Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 44 in total

  1. Ng WC, Lokanathan Y, Fauzi MB, Baki MM, Zainuddin AA, Phang SJ, et al.
    Sci Rep, 2023 Mar 29;13(1):5128.
    PMID: 36991038 DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-32080-y
    Glottic insufficiency is one of the voice disorders affecting all demographics. Due to the incomplete closure of the vocal fold, there is a risk of aspiration and ineffective phonation. Current treatments for glottic insufficiency include nerve repair, reinnervation, implantation and injection laryngoplasty. Injection laryngoplasty is favored among these techniques due to its cost-effectiveness and efficiency. However, research into developing an effective injectable for the treatment of glottic insufficiency is currently lacking. Therefore, this study aims to develop an injectable gelatin (G) hydrogel crosslinked with either 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminpropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride) (EDC) or genipin (gn). The gelation time, biodegradability and swelling ratio of hydrogels with varying concentrations of gelatin (6-10% G) and genipin (0.1-0.5% gn) were investigated. Some selected formulations were proceeded with rheology, pore size, chemical analysis and in vitro cellular activity of Wharton's Jelly Mesenchymal Stem Cells (WJMSCs), to determine the safety application of the selected hydrogels, for future cell delivery prospect. 6G 0.4gn and 8G 0.4gn were the only hydrogel groups capable of achieving complete gelation within 20 min, exhibiting an elastic modulus between 2 and 10 kPa and a pore size between 100 and 400 μm. Moreover, these hydrogels were biodegradable and biocompatible with WJMSCs, as > 70% viability were observed after 7 days of in vitro culture. Our results suggested 6G 0.4gn and 8G 0.4gn hydrogels as potential cell encapsulation injectates. In light of these findings, future research should focus on characterizing their encapsulation efficiency and exploring the possibility of using these hydrogels as a drug delivery system for vocal fold treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  2. Prasad SC, Prasad KC, Bhat J
    Med J Malaysia, 2008 Dec;63(5):419-20.
    PMID: 19803307
    Laryngeal hemangiomas are relatively rare. Laryngeal hemangiomas occur in two main forms--infantile and adult laryngeal hemangiomas. While infantile hemangiomas are usually found to occur in the subglottis, adult hemangiomas occur commonly in the supraglottic regions of the larynx. Laryngeal hemangioma with cavernous features isolated to the free edge of the vocal fold is a very rare clinical finding. We present a case of hemangioma of the right vocal cord in an adult, which was managed successfully in our center.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords/pathology*; Vocal Cords/surgery
  3. Vengathajalam S, Maruthamuthu T, Nik Hassan NFH, Mohamad I
    Gulf J Oncolog, 2020 May;1(33):80-83.
    PMID: 32476655
    Post chemoradiation vocal cord immobility is a rare complication and this maybe life threatening when patients present with severe aspiration and recurrent pneumonia or even worse if they have an upper airway obstruction. We report a case of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patient whom after receiving curative concurrent chemoradiotherapy, presented with episodes of shortness of breath and aspiration pneumonia finally diagnosed with bilateral vocal cord immobility. She had no evidence of tumour recurrence.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords/physiopathology*
  4. Mohd Khairuddin KA, Ahmad K, Mohd Ibrahim H, Yan Y
    J Voice, 2020 Aug 26.
    PMID: 32861565 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2020.07.036
    Facilitative playback-based subjective measures offer a more reliable evaluation of the vocal fold vibration than those derived from direct inspection of video playback. One of the measures is a Nyquist plot, which presents the analyzed cycle-to-cycle vibratory information in a graphical form. While the potential is evident, the information of the features of the Nyquist plot, which the evaluation is based on, is still incomplete. The current identified features and their vibratory behaviors may be inadequate to guarantee accurate interpretation of the findings. The present study aims to address this issue by examining the features of the Nyquist plot and their vibratory behaviors. A total of 56 young normophonic speakers, that is, 20 males and 36 females were recruited as the participants. Each of them underwent laryngeal high-speed videoendoscopy to record the images of the vocal fold vibration, which were then analyzed to generate the Nyquist plots. The features were identified by inspecting the properties of the plot points forming the Nyquist plots. For each identified feature, its vibratory behaviors were examined. The results revealed four features: rim contour depicting the longitudinal phase difference; left edge shape signifying the glottal configuration, phase closure, and closed phase duration; rim width and rim pattern visualizing the regularity of glottal areas and the regularity of the intracycle variations, respectively. The findings present a more complete reference of the features and their vibratory behaviors that is pertinent for the Nyquist plot interpretation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  5. Mahmud KA, Zakaria R, Azman M, Mat Baki M
    ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec, 2021 05 05;83(4):295-298.
