OBJECTIVE: Based on their biological capability, various acetogenins were studied in the present study and compared alongside ABT-737 on molecular docking.
METHODS: The docking simulation of acetogenins was performed using AutoDock Vina software.
RESULTS: Our findings have shown eleven acetogenins-BCL-XL protein complex, namely, muricin B (2), muricin F (4), muricin H (6), muricin I (7), xylomaticin (9), annomontacin (12), annonacin (14), squamocin (15), squamostatin A (16), bullatacin (20) and annoreticulin (21) exhibited strong binding affinities lower than - 10.4 kcalmol-1 as compared to ABT-373-BCL-XL complex. Six hydrogen bonds along with hydrophobic interaction were detected on the complex of BCL-XL with muricin B (2), muricin G (5), corossolone (11), and isoannonacin-10-one A (18).
CONCLUSION: These findings indicated that some acetogenins could represent a new potential BCLXL inhibitor that could mimic the BH3-only protein for the induction of apoptosis in cancer chemotherapy.
BACKGROUND: Neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders are a major health burden globally. The existing therapies do not provide optimal relief and are associated with substantial adverse effects. This has resulted in a huge unmet medical need for newer and more effective therapies for these disorders. Phosphodiesterase (PDEs) enzymes have been identified as potential targets of drugs for neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders, and one of the subtypes, i.e., PDE1B, accounts for more than 90 % of total brain PDE activity associated with learning and memory process, making it an interesting drug target for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders.
OBJECTIVES: The present study has been conducted to identify potential PDE1B inhibitor lead compounds from the natural product database.
METHODS: Ligand-based pharmacophore models were generated and validated; they were then employed for virtual screening of Universal Natural Products Database (UNPD) followed by docking with PDE1B to identify the best hit compound.
RESULTS: Virtual screening led to the identification of 85 compounds which were then docked into the active site of PDE1B. Out of the 85 compounds, six showed a higher affinity for PDE1B than the standard PDE1B inhibitors. The top scoring compound was identified as Cedreprenone.
CONCLUSION: Virtual screening of UNPD using Ligand based pharmacophore led to the identification of Cedreprenone, a potential new natural PDE1B inhibitor lead compound.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to search for more potent benzimidazole-based cholinesterase inhibitors, through the modification of the 1- and 2-positions of the benzimidazole core.
METHODS: Synthesis of compounds were carried out via a 4-step reaction scheme following a previously reported protocol. Structure-activity relationship of the compounds are established through in vitro cholinesterase assays and in silico docking studies. Furthermore, cytotoxicity and blood brain barrier (BBB) permeability of the compounds were also investigated.
RESULTS: Among the synthesised compounds, three of them (5IIa, 5IIb, and 5IIc) exhibited potent selective butyrylcholinesterase inhibition at low micromolar level. The compounds did not show any significant cytotoxicity when tested against a panel of human cell lines. Moreover, the most active compound, 5IIc, was highly permeable across the blood brain barrier.
CONCLUSION: In total 10 benzimidazole derivatives were synthesized and screened for their AChE and BuChE inhibitory activities. Lead compound 5Iic, represents a valuable compound for further development as potential AD therapeutics.