Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 41 in total

  1. Hashim SE, Sirat HM, Yen KH, Ismail IS, Matsuki SN
    Nat Prod Commun, 2015 Sep;10(9):1561-3.
    PMID: 26594759
    Seven compounds were isolated from the n-hexane and chloroform extracts of the flowers and leaves of four Hornstedtia species and their structures were identified using spectroscopic techniques as 3,7,4'-trimethylkaempferol (1), 3,7-dimethylkaempferol (2), 7,4'-dimethylkaempferol (3), 3,5-dimethylkaempferol (4), 3-methylkaempferol (5), stigmast-4-en-3-one (6), and 6-hydroxy-stigmast-4-en-3-one (7). Compounds 1 to 7 were isolated from these species for the first time. They were assayed for free radical scavenging and α-glucosidase inhibition activities. The DPPH assay showed that 3-methylkaempferol (5) was the most potent antioxidant agent with an IC50 value 78.6 µM, followed by 7,4'-dimethylkaempferol (3) (IC50 = 86.1 µM). For α-glucosidase inhibition activity, 3-methylkaempferol (5) exhibited significant inhibitory activity with an IC50 value 21.0 µM. The present study revealed that Hornstedtia species have potential activities as antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitors.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  2. Taha M, Ismail NH, Lalani S, Fatmi MQ, Atia-Tul-Wahab, Siddiqui S, et al.
    Eur J Med Chem, 2015 Mar 6;92:387-400.
    PMID: 25585009 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.01.009
    In an effort to design and synthesize a new class of α-glucosidase inhibitor, we synthesized benzothiazole hybrid having benzohydrazide moiety (5). Compound 5 was reacted with various substituted aryl aldehyde to generate a small library of compounds 6-35. Synthesis of compounds was confirmed by the spectral information. These compounds were screened for their α-glucosidase activity. They showed a varying degree of α-glucosidase inhibition with IC50 values ranging between 5.31 and 53.34 μM. Compounds 6, 7, 9-16, 19, 21-30, 32-35 showed superior activity as compared to standard acarbose (IC50 = 906 ± 6.3 μM). This has identified a new class of α-glucosidase inhibitors. The predicted physico-chemical properties indicated the drug appropriateness for most of these compounds, as they obey Lipinski's rule of five (RO5). A hybrid B3LYP density functional theory (DFT) was employed for energy, minimization of 3D structures for all synthetic compounds using 6-311 + G(d,p) basis sets followed by molecular docking to explore their interactions with human intestinal C- and N-terminal domains of α-glucosidase. All compounds bind to the prospective allosteric site of the C- terminal domain, and consequently, may be considered as mixed inhibitors. It was hypothesized that both the dipole moment and H-bond interactions govern the biological activation of these compounds.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  3. Khan KM, Rahim F, Wadood A, Kosar N, Taha M, Lalani S, et al.
    Eur J Med Chem, 2014 Jun 23;81:245-52.
    PMID: 24844449 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2014.05.010
    In our effort directed toward the discovery of new anti-diabetic agent for the treatment of diabetes, a library of biscoumarin derivative 1-18 was synthesized and evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory potential. All eighteen (18) compounds displayed assorted α-glucosidase activity with IC50 values 16.5-385.9 μM, if compared with the standard acarbose (IC50 = 906 ± 6.387 μM). In addition, molecular docking studies were carried out to explore the binding interactions of biscoumarin derivatives with the enzyme. This study has identified a new class of potent α-glucosidase inhibitors.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  4. Manaharan T, Palanisamy UD, Ming CH
    Molecules, 2012;17(5):5915-23.
