Displaying all 14 publications

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  1. Ernest Ong CW, Siow SL
    Med J Malaysia, 2016 04;71(2):81-2.
    PMID: 27326950 MyJurnal
    Leiomyomas are benign soft tissue swellings of smooth muscle origin, most commonly found in the uterus. Extra uterine leiomyomas presenting as an abdominal mass is often a diagnostic challenge as such occurrence is rare. We present a rare case of primary abdominal wall leiomyoma, and highlight the importance of laparoscopic approach in the diagnosis and treatment of such tumour.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis*
  2. Thavarasah AS, Kanagalingam S
    Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol, 1988 Aug;28(3):233-5.
    PMID: 3233084
    A rare case of hydatidiform mole occurring 7 consecutive times in a Chinese woman is presented. She was first seen in 1979 at the age of 23 years, with a molar pregnancy and subsequently had 6 consecutive moles, the last being in July, 1986; at this visit the patient and her husband were very depressed, and convinced that a normal pregnancy was unlikely and requested a hysterectomy. They were warned earlier several times, of the possible long-term consequences of a recurrent mole and that their chance of having a normal baby was very remote. A total hysterectomy was performed at her last presentation as the patient requested one, instead of dilatation and curettage for a persistently high HCG and bulky uterus following suction evacuation. Histology revealed an invasive mole. The beta HCG level was less than 4IU/l by the end of September, 1986 and she is still being followed-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis*
  3. Choong KH, Sivanesaratnam V, Sinnathuray TA
    Med J Malaysia, 1981 Dec;36(4):250-3.
    PMID: 7334964
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis*
  4. Japaraj RP, Sivalingam N
    Singapore medical journal, 2000 Mar;41(3):126-8.
    PMID: 11063197
    Hydatidiform mole with a coexistent fetus is a rare occurrence with an incidence of I per 22,000-100,000 pregnancies. It is associated with persistent gestational trophoblastic tumour. Hence an early and correct diagnosis is imperative to plan subsequent management of such patients. We report a case of a primigravida who presented with vaginal bleeding at early second trimester. Expectant management was carried out for her pregnancy which finally ended in an abortion. The pathology, clinical findings and current management of this rare entity is discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis
  5. Salleh A, Zainuddin ZZ, Mohamed Tarmizi MR, Yap KC, Zamri-Saad M
    Vet Q, 2020 Dec;40(1):250-257.
    PMID: 33045934 DOI: 10.1080/01652176.2020.1836431
    Following its capture in March 2014, an adult female Sumatran rhinoceros frequently showed profuse vaginal bleeding. An ultrasonography suggested the presence of multiple reproductive lesions, including two uterine masses which were suspected to be leiomyomas. Soon after, an open pyometra was confirmed. Later in November 2019, the patient died and necropsy confirmed the presence of two uterine masses; one was located at the cervico-uterine junction and another in the uterine body, with pyometra, and cystic endometrial hyerplasia. Based on histological, special stains, and immunohistochemical examination, it was shown that one of the masses was composed of large, ovoid and polyhedral neoplastic mesenchymal cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm and a few binucleated cells surrounded by collagen fibres. It was tested positive for SMA and vimentin, while negative for desmin, cytokeratin AE1/AE3, EMA, CD34, and S100. The other mass was composed of mesenchymal cells undergoing myxoid degeneration as evidenced by the presence of glycosaminoglycan-rich matrix. It was tested positive for SMA, vimentin, partially positive for desmin, and negative for the other markers. With the aid of human medical nomenclature, these masses were diagnosed as epithelioid leiomyoma and myxoid leiomyoma, respectively. This report provides a clinical presentation, and histologic descriptions of the two variants of leiomyomas that have not been reported in veterinary medicine.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis
  6. Johari B, Koshy M, Sidek S, Hanafiah M
    BMJ Case Rep, 2014 Oct 19;2014.
    PMID: 25331147 DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2014-205814
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis*
  7. Rahman RA, Ahmad S, Ismail NA, Mahdy ZA
    J Reprod Med, 2012 Sep-Oct;57(9-10):456-8.
    PMID: 23091998
    The incidence of a coexistent normal fetus is quoted in literature as 1 in 22,000 to 100,000 pregnancies and may be associated with multiple complications including persistent trophoblastic neoplasia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis*
  8. Masir N, Tamby MR, Jamil MA
    Med J Malaysia, 2000 Mar;55(1):138-40.
    PMID: 11072500
    We report a case of cervical pregnancy complicated by life threatening hemorrhage. An initial diagnosis of molar pregnancy was made preoperatively. During uterine evacuation she developed profuse hemorrhage which required an emergency hysterectomy for uncontrolled bleeding. Histopathological examination confirmed a cervical pregnancy. The clinical and pathological criteria for the diagnosis and the etiology of cervical pregnancy are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis*
  9. Karikalan B, Pasupathi T
    Indian J Pathol Microbiol, 2017 Jan-Mar;60(1):128-129.
    PMID: 28195112 DOI: 10.4103/0377-4929.200052
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis
  10. Sivanesaratnam V
    Curr. Opin. Obstet. Gynecol., 2001 Apr;13(2):121-5.
    PMID: 11315864
    A malignancy discovered in pregnancy is often difficult to manage; the optimal maternal therapy has to be balanced with the fetal well-being. Generally, the cancer is managed as though the patient is not pregnant. For the various site-specific cancers, surgery is the main modality of treatment; this should be individualized. Chemotherapeutic agents are highly teratogenic in the first trimester, with some adverse effects when used after 12 weeks' gestation. The overall survival rate for pregnancy-associated breast cancer is poor; the reasons for this are discussed. For cervical cancer, delivery by caesarean section appears to be the method of choice, with significantly better survival rates compared with those who deliver vaginally. Other gynaecological and non-gynaecological malignancies are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis
  11. Siti-Aishah MA, Noriah O, Malini MN, Zainul-Rashid MR, Das S
    Clin Ter, 2011;162(5):447-50.
    PMID: 22041803
    A 30-year-old, nulliparous woman presented with a history of subfertility. On examination she was found to have uterine fibroid of 28 weeks size of gravid uterus and subsequently laporatomy myomectomy was performed. Multilobulated masses, with diameters ranging from 22 mm to 160 mm were found. Cut sections of the lobulated masses showed whitish whorled cut surface. One of the multilobulated masses had a cystic cavity, measuring 60x50x35 mm(3). Light microscopic findings of the mass with the cystic cavity showed a well-circumscribed cellular tumour composed of cells exhibiting moderate nuclear atypia which were enlarged, nuclei with prominent chromatin clumping and were distributed in areas. Some tumour cells showed large nuclear pseudoinclusions, multinucleated or multilobated tumour giant cells, smudging and few enlarged nucleoli. Mitotic activity was 4 MFs per 10 HPFs. Occasional cells with intracytoplasmic inclusions resembling rhabdoid - like features were seen. There were no atypical mitoses or tumour necroses were noted. Diagnosis of atypical leiomyoma or symplastic leiomyoma was made. Atypical or symplastic leiomyomas are rare in the region of Malaysia and the present case discusses its incidence in younger age, its morphological features along with diagnosis and clinical outcome.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis
  12. Cheah PL, Looi LM
    Pathology, 1994 Apr;26(2):115-8.
    PMID: 8090580
    Examination of routinely stained haematoxylin and eosin sections may sometimes prove inadequate in differentiating partial hydatidiform moles (PHM) from complete hydatidiform moles (CHM). While cytogenetic analysis can aid in the distinction, such facilities are not always available. The possibility of using immunohistochemistry to aid in the differentiation was studied. Twenty-five histologically proven CHM and 11 PHM were studied for their patterns of expression of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), human placental lactogen (hPL) and placental alkaline phosphatase (PIAP). All CHM stained diffusely with hCG and focally with both hPL and PIAP irrespective of gestational age. Of PHM, 63.6% were diffusely positive for hCG, 27.3% for hPL and 54.5% for PIAP; the rest were focally positive. The hCG pattern changed from diffuse to focal with increasing gestational age of PHM, while those of hPL and PIAP became increasingly diffuse with gestational age. While these protein expressions may be applied in differentiating late PHM from CHM, it is not useful in first trimester cases. The most helpful application is that focal expression of hCG and diffuse expressions of hPL and PIAP is not seen in CHM, thereby excluding such a diagnosis. PHM, in contrast, can show either diffuse or focal expression of all 3 antigens.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis
  13. Abbasi S, Rasouli M
    PMID: 29353131 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2017.10.020
    OBJECTIVES: Fingerprints have so far been used for determining the basis of certain malignant diseases, with positive outcomes. Considering the high rates of cancer-related mortality in Iran, this study was conducted for the purpose of examining the dermatoglyphic pattern of fingers in patients with gynecological cancers as compared to healthy people.

