Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 267 in total

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  1. Ing DK
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1977 Jun;31(4):338-46.
    PMID: 927243
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  2. Laitiff AA, Teoh SL, Das S
    Clin Ter, 2010;161(4):359-64.
    PMID: 20931161
    The healing of wound is a complex process which requires the interactions of different cells and extracellular molecules. The normal wound healing process can be divided into four overlapping phases i.e. haemostasis, inflammation, proliferation and remodeling. In diseased condition like diabetes mellitus, the wound healing process is grossly impaired, resulting in chronic wounds which fail to heal. In the past decades, several researchers have tested various traditional medicines obtained from the plants for their wound healing properties. Such traditional plants are Aloe vera, Calotropis procera, Portulaca oleracea, Acalypha langiana, Plagiochasma appendiculatum and Momordica charantia. Perhaps one of the most popular and easily available plant is Momordica charantia (bitter gourd). The present article presents an extensive review on the impaired wound healing process in diabetes mellitus and highlights the use of traditional medicines in diabetic wounds.
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  3. Ibrahim N
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol, 1993 Aug;51(2):199-202.
    PMID: 8353382
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  4. Laderman C
    Med Anthropol, 1991 Jun;13(1-2):83-97.
    PMID: 1881301 DOI: 10.1080/01459740.1991.9966042
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  5. Karim WJ
    Soc Sci Med, 1984;18(2):159-66.
    PMID: 6701560
    This paper attempts to analyse professional rivalry and dissonance amongst traditional Malay midwives (bidan kampung) in the Northwest areas of Peninsular Malaysia. It elucidates how techniques of symbolic and ritual communication are carefully monitored by these female specialists, to develop regular clientele and professional credibility over time. However, since an integral element of Malay midwifery is protection from and mastery over mystical forces in nature and evil spirits harboured by witches, a midwife is also an exorcist with skills rather similar to the Malay bomoh (traditional medical practitioner, usually male) except that her range of knowledge of witchcraft is limited to diagnostic and curative rituals of spirit-possession, in infants and children, young unmarried women and pregnant mothers. Within a restricted population area, professional rivalries and competition amongst midwives regularly surface in oblique attacks of witchcraft accusations where the accused strives to maintain her credibility while her accuser gradually wins over her clientele. Significantly, codes of professionalism in traditional Malay midwifery are not only determined by skill and experience, but also religiousness (faith in Islam), benevolence, virtue, diligence and a sense of equality and fair-play in the practice of the trade. These qualities are seemingly lacking in witches who are conceived to be anti-Islamic, uncompromising, manevolent and destructive. Thus, government midwives who threaten the popularity of traditional midwives by being particularly active in their work or supervising and controlling midwives in an authoritarian way, are also labelled as witches. Generally, while midwifery and witchcraft reflect two forms of knowledge that are structurally opposed, in ideology and morality, they exist within the same sphere of ritual and symbolic communication where the practitioners aided by their clients, shift from one state of dissonance to another in an attempt to regulate behaviour.
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  6. Dauth J
    Nurs J Singapore, 1978 May;18(1):61-3.
    PMID: 250740
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  7. Golański J
    Pol Tyg Lek, 1977 Jul 18;32(29):1137-9.
    PMID: 896563
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  8. Danaraj AG
    Nurs J Singapore, 1977 Nov;17(2):51-3, 57.
    PMID: 247345
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  9. Fadzil F, Shamsuddin K, Wan Puteh SE
    J Altern Complement Med, 2016 Jul;22(7):503-8.
    PMID: 26167656 DOI: 10.1089/acm.2013.0469
    To briefly describe the postpartum practices among the three major ethnic groups in Malaysia and to identify commonalities in their traditional postpartum beliefs and practices.
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  10. Samuel AJ, Kalusalingam A, Chellappan DK, Gopinath R, Radhamani S, Husain HA, et al.
    PMID: 20137098 DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-6-5
    A qualitative ethnomedical survey was carried out among a local Orang Asli tribe to gather information on the use of medicinal plants in the region of Kampung Bawong, Perak of West Malaysia in order to evaluate the potential medicinal uses of local plants used in curing different diseases and illnesses.
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  11. Barrett RJ, Lucas RH
    Soc Sci Med, 1994 Jan;38(2):383-93.
    PMID: 8140465
    Iban categories of hot and cold are examined in the context of humoral medical systems in southeast Asia. These categories are more than binary and oppositional: they are also contradictory and can only be understood in terms of their capacity for transformation in 'depth'. Analysis of the Iban epistemology of temperature sensation reveals the limitations of reductionist empirical approaches to hot and cold. Illness is apprehended, at one level, in terms of unusual conjunctions of opposite temperatures which signify a deeper disturbance in the relationship between body and soul, humans and spirits. Iban therapy redefines and relocates these categories in their proper place and at their appropriate level. It progresses from hot lay treatments to cool ritual treatments, yet cannot be accounted for within a limited framework of homeostatic balance. This paper develops an ethnographically grounded definition of humoralism which emphasizes non-reductive logic, cultural practice and transformation. The key element, transformation, is defined as a transition between categories and a shift in the level of interpretation which fundamentally alter the Iban experience of body and illness.
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  12. Nitta A
    Yakugaku Zasshi, 1984 Mar;104(3):256-60.
    PMID: 6470934
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  13. Heggenhougen HK
    Soc Sci Med Med Anthropol, 1980 Feb;14B(1):39-44.
    PMID: 7394564
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  14. Woon TH
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1978 Mar;32(3):258-63.
    PMID: 355806
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional/history
  15. Chen PC
    Trop Geogr Med, 1970 Dec;22(4):409-15.
    PMID: 5497375
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional*
  16. Cunningham AB, Ingram W, Brinckmann JA, Nesbitt M
    J Ethnopharmacol, 2018 Oct 28;225:128-135.
    PMID: 29944892 DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2018.06.032
    ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This is the first study of global trade in fruits of the widely used traditional medicine, Helicteres isora L. It is used in Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani medical systems and/or local folk traditional medicines in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. The roots are used in Traditional Chinese Medicines in China and the fruits in jamu products in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. In addition, H. isora fruits are also used in "traditional" medical systems far beyond the natural distribution of this species, for example in Zulu herbal medicine (South Africa) and Kurdish herbal medicines (Iraq).