    PMID: 22609782 DOI: 10.3390/molecules17055915
    Preliminary investigations on 14 plant extracts (obtained by ethanolic and aqueous extraction) identified those having high antioxidant and a significant total phenolic content. Antihyperglycemic, α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibition activities were also observed. A correlation between the antihyperglycemic activity, total phenolic content and antioxidant (DPPH scavenging) activity was established. To further substantiate these findings, the possibility of tannins binding non-specifically to enzymes and thus contributing to the antihyperglycemic activity was also investigated. Our study clearly indicated that the antihyperglycemic activity observed in the plant extracts was indeed not due to non-specific tannin absorption.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism
  5. Taha M, Ismail NH, Imran S, Rokei MQB, Saad SM, Khan KM
    Bioorg Med Chem, 2015 Aug 01;23(15):4155-4162.
    PMID: 26183542 DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2015.06.060
    Oxadiazole derivatives (6-28) having hydrazone linkage, were synthesized through condensation reaction between benzohydrazide 5 with various benzaldehydes. The oxadiazoles derivatives (6-28) were evaluated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. The IC50 values for inhibition activity vary in the range between 2.64 ± 0.05 and 460.14 ± 3.25 μM. The IC50 values were being compared to the standard acarbose (IC50=856.45 ± 5.60 μM) and it was found that compounds 6-9, 12, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22-28 were found to be more active than acarbose, while other compounds showed no activity. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies suggest that oxadiazole benzohydrazones (6-28) inhibitory potential is dependent on substitution of the N-benzylidene part. Compound 18 (IC50=2.64 ± 0.05 μM), which has trihydroxy substitution at C-2', C-4', and C-5' on N-benzylidene moiety, recorded the highest inhibition activity that is three-hundred times more active than the standard drug, acarbose (IC50=856.45 ± 5.60 μM). Compound 23 (IC50=34.64 ± 0.35 μM) was found to be the most active among compounds having single hydroxyl substitution. Shifting hydroxyl from C-2' to C-4' (6) and C-3' (7) reduces inhibitory activity significantly. Compounds with chlorine substituent (compounds 16, 28, and 27) showed potent activities but lower as compared to hydroxyl analogs. Substituent like nitro or methyl groups at any position suppresses enzyme inhibition activity. This reveals the important presence of hydroxyl and halo groups to have enzyme inhibitory potential.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism
  6. Rahim F, Malik F, Ullah H, Wadood A, Khan F, Javid MT, et al.
    Bioorg Chem, 2015 Jun;60:42-8.
    PMID: 25955493 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2015.03.005
    Isatin base Schiff bases (1-20) were synthesized, characterized by (1)H NMR and EI/MS and evaluated for α-glucosidase inhibitory potential. Out of these twenty (20) compounds only six analogs showed potent α-glucosidase inhibitory potential with IC50 value ranging in between 2.2±0.25 and 83.5±1.0μM when compared with the standard acarbose (IC50=840±1.73μM). Among the series compound 2 having IC50 value (18.3±0.56μM), 9 (83.5±1.0μM), 11 (3.3±0.25μM), 12 (2.2±0.25μM), 14 (11.8±0.15μM), and 20 (3.0±0.15μM) showed excellent inhibitory potential many fold better than the standard acarbose. The binding interactions of these active analogs were confirmed through molecular docking.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  7. Al-Salahi R, Ahmad R, Anouar E, Iwana Nor Azman NI, Marzouk M, Abuelizz HA
    Future Med Chem, 2018 08 01;10(16):1889-1905.
    PMID: 29882426 DOI: 10.4155/fmc-2018-0141
    AIM: Using a simple modification on a previously reported synthetic route, 3-benzyl(phenethyl)-2-thioxobenzo[g]quinazolin-4(3H)-ones (1 and 2) were synthesized with high yields. Further transformation of 1 and 2 produced derivatives 3-26, which were structurally characterized based on NMR and MS data, and their in vitro α-glucosidase inhibitory activity was evaluated using Baker's yeast α-glucosidase enzyme.

    RESULTS: Compounds 2, 4, 8, 12 and 20 exhibited the highest activity (IC50 = 69.20, 59.60, 49.40, 50.20 and 83.20 μM, respectively) compared with the standard acarbose (IC50 = 143.54 μM).