    PMID: 33951656 DOI: 10.1159/000515424
    Adult laryngeal haemangioma is normally seen in the supraglottic or glottic region. Transglottic haemangioma is unusual, and treatment with primary endolaryngeal surgical excision may lead to undesirable bleeding and poor voice outcomes. A 25-year-old female presented with hoarseness and progressive upper airway obstruction symptoms. Videoendoscopy showed haemangioma involving all unilateral subunits of the larynx obstructing half of the subglottis. The transglottic haemangioma was treated with endolaryngeal ethanol injection with prior tracheostomy under local anaesthesia. Endolaryngeal laser surgery was performed later on to remove small residual haemangioma and granuloma. The haemangioma resolved; however, the ethanol injection to the paraglottic space results in vocal fold immobility but with favourable position and good muscle tone and bulk. The patient was successfully decannulated. Post-intervention subjective and objective voice assessments showed normal parameters except slight impairment of voice handicap index-10 with a total score of 12. Adult transglottic haemangioma can cause upper airway obstruction and requires intervention. Excision of the lesion endoscopically without sacrificing voice is achievable.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  6. Ahmad K, Yan Y, Bless DM
    J Voice, 2012 Mar;26(2):239-53.
    PMID: 21621975 DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2011.02.001
    The purpose of the study was to investigate relationships between vocal fold vibrations and voice quality. Laryngeal images obtained from high-speed digital imaging (HSDI) were examined for their open-closed timing characteristics and perturbation values. A customized software delineated the glottal edges and used the Hilbert transform-based method of analysis to provide objective quantification of glottal perturbation. Overlay tracings of the transformed glottal cycles provided visual patterns on the overall vibratory dynamics. In this paper, we described the use of this method in looking at vibratory characteristics of a group of young female speakers (N=23). We found that, females with no voice complaints and who had been perceived to have normal voices were not a homogeneous group in terms of their glottal vibratory patterns during phonation. Their vibratory patterns showed characteristics similar to exemplar voices targeted to be clear (50%), pressed (27%), breathy (15%), or a mixed quality (8%). Perturbation range in terms of cycle-to-cycle frequency and amplitude was small and did not discriminate patterns. All these patterns yielded perceptually normal voices suggesting that in normal young speakers, the level of perturbation may be more important to the judgment than the actual pattern of closure.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords/physiology*
  7. Saniasiaya J, Kulasegarah J
    Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol, 2020 Dec;139:110473.
    PMID: 33137676 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2020.110473
    OBJECTIVE: Aim of this review is to evaluate the relation between reflux (either laryngopharyngeal or gastroesophageal) and dysphonia in children.

    DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Embase.

    REVIEW METHODS: A literature search was conducted over a period from January 1990 to March 2020. The following search words were used either individually or in combination: voice disorders, laryngopharyngeal reflux, and gastroesophageal reflux. The search was conducted over a period of a month: April 2020.

    RESULTS: Five clinical research were selected based on our objectives and selection criteria. Four studies were of level III evidence. Altogether, a total of 606 patients were pooled with male predominance of 63%. In all studies, reflux was suggested to have strong relation with dysphonia. Majority of cases used 24-h pH monitoring to confirm reflux which yielded positive results in 69%. The top three most common endoscopic findings include: interarytenoid erythema and edema (32/38), vocal cord erythema and edema (160/231) and postglottic edema (141/337). Vocal cord nodules were found in 28% of our patients. Acoustic analysis and perceptual assessment of voice was performed in only 1 study. No complication from any procedure was mentioned in any of the studies. Outcome of treatment was mentioned in 1 study, whereby after 4.5 months of follow-up, 68% of children showed improvement in symptoms.

