Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 117 in total

  1. Mustafa AA, Raad K, Mustafa NS
    Clin Case Rep, 2015 Nov;3(11):907-11.
    PMID: 26576270 DOI: 10.1002/ccr3.373
    Here, we aimed to assess whether postoperative oral rehabilitation for mandibulectomy patients is necessary to improve patients' general health in terms of health-related quality of life.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  2. Narayanan AL, Hamid SR, Supriyanto E
    Can J Respir Ther, 2016;52(1):17-26.
    PMID: 26909010
    BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the effectiveness of incentive spirometry (ISy) on postoperative pulmonary outcomes after thoracic, cardiac and abdominal surgery remains inconclusive. This is attributed to various methodological issues inherent in ISy trials. Patient compliance has also been highlighted as a possible confounding factor; however, the status of evidence regarding patient compliance in these trials is unknown.
    OBJECTIVE: To explore the status of evidence on patient compliance with ISy interventions in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the above contexts.
    METHOD: A systematic search using MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases was conducted to obtain relevant RCTs from 1972 to 2015 using the inclusion criteria. These were examined for specific ISy parameters, methods used for determining compliance and reporting on compliance. Main outcome measures were comparison of ISy parameters prescribed and assessed, and reporting on compliance.
    RESULTS: Thirty-six relevant RCTs were obtained. Six ISy parameters were identified in ISy prescriptions from these trials. Almost all (97.2%) of the trials had ISy prescriptions with specific parameters. Wilcoxon signed-rank test revealed that the ISy parameters assessed were significantly lower (Z=-5.433; P<0.001) than those prescribed; 66.7% of the trials indicated use of various methods to assess these parameters. Only six (16.7%) trials included reports on compliance; however, these were also incomprehensive.
    CONCLUSIONS: There is a scarcity and inconsistency of evidence regarding ISy compliance. Compliance data should be obtained using reliable and standardized methods to facilitate comparisons between and among trials. These should be reported comprehensively to facilitate valid inferences regarding ISy intervention effectiveness.
    KEYWORDS: Abdomen; Heart surgery; Incentive, Respiratory therapy; Spirometry; Thoracic surgery
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  3. Lim D, Ngeow WC
    J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 2018 06;76(6):1141-1142.
    PMID: 29596795 DOI: 10.1016/j.joms.2018.03.001
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  4. Muniandy M, Niglis L, Claude Dosch J, Meyer N, Kempf JF, Collin P, et al.
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 2021 Jan;30(1):97-103.
    PMID: 32778379 DOI: 10.1016/j.jse.2020.05.002
    BACKGROUND: Sugaya classification is a widely accepted classification system that is used to analyze postoperative rotator cuff tendon integrity. However, there are inconsistencies in the literature as to whether type 3 Sugaya should be considered as a retear or healed tendon.

    PURPOSE: We aimed to show that type 3 Sugaya is not a retear by comparing the long-term supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscle degeneration and the functional outcomes of type 3 with those of type 4 and 5 Sugaya. We hypothesized that the clinical course of type 3 Sugaya would be different from type 4 or 5 Sugaya.

    METHOD: The study was a retrospective multicenter review of all the rotator cuff repair done in 2003-2004. We included all the patients who had undergone supraspinatus repair with 10-year follow-up (magnetic resonance imaging done with full functional assessment). Data collection included pre- and postoperative supraspinatus and infraspinatus fatty infiltration, supraspinatus muscle atrophy, and Constant score with a separate analysis of its Strength subsection. Supraspinatus tendon integrity at 10-year follow-up was determined according to Sugaya classification. The patients were divided into 2 groups: type 3 Sugaya and type 4 and 5 Sugaya. Statistical comparison was done between the groups.

    RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the preoperative fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus, supraspinatus muscle atrophy, and Constant score between the 2 groups. However, type 3 Sugaya patients had significantly better scores in the preoperative Strength subsection. Postoperatively, type 3 Sugaya patients showed significantly lesser fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus, lesser supraspinatus muscle atrophy, and higher Constant score compared with type 4 and 5 Sugaya (P < .001).

    CONCLUSION: Patients with type 3 Sugaya supraspinatus tendon exhibited lesser muscle degeneration in the supraspinatus and infraspinatus and performed better in functional assessment compared with type 4 and 5 Sugaya patients. We inferred that type 3 Sugaya should not be considered as a retear.

