Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 172 in total

  1. Lee A
    Med J Malaya, 1965 Dec;20(2):98-100.
    PMID: 4221978
    Matched MeSH terms: Pharmacy*
  2. Tan CK
    Family Practitioner, 1986;9:61-62.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pharmacy
  3. Hassali MA, Li VMS, Ooi GS
    DOI: 10.1002/jppr.1024
    Background. The pharmacists’ roles have been expanding around the globe in the recent years. In Malaysia, healthcare system is a two-tier system consisting of the public and private sectors. Pharmacy service in Malaysia came into existence in 1951 with the enactment of three main legislations governing its profession, namely, the Registration of Pharmacist Act 1951, Poison Act 1952 and Dangerous Drug Act 1952. However, the absence of dispensing right has limited the community pharmacists’ professional roles to deliver pharmaceutical care, optimise their clinical knowledge and utilise their skill. Aims. To describe the overview of pharmacy practice in Malaysia, by discussing on the history, challenges and future of this profession. Methods. Electronic databases MEDLINE and PUBMED were searched for articles published in English. The keywords community pharmacy, pharmacy practice, Malaysia and pharmaceutical care were used with each database. The articles were independently identified by each researcher. Results. A total of 8 full papers and 9 government reports were retrieved and critically summarised for this review. Conclusions. There is a need of transformation to bring improvement in pharmacy practice. Besides the policy makers, community pharmacists play a pivotal role to transform the current practice to a more comprehensive, clinically inclined and quality practice.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pharmacy
  4. Ahmad Hassali MA, Shafie AA, Ooi GS, Wong ZY
    DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-801714-2.00002-2 ISBN: 978-0-12-801714-2
    Citation: Ahmad Hassali MA, Shafie AA, Ooi GS, Wong ZY. Chapter 2. Pharmacy Practice in Malaysia. In: Fathelrahman AI, Mohamed Ibrahim MI, Wertheimer AI (editors). Pharmacy Practice in Developing Countries: Achievements and Challenges. Amsterdam: Academic Press, Elsevier, 2016

    The professional roles of pharmacists have evolved in many parts of the world in the recent years, including Malaysia. Malaysia is a developing country with a two-tier healthcare system consisting of the public and private sectors. Pharmacy service in Malaysia came into existence in 1951 with the enactment of three main legislations governing its profession namely, the Registration of Pharmacist Act 1951, Poison Act 1952, and Dangerous Drug Act 1952. Currently, there are approximately 10,000 registered pharmacists in Malaysia, with 33% working in the private sector. Clinical pharmacy services at public hospitals have expanded the traditional dispensing role of the pharmacist to a profession that provides pharmaceutical care to patients and drug information to both public and professionals. However, the practice of dispensing private general practitioners has limited the community pharmacist's professional roles to optimize their clinical knowledge and to deliver pharmaceutical care. Transformation of the healthcare system is essential in order to improve pharmacy practice in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pharmacy
  5. Hassali MA, Ahmadi K, Yong GC
    Am J Pharm Educ, 2013 Aug 12;77(6):112.
    PMID: 23966715 DOI: 10.5688/ajpe776112
    Matched MeSH terms: Education, Pharmacy/standards*; Students, Pharmacy*
  6. Timsina S, K C B, Adhikari D, Alrasheedy AA, Mohamed Ibrahim MI, Kaundinnyayana A
    PMID: 28811395 DOI: 10.3352/jeehp.2017.14.18
    Community pharmacies in Nepal and other South Asian countries are in a mediocre state due to poor regulation and the fact that many pharmacies are run by people with insufficient training in dispensing. This has led to the inappropriate use of medicines. The problems due to poor regulation and the mediocre state of community pharmacies in South Asia encompass both academia and clinical practice. In this paper, a 2-week community pharmacy internship programme completed by 2 graduating pharmacy students of Pokhara University (a Nepalese public university) at Sankalpa Pharmacy, Pokhara, Nepal is illustrated. During the internship, they were systematically trained on store management, pharmaceutical care, counselling skills, the use of medical devices, pharmaceutical business plans, medicine information sources, and adverse drug reaction reporting. An orientation, observations and hands-on training, case presentation, discussion, and feedback from 2 senior pharmacists were used as the training method. A proper community pharmacy internship format, good pharmacy practice standards, and a better work environment for pharmacists may improve the quality of community pharmacies.
    Matched MeSH terms: Community Pharmacy Services/organization & administration*; Pharmacy Residencies/organization & administration*
  7. Jamshed SQ, Shamsudin SH
    Int J Pharm Pract, 2014 Feb;22(1):101-2.
    PMID: 24404933 DOI: 10.1111/ijpp.12036
    Matched MeSH terms: Education, Pharmacy/methods*
  8. Hassali MA, Shafie AA, Awaisu A, Mohamed Ibrahim MI, Ahmed SI
    Am J Pharm Educ, 2009 Nov 12;73(7):136.
    PMID: 19960093
    OBJECTIVES: To develop and implement a new course on public health into the bachelor of pharmacy (BPharm) curriculum in Malaysia.

