Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 83 in total

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  1. Burke S
    N Z Nurs J, 1977 Oct;70(10):14-16.
    PMID: 271909
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services*
  2. Jelliffee DB
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1986 Mar;41(1):84-7.
    PMID: 3796356
    Various key aspects needing consideration in primary health care services for children are described. These include the need for basic curative facilities, a dyodic approach, concentration on major issues, use of appropriate technology and cultural appropriateness.
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services*
  3. Chen PCY
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1986 Mar;41(1):93-8.
    PMID: 3796358
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services*
  4. Curtis NW
    ASHA, 1973 Nov;15(11):645-6.
    PMID: 4757313
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services*
  5. Nanthakumar C
    J Integr Med, 2018 01;16(1):14-19.
    PMID: 29397087 DOI: 10.1016/j.joim.2017.12.008
    The number of children suffering from stress and anxiety in Malaysia is on the rise. Evidence shows that mind-body therapies such as mindfulness therapy, meditation and yoga have been practiced in many other countries to reduce and/or manage the psychological effects of stress and anxiety. This review article looks at the intervention of yoga as a meditative movement practice in helping school children manage stress and anxiety. Articles were retrieved using a combination of databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, and PsycINFO. Not only peer-reviewed articles, but also those written in English language were included in this review. All studies reviewed had incorporated some form of meditative movement exercise. The intervention encompassed asanas (postures), pranayama (expansion of life force), dharana (concentration) and dhyana (meditation), which are the different paths in yoga. A total of eight articles met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. The findings of this review reveal that the practice of yoga has brought about, among other things, improvement in managing and reducing stress and anxiety. Despite the limitations in most, if not all of the studies reviewed, in terms of heterogeneity and sample size, yoga appears to be an effective modality for helping children cope with stress and anxiety. It appears that if schools in Malaysia can incorporate yoga as part of the physical education curriculum, it will definitely benefit the students.
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health*
  6. Chen PCY
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1985 Sep;40(3):165-76.
    PMID: 3916210
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services/history*
  7. Pathmanathan I
    J Trop Med Hyg, 1973 Nov;76(11):294-6.
    PMID: 4758753
    The Municipal Maternal and Child Health Clinics at Kuala Lumpur were faced with a declining but continuing problem of diphtheria. The arrangements for immunization were such that a low coverage was obtained for triple vaccination, but a high one for smallpox, a disease they had not experienced for many years. By reversing the schedule, so that triple vaccine injections were administered first, and ensuring that fewer children were not immunized because of concurrent minor ailments, the diphtheria immunization coverage was greatly improved. There was some loss of smallpox cover.
    The revision commenced in 1970 and the diphtheria incidence rate, which had been falling since 1965, continued to fall but at a lower rate. The author does not discuss possible explanations for this. The article illustrates a dramatic improvement in immunization cover by a simple re-arrangement better suited to the needs of the town
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services*
  8. San SF
    Med J Malaya, 1971 Dec;26(2):90-3.
    PMID: 4260866
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services*
  9. Radzniwan AR, Azimah NM, Zuhra H, Khairani O
    Medicine & Health, 2009;4(1):1-7.
    MyJurnal
    The advantages of breastfeeding have been well established. The objective of this study was to determine the practice and knowledge of breastfeeding in an urban com-munity and identify the influencing factors.  This is a cross-sectional study. All mothers attending the Maternal and Child Health Clinic during the study period, who fulfilled the selection criteria, were included in the study. The mothers were interviewed using a self administered questionnaire. A total of 162 mothers participated in the study. The prevalence of initiating breastfeeding during the first week after childbirth was 93.8%. Breastfeeding was found to be higher among Malay mothers (p value
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health; Maternal-Child Health Centers
  10. Sharif R, Chong KH, Zakaria NH, Ong ML, Reilly JJ, Wong JE, et al.
    J Phys Act Health, 2016 11;13(11 Suppl 2):S201-S205.
    PMID: 27848721
    BACKGROUND: The 2016 Malaysia Active Healthy Kids Report Card aims to collect, assess, and grade current and comprehensive data on physical activity (PA) and associated factors in Malaysian children and adolescents aged 5 to 17 years.

    METHODS: This report card was developed following the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card protocol. The Research Working Group identified the core matrices, assessed the key data sources, and evaluated the evidence gathered for grade assignments. A grade was assigned to each indicator by comparing the best available evidence against relevant benchmark using a standardized grading scheme.

    RESULTS: Overall Physical Activity, Active Transportation, and Sedentary Behavior were assigned the D grade. The lowest grade of F was assigned to Diet, while School and Government Strategies and Investments were graded higher with a B. Five indicators were assigned INC (incomplete) due to a lack of representative data.

    CONCLUSIONS: The report card demonstrates that Malaysian children and adolescents are engaging in low levels of PA and active commuting, high levels of screen time, and have extremely low compliance with dietary recommendations. More efforts are needed to address the root causes of physical inactivity while increasing the opportunities for children and adolescents to be more physically active.