    CONCLUSION: Current evidence shows that there is strong relation between reflux and dysphonia in children. Most common laryngoscopic findings suggestive of reflux includes interarytenoid erythema and edema, vocal cord erythema and edema and postglottic edema.

    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  8. Loh PS, Ng KWS
    J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol, 2017 Apr-Jun;33(2):254-255.
    PMID: 28781455 DOI: 10.4103/0970-9185.209738
    Airway management for patients with recent oral facial injuries is always a challenge for the anesthetist. We describe how the glidescope (GLS) and fiber-optic (FOB) can be effectively combined in three patients undergoing oral maxillofacial surgeries after sustaining multiple facial fractures from trauma to allow less traumatic intubation, an option to visualize on either monitor and faster intubating time (mean 1 min 14 s for our cases) compared to the use of either one alone. Although it allows for better visualization of the vocal cords, it requires 2 trained anaesthetists to perform and this would need to be considered when using this technique.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  9. Rahmat O, Prepageran N
    Ear Nose Throat J, 2008 Dec;87(12):668-9.
    PMID: 19105136
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords/pathology*; Vocal Cords/surgery
  10. Goh BS, Roopesh S, Marina MB, Abdullah SM
    Med J Malaysia, 2014 Feb;69(1):13-5.
    PMID: 24814622
    This is a retrospective study examining the outcome of paediatric patients with subglottic stenosis who underwent partial cricotracheal resection (PCTR) as a primary open procedure from 2004 to 2012. There were 5 patients identified aged from 3 to 18 years old. All the subglottic stenosis were acquired type. All of them were secondary to prolonged intubation. Three patients were classified as Myer-Cotton grade III and the other two were Myer-Cotton grade IV. Two of the patients had concomitant bilateral vocal cord immobility. All patients underwent two staged PCTR . All patients underwent two staged PCTR, and one patient underwent posterior cordectomy apart from partial CTR at different setting. All patients were successfully decannulated at various durations postoperatively. Although this is an early experience in our institution, PCTR has shown to be effective and safe procedure in patients with subglottic stenosis especially those with Myer-Cotton grade III and IV.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  11. Ghaffar ZA, Chong SE, Tan KL, Appalanaido GK, Musa MY, Hussin HB, et al.
    J Contemp Brachytherapy, 2018 Dec;10(6):573-576.
    PMID: 30662482 DOI: 10.5114/jcb.2018.79856
    The practice of brachytherapy in unresectable tongue carcinoma is gaining popularity. However, this procedure poses specific anesthetic challenges, particularly challenges of airway sharing and a higher rate of difficult airway. We report a 74-year-old chronic smoker, chronic alcoholic with history of stroke, who had undergone brachytherapy for tongue carcinoma. Apart from a huge tongue tumor, he had an epiglottic mass but refused elective tracheostomy. This had led to a few critical states throughout the process of treatment, including a metabolic crisis due to thiamine deficiency and difficult airway crisis. To our best knowledge, there have been no reported case on a patient with vocal cord mass undergoing tongue brachytherapy. We hope sharing of this experience may aid the management of similar patients in future.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  12. Farah Nazlia Che Kassim, Muthusamy, Hariharan, Vijean, Vikneswaran, Zulkapli Abdullah, Rokiah Abdullah
    Voice pathology analysis has been one of the useful tools in the diagnosis of the pathological voice, as the method is non-invasive, inexpensive, and can reduce the time required for the analysis. This paper investigates feature extraction based on the Dual-Tree Complex Wavelet Packet Transform (DT-CWPT) using energy and entropy measures tested with two classifiers, k-Nearest Neighbors (k-NN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM). Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary (MEEI) voice disorders database and Saarbruecken Voice Database (SVD) were used. Five datasets of voice samples were used from these databases, including normal and abnormal samples, Cysts, Vocal Nodules, Polyp, and Paralysis vocal fold. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, very few studies were done on multiclass classifications using specific pathology database. File-based and frame-based investigation for two-class and multiclass were considered. In the two-class analysis using the DT-CWPT with entropies, the classification accuracy of 100% and 99.94% was achieved for MEEI and SVD database respectively. Meanwhile, the classification accuracy for multiclass analysis comprised of 99.48% for the MEEI database and 99.65% for SVD database. The experimental results using the proposed features provided promising accuracy to detect the presence of diseases in vocal fold.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  13. Mohamad I, Jihan WS, Mohamad H, Abdullah B
    Malays J Med Sci, 2008 Jan;15(1):42-3.