    DESIGN: A required 2-credit-hour course was designed to provide an overview of public health pharmacy roles and the behavioral aspects of human healthcare issues. Graded activities included nursing home visits, in-class quizzes, mini-projects, and poster sessions, and a comprehensive final examination.

    ASSESSMENT: The majority of the students performed well on the class activities and 93 (71.5%) of the 130 students enrolled received a grade of B or higher. A Web-based survey was administered at the end of the semester and 90% of students indicated that they had benefited from the course and were glad that it was offered. The majority of students agreed that the course made an impact in preparing them for their future role as pharmacists and expanded their understanding of the public health roles of a pharmacist.

    CONCLUSIONS: A public health pharmacy course was successfully designed and implemented in the BPharm curriculum. This study highlighted the feasibilities of introducing courses that are of global relevance into a Malaysian pharmacy curriculum. The findings from the students' evaluation suggest the needs to incorporate a similar course in all pharmacy schools in the country and will be used as a guide to improve the contents and methods of delivery of the course at our school.

    Matched MeSH terms: Community Pharmacy Services*; Education, Pharmacy*; Schools, Pharmacy*; Students, Pharmacy*
  9. Saleem F, Hassali MA
    Res Social Adm Pharm, 2016 Jan-Feb;12(1):173-4.
    PMID: 26342241 DOI: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2015.08.005
    Matched MeSH terms: Community Pharmacy Services*
  10. Dewi EK, Dahlui M, Chalidyanto D, Rochmah TN
    PMID: 31203686 DOI: 10.1080/14737167.2019.1633308
    Background: A good drug inventory planning system is important for an efficient budgeting, procurement, and cost control of drugs. When stagnant drugs in the inventory are too much, wastage due to expired and spoiled drugs could occur. These will not only cause loss of income but could also jeopardize healthcare service delivery. Research design and methods: This study aimed to determine the most efficient and effective management of stagnant and shortage drugs by comparing three pharmacy logistic methods; the economic order quantity (EOQ), minimum-maximum stock level (MMSL), and the traditional consumption of drug inventory, at RA Basoeni Hospital, Mojokerto. Drug inventory was analyzed to calculate the opportunity loss, opportunity cost, and proportions of both stagnant and shortage drugs. Results: We found that EOQ and MMSL performed best for control of stagnant drugs and shortage drugs, respectively. Both methods had proved as effective pharmacy logistic planning. In addition, EOQ produced the lowest opportunity cost for stagnant drugs besides the lowest opportunity loss for shortage drugs. Conclusion: The study concluded that EOQ is the most effective and efficient method to manage stagnant and shortage drugs at hospital pharmacy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Pharmacy; Pharmacy Service, Hospital
  11. Davey AK, Grant GD, Anoopkumar-Dukie S
    Am J Pharm Educ, 2013 Sep 12;77(7):148.
    PMID: 24052651 DOI: 10.5688/ajpe777148
    To assess the academic performance and experiences of local, international, and collaborative exchange students enrolled in a 4-year Australian bachelor of pharmacy degree program.
    Matched MeSH terms: Education, Pharmacy*; Schools, Pharmacy; Students, Pharmacy*
  12. Ab Rahman AF, Bahari MB
    Am J Health Syst Pharm, 2004 Dec 15;61(24):2687-9.
    PMID: 15646704
    Matched MeSH terms: Education, Pharmacy, Graduate/methods; Education, Pharmacy, Graduate/organization & administration; Education, Pharmacy, Graduate/standards*; Schools, Pharmacy/classification; Schools, Pharmacy/standards*
  13. Zakaria SF, Awaisu A
    Am J Pharm Educ, 2011 May 10;75(4):75.
    PMID: 21769151
    OBJECTIVE: To implement a shared learning approach through fourth-year students' mentorship of third-year students and to assess the perceptions of the mentored students on the value of their shared learning experience.

