Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 93 in total

  1. Mahmud N, Kenny DT, Md Zein R, Hassan SN
    PMID: 22135582 MyJurnal
    Musculoskeletal disorders are commonly reported among computer users. This study explored whether these disorders can be reduced by the provision of ergonomics education.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
  2. Yong SY
    Family Practitioner, 1984;7:34-37.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
  3. Shariat A, Mohd Tamrin SB, Arumugam M, Danaee M, Ramasamy R
    PMID: 27660545 MyJurnal DOI: 10.21315/mjms2016.23.4.7
    Pain in specific areas of the body (including the lower back, neck, and shoulders) due to extended periods of sitting and inactivity is the most widespread musculoskeletal disorder worldwide and has consequences that are both socio-economic and personal. This condition is particularly prevalent in industrialised countries, affecting roughly 70% to 80% of adults at some point in their lives; approximately 1% of the U.S. population is chronically disabled by this type of pain disorder. A practical way to reduce the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among office workers would have a significant positive impact. More work is required to develop a package of exercises designed to prevent and treat musculoskeletal pain in office workers. Such a package would be preferable to pharmacological treatments, which can have undesirable side effects. The main objective of this package would be to increase the flexibility and strength of trunk muscles in order to decrease the soreness, pain, and degree of discomfort. In this article, we introduce our proposed package of exercises, which are based on guidelines issued bythe American College of Sports Medicine.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases*
  4. Saw A
    Med J Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl C:8-10.
    PMID: 16381274
    For more than two decades extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has emerged as the standard therapy for calculi in the kidney and urinary tract, and biliary system. Application of extracorporeal shock waves in orthopaedics involves treatment of recalcitrant chronic pain of plantar fasciitis, tennis elbow and calcifying tendonitis of the shoulder. This review explores current evidence-based issues related to its potential use as a treatment option for some musculoskeletal conditions.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases/radiotherapy*
  5. Mani S, Sharma S, Omar B, Paungmali A, Joseph L
    J Telemed Telecare, 2017 Apr;23(3):379-391.
    PMID: 27036879 DOI: 10.1177/1357633X16642369
    Purpose The purpose of this review is to systematically explore and summarise the validity and reliability of telerehabilitation (TR)-based physiotherapy assessment for musculoskeletal disorders. Method A comprehensive systematic literature review was conducted using a number of electronic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library and CINAHL, published between January 2000 and May 2015. The studies examined the validity, inter- and intra-rater reliabilities of TR-based physiotherapy assessment for musculoskeletal conditions were included. Two independent reviewers used the Quality Appraisal Tool for studies of diagnostic Reliability (QAREL) and the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS) tool to assess the methodological quality of reliability and validity studies respectively. Results A total of 898 hits were achieved, of which 11 articles based on inclusion criteria were reviewed. Nine studies explored the concurrent validity, inter- and intra-rater reliabilities, while two studies examined only the concurrent validity. Reviewed studies were moderate to good in methodological quality. The physiotherapy assessments such as pain, swelling, range of motion, muscle strength, balance, gait and functional assessment demonstrated good concurrent validity. However, the reported concurrent validity of lumbar spine posture, special orthopaedic tests, neurodynamic tests and scar assessments ranged from low to moderate. Conclusion TR-based physiotherapy assessment was technically feasible with overall good concurrent validity and excellent reliability, except for lumbar spine posture, orthopaedic special tests, neurodynamic testa and scar assessment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases/rehabilitation*
  6. Adlina, S., Narimah, A.H.H., Mazlin, M.M., Nuraliza, A.S., Hakimi, Z.A., Soe, S.A., et al.
    This study was conducted to determine the patterns of disease and treatment at two disaster sites. Studies prior to this have shown that all natural disasters are unique in that each affected region of the world have different social, economic and health backgrounds. However, similarities exist among the health effects of different disasters which if recognized can ensure that health and emergency medical relief and limited resources are well managed. This study found that although Aceh and Balakot were two totally different areas with reference to locality and climate it was noticed that the patterns of disease two months post disaster are similar the commonest being respiratory conditions followed by musculoskeletal conditions and gastrointestinal conditions. For the treatment patterns it was observed that the two areas prescribed almost similar, types of medicine mainly for gastrointestinal and respiratory systems. However in Aceh, there were more skin treatment and in Balakot there was more usage of musculoskeletal drugs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
  7. Mohd Miswan MF, Latiff Alsagoff S, Muhamad Effendi F, Ibrahim MI
    PMID: 31827732
    Locked knee is an orthopaedic condition requiring urgent treatment. Although the condition can be diagnosed via history, physical examination and imaging studies, the cause of the mechanical obstruction may only be apparent during arthroscopic examination of the knee joint. It is known that imaging plays a role in evaluating the integrity of intra-articular structures, however in some atypical cases, imaging cannot identify the definitive cause of locked knee. Here we report on two cases of locked knee, due to uncommon conditions which were unobservable via normal imaging studies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
  8. Athirah Nadia Nordin, Jafri Mohd. Rohani, Nor Sheila Zainal Abidin, Fatin Amrina A. Rashid, Raemy Md. Zein