    CONCLUSION: A new class of potent α-glucosidase inhibitors was identified, and the molecular docking predicted plausible binding interaction of the targets in the binding pocket of α-glucosidase and rationalized the structure-activity relationship (SARs) of the target compounds.

    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  8. Javid MT, Rahim F, Taha M, Rehman HU, Nawaz M, Wadood A, et al.
    Bioorg Chem, 2018 08;78:201-209.
    PMID: 29597114 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2018.03.022
    α-Glucosidase is a catabolic enzyme that regulates the body's plasma glucose levels by providing energy sources to maintain healthy functioning. 2-Amino-thiadiazole (1-13) and 2-amino-thiadiazole based Schiff bases (14-22) were synthesized, characterized by 1H NMR and HREI-MS and screened for α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. All twenty-two (22) analogs exhibit varied degree of α-glucosidase inhibitory potential with IC50 values ranging between 2.30 ± 0.1 to 38.30 ± 0.7 μM, when compare with standard drug acarbose having IC50 value of 39.60 ± 0.70 μM. Among the series eight derivatives 1, 2, 6, 7, 14, 17, 19 and 20 showed outstanding α-glucosidase inhibitory potential with IC50 values of 3.30 ± 0.1, 5.80 ± 0.2, 2.30 ± 0.1, 2.70 ± 0.1, 2.30 ± 0.1, 5.50 ± 0.1, 4.70 ± 0.2, and 5.50 ± 0.2 μM respectively, which is many fold better than the standard drug acarbose. The remaining analogs showed good to excellent α-glucosidase inhibition. Structure activity relationship has been established for all compounds. The binding interactions of these compounds were confirmed through molecular docking.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  9. Leong SW, Abas F, Lam KW, Yusoff K
    Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 2018 02 01;28(3):302-309.
    PMID: 29292226 DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2017.12.048
    A series of thirty-four diarylpentanoids derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Eleven compounds (19, 20, 21, 24, 27, 28, 29, 31, 32, 33 and 34) were found to significantly inhibit α-glucosidase in which compounds 28, 31 and 32 demonstrated the highest activity with IC50 values ranging from 14.1 to 15.1 µM. Structure-activity comparison shows that multiple hydroxy groups are essential for α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Meanwhile, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl and furanyl moieties were found to be crucial in improving α-glucosidase inhibition. Molecular docking analyses further confirmed the critical role of both 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl and furanyl moieties as they bound to α-glucosidase active site in different mode. Overall result suggests that diarylpentanoids with both five membered heterocyclic ring and polyhydroxyphenyl moiety could be a new lead design in the search of novel α-glucosidase inhibitor.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  10. Hameed S, Kanwal, Seraj F, Rafique R, Chigurupati S, Wadood A, et al.
    Eur J Med Chem, 2019 Dec 01;183:111677.
    PMID: 31514061 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.111677
    Benzotriazoles (4-6) were synthesized which were further reacted with different substituted benzoic acids and phenacyl bromides to synthesize benzotriazole derivatives (7-40). The synthetic compounds (7-40) were characterized via different spectroscopic techniques including EI-MS, HREI-MS, 1H-, and 13C NMR. These molecules were examined for their anti-hyperglycemic potential hence were evaluated for α-glucosidase and α-amylase inhibitory activities. All benzotriazoles displayed moderate to good inhibitory activity in the range of IC50 values of 2.00-5.6 and 2.04-5.72 μM against α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzymes, respectively. The synthetic compounds were divided into two categories "A" and "B", in order to understand the structure-activity relationship. Compounds 25 (IC50 = 2.41 ± 1.31 μM), (IC50 = 2.5 ± 1.21 μM), 36 (IC50 = 2.12 ± 1.35 μM), (IC50 = 2.21 ± 1.08 μM), and 37 (IC50 = 2.00 ± 1.22 μM), (IC50 = 2.04 ± 1.4 μM) with chloro substitution/s at aryl ring were found to be most active against α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzymes. Molecular docking studies on all compounds were performed which revealed that chloro substitutions are playing a pivotal role in the binding interactions. The enzyme inhibition mode was also studied and the kinetic studies revealed that the synthetic molecules have shown competitive mode of inhibition against α-amylase and non-competitive mode of inhibition against α-glucosidase enzyme.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  11. Ooi KL, Loh SI, Tan ML, Muhammad TS, Sulaiman SF
    J Ethnopharmacol, 2015 Mar 13;162:55-60.