    AIMS OF THE STUDY: This study had three aims: (i) to assess the global trade in H. isora fruits; (ii) to study the H. isora trade from West Timor to Java in terms of actors and prices along the value chain and (iii) to get a better understanding of the potential of this species to improve household income in eastern Indonesia.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study uses historical records, a contemporary analysis of global trade data (2014-2016) and field assessments of value chains and the biological factors influencing H. isora fruit production.

    RESULTS: Globally, the major exporter of H. isora fruits is India, which exports H. isora fruits to 19 countries, far beyond the natural geographical distribution of this species. Over a 36-month period (January 2014-December 2016), India exported 392 t of H. isora fruits, with a Free-On-Board (FOB) value of Indian rupiah (INR) 18,337,000 (US$ 274,055). This represents an average annual export quantity of about 130,526 kg/year. Over this three year period, most of these exports (85.5%) were to Indonesia (346.58 t), followed by Thailand (6.85%). Indian H. isora exports are also used in many other medical systems, including Kurdish and Zulu "traditional" medicines in Iraq and South Africa. Formation of an Indian diaspora in Bahrain, Mauritius, South Africa, Tanzania and Trinidad and Tobago over the past 130 years is one of the drivers of H. isora fruit trade outside the natural geographic distribution of the species. In Indonesia, demand for H. isora fruits is supplemented by an intra-island trade in Java and an inter-island trade from East Nusa Tenggara. West Timor, for example, exports around 31-37 t of air-dried H. isora fruits per year to Java. At the farm gate, local harvesters in West Timor get 4000 IDR (c. 0.3 US$) per kg, with businesses in Java paying 25,000 IDR (c.US$2) per kg for H. isora fruits. This is similar to the price paid for H. isora fruits imported from India to Java.

    CONCLUSIONS: India is the major exporter of whole dried H. isora fruits, including to countries where this species has never been in traditional use. In Indonesia, H. isora fruit extracts are used in the cosmetic industry as well as in jamu herbal medicines, including "Tolak Angin", the country's most popular commercial "jamu" preparation. Indonesia also is the major importer of H. isora fruits from India. In eastern Indonesia, improved income to local villagers from the H. isora fruit trade could come from improved H. isora fruit quality due to better drying techniques. This would also reduce health risks along the supply chain from to mycotoxins that have been recorded on poorly dried H. isora fruits. There also is an opportunity for cultivation of H. isora in small-holder teak plantations in Indonesia, with harvest of H. isora fruits as well as the medicinal bark.

    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional/economics
  17. Rajeh MA, Kwan YP, Zakaria Z, Latha LY, Jothy SL, Sasidharan S
    Pharmacognosy Res, 2012 Jul;4(3):170-7.
    PMID: 22923956 DOI: 10.4103/0974-8490.99085
    The methanol extract of Euphorbia hirta L (Euphorbiaceae), which is used in traditional medicines, was tested for in vivo toxicity.
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional
  18. Roy P, Abdulsalam FI, Pandey DK, Bhattacharjee A, Eruvaram NR, Malik T
    Pharmacognosy Res, 2015 Jun;7(Suppl 1):S57-62.
    PMID: 26109789 DOI: 10.4103/0974-8490.157997
    Swertia cordata and Swertia chirayita are temperate Himalayan medicinal plants used as potent herbal drugs in Indian traditional systems of medicine (Ayurvedic, Unani and Siddha).
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional
  19. Arya A, Al-Obaidi MM, Karim RB, Taha H, Khan AK, Shahid N, et al.
    J Ethnopharmacol, 2015 Dec 4;175:229-40.
    PMID: 26342523 DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.08.057
    The art of Ayurveda and the traditional healing system in India have reflected the ethnomedicinal importance of the plant Woodfordia fruticosa Kurtz, which demonstrates its vast usage in the Ayurvedic preparations as well as in the management of diabetes by the traditional healers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional
  20. El Enshasy H, Elsayed EA, Aziz R, Wadaan MA
    PMID: 24348710 DOI: 10.1155/2013/620451
    The ethnopharmaceutical approach is important for the discovery and development of natural product research and requires a deep understanding not only of biometabolites discovery and profiling but also of cultural and social science. For millennia, epigeous macrofungi (mushrooms) and hypogeous macrofungi (truffles) were considered as precious food in many cultures based on their high nutritional value and characterized pleasant aroma. In African and Middle Eastern cultures, macrofungi have long history as high nutritional food and were widely applied in folk medicine. The purpose of this review is to summarize the available information related to the nutritional and medicinal value of African and Middle Eastern macrofungi and to highlight their application in complementary folk medicine in this part of the world.
    Matched MeSH terms: Medicine, Traditional
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