    This study aims to assess the level of Knowledge, Attitude and
    Practices (KAP) on Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) from employer perspectives
    in Malaysia industries. A developed KAP questionnaires were distributed and
    returned by 39 employers. Most employer show good scores to majority of items in
    Knowledge and Attitude sections. However, good practices are still lacking as the
    scores are quite low for half of the items. Kruskal-Wallis test for independent sample
    was used to test the relationship between gender and KAP scores. It was found out
    that gender is linked with few items in Knowledge and Attitude section (r < 0.05)
    while no indication of relationship with Practice scores. As the number of reported
    MSDs cases are increasing in Malaysia, hence understanding of KAP factors are
    crucial in order to tackle the problem.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
  9. Rebi, M.A.M., Zein, R.M., Aziz, R.A., Tamilselvan, H.K., Azis, N.A., Mali, M.N., et al.
    This study is carried out to establish the prevalence of Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) among
    the Malaysian workforce population in order to propose some measures to benefit the people at large. Secondary data
    from three studies among drivers, clerical workers using visual display terminals (VDT) and fabrication workers were
    used to report the prevalence of MSDs and the associated risk factors. The study identified high prevalence of MSDs in
    multiple body regions. The MSD occurrence was also significantly associated with psychosocial factors. There is need
    for organisations to consider such factors in work design, which will reduce the high prevalence and high financial
    implications associated with MSDs among workers.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
  10. Norzila, A.B., Wong, M.P.K.
    Malignant pedunculated (exophytic) hepatocellular carcinoma (P-HCC) is a rare entity of hepatocellular
    carcinoma. Due to its unique characteristics, it gives a different spectrum of clinical findings, radiological
    presentation and different management approach with reported better outcome to the patients. We
    present a case report of a lady diagnosed with malignant pedunculated hepatocellular carcinoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
  11. Foster HE, Scott C, Tiderius CJ, Dobbs MB, Members of the Paediatric Global Musculoskeletal Task Force
    PMID: 32727697 DOI: 10.1016/j.berh.2020.101566
    This chapter describes the musculoskeletal (MSK) context in children and young people as an important contributor to the global non-communicable disease burden. Through selected MSK conditions, we describe the impact on patients, families and communities and highlight the challenges that need to be addressed. We focus on opportunities for better working together and describe exemplar initiatives to raise awareness, workforce capacity building, models of care and research agendas to have a greater global context.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
  12. Subramaniam N
    Family Physician, 1990;2:16-18.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
  13. Premalatha GD, Noor Hassim I
    Med J Malaysia, 1999 Jun;54(2):247-56.
    PMID: 10972037
    A total of 323 workers from 5 different occupational groups in the telecommunication industry were studied in this cross sectional study, which sought to determine the prevalence of Work Related Upper Limb Disorders (WRULD) in 5 occupational groups; operators using the Video Display Terminals, switchboard operators, clerks, data entry processors and the supervisors. WRULD was also studied with regard to factors such as sex, race, height, age, stress and the discomfort perceived due to the work station design. The possibility of WRULD was determined from a self-administered questionnaire and confirmed by history and physical examination. Psychological stress and the discomfort due to the workstation were measured from the questionnaire. The overall prevalence was found to be 31.2% and the prevalence among the various occupations differed with it being the highest in the switchboard operators and data processors and the lowest in the supervisors. The older workers and the female workers were found to have higher prevalences of WRULD. It was also found that a higher stress score and a higher score of discomfort perceived at the work station were associated with higher prevalences of WRULD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology*
  14. Ho SF, Phoon WH
    Med J Malaysia, 1997 Jun;52(2):134-8.
    PMID: 10968070
    Three hundred and fifteen female workers with at least three months' employment history in a factory manufacturing disk drives were studied. Each worker completed a self-administered questionnaire on their personal particulars, hours of work, opinion on the work and the workplace and the presence and severity of aches/pains experienced over the past one month. One hundred and forty one (44.8%) of the workers had complaints of aches/pains. Of these, 81 (57.5%) reported an improvement in their symptoms during their off-days. 59 (41.8%) had symptoms affecting two or more sites. The most commonly affected sites were the hands and shoulders, followed by the head and back. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of symptoms between workers from the different work stations. Ninety four (66.7%) of these workers reported that the pains that were severe enough to affect their activities. 76 (53.9%) had to seek some form of medical treatment while 33 (23.4%) had to be on medical leave. However, the physical examinations of this group of workers were normal. The symptoms appeared to be influenced by their attitude towards work. A significantly higher number of workers with symptoms expressed dissatisfaction with work and had complaints of a noisy and cold environment. The study showed that workers' morale and the quality of the work environment may play an important role in improving their general well-being.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology*
  15. Sukadarin EH, Deros BM, Ghani JA, Mohd Nawi NS, Ismail AR
    Int J Occup Saf Ergon, 2016 Sep;22(3):389-98.
    PMID: 27173135 DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2016.1156924
    INTRODUCTION: This review describes standardized ergonomics assessment based on pen-and-paper observational methods for assessing ergonomics risk factors.

