METHODS: Sixty-six women who underwent HIFU treatment were divided into groups A (NPVr ≥90%; n = 26) and B (NPVr <90%, n = 40). Multivariate logistic regression analyses of MRI features were conducted to identify the potential predictors of an NPVr ≥90%.
RESULTS: Generalized estimating equation (GEE) analysis was used to model the prediction of an NPVr ≥90% with four significant predictors from multivariate analyses: the thickness of the subcutaneous fat layer, adenomyosis volume, T2 signal intensity (SI) ratio of adenomyosis to myometrium, and the Ktrans ratio of adenomyosis to myometrium. Clinical efficacy was significantly greater in group A than in group B. The findings showed no serious AEs and no significant differences between AMH concentrations before and 6 months after treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: The present retrospective study demonstrated that achievement of NPVr ≥90% as a measure of clinical treatment success in MRI-guided HIFU treatment of adenomyosis using multivariate analyses and a prediction model is clinically possible without compromising the safety of patients.
METHODS: This study included 33 women who underwent HIFU treatment. Tissue characteristics of leiomyomas were assessed based on T2- and T1-weighted MRI. The immediate nonperfused volume (NPV) ratio and the treatment effectiveness of MRI-guided HIFU on the basis of the degrees of volume reduction and improvement in transformed symptom severity score (SSS) were assessed.
RESULTS: The median immediate NPV ratio was 89.8%. Additionally, the median acoustic sonication power and HIFU treatment durations were 150 W and 125 min, respectively. At six-month follow-up, the median leiomyoma volume had decreased from 139 mL at baseline to 84 mL and the median transformed SSS had decreased from 56.2 at baseline to 18.8. No major adverse events were observed.
CONCLUSION: The preliminary results demonstrated that volumetric MRI-guided HIFU therapy for the treatment of symptomatic leiomyomas in ASEAN patients appears to be clinically acceptable with regard to treatment effectiveness and safety.
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