    PMID: 25554642 DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.12.030
    The juice of the entire fresh herb and infusion of dried sample of Murdannia bracteata are consumed to treat liver cancer and diabetes in Malaysia. However, no scientific evidence of these bioactivities has been reported.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism
  12. Wahab NA, Abdullah N, Aminudin N
    Biomed Res Int, 2014;2014:131607.
    PMID: 25243114 DOI: 10.1155/2014/131607
    Pleurotus pulmonarius has been reported to have a potent remedial effect on diabetic property and considered to be an alternative for type 2 diabetes mellitus treatment. This study aimed to investigate the antidiabetic properties of ammonium sulphate precipitated protein fractions from P. pulmonarius basidiocarps. Preliminary results demonstrated that 30% (NH4)2SO4 precipitated fraction (F30) inhibited Saccharomyces cerevisiae α-glucosidase activity (24.18%), and 100% (NH4)2SO4 precipitated fraction (F100) inhibited porcine pancreatic α-amylase activity (41.80%). Following RP-HPLC purification, peak 3 from F30 fraction demonstrated inhibition towards α-glucosidase at the same time with meagre inhibition towards α-amylase activity. Characterisation of proteins using MALDI-TOF/TOF MS demonstrated the presence of four different proteins, which could be implicated in the regulation of blood glucose level via various mechanisms. Therefore, this study revealed the presence of four antidiabetic-related proteins which are profilin-like protein, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase-like protein, trehalose phosphorylase-like (TP-like) protein, and catalase-like protein. Hence, P. pulmonarius basidiocarps have high potential in lowering blood glucose level, reducing insulin resistance and vascular complications.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism
  13. Ado MA, Abas F, Ismail IS, Ghazali HM, Shaari K
    J Sci Food Agric, 2015 Feb;95(3):635-42.
    PMID: 25048579 DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.6832
    The aim of the current study was (i) to evaluate the bioactive potential of the leaf methanolic extract of Cynometra cauliflora L., along with its respective hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate (EtOAc), n-butanol (n-BuOH) and aqueous fractions, in inhibiting the enzymes α-glucosidase, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and tyrosinase as well as evaluating their antioxidant activities. (ii) In addition, in view of the limited published information regarding the metabolite profile of C. cauliflora, we further characterized the profiles of the EtOAc and n-BuOH fractions using liquid chromatography-diode array detection-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  14. Javadi N, Abas F, Abd Hamid A, Simoh S, Shaari K, Ismail IS, et al.
    J Food Sci, 2014 Jun;79(6):C1130-6.
    PMID: 24888400 DOI: 10.1111/1750-3841.12491
    Cosmos caudatus, which is known as "Ulam Raja," is an herbal plant used in Malaysia to enhance vitality. This study focused on the evaluation of the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of different ethanolic extracts of C. caudatus. Six series of samples extracted with water, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% ethanol (EtOH) were employed. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and orthogonal partial least-squares (OPLS) analysis was used to correlate bioactivity of different extracts to different metabolite profiles of C. caudatus. The obtained OPLS scores indicated a distinct and remarkable separation into 6 clusters, which were indicative of the 6 different ethanol concentrations. GC-MS can be integrated with multivariate data analysis to identify compounds that inhibit α-glucosidase activity. In addition, catechin, α-linolenic acid, α-D-glucopyranoside, and vitamin E compounds were identified and indicate the potential α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of this herb.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  15. Yusoff NA, Ahmad M, Al-Hindi B, Widyawati T, Yam MF, Mahmud R, et al.
    Nutrients, 2015 Aug;7(8):7012-26.
