Displaying publications 1 - 20 of 108 in total

  1. Loh YC, Trail IA
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2002 Jun;57(2):205-8.
    PMID: 24326652
    Fourteen fit and healthy patients underwent arthroscopic subacromial decompression (ASD) of shoulder for rotator cuff impingement. Their blood chemistry was analysed pre-operatively, 24 hours post-operatively and 2-3 weeks post-operatively. Levels of haematocrit, sodium, potassium, creatinine and urea were measured. The blood chemistry returned almost to the pre-operative level at 2-3 weeks post-operatively. There was no statistically significant differences found. This study concludes that arthroscopic subacromial decompression is a safe technique when considering the blood parameters despite the haemodilution seen in all patients.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder*; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome*
  2. Lui SK, Koh MM
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2019 Aug;74(4):333-334.
    PMID: 31424044
    Although post-stroke shoulder pain is a common medical complication among the stroke population, pseudotumor deltoideus which is non-malignant is rarely seen. This case report demonstrates a thorough history, physical examination followed by the relevant investigations are essential when managing a common post-stroke complication. We postulate that pseudotumor deltoideus is likely a pre-existing asymptomatic variant in our patient before the stroke and has presented symptomatically after the stroke due to the associated neurological and musculoskeletal impairments. As post-stroke shoulder pain is associated with unfavourable outcomes, it is important to recognise the underlying causes of post-stroke shoulder pain early and institute prompt appropriate treatment.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder; Shoulder Pain
  3. Leonar, J.H., Siti Salmiah, M.D., Das, S., Ayiesah, H.R.
    Arthroscopic sub acromial debridement surgery with acromioplasty is one of the shoulder surgeries performed to treat chronic shoulder pain. This surgical procedure is usually indicated in sub acromial impingement syndrome of shoulder, degenerative rotator cuff tears, severe functional limitation of shoulder joint and often surgery was performed in cases where all the conservative management had failed in the treatment of chronic shoulder pain. Even though the patient would be referred for early rehabilitation, post operative management of this surgical condition is highly challenging. Movement of the shoulder joint is often related with scapulo-thoracic joint, acromio-clavicular joint and sternoclavicular joint and the shoulder movements are governed by various different muscular forces from these joints. Failure to understand this biomechanical complexity of shoulder joint during post operative rehabilitation results in failure of the surgical outcome and might cause severe functional limitation with recurrent shoulder pain. Often in clinical practice, greater emphasis is given to achieve and regain movements in shoulder joint at the expense of the joint stability. However, inadequate scapular stability might further predispose the shoulder joint to excessive loading and results in repetitive injuries leading to chronic shoulder pain. This might affect the surgical and clinical outcome of the acromioplasty and result in surgical failure. Hence, surgeons and clinicians need to understand the biomechanical contributions in the post operative rehabilitation of the shoulder joint. The present case report emphasises the biomechanical model of post operative rehabilitation of a patient who had arthroscopic sub acromial debridement with acromioplasty.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder; Shoulder Joint; Shoulder Pain
  4. Hazwan Ab. Wahid, Khairul Nizam bin Siron, Ahmad Zakiran
    Displaced and unstable proximal humerus fractures are difficult to treat
    and they have high morbidity. The main goal is to achieve painless shoulder with full
    recovery of the shoulder joint motion. Impingement syndrome is one of the commonest
    postoperative complication. This study aim is to appreciate the functional outcomes of
    Philos-plate fixation for proximal humerus fractures and to establish association with
    high plate positioning with impingement syndrome of the shoulder after Philos-plate
    fixation. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder; Shoulder Fractures; Shoulder Joint
  5. Tan GJS, Tan AGS, Peh WCG
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2008 Jun;63(2):164-5.
    PMID: 18942311
    A 74-year-old woman was incidentally found to have a left breast mass. The mass could not be adequately compressed to be visualized on mammography. Ultrasonography showed a heavily-calcified rounded mass in the left axillary tail of the left breast. Chest radiograph confirmed that the mass was a migrated humeral head. Remotely-displaced fracture-dislocations of the humeral head are very rare and to our knowledge, displacement into the breast, clinically mimicking a breast mass, has not been previously described.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Dislocation/complications*; Shoulder Fractures/complications*
  6. Collin P, Hervé A, Walch G, Boileau P, Muniandy M, Chelli M
    J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 2019 Oct;28(10):2023-2030.
    PMID: 31405717 DOI: 10.1016/j.jse.2019.03.002
    BACKGROUND: Results of anatomic shoulder arthroplasty for glenohumeral osteoarthritis with severe glenoid retroversion are unpredictable with a high rate of glenoid loosening. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) has been suggested as an alternative, with good early results. We sought to confirm this at longer follow-up (minimum 5 years). The study hypothesis was that early results would endure over time.

    METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all RSAs performed in 7 centers from 1998 to 2010. The inclusion criteria were primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis with B1, B2, B3, or C glenoid. Forty-nine shoulders in 45 patients fulfilled the criteria. Bone grafting was performed in 16 cases. Clinical outcomes were evaluated with the Constant score (CS) and shoulder range of motion.

    RESULTS: The mean total CS increased from 30 preoperatively to 68 points (P < .001) with significant improvements in all the subsections of the CS and range of motion. Scapular notching was observed in 20 shoulders (43%), grade 1 in 5 (11%), grade 2 in 7 (15%), grade 3 in 5 (11%), and grade 4 in 3 (6%). The glenoid bone graft healed in all the shoulders. Partial inferior lysis of the bone graft was present in 8 cases (50%). Scapular notching and glenoid bone graft resorption had no influence on the CS (P = .147 and P = .798).

    CONCLUSION: RSA for the treatment of primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis in patients with posterior glenoid deficiency and humeral subluxation without rotator cuff insufficiency resulted in excellent clinical outcomes at a minimum of 5 years of follow-up.

    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Dislocation/complications; Shoulder Dislocation/surgery*; Shoulder Joint/physiopathology; Shoulder Joint/surgery*; Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/adverse effects; Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods*
  7. Lee DJK, Yeap JS, Fazir M, Muhd Borhan TA, Kareem BA
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2005 Mar;60(1):15-20.
    PMID: 16250275
    The radiographs of 115 anterior shoulder dislocations (100 patients; 74 males, 26 female were reviewed to assess the radiographic views used in the management of this dislocation. Eighty-eight patients (88%) had only the anteroposterior (AP) view, 10 patients had 2 radiographic views taken and only 2 patients had three radiographic views. Hill-Sachs lesions were found in 18%, and glenoid rim fractures in 3% of the patients. A greater tuberosity fracture was found in 18% of the patients. Therefore, the current practice in the management of an acute anterior shoulder dislocation appears to be to perform a single view (AP) pre-reduction radiograph to confirm the diagnosis and a single view (AP) post reduction radiograph to confirm reduction after a close manipulative reduction has been performed. This practice is likely to result in an underestimate of associated Hill Sachs lesion and glenoid rim fractures, but not greater tuberosity fractures.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Dislocation/epidemiology; Shoulder Dislocation/radiography*
  8. Nagarajan M, Vijayakumar P
    J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil, 2013;26(3):227-42.
    PMID: 23893137 DOI: 10.3233/BMR-130373
    Recent evidences suggest functional thoracic hyperkyphosis (FTH) could be a different approach in the management of subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). This case study aims firstly with the development of evidence informed FTH model for SIS. Secondly this study aimed to develop well defined multimodal physical therapy intervention for FTH and its related mechanical consequences in elderly patient with chronic SIS. As a result, Level IV positive evidence was found in both the short and long-term pain and disability of chronic SIS, using FTH model with 26 months of follow-up.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Joint/pathology; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome/complications; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome/pathology; Shoulder Impingement Syndrome/therapy*
  9. Khoo, S.W., Khoo, S.M., Yeong, Y.K., Towil, B.
    Malays Orthop J, 2009;3(2):29-32.
    According to recently reported outcome studies, functional outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair are reasonable and comparable to open or mini-open techniques. We report the functional outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair of 10 consecutive patients. The average age was 53.9(range 46-59) years. There was a significant improvement of the function of the shoulder when the preoperative scores were compared with those at the time of at least six months follow-up (range of 6 months to 18 months). With the UCLA rating scale, the average total score increased from preoperative 9.8 (range, 6-15) to postoperative 32.6 (range,23-35). With the use of ASES shoulder index, the average total score improved from 14.6 range, 1.6-35) to 92.3 (range,66.6 to 100). We concluded that arthroscopic rotator cuff repair is a treatment method in selective patients with symptomatic rotator cuff pathology to alleviate shoulder pain and improve function.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder; Shoulder Pain
  10. Ogawa T, Sasaki T, Masayuki-Kawashima MK, Okawa A, Mahito-Kawashima MK
    Malays Orthop J, 2017 Nov;11(3):47-49.
    PMID: 29326767 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1711.003
    Bipolar segmental clavicle fractures are simultaneous clavicle fractures of both proximal and distal ends. Few case reports describing these fractures have been published, and the management of these injuries have remained controversial. Non-operative treatment is likely to result in poor shoulder function due to the instability of the fracture in patients with high physical demands. In contrast, surgical treatment with fixation of both proximal and distal ends of the clavicle possibly may cause life-threatening complications. We present a 74-year old female farmer who had injured her left shoulder and was diagnosed with a bipolar segmental clavicle fracture. Taking the fracture mechanism into consideration, we surgically treated only the distal end of the clavicle fracture with a locking plate. The proximal end of the clavicle fracture was treated without surgical intervention. Both fracture sites achieved bony union after four months and she returned to her activities as a farmer. Quick DASH score was 5.0 with excellent results at three years after operation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder; Shoulder Fractures
  11. Dabirrahmani D, Bokor D, Tarento T, Ahmad S, Appleyard R
    J Biomech Eng, 2019 Jun 08.
    PMID: 31175841 DOI: 10.1115/1.4043969
    As the use of glenoid suture anchors in arthroscopic and open reconstruction, for instability after Bankart lesions of the shoulder, increases, an emerging problem has been the incidence of glenoid rim fractures through suture drill holes. Very little is known regarding the effect of the Hill-Sachs lesion on the glenoid's susceptibility to fracture and how drill hole location can further affect this. This study used finite element modelling techniques to investigate the risk of fracture of the glenoid rim in relation to variable sized Hill-Sachs defects impacting on the anterior glenoid edge with suture anchor holes placed in varying positions. The distribution of Von Mises (VM) stresses and the Factor of Safety (FOS) for each of the configurations were calculated. The greatest peak in von Mises (VM) stresses was generated when the glenoid was loaded with a small Hill-Sachs lesion. The VM stresses were lessened and the FOS increased (reducing likelihood of failure) with increasing size of the Hill-Sachs lesion. Placement of the suture drill holes at 2mm from the glenoid rim showed the highest risk of failure; and when combined with a medium sized Hill-Sachs lesion, which matched the central line of the drill holes, a potentially clinically significant configuration was presented. The results of this study are useful in assisting the surgeon in understanding the interaction between the Hill-Sachs lesion size and the placement of suture anchors with the purpose of minimising the risk of subsequent rim fracture with new injury.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder; Shoulder Joint
  12. Narayanan VL, Balasubramanian N
    Malays Orthop J, 2018 Jul;12(2):20-24.
    PMID: 30112124 DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1807.004
    Introduction: Proximal humerus fracture fixation using plate osteosynthesis depends on the quality of the bone, design of the fixation devices and intra-operative soft tissue dissection. This study evaluates the functional outcome of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis using locking compression plate in proximal humerus fracture treatment. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 30 patients with complex proximal humerus fractures treated by minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis using locking compression plate (PHILOS). There were 21 males and 9 females. The average age of our study group was 58.8 years. All the patients were evaluated at six weeks, three months, four months, six months and 12 months following surgery. Results: All patients had fracture union at an average of 13.2 weeks. The mean DASH score at the follow-up was 8.69 (2.5 to 17.16), the average range of flexion was 143.83 degrees (100 to 170 degrees) and abduction was 121.49 degrees (90 to 160 degrees). We had superficial infection in three patients which resolved with a short course of antibiotics. There was excellent outcome in 26 patients, good and fair in two patients each. Conclusion: Proximal humerus fractures treated with minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis using locking compression plate with minimal soft tissue dissection, provides good functional outcome and early return of shoulder function.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder; Shoulder Fractures
  13. Brun SP
    Aust J Gen Pract, 2019 11;48(11):757-761.
    PMID: 31722459 DOI: 10.31128/AJGP-07-19-4992
    BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain and stiffness affects at least one-quarter of the Australian population, with the primary care physician seeing 95% of these patients. Idiopathic frozen shoulder affects >250,000 Australians, making it a significant burden on both the individual and society. The primary care physician plays a major part in recognising the condition and formulating an evidence-based management plan in conjunction with the physiotherapist.