    OBJECTIVE: The three main objectives are to analyze published pen-and-paper observational methods, to extract and understand the risk levels of each method and to identify their associated health effects.

    METHODOLOGY: The authors searched scientific databases and the Internet for materials from 1970 to 2013 using the following keywords: ergo, posture, method, observational, postural angle, health effects, pain and diseases. Postural assessments of upper arms, lower arms, wrists, neck, back and legs in six pen-and-paper-based observational methods are highlighted, extracted in groups and linked with associated adverse health effects.

    RESULTS: The literature reviewed showed strengths and limitations of published pen-and-paper-based observational methods in determining the work activities, risk levels and related postural angles to adverse health effects. This provided a better understanding of unsafe work postures and how to improve these postures.

    CONCLUSION: Many pen-and-paper-based observational methods have been developed. However, there are still many limitations of these methods. There is, therefore, a need to develop a new pen-and-paper-based observational method for assessing postural problems.

    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases/prevention & control
  16. Padmanathan V, Joseph L, Omar B, Nawawi R
    Int J Occup Med Environ Health, 2016;29(5):725-34.
    PMID: 27518883 DOI: 10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00659
    Occupational tasks of linemen are highly associated with the development of work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs). Although linemen are prone to develop WRMDs, there is paucity of information on the prevalence of WRMDs and related occupational causative factors. Therefore, the present review was conducted to report on the prevalence of WRMDs and to outline causative risk factors within occupational tasks in the lineman profession. Literature search was conducted in various databases such as Scopus, PubMed and ScienceDirect for articles published between 1996-2013. The articles were analyzed, selected and retrieved based on predetermined objectives, inclusion criteria and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). In the review process only articles published in English were considered. The review identified moderate to high prevalence of WRMDs among the linemen population. Back and shoulder regions were highly affected compared to the other body regions. The review also reported occupational tasks such as bar installation, insulator fixation and manual handling of tools as high risk tasks that lead to the development of WRMDs. In addition, occupational tools such as ladders, manual cutters and manual presses were also identified as a potential ergonomic hazard. In conclusion, the current review identified that WRMDs are common in the back and shoulder regions among linemen. Also, a number of occupational risk factors were identified to be associated with WRMDs among the linemen. Hence, future research on prevention and intervention studies concerning lineman profession population in order to develop a good job practice are recommended. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2016;29(5):725-734.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases/epidemiology*
  17. Shariat A, Cleland JA, Danaee M, Kargarfard M, Sangelaji B, Tamrin SBM
    Braz J Phys Ther, 2017 09 06;22(2):144-153.
    PMID: 28939263 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjpt.2017.09.003
    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise, ergonomic modification, and a combination of training exercise and ergonomic modification on the scores of pain in office workers with neck, shoulders, and lower back pain.

    METHODS: Participants (N=142) in this randomized controlled trial were office workers aged 20-50 years old with neck, shoulders, and lower back pain. They were randomly assigned to either the ergonomic modification group, the exercise group, the combined exercise and ergonomic modification group, or the control group (no-treatment). The exercise training group performed a series of stretching exercises, while the ergonomic group received some modification in the working place. Outcome measures were assessed by the Cornell Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire at baseline, after 2, 4, and 6 months of intervention.