    DESIGN: We introduced the shared learning experience in clinical pharmacy and pharmacotherapeutic practice experiences involving 87 third-year and 51 fourth-year students. Both student groups undertook the practice experiences together, with third-year students working in smaller groups mentored by fourth-year students.

    ASSESSMENT: A majority of the students (> 75%) believed that they learned to work as a team during their practice experiences and that the shared learning approach provided an opportunity to practice their communication skills. Similarly, most respondents (> 70%) agreed that the new approach would help them become effective members of the healthcare team and would facilitate their professional relationships in future practice. Almost two-thirds of the students believed that the shared learning enhanced their ability to understand clinical problems. However, about 31% of the pharmacy students felt that they could have learned clinical problem-solving skills equally well working only with peers from their own student group.

    CONCLUSIONS: The pharmacy students in the current study generally believed that the shared-learning approach enhanced their ability to understand clinical problems and improved their communication and teamwork skills. Both groups of students were positive that they had acquired some skills through the shared-learning approach.

    Matched MeSH terms: Pharmacy Service, Hospital*; Students, Pharmacy
  14. Alrasheedy AA, Hassali MA, Aljadhey H, Al-Tamimi SK
    Am J Pharm Educ, 2014 Jun 17;78(5):108.
    PMID: 24954948 DOI: 10.5688/ajpe785108
    Matched MeSH terms: Education, Pharmacy/methods*; Schools, Pharmacy*
  15. HORNE DE
    Pharm J, 1946 Oct 26;103(4330):265 passim.
    PMID: 21002932
    Matched MeSH terms: Pharmaceutical Services*; Pharmacies*; Pharmacy*
  16. Olson C
    Am J Hosp Pharm, 1986 May;43(5):1277-83.
    PMID: 3717183
    Matched MeSH terms: Pharmacy/trends*
  17. Palaian S, Poudel A, Alam K, Mohamed Ibrahim MI, Mishra P
    Int J Clin Pharm, 2011 Aug;33(4):591-6.
    PMID: 21562802 DOI: 10.1007/s11096-011-9512-3
    Nepal experiences several medicine-use problems like any other developing country. In the recent years, there have been initiatives to introduce the concept of social pharmacy in Nepal, and there has been only a limited research in this area. The staff members at the Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara have shown keen interest in initiating several social pharmacy-related researches in the country. The members of this institute have been collaborating with two international universities, namely Universiti Sains Malaysia located in Malaysia and Chulalongkorn University located in Thailand, to get academic and technical supports. In this manuscript, the authors share their experiences in initiating social pharmacy research in the country. Authors have also mentioned the priority areas of social pharmacy research in Nepal and the importance of initiating this concept in the country.
    Matched MeSH terms: Education, Pharmacy/methods; Education, Pharmacy/trends*; Pharmacy/methods; Pharmacy/trends*
  18. Inoue Y, Takikawa M, Morita Y, Takao K, Kanamoto I, Sugibayashi K
    Res Social Adm Pharm, 2016 Mar-Apr;12(2):347-54.
    PMID: 26072001 DOI: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2015.05.005
    In recent years, several developed countries reported on new multidisciplinary roles of pharmacists and pharmacy assistants, especially considering the former's expanding functions. This paper examines differences in pharmacists' and pharmacy assistants' professional roles and the dispensing system in Japan with those in the United Kingdom, Malaysia, and the Philippines. A review of relevant literature was supplemented by interviews of dispensary staff at hospitals and community pharmacies in Malaysia and the Philippines. The UK, Philippines, and Malaysia had dispensing assistants who performed dispensing roles, while Japan did not. Although pharmacy assistants occasionally performed screening and dispensing inspections due to the lack of pharmacists, it is necessary for pharmacists participating in risk management to ensure formula optimization and monitoring. Pharmacists' contribution to medical care involves ensuring safety in drug therapy and overall medical services. Screening is the most fundamental and important function performed exclusively by pharmacists, thereby establishing their status within the medical system.
