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  1. Chong Huat Siar, Kok Han Ng
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1996 Mar;38(1):52-6.
    PMID: 8648412
    Two cases of either peripheral odontogenic fibroma (POF) (WHO type) or peripheral ameloblastoma are reported. Their immunohistochemical characteristics were investigated in an attempt to clarify their histogenesis. The results showed that the epithelial component of this neoplasm tended to retain its distinct odontogenic character and expressed a keratin profile different from that of the overlying oral epithelium from which both cases most probably originated. The connective tissue element of these tumors was vimentin-positive and S-100 protein negative, confirming their mesodermal nature but precluding the possibility of ectomesenchymal derivation. No reactivity for desmin was noted.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  2. Siar CH, Ng KH
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1995 Sep;37(3):163-9.
    PMID: 7490610
    The lining epithelium of 15 cases of odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) was evaluated immunohistochemically. The peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique was applied to study the distribution of polyclonal keratin and S-100 protein while the indirect method was used to examine monoclonal vimentin and desmin reactivity. Consistent positive keratin staining was revealed in the lining epithelium of all 15 OKCs with additional intense staining in the stratum corneum. None of the cases showed vimentin or desmin reactivity within the lining epithelium elements. One of the 15 cysts studied showed positive S-100 protein staining in the nuclei of the lining epithelial cells. The pertinent literature on the immunophenotyping of the lining epithelium of OKC is reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  3. Siar CH, Ng KH
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1993 Jun;35(2):134-8.
    PMID: 7692017
    Granular cell ameloblastoma (GCA) is a well recognized variant of follicular ameloblastoma with extensive granular cell change. In contrast, plexiform granular cell odontogenic tumor (PGCOT) is a rare and recently described lesion characterized histologically by a monophasic plexiform pattern of granular cells. In this paper, two cases of an unusual granular cell odontogenic tumor exhibiting combined features of these two entities are described along with their immunohistochemical characteristics. The granular cells of both the GCA and PGCOT areas showed similar patterns of expression for keratin and S-100, which differed from those of typical ameloblastoma. No reactivity for desmin or vimentin was noted. The histomorphologic and immunohistochemical features of these hybrid tumors suggest that the granular cells present have a common origin, most probably the odontogenic epithelium.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  4. Siar CH, Ng KH
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1993 Jun;35(2):104-8.
    PMID: 7692015
    Seventeen cases of desmoplastic ameloblastoma were examined immunohistochemically. Immunoperoxidase techniques were applied for detection of keratin, desmin, vimentin and S-100 protein expression in these tumors. The tumor epithelium of desmoplastic ameloblastoma exhibited weak, focal, inconstant keratin staining, weak, variable expression of S-100 protein, desmin immunoreactivity of mild to moderate intensity and vimentin non-reactivity. The pertinent literature on the immunohistochemistry of ameloblastomas is briefly reviewed.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis*
  5. Siar CH, Ng KH
    Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 1993 Jun;31(3):183-6.
    PMID: 7685634
    Four cases of either combined occurrence of ameloblastoma and odontogenic keratocyst or a rare keratinising variant of ameloblastoma are presented. The cardinal histomorphologic characteristics are simultaneous occurrence of ameloblastomatous epithelial islands with central keratinisation and multiple keratinising cysts. Immunohistochemically the tumour elements were keratin positive and occasionally S-100 protein and desmin positive. Major differential diagnosis of these neoplasms are discussed.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  6. Palo S, Biligi DS
    Malays J Pathol, 2017 Apr;39(1):55-67.
    PMID: 28413206
    OBJECTIVE: Due several overlapping histomorphological features and pitfalls in thyroid pathology, there is need to establish a panel of immunomarkers that would aid in proper diagnosis. This study was carried out to investigate the ability of HBME-1, CK19, and S100 in differentiating between hyperplastic, benign and malignant thyroid lesions.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis of 60 thyroidectomy specimens (10 hyperplastic nodules, 14 follicular adenomas and 36 malignant thyroid neoplasms) was carried out. The extent and intensity of HBME-1, CK19, and S100 immunoreactivity was assessed in each case.

    RESULTS: HBME-1 positivity was noted in 86.1% of malignant cases while the majority of the benign lesions were negative. Diffuse strong CK19 positivity was documented in 27/31 papillary carcinoma whereas all cases of follicular carcinoma and medullary carcinoma were negative. Most of the hyperplastic nodules and follicular adenomas were also CK19 negative, although focal weak staining was noted in a few cases. S100 was positive only in medullary carcinoma. HBME-1 was most sensitive (86.1%) and specific (87.5%) in distinguishing between benign and malignant thyroid lesions. The diagnostic accuracy was further increased when HBME-1 was used simultaneously with CK19/S100/CK19+S100. The sequential use of HBME-1 and CK19 also proved beneficial in discriminating between the various follicular-patterned thyroid lesions.

    CONCLUSION: HBME-1 immunolabeling suggests malignancy, whereas strong diffuse CK19 positivity substantiates papillary differentiation. The utilization of these markers (alone or in combination) along with histomorphological evaluation is helpful in the differential diagnosis. S100 has minimal utility in this regard.

    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis*
  7. Jayaram G, Mun KS, Elsayed EM, Sangkar JV
    Diagn. Cytopathol., 2005 Jul;33(1):43-8.
    PMID: 15945093
    Tumors of dendritic reticulum cells are rare neoplasms that exhibit significant morphologic overlap with other malignancies. Fine-needle aspiration cytologic appearances of this neoplasm are not well understood. A 33-yr-old woman presented with a rapidly growing nodular mass in the right upper cervical region and right-sided ptosis. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the mass showed dissociated as well as clustered, large, polygonal cells that showed high nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio. Nuclei were round, oval, or irregular in shape. Large and small blastoid forms with prominent nucleoli and chromatin clumping as well as binucleated cells and cells with lobulated nuclei were seen. Numerous mitoses were observed. The tumor cells expressed focal immunocytochemical reactivity to CD45 and CD68, but were negative for CD2, CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD30, CD45RO, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), cytokeratin, and HMB45. Histologic sections of the biopsy from the growth showed nodal tissue effaced by a tumor composed of large, pleomorphic neoplastic cells with some binucleate and multinucleate forms resembling Reed-Sternberg cells. The intervening stroma contained numerous small lymphocytes. Tumor cells expressed vimentin, S-100 protein, CD68, and MAC387, but were negative for LCA, CD1a, CD3, CD15, CD20, CD21, CD23, CD30, CD35, carcino-embryonic antigen, HMB45, cytokeratin AE1/3, EMA, myeloperoxidase, lysozyme, smooth-muscle actin, and desmin. The combined histologic and immunohistologic features suggested a histiocytic/dendritic reticulum cell neoplasm and a diagnosis of interdigitating dendritic reticulum cell sarcoma was made.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis
  8. Siar CH, Ng KH
    J Nihon Univ Sch Dent, 1992 Jun;34(2):96-105.
    PMID: 1380072
    Twelve pleomorphic adenomas of minor salivary gland origin were examined for the distribution of S-100 protein, detected using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) method. Strong S-100 protein immunoreactivity was noted in areas containing plasmacytoid cells, stellate and spindle cells against a myxochondroid or hyalinous stroma, and solid epithelial areas. Tubular and duct-like structures showed variable stainability. Stromal tissue and normal salivary glands were generally negative for S-100 protein. These findings were compared with those reported elsewhere.
    Matched MeSH terms: S100 Proteins/analysis*
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