    STUDY DESIGN: The present study was conducted on 151 women with gynecological cancers as the case group and 152 healthy women with no history of such cancers as control group. The dematographic details of participants from both control and case groups were collected using a checklist, and the pattern of their fingerprints was prepared and examined. The data were analyzed for their significance using chi-square test and t- test. Odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals were calculated.

    RESULTS: Dermatoglyphic analysis showed that arch and loop patterns significantly changed in cases group as compared to control. However, the odds ratio suggested that loop pattern in 6 or more fingers might be a risk factor for developing gynecological cancers.

    CONCLUSION: Our results showed that there is an association between fingerprint patterns and gynecological cancers and so, dermatoglyphic analysis may aid in the early diagnosis of these cancers.

    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis
  14. Tan GC, Norlatiffah S, Sharifah NA, Razmin G, Shiran MS, Hatta AZ, et al.
    Indian J Pathol Microbiol, 2010 Jan-Mar;53(1):1-6.
    PMID: 20090212 DOI: 10.4103/0377-4929.59173
    Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer affecting Malaysian women. Despite the implementation of pap smear screening, many women are still diagnosed only in the advanced stage of cervical cancer. This could partly be due to failure of detection of its precursor lesions; hence the need to search for novel biomarkers to assist in the screening and diagnosis of cervical neoplasia. This study aims to determine the expression of p16INK4A and survivin as possible predictive biomarkers in cervical squamous neoplasm.
    Matched MeSH terms: Uterine Neoplasms/diagnosis*
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