    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  5. Ewe, T.W., Chee, E.K., Chooi, Y.S., Ng, W.M.
    Malays Orthop J, 2010;4(1):8-11.
    This retrospective radiographic analysis of 57 patients (62 knees) examined two possible factors involved in pin tract fractures of the femur due to navigated total knee arthroplasty (TKA): the angle of the tracker pin with respect to the lateral femoral cortex, and the distance between the tracker pin and the lateral joint line. Our findings demonstrate a relationship between postoperative pin tract induced stress fractures (3 patients), with pin tract angles exceeding 15°. Pin placement at a site more than 10cm from the lateral joint line, did not show any significant association with risk of fracture. These findings lead to enhanced understanding of the causative factors underlying pin track femoral fractures in TKAs.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  6. Masjudin, T., Kamari, Z.H.
    Malays Orthop J, 2012;6(2):31-36.
    This prospective randomised study was undertaken to compare surgical parameters as well as clinical and radiological outcomes of subvastus (SV) to midvastus (MV) approaches in staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Twenty-three patients, aged 55–76 years, who underwent staged bilateral TKAs, were followed up for 6 months. The SV approach was used on one knee and MV approach on the other. We found similar lateral retinacular release rates and patellar resurfacing rates between the two approaches .The SV approached knees had a more significant blood loss and increased operative time compared to the MV approached knees but they achieved significantly earlier active straightleg raises (SLR) postoperatively (p
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  7. Ramli Hamid MT, Rahmat K, Hamid SA, Kirat Singh SK, Hooi TG
    Curr Med Imaging Rev, 2019;15(9):866-872.
    PMID: 32008533 DOI: 10.2174/1573405614666180627101520
    BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the commonest cancer affecting Malaysian women, accounting for an estimated 30% of all new cancer diagnosed annually. Improvements in breast cancer management have increased the breast cancer survival rate in Malaysia. Clinical and radiological surveillance of the treated breast is vital, as early detection of recurrence improves patient's survival rate.

    DISCUSSION: As surgery and radiotherapy alter the appearance of the breasts, distinguishing between recurrence and benign post-surgical changes can be challenging radiologically due to overlapping features. Despite this, differentiation between these two entities is usually possible by recognizing characteristic features of post-treatment sequelae and the evolution of the appearance of the conservatively treated breast by comparing interval findings on serial studies.

    CONCLUSION: This pictorial review aims to describe the typical and unusual features of post-treated breasts in the multimodality imaging workup of an established breast care centre in a teaching hospital in Malaysia.