    OBJECTIVE: This article provides the reader with an understanding of the natural history, pathophysiology, phases and clinical features of idiopathic frozen shoulder. It also outlines patients at risk of developing idiopathic frozen shoulder and addresses an evidence-based conservative approach to the management of this condition.

    DISCUSSION: The primary care physician plays a pivotal part in the identification and management of idiopathic frozen shoulder, with the vast majority of patients responding to conservative management. A shared care approach with a skilled physiotherapist is essential.

    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Joint; Shoulder Pain
  14. Lim PJ, Peh WC
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2014 Oct;69(5):231-3.
    PMID: 25638239
    The scapula is a flat, triangular bone overlying the posterior chest wall and forming the posterior aspect of the shoulder girdle. To the best of our knowledge, there is no previous description of a notch of the medial aspect of the superior border of the scapula in the literature. The imaging findings of a supero-medial scapula border notch mimicking a bone tumour are presented in this case report.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  15. Razif MAM, Rajasingam V
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2002 Dec;57(4):496-8.
    PMID: 12733178
    We report a rare case of left axillary artery injury associated with anterior dislocation of the left shoulder in a 25 yrs old male as a result of a road traffic accident. The shoulder dislocation was reduced. A left upper limb angiogram showed an obstructed left axillary artery. The obstructed segment was surgically reconstructed with a Dacron graft. Six months post operation in follow up, he was found to have good left shoulder function and no neurovascular deficit. This is an injury that could have