    PMID: 22589614
    Bilateral abductor vocal cord palsy is comparatively a rare vocal cord lesion, especially in a patient with no history of neck mass, previous surgery or trauma. Many patients are not stridulous. A patient presenting with stridor may need emergency airway management before the other treatment is commenced. We report a case of bilateral abductor palsy which required an emergency tracheostomy and subsequently a laser posterior cordectomy.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  14. Mohd Umbaik NA, Mohamad I, Nik Hassan NFH
    J Craniofac Surg, 2020 10;31(7):2064-2065.
    PMID: 32890162 DOI: 10.1097/SCS.0000000000006839
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  15. Norly, S., Noorizan, Y., Ros’aini, P.
    We present a case of 80-year-old man with two-year history of hoarseness of voice secondary to left vocal cord paralysis. CT scanning revealed a saccular thoracic aneurysm compressing the left recurrent laryngeal nerve. A review of literature on Ortner's or cardiovocal syndrome is presented.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  16. Ramlah Zainudin, Elvy Quatrin Deka, Lela Su’ut, Hasnizam Abdul Wahid
    Sains Malaysiana, 2015;44:1289-1299.
    Studies have shown that some characters, such as morphological, biochemical and behavioural characteristics were shared among con-specifics of closely related frog species. It is hypothesized that closely related frogs would have similar vocal apparatus structure to produce similar call characteristics, in order to be recognized by con-specifics. The vocal apparatus structures of the frogs from Ranidae were, thus, investigated and calls were recorded from various locations in Sarawak, Borneo. The vocal apparatus was sliced and stained using haematoxylin and eosin staining method. The prepared slides were scanned using Dotslide System Olympus BX51. Captured images were further measured using Microscope Olympus BX51. The results showed that the vocal apparatus structure of ranids in Sarawak differed in length between pulvinar vocale and posterior margin (pvpm) or known as vocal cord stricter. This character was deemed to be the most significant character to discriminate the Sarawak ranids. It is suggested that histological analysis is also a good method for study of phenotypic variation of frog species, as shown by the vocal apparatus structure of the anurans. This study provides an alternative method to differentiate taxonomic identity among frog species.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  17. Nor Hisyam CI, Misron K, Mohamad I
    Malays Fam Physician, 2017;12(2):23-25.
    PMID: 29423126 MyJurnal
    A foreign body (FB) in the upper aerodigestive tract is a common clinical problem that presents as as acute emergency. Sharp FB, such as fish bone or chicken bone, commonly lodges in the tonsil, base of tongue, vallecula or pyriform fossa. Dislodgement of a FB into the laryngopharynx is very rare and specifically onto the vocal cord is extremely uncommon. This case report illustrates a rare case of a sharp FB that was dislodged into the airway and stuck on to the right vocal cord, which was removed under local anaesthesia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords
  18. Irfan M, Shahid H, Baharudin A, Friedrich G
    Med J Malaysia, 2009 Mar;64(1):89-90.
    PMID: 19852333 MyJurnal
    Vocal cord palsy secondary to recurrent laryngeal nerve injury may be attributable to trauma, infiltrating neoplasm, congenital cardiac anomaly and others. Regardless the causes, majority of unilateral adductor palsy cases are usually managed by speech rehabilitation in order to allow compensation. In selected cases, medialization procedure may be required to achieve a complete glottal closure during phonation. Multiple techniques have been developed to achieve this goal. This case report illustrates the recent advancement in vocal fold medialization procedure, which has not been widely practiced in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Vocal Cords/surgery*
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