    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health*
  11. Lai, B.F., Razitasham Safii, Lebia Nyulang, Dunggau, Christina, Mohd Asri Riffin, Khu, F.M., et al.
    Int J Public Health Res, 2011;1(2):237-241.
    MyJurnal
    Introduction The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the effectiveness of using TelePrimary Care (TPC) to monitor immunization programmed in a clinic. Japanese Encephalitis (JE) vaccination was selected as an example because its coverage has not been satisfactory when compared to that of other vaccinations, which generally exceed 90%.
    Methods Data for all children who were eligible for JE vaccination (age range from 9 months to 30 months) who attended Sarikei Health Clinic between 1 January 2007 till 31 June 2008, was extracted from the TPC database and analyzed for completeness and timeliness of JE vaccination.
    Results The analysis showed that although 1,243 children were eligible to receive their first dose of J vaccine at 9 months of age, only 560 (45%) received it. 15 (3%) received on time, and 545 (97%) received it late (age range from 10 months to 20 months). Out of the 560 who were scheduled to receive their second dose of JE vaccine four weeks after the first, 382 (88%) received it on time, and 55 (12%) received it late. Only 78 (18%) out of 429 children aged between 18 months to 24 months received their booster dose; 52 (67%) received it on time and 26 (33%) received it late.TPC not only enables health staff to monitor immunization coverage and timeliness accurately, but it also helps them to identify defaulters quickly so that these children can be traced and immunized. Doing these tasks manually is time-consuming and tedious, leading to delays in tracing defaulters.
    Conclusions TPC provides an effective system for staff to easily access real time child health data to monitor and audit their immunization programme and take remedial action where necessary.
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health
  12. Dugdale AE
    Lancet, 1969 Feb 22;1(7591):409-11.
    PMID: 4179241
    The immunisation-rate of infants in Malaysia is low, and diphtheria and tetanus are common. If a satisfactory level of population immunity is to be achieved, many more infants must attend clinics more often, or other forms of immunisation must be offered. However, a mathematical model shows that the immunisation-rate can be improved immediately,
    without the need for additional staff or increased attendance of infants at clinics, by giving some immunisations in the immediate postnatal period and the remainder soon afterwards. Many of the infants who came to the clinics had minor infections. The model shows that the immunisation-rate would increase further still if immunisations were given in the presence of these infections. It is possible that earlier immunisation may give lower levels of immunity in individuals, but the increased numbers immunised would more than compensate for this.
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services*; Maternal-Child Health Centers
  13. Chong PH, Hamsah E, Goh C
    BMJ Support Palliat Care, 2017 Mar;7(1):17-22.
    PMID: 26338851 DOI: 10.1136/bmjspcare-2014-000812
    Paediatric palliative care services have increased both in numbers and capacity around the world in response to the needs of children living with life-limiting conditions. Members of the Asia Pacific Hospice Network, who render care to children, have increasingly realised the need to map existing services for enhanced collaborative, educational and advocacy efforts. An online survey was conducted over 2 months among professionals in the region to document current service provision, and at the same time to explore individual training needs and practice challenges. A questionnaire crafted through consensus by members of a new special interest group within the network was used to collect data. 59 distinct responses from 16 countries were obtained to build a directory, which has already been circulated. Content analyses of narrative responses yield further findings. Half of these services catered to adults as well as to children. Staffing and service provision varied across the region but most members worked in teams consisting of multidisciplinary professionals. Numerous service and funding models were found, reflecting wide differences in local conditions and responses to diverse patient populations unique to paediatric palliative care. The highest training needs centred around bereavement and spiritual care. Capacity and funding issues were expected, but significant lack of support by paediatricians was found to be alarming and warrants further study. Amid the heterogeneity, these services share common struggles and face similar needs. Identifying individual profiles of different services potentially helps to draw everyone together, towards a common vision, and towards creating opportunities for sharing of expertise and experience.
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services/standards; Child Health Services/statistics & numerical data*
  14. Chen PC
    J Trop Med Hyg, 1975 Jan;78(1):6-12.
    PMID: 1121041
    One hundred and ninety-nine children brought by 181 adults to a child health clinic based in a rural health sub-centre in Peninsular Malaysia are studied. It is noted that the families from which they come are relatively poor, with a large number of children, and that they are fairly highly motivated. Forty-four per cent of children attending the clinic at the time of the study are symptomatic indicating the need to organise the child health clinic on a "preventive-curative" basis. It is also noted that the young child is initially seen in early infancy but is lost to the clinic when he is older making it judicious to formulate immunization schedules that take this into account.
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services/utilization*; Maternal-Child Health Centers
  15. Ahmad Z, Jaafar R, Mohd Hassan MH, Othman MS, Hashim A
    Malays J Nutr, 1997 Mar;3(1):83-90.
    PMID: 22692237 MyJurnal
    A retrospective study of anaemia in pregnancy in rural Kelantan was conducted. The study sample consist of 9,860 mothers who had antenatal care at one of the 102 rural health clinics selected and had delivered a live baby. Anaemia in pregnancy was determined by reviewing the antenatal records for the haemoglobin level recorded at the first and last antenatal visit. Estimation of haemoglobin was done either by photocalorimetric methods or the Sahli's method in these rural clinics. At the time of booking, 47.5% of the mothers were anaemic by WHO criteria (Hb < 11.0 g/dl), with 1.9% having less than 9.0 g/dl. Age of mother, parity and late gestational age at the first antenatal visit were associated with anaemia during pregnancy at the time of booking. However, practise of contraception by the mother did not show any association with anaemia in pregnancy. There were 594 mothers (6.0%) who delivered a baby weighing less than 2.5 kg. There was no association between the low birth weight of the child and the status of anaemia in the mother at the last antenatal visit.
    Matched MeSH terms: Maternal-Child Health Centers
  16. Yadav H
    Singapore Med J, 1987 Dec;28(6):520-5.
    PMID: 3441793
    The traditional birth attendant (bidan kampong) or the TBA is still responsible for a substantial number of deliveries in Peninsular Malaysia. In the study area, the TBA s were responsible for about 47.2% of the deliveries in 1976. They were also responsible tor a substantial number of maternal deaths in the district. Therefore it was decided to identity and train the TBAs to identity ‘at risk’ cases at mothers and children and refer them to the nearest health facility. The TBA s were trained to use simple hygenic and aseptic procedures. At the end oi their training all at them were presented with a UNICEF midwifery kit. The short training proved useful because they now deliver fewer ‘at risk' cases and there is an in- creasing trend among them to refer the ‘at risk’ cases to the hospitals. The utilizations of TBA s in the maternal and child health program is a useful tool for the attainment at primary health care objective for developing countries by the year 2000.
    Matched MeSH terms: Maternal-Child Health Centers
  17. SEA-ORCHID Study Group, Laopaiboon M, Lumbiganon P, McDonald SJ, Henderson-Smart DJ, Green S, et al.
    PLoS ONE, 2008 Jul 09;3(7):e2646.
    PMID: 18612381 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002646
    BACKGROUND: The burden of mortality and morbidity related to pregnancy and childbirth remains concentrated in developing countries. SEA-ORCHID (South East Asia Optimising Reproductive and Child Health In Developing countries) is evaluating whether a multifaceted intervention to strengthen capacity for research synthesis, evidence-based care and knowledge implementation improves adoption of best clinical practice recommendations leading to better health for mothers and babies. In this study we assessed current practices in perinatal health care in four South East Asian countries and determined whether they were aligned with best practice recommendations.

    METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We completed an audit of 9550 medical records of women and their 9665 infants at nine hospitals; two in each of Indonesia, Malaysia and The Philippines, and three in Thailand between January-December 2005. We compared actual clinical practices with best practice recommendations selected from the Cochrane Library and the World Health Organization Reproductive Health Library. Evidence-based components of the active management of the third stage of labour and appropriately treating eclampsia with magnesium sulphate were universally practiced in all hospitals. Appropriate antibiotic prophylaxis for caesarean section, a beneficial form of care, was practiced in less than 5% of cases in most hospitals. Use of the unnecessary practices of enema in labour ranged from 1% to 61% and rates of episiotomy for vaginal birth ranged from 31% to 95%. Other appropriate practices were commonly performed to varying degrees between countries and also between hospitals within the same country.

    CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Whilst some perinatal health care practices audited were consistent with best available evidence, several were not. We conclude that recording of clinical practices should be an essential step to improve quality of care. Based on these findings, the SEA-ORCHID project team has been developing and implementing interventions aimed at increasing compliance with evidence-based clinical practice recommendations to improve perinatal practice in South East Asia.

    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services/standards*
  18. Karim R
    World Health Forum, 1998;19(4):365-8.
    PMID: 10050161
    The author reflects on 24 years of involvement in WHO activities, and their effect on her own life and on the maternal and child health services in Malaysia.
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services/trends
  19. Suleiman AB, Lye MS, Mathews A, Ravindran J
    Med. J. Malaysia, 1995 May;50 Suppl A:S3-10.
    PMID: 10968005
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services/trends
  20. Gan CY, Yusof K
    PMID: 8266233
    A survey conducted to assess the extent which the urban poor in rapidly expanding Kuala Lumpur utilize maternal and child health services available to them. The sample consisted of 1,380 households with children below 6 years and yielded 1,233 children below 6 years of age. 74% of the children had been delivered in government hospitals and 86% of the pregnancies had antenatal care in governmental establishments. 89.2% had BCG immunization before they were 1 year old but 13.3% had not received DPT by that age. Immunization was mainly done in government clinics. The overall immunization coverage for the whole of Kuala Lumpur is expected to be higher than these figures limited to the urban poor. Health planners should increase health facilities in the city to accommodate the expanding population. There is a need to continually campaign for immunization to improve coverage among the urban poor.
    Matched MeSH terms: Child Health Services/utilization*
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