). One-to-one matching analysis using "propensity score-matched cohort patient sampling method" was done for age, gender, height, weight, preoperative Cobb angle, number of fusion level, and Lenke classification. The outcome measures included operative duration, blood loss, postoperative hemoglobin, need for transfusion, morphine usage, and duration of hospital stay. This study was self-funded with no conflict of interest.
    RESULTS: From 86 patients who were operated by the two surgeons (Group 2), 30 patients were matched with 30 patients who were operated by a single surgeon (Group 1). Group 2 (164.0±25.7 min) has a significantly shorter operation duration (p=.000) compared with Group 1 (257.3±51.4 min). The total blood loss was significantly more (p=.009) in Group 1 (1254.7±521.5 mL) compared with Group 2 (893.7±518.4 mL). There were seven patients (23.3%) in Group 1 who received allogenic blood transfusion (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  18. Memon MA, Yunus RM, Memon B, Awaiz A, Khan S
    Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech, 2018 Dec;28(6):337-348.
    PMID: 30358650 DOI: 10.1097/SLE.0000000000000589
    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the randomized evidence to determine the relative merits of perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic-assisted (LARR) versus open rectal resection (ORR) for proven rectal cancer.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of the Medline, Embase, Science Citation Index, Current Contents and PubMed databases identified English-language randomized clinical trials comparing LARR and ORR. The meta-analysis was prepared in accordance with the PRISMA statement. Thirteen outcome variables were analyzed. Random effects meta-analyses were performed due to heterogeneity.

    RESULTS: A total of 14 randomized clinical trials that included 3843 rectal resections (LARR 2096, ORR 1747) were analyzed. The summary point estimates favored LARR for the intraoperative blood loss, commencement of oral intake, first bowel movement, and length of hospital stay. There was significantly longer duration of operating time of 38.29 minutes for the LARR group. Other outcome variables such as total complications, postoperative pain, postoperative ileus, abdominal abscesses, postoperative anastomotic leak, reintervention and postoperative mortality rates were found to have comparable outcomes for both cohorts.

    CONCLUSIONS: LARR was associated with significantly reduced blood loss, quicker resumption of oral intake, earlier return of gastrointestinal function, and shorter length of hospital stay at the expense of significantly longer operating time. Postoperative morbidity and mortality and analgesia requirement for both these groups were comparable. LARR seems to be a safe and effective alternative to ORR; however, it needs to be performed in established colorectal units with experienced laparoscopic surgeons.

    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  19. Venkatason P, Zubairi YZ, Zaharan NL, Wan Ahmad WA, Hafidz MI, Ismail MD, et al.
    BMJ Open, 2019 11 19;9(11):e030159.
    PMID: 31748289 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-030159
    OBJECTIVE: Young women form a minority but an important group of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) as it can potentially cause devastating physical and socioeconomic impact. This study was aimed to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of young women with MI in Malaysia.

    DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of women with ST-elevation MI (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) from 18 hospitals across Malaysia using the Malaysian National Cardiovascular Database registry-acute coronary syndrome (NCVD-ACS).

    PARTICIPANTS: Women patients diagnosed with acute MI from year 2006 to 2013 were identified and divided into young (age ≤ 45, n=292) and older women (age >45, n=5580).

    PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Comparison of demographics, clinical characteristics and in-hospital management was performed between young and older women. In-hospital and 30-day all-cause mortality were examined.

    RESULTS: Young women (mean age 39±4.68) made up 5% of women with MI and were predominantly of Malay ethnicities (53.8%). They have a higher tendency to present as STEMI compared with older women. Young women have significantly higher rates of family history of premature coronary artery disease (CAD) (20.5% vs 7.8% p<0.0001). The prevalence of risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidaemia was high in both groups. The primary reperfusion strategy was thrombolysis with no significant differences observed in the choice of intervention for both groups. Other than aspirin, rates of prescriptions for evidence-based medications were similar with >80% prescribed statins and aspirin. The all-cause mortality rates of young women were lower for both in-hospital and 30 days, especially in those with STEMI with adjusted mortality ratio to the older group, was 1:9.84.

    CONCLUSION: Young women with MI were over-represented by Malays and those with a family history of premature CAD. Preventive measures are needed to reduce cardiovascular risks in young women. Although in-hospital management was similar, short-term mortality outcomes favoured young compared with older women.

    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
  20. Shakirah MS, Jamalludin AR, Hasniah AL, Rus Anida A, Mariana D, Ahmad Fadzil A, et al.
    Med J Malaysia, 2019 04;74(2):138-144.
    PMID: 31079125
    INTRODUCTION: Uncontrolled asthma may cause an increase in healthcare utilisation, hospital admission and productivity loss. With the increasing burden of asthma in Malaysia, strategies aimed at reducing cost of care should be explored.

    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine if a clinical pathway (CPW) for inpatient paediatric asthma would reduce average length of stay (ALOS), improve asthma management and decrease cost.

    METHODS: A quasi-experimental, pre-post study was used to evaluate the CPW effectiveness. Paediatric inpatients aged 5-18 years old, admitted for acute asthma exacerbation from September 2015 to April 2016 were prospectively recruited. Data from patients admitted from January-July 2015 were used as control. CPW training was carried out in August 2015 using standardised modules. Direct admission cost from the provider's prospective was calculated. Outcomes compared were differences in ALOS, discharge medication, readmission within 28 days of discharge and cost.

    RESULTS: ALOS is 26 hours lower in the CPW group for severe exacerbations and underlying uncontrolled asthma (19.2 hours) which is clinically significant as patients have shorter hospital stay. More newly-diagnosed intermittent asthmatics were discharged with relievers in the CPW group (p-value 0.006). None of the patients in the CPW group had readmissions (p-value 0.16). Mean treatment cost for patients in the intervention group is higher at RM843.39 (SD ±48.99, versus RM779.21 SD±44.33).

    CONCLUSION: This study found that management using a CPW may benefit asthmatic patients with uncontrolled asthma admitted with severe exacerbation. Further studies will be needed to explore CPW's impact on asthma management starting from the emergency department.

    Matched MeSH terms: Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
Contact Us

Please provide feedback to Administrator (afdal@afpm.org.my)

External Links