    RESULTS: There was significant differences in pain scores for neck (MD -10.55; 95%CI -14.36 to -6.74), right shoulder (MD -12.17; 95%CI -16.87 to -7.47), left shoulder (MD -11.1; 95%CI -15.1 to -7.09) and lower back (MD -7.8; 95%CI -11.08 to -4.53) between the exercise and control groups. Also, significant differences were seen in pain scores for neck (MD -9.99; 95%CI -13.63 to -6.36), right shoulder (MD -11.12; 95%CI -15.59 to -6.65), left shoulder (MD -10.67; 95%CI -14.49 to -6.85) and lower back (MD -6.87; 95%CI -10 to -3.74) between the combined exercise and ergonomic modification and control groups. The significant improvement from month 4 to 6, was only seen in exercise group (p<0.05).

    CONCLUSION: To have a long term effective on MSDs, physical therapists and occupational therapists should use stretching exercises in their treatment programs rather than solely rely on ergonomic modification.

    CLINICAL TRIAL ID: NCT02874950 - https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02874950.

    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases/rehabilitation*
  18. Lim KK, Chan M, Navarra S, Haq SA, Lau CS
    Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol, 2016 06;30(3):398-419.
    PMID: 27886939 DOI: 10.1016/j.berh.2016.08.007
    This chapter discusses the challenges faced in the development and implementation of musculoskeletal (MSK) Models of Care (MoCs) in middle-income and low-income countries in Asia and outlines the components of an effective MoC for MSK conditions. Case studies of four such countries (The Philippines, Malaysia, Bangladesh and Myanmar) are presented, and their unique implementation issues are discussed. The success experienced in one high-income country (Singapore) is also described as a comparison. The Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) project and the role of Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology (APLAR), a professional body supporting MoC initiatives in this region, are also discussed. The experience and lessons learned from these case studies can provide useful information to guide the implementation of future MSK MoC initiatives in other middle-income and low-income countries.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases/therapy*
  19. Bhardwaj A, Nagandla K
    Postgrad Med J, 2014 Aug;90(1066):450-60.
    PMID: 24904047 DOI: 10.1136/postgradmedj-2013-132377
    Low back pain is a common musculoskeletal symptom in pregnancy that can present as lumbar pain or pelvic girdle pain, with significant physical and psychosocial implications. Pelvic girdle pain is more prevalent and results in greater disability than lumbar pain. It is possible to distinguish between these two conditions from a detailed history based on the site of the pain, its intensity, disability and pain provocation tests. Management of low back pain in pregnancy is conservative, with physical exercise for lumbar pain and minimising activities that exacerbate pain, analgesics and bed rest for pelvic girdle pain, as well as avoiding abduction beyond the pain-free zone in labour. There is evidence that stabilising exercises in patients with pelvic girdle pain postpartum have a beneficial effect. Other treatment modalities that have been shown to be safe and effective include pelvic belts, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, spinal manipulative therapy, acupuncture and complementary therapy with yoga. Other orthopaedic complications in pregnancy such as carpal tunnel syndrome, pubic symphysis rupture, transient osteoporosis and osteonecrosis are usually self-limiting with a satisfactory outcome. However, a lack of awareness and failure to recognise these complications can result in long-term morbidity. Knowledge of the preoperative diagnostic investigations, surgical approaches and intraoperative positioning of the mother to avoid gravid uterus compression is vital in orthopaedic emergencies such as lumbar disc herniation, cauda equina syndrome, fractures and acute compartment syndrome of the lower limb to ensure a safe maternal and fetal outcome and to prevent serious disability. Pregnancy is not contraindicated in women with pre-existing orthopaedic complications such as kyphoscoliosis and total hip arthroplasty as there is no evidence to suggest increased maternal or fetal risks.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases/diagnosis*; Musculoskeletal Diseases/physiopathology; Musculoskeletal Diseases/therapy
  20. Zakerian S, Subramaniam I
    Iran J Public Health, 2011;40(1):72-9.
    PMID: 23113058
    With computers rapidly carving a niche in virtually every nook and crevice of today's fast-paced society, musculoskeletal disorders are becoming more prevalent among computer users, which comprise a wide spectrum of the Malaysian population, including office workers. While extant literature depicts extensive research on musculoskeletal disorders in general, the five dimensions of psychosocial work factors (job demands, job contentment, job control, computer-related problems and social interaction) attributed to work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been neglected. This study examines the aforementioned elements in detail, pertaining to their relationship with musculoskeletal disorders, focusing in particular, on 120 office workers at Malaysian public sector organizations, whose jobs require intensive computer usage.
    Matched MeSH terms: Musculoskeletal Diseases
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