    PMID: 26308046 DOI: 10.3390/nu7085320
    Nypa fruticans Wurmb. vinegar, commonly known as nipa palm vinegar (NPV) has been used as a folklore medicine among the Malay community to treat diabetes. Early work has shown that aqueous extract (AE) of NPV exerts a potent antihyperglycemic effect. Thus, this study is conducted to evaluate the effect of AE on postprandial hyperglycemia in an attempt to understand its mechanism of antidiabetic action. AE were tested via in vitro intestinal glucose absorption, in vivo carbohydrate tolerance tests and spectrophotometric enzyme inhibition assays. One mg/mL of AE showed a comparable outcome to the use of phloridzin (1 mM) in vitro as it delayed glucose absorption through isolated rat jejunum more effectively than acarbose (1 mg/mL). Further in vivo confirmatory tests showed AE (500 mg/kg) to cause a significant suppression in postprandial hyperglycemia 30 min following respective glucose (2 g/kg), sucrose (4 g/kg) and starch (3 g/kg) loadings in normal rats, compared to the control group. Conversely, in spectrophotometric enzymatic assays, AE showed rather a weak inhibitory activity against both α-glucosidase and α-amylase when compared with acarbose. The findings suggested that NPV exerts its anti-diabetic effect by delaying carbohydrate absorption from the small intestine through selective inhibition of intestinal glucose transporters, therefore suppressing postprandial hyperglycemia.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism
  16. Taha M, Ismail NH, Imran S, Wadood A, Rahim F, Saad SM, et al.
    Bioorg Chem, 2016 Jun;66:117-23.
    PMID: 27149363 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2016.04.006
    Twenty derivatives of 5-aryl-2-(6'-nitrobenzofuran-2'-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazoles (1-20) were synthesized and evaluated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activities. Compounds containing hydroxyl and halogens (1-6, and 8-18) were found to be five to seventy folds more active with IC50 values in the range of 12.75±0.10-162.05±1.65μM, in comparison with the standard drug, acarbose (IC50=856.45±5.60μM). Current study explores the α-glucosidase inhibition of a hybrid class of compounds of oxadiazole and benzofurans. These findings may invite researchers to work in the area of treatment of hyperglycemia. Docking studies showed that most compounds are interacting with important amino acids Glu 276, Asp 214 and Phe 177 through hydrogen bonds and arene-arene interaction.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  17. Anouar el H, Zakaria NS, Alsalme A, Shah SA
    Mini Rev Med Chem, 2015;15(14):1148-58.
    PMID: 26205959
    A natural pentacyclic triterpenoid oleanolic acid 1 and its biotransformed metabolites 2-3 are potential α-glucosidase inhibitors. To elucidate the inhibitory mechanism of compounds 1, 2 and 3 against α-glucosidase, we calculated (i) their electronic and optical properties using DFT and TD-DFT at the B3LYP/6-31G(d) level in gas and IEF-PCM solvent; and (ii) their binding energies to α-glucosidase via docking study. DFT results showed that the α-glucosidase inhibtion is mainly depend on the polarity parameters of the studied compounds. Docking results revealed that the activity increased with binding energies (i.e. the stability of ligand-receptor complex). The specroscopic data of oleanolic acid 1 and its metabolites 2 and 3 are well predicetd for 13C NMR chemical shifts (R2=99%) and 1H NMR chemical shifts (R2=90%); and for (ii) UV/vis spectra. The assignments and interpretation of NMR chemical shifts and bathochromic shift of λMAX absorption bands are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  18. Khan KM, Qurban S, Salar U, Taha M, Hussain S, Perveen S, et al.
    Bioorg Chem, 2016 10;68:245-58.