    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  8. Chan H, Ooi C, Lim M, Ong E, Zulkiflee O
    Malays Orthop J, 2014 Jul;8(2):59-62.
    PMID: 25279097 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1407.007
    Shoulder impingement syndrome and acromioclavicular joint osteoarthritis often occur simultaneously and easily missed. Kay et al. reported excellent results with combined arthroscopic subacromial decompression and resection of the distal end of the clavicle in patients with both disorders(1). Arthroscopic treatment of these disorders produces more favourable results than open procedures. We report two patients who were not responding to conservative management and were treated with direct arthroscopic distal clavicle excision and subacromial decompression in single setting. Both patients gained good postoperative outcome in terms of pain score, function and strength improvement assessed objectively with visual analogue score (VAS) and University of California Los Angeles Score (UCLA).
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  9. Goh BS, Roopesh S, Marina MB, Abdullah SM
    Med J Malaysia, 2014 Feb;69(1):13-5.
    PMID: 24814622
    This is a retrospective study examining the outcome of paediatric patients with subglottic stenosis who underwent partial cricotracheal resection (PCTR) as a primary open procedure from 2004 to 2012. There were 5 patients identified aged from 3 to 18 years old. All the subglottic stenosis were acquired type. All of them were secondary to prolonged intubation. Three patients were classified as Myer-Cotton grade III and the other two were Myer-Cotton grade IV. Two of the patients had concomitant bilateral vocal cord immobility. All patients underwent two staged PCTR . All patients underwent two staged PCTR, and one patient underwent posterior cordectomy apart from partial CTR at different setting. All patients were successfully decannulated at various durations postoperatively. Although this is an early experience in our institution, PCTR has shown to be effective and safe procedure in patients with subglottic stenosis especially those with Myer-Cotton grade III and IV.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  10. Mohd Alkaf AL, Simon V, Taweesak C, Abdul Rahman I
    Med J Malaysia, 2015 Apr;70(2):106-7.
    PMID: 26162389
    Barlow's disease has a complex pathology requiring reconstructive surgery. Despite the complicated surgery it holds a positive outcome. We report a successful case of Barlow's disease who underwent mitral valve reconstructive surgery at our centre. Post-operative echocardiography shows a well-functioning repaired mitral valve without significant mitral regurgitation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  11. Ling KP, Wu AL, Lai CC, Wu WC
    Taiwan J Ophthalmol, 2019 1 15;8(4):249-252.
    PMID: 30637197 DOI: 10.4103/tjo.tjo_100_18
    We report a case with multiple recurrences of retinal detachment (RD) with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy in a 12-year-old child who underwent vitrectomy using a heavy liquid perfluoro-n-octane (PFO) as a short-term postoperative tamponade. He had an encircling band and three vitrectomies with gas, followed by silicone oil tamponade for retinal redetachment prior to the use of PFO as a short-term tamponade. Short-term PFO tamponade was used in which inferior retinal reattachment was considered to be difficult with conventional gas or silicone oil tamponade, especially in regard to proper postoperative posturing. The PFO was left in the eye for 1 week, and the retina remained reattached after removal of the PFO which was replaced with silicone oil tamponade in this case. PFO appears feasible and tolerable as a short-term postoperative tamponade in the management of complex pediatric RD.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  12. Tun M, Salekan K, Sain AH
    Malays J Med Sci, 2003 Jan;10(1):86-9.
    PMID: 23365506 MyJurnal
    From 1996 to 2001, 393 thyroidectomies were performed and 25 (6.4%) patients underwent reoperative thyroid surgery at Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. All reoperated patients had undergone one prior thyroid operation. All were females with an average age of 39.1 years (18-61 years). The most frequent indication for reoperation was cancer in resected specimen of an originally misdiagnosed carcinoma treated by partial thyroid resection. Final histological diagnosis of 25 reoperations showed thyroid carcinoma in 22 (88%) cases and multinodular goiter in 3 cases. The overall interval between the initial and the reoperative procedures ranged from 3 weeks to 15 years. There was no post-operative mortality after reoperation. Post-operative complications were discovered in 5 patients, as 3 (12%) of whom had transient hypocalcaemia, one (4%) had wound breakdown and one (4%) had permanent recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy. Reoperative thyroid surgery is an uncommon operation with high complication rate.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  13. Sia U, Tan BB, Teo YY, Wong CC
    Malays Orthop J, 2019 Mar;13(1):14-19.
    PMID: 31001378 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1903.002
    Introduction: Post-implantation rod deformation is anticipated in scoliosis surgery but the difference in rod deformation between titanium and cobalt chrome rod has not been elucidated. This study aims to compare the difference in rod deformation between two groups. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients were recruited from a single center. The over-contoured concave rods were traced prior to insertion. Post-operative sagittal rod shape was determined from lateral radiographs. Rod deformation was determined using maximal rod deflection and angle of the tangents to rod end points. The differences between pre- and post-operative rod contour were analysed statistically. Rod deformation and thoracic kyphosis between two types of implants were analysed. Results: Both rods exhibited significant change of rod angle and deflection post-operatively. Curvature of the titanium rod and cobalt chrome rod decreased from 60.5° to 37°, and 51° to 28° respectively. Deflection of titanium rod and cobalt chrome rod reduced from 28mm to 23.5mm and 30mm to 17mm respectively. There was no significant difference between titanium and cobalt chrome groups with regard to rod angle (p=0.173) and deflection (p=0.654). Thoracic kyphosis was increased from 20° to 26° in titanium group but a reduction from 25° to 23° was noticed in cobalt chrome group, but these findings were not statistically significant. Conclusion: There was no statistical difference in rod deformation between the two groups. Thus, the use of titanium rod in correction of sagittal profile is not inferior in outcome compared with cobalt chrome but with lower cost.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  14. Mejabi JO, Sergeenko OM, Ryabykh SO
    Malays Orthop J, 2019 Mar;13(1):49-53.
    PMID: 31001385 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1903.010
    Severe rigid neuromuscular scoliosis is a major challenge to the spine surgeon due to the possibilities of neurological sequelae from acute correction of the deformity. Halo gravity traction has been considered as a way of reducing the deformity before correction to prevent neurological complications. Three female patients with severe neuromuscular scoliosis aged seven to 13 years with main coronal Cobb angle of 95°-128° and Kyphotic Cobb of 47°-118° having ≤35% flexibility on traction, had between 18 to 23 days of 16 hour/day of halo gravity traction and night time supine traction with 4kg weight for 7-8 hours. They had 28.9% and 18.5% of main coronal and kyphotic Cobb angle correction post-traction respectively. All had posterior instrumentation and post-operatively, they had correction of main coronal Cobb angle of 29°-58° and kyphotic Cobb angle of 30°-77° with no neurological complication. Halo gravity traction is therefore a viable option for reducing post-operative neurological complication in rigid severe scoliosis.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  15. Chung WH, Chiu CK, Ng SJ, Goh SH, Chan CYW, Kwan MK
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 2019 Apr 15;44(8):E480-E486.
    PMID: 30299417 DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002890
    STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of prospectively collected data.

    OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence and the patterns of medial and lateral shoulder discordance among Lenke 1 and 2 patients.

    SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI) is still common in Lenke 1 and 2 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This could be due to presence of medial dan lateral shoulder discordance.

    METHODS: One hundred fifty-one Lenke 1 and 2 AIS patients were recruited. Lenke 1 curves were subclassified into Lenke 1-ve (flexible) (proximal thoracic side bending [PTSB] Cobb angle <15°) and 1+ve curves (stiff) (PTSB Cobb angle between 15° and 24.9°). T1 tilt represented "medial shoulder balance" and radiological shoulder height (RSH) represented "lateral shoulder balance." We categorized patients into three concordant shoulder pattern types (medial balanced/lateral balanced [MBLB], medial imbalanced+ve/lateral imbalanced+ve (MI+ve/LI+ve), medial imbalanced-ve/lateral Imbalanced-ve (MI-ve/LI-ve), and six discordant shoulder pattern types.

    RESULTS: The mean age was 16.2 ± 5.7 years. Eighty-one patients (53.6%) had concordant pattern and 70 patients (46.4%) had discordant pattern. Lateral shoulder imbalance was noted in 35.1% of patients and medial shoulder imbalance in 43.7% of patients. In Lenke 1-ve curves, 35 patients (68.6%) had concordant shoulder imbalance with medial imbalanced-ve/lateral imbalanced-ve (MI-ve/LI-ve) being the commonest pattern (68.6%). In Lenke 1+ve curves, 33 patients (55.0%) had concordant shoulder pattern with medial balanced/lateral balanced (MB/LB) being the commonest type (57.6%). In Lenke 2 AIS, 27 patients (67.5%) had discordant pattern with medial imbalanced+ve/lateral balanced (MI+ve/LB) being the commonest pattern (44.4%) (P value = 0.002).

    CONCLUSION: 46.4% Lenke 1 and 2 AIS patients had shoulder discordant pattern. This was more prevalent in Lenke 2 curves (67.5%). In Lenke 1-ve (flexible) curves, MI-ve/LI-ve pattern was the commonest pattern. In Lenke 1+ve curves (stiff), there were almost equal number of concordant and discordant shoulder pattern. In Lenke 2 patients, the most common pattern was MI+ve/LB.


    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  16. Ng KT, Lee ZX, Ang E, Teoh WY, Wang CY
    J Clin Anesth, 2020 Jun;62:109731.
    PMID: 31986433 DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinane.2020.109731
    OBJECTIVES: The repetitive hypoxic and hypercapnia events of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are believed to adversely affect cardiopulmonary function, which make them vulnerable to a higher incidence of postoperative complications. The primary aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the association of OSA and the composite endpoints of postoperative cardiac or cerebrovascular complications in adult undergoing non-cardiac surgery.

    DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL were systematically searched from its inception until May 2019.

    REVIEW METHODS: All observational studies were included.