    Matched MeSH terms: Community Pharmacy Services/manpower; Community Pharmacy Services/organization & administration; Pharmacy Service, Hospital/manpower; Pharmacy Service, Hospital/organization & administration
  19. Saw PS, Chuah LH, Lee SWH
    Int J Clin Pharm, 2018 Oct;40(5):1131-1136.
    PMID: 30078173 DOI: 10.1007/s11096-018-0707-8
    Background Pharmacists as highly qualified professionals face ethical dilemmas and conflicts in their daily practice. These issues manifest themselves in the daily practice of pharmacists, which require pharmacists to have the competencies to manage these dilemmas but there is limited formal training in ethical decision making during undergraduate pharmacy education. Objective To describe the implementation and evaluation of a methodological approach to managing ethical dilemma workshop for community pharmacists in Malaysia. Setting Community pharmacists in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Method During the workshop, pharmacists were provided insights into how they could use and apply a methodological approach towards managing a dilemma, followed by a case study and panel discussion. All participants were invited to complete a pre- and post-workshop questionnaire Main outcome measure Number and proportion of respondents answering questions related to practice of ethics and workshop effectiveness Results A total of 37 participants attended the workshop. Most of the participants reported that they had no formal training in professional ethics and often used their own approach to solve an ethical issue. Some of the most common issues mentioned include changing medication to generic. More than three quarter of participants agreed and strongly agreed the content was relevant to their job and they will be able to use what they learned in the program. Conclusion The evidence suggests that a module in ethical decision making should be introduced to community pharmacists in Malaysia. This module can be easily adapted for use in other countries and will help ensure that pharmacist can make a good professional judgement and deliver the deeds of beneficence to all their patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Community Pharmacy Services/ethics*; Education, Pharmacy, Continuing/methods*; Ethics, Pharmacy/education*
  20. Mak VS, March G, Clark A, Gilbert AL
    Int J Pharm Pract, 2014 Oct;22(5):366-72.
    PMID: 24428202 DOI: 10.1111/ijpp.12090
    OBJECTIVE: To explore South Australian (SA) pharmacy interns' values, beliefs and motivations to study pharmacy and their assessment of how well their pharmacy education has prepared them for activities required of all health professionals under Australia's health care reforms.
    METHODS: A postal questionnaire was sent to all 136 SA pharmacy interns enrolled in SA intern training programmes in February 2010 (second month of the intern training programme).
    KEY FINDINGS: Sixty (44%) of SA pharmacy interns responded; 75% selected pharmacy as a career because of an interest in health-related sciences and 65% valued working with patients. Respondents believed their pharmacy education prepared them for patient care (80%), providing medicine information (72%) and primary health care delivery (68%), but 51% indicated that they were not prepared for multidisciplinary team care.
    CONCLUSIONS: The positive values, beliefs and motivations expressed by respondents are significant behavioural precursors to meet the requirements of health professionals in Australia's health care reforms. Respondents indicated that their pharmacy education provided appropriate training in a number of relevant professional areas.
    KEYWORDS: behaviour; career choice; education; pharmacy interns; preparedness
    Matched MeSH terms: Education, Pharmacy/organization & administration; Education, Pharmacy/standards; Students, Pharmacy/psychology*; Pharmacy Residencies*
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