    PMID: 27592296 DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2016.08.010
    Current study based on the synthesis of new thiazole derivatives via "one pot" multicomponent reaction, evaluation of their in vitro α-glucosidase inhibitory activities, and in silico studies. All synthetic compounds were fully characterized by (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and EIMS. CHN analysis was also performed. These newly synthesized compounds showed activities in the range of IC50=9.06±0.10-82.50±1.70μM as compared to standard acarbose (IC50=38.25±0.12μM). It is worth mentioning that most of the compounds such as 1 (IC50=23.60±0.39μM), 2 (IC50=22.70±0.60μM), 3 (IC50=22.40±0.32μM), 4 (IC50=26.5±0.40μM), 6 (IC50=34.60±0.60μM), 7 (IC50=26.20±0.43μM), 8 (IC50=14.06±0.18μM), 9 (IC50=17.60±0.28μM), 10 (IC50=27.16±0.41μM), 11 (IC50=19.16±0.19μM), 12 (IC50=9.06±0.10μM), 13 (IC50=12.80±0.21μM), 14 (IC50=11.94±0.18μM), 15 (IC50=16.90±0.20μM), 16 (IC50=12.60±0.14μM), 17 (IC50=16.30±0.29μM), and 18 (IC50=32.60±0.61μM) exhibited potent inhibitory potential. Molecular docking study was performed in order to understand the molecular interactions between the molecule and enzyme. Newly identified α-glucosidase inhibitors except few were found to be completely non-toxic.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  19. Salar U, Taha M, Khan KM, Ismail NH, Imran S, Perveen S, et al.
    Eur J Med Chem, 2016 Oct 21;122:196-204.
    PMID: 27371923 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2016.06.037
    3-Thiazolylcoumarin derivatives 1-14 were synthesized via one-pot two step reactions, and screened for in vitro α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. All compounds showed inhibitory activity in the range of IC50 = 0.12 ± 0.01-16.20 ± 0.23 μM as compared to standard acarbose (IC50 = 38.25 ± 0.12 μM), and also found to be nontoxic. Molecular docking study was carried out in order to establish the structure-activity relationship (SAR) which demonstrated that electron rich centers at one and electron withdrawing centers at the other end of the molecules showed strong inhibitory activity. All the synthesized compounds were characterized by spectroscopic techniques such as EI-MS, HREI-MS, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR. CHN analysis was also performed.
    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism*
  20. Alam MA, Zaidul IS, Ghafoor K, Sahena F, Hakim MA, Rafii MY, et al.
    BMC Complement Altern Med, 2017 Mar 31;17(1):181.
    PMID: 28359331 DOI: 10.1186/s12906-017-1684-5
    BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to evaluate antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, with a subsequent analysis of total phenolic and total flavonoid content of methanol extract and its derived fractions from Clinacanthus nutans accompanied by comprehensive phytochemical profiling.

    METHODS: Liquid-liquid partition chromatography was used to separate methanolic extract to get hexane, ethyl acetate, butanol and residual aqueous fractions. The total antioxidant activity was determined by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazy (DPPH) radical scavenging and ferric reducing antioxidant power assay (FRAP). The antidiabetic activity of methanol extract and its consequent fractions were examined by α-glucosidase inhibitory bioassay. The chemical profiling was carried out by gas chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC Q-TOF MS).

    RESULTS: The total yield for methanol extraction was (12.63 ± 0.98) % (w/w) and highest fractionated value found for residual aqueous (52.25 ± 1.01) % (w/w) as compared to the other fractions. Significant DPPH free radical scavenging activity was found for methanolic extract (63.07 ± 0.11) % and (79.98 ± 0.31) % for ethyl acetate fraction among all the fractions evaluated. Methanol extract was the most prominent in case of FRAP (141.89 ± 0.87 μg AAE/g) whereas most effective reducing power observed in ethyl acetate fraction (133.6 ± 0.2987 μg AAE/g). The results also indicated a substantial α-glucosidase inhibitory activity for butanol fraction (72.16 ± 1.0) % and ethyl acetate fraction (70.76 ± 0.49) %. The statistical analysis revealed that total phenolic and total flavonoid content of the samples had the significant (p 

    Matched MeSH terms: alpha-Glucosidases/metabolism
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