    RESULTS: Twenty-two studies (n = 3,033,814; 184,968 OSA vs 2,848,846 non-OSA) were included for quantitative meta-analysis. In non-cardiac surgery, OSA was significantly associated with a higher incidence of the composite endpoints of postoperative cardiac or cerebrovascular complications (odd ratio: 1.44, 95%CI: 1.17 to 1.78, ρ = 0.007, trial sequential analysis = conclusive; certainty of evidence = very low). In comparison to non-OSA, OSA patients were reported to have nearly 2.5-fold risk of developing pulmonary complications (odd ratio: 2.52, 95%CI: 1.92 to 3.31, ρ 

    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  17. Norhamdan, M.Y., Damrudi, M., Santhna, L.P.
    Medicine & Health, 2015;10(1):66-79.
    Pain is an unpleasant sensation that can cause physical and psychological problems for the patient. Despite the pharmacological intervention for reducing pain, it remains as an issue after surgery. Music therapy as non-pharmacological intervention can effect post-operative pain and patients’ requirement of analgesics. The purpose of this study was to determine effect of music therapy on pain after elective total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. This study compared analgesics consumption by patients post-operatively for five days. A Quasi-experimental design with convenience sample of patient with a mean of 64.35 (49-76) who underwent TKR in UKM Medical Centre from May to December 2012 was used. Forty patients were randomly assigned in one of the two groups using a sealed-envelope technique. The experimental group listened to music for five days post-operatively and were on analgesics and control group were treated with pharmacological intervention only. Pain was measured by McGill Pain Questionnaire-Short Form (MPQ-SF) for patient on bed rest on day one, day three and day five post-operatively. Statistical (Mann- Whitney) findings between groups showed the experimental group significantly had less pain on day one and day five rather than the control group at 0.05 level using Pain Rating Intensity (PRI), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Present Pain Intensity (PPI). Statistical (Friedman) tests within group showed that the patient had significantly decreased pain over time at level 0.05 using PRI, VAS and PPI. Statistical (Mann- Whitney) tests revealed that there was no significant difference when using analgesics between the two groups in five days post-operatively at milligram but comparing median showed experimental group used less analgesic than control group. Music therapy is simple, available, save and cheap effective intervention for pain management post-operatively. Pain management is one of the key roles of nursing and nurses can use music therapy as a simple intervention to reduce pain.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  18. Malays Orthop J, 2011;5(2):24-27.
    The objective of this study was to assess the rate of screw cut out in elderly patients treated with the dynamic hip screw and the relationship to the Tip Apex Distance (TAD). This is a retrospective radiological evaluation of 100 cases of elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture treated with dynamic hip screw fixation surgically treated between 1998 and 2002. The incidence of screw cut out was assessed and correlation of risk of cut out with the TAD was assessed. The rate of screw cut out was 9.0% and the average length of time to screw cut out was 3.8 months (range, 1 to 6 months) postoperatively. The incidence of screw cut out increased significantly when the TAD was 20 mm or more. The screw cut out rates were 2.9%, 20.0%, 30.8%, 50% and 100% for TAD of 20-24 mm, 25-29 mm, 30-34 mm, 35-44 mm and > 45 mm respectively. Overall, a TAD of 20mm or more was associated with a statistically significant screw cut out risk in this Malaysian population
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
  19. Rizal, A.M., Muhammad, M., Aljunid, S.M., Normalina, M., Faridah Hanom, A., Chuah, K.L., et al.
    Background: A randomised single blinded clinical trial comparing the effectiveness of two methods of cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation: extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) and phacoemulsification (PEA) was carried out at Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (HUKM) between March 2000 and August 2001. Methods: The effectiveness of cataract surgery was assessed from the quality of life specifically for vision via Visual Function 14 (VF-14) preoperatively, one week, two months and six months after surgery. Results: The result showed that there was a significant increased in VF-14 scores after a week, two months and six months postoperation compared to the score before surgery for both techniques. However there was no significant difference in VF-14 scores when compared between ECCE and PEA. Conclusions: This study indicated that both techniques give equal benefit to cataract patients. Since effectiveness of cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation is unrelated to operative procedures, less costly technique should be promoted.
    Matched MeSH terms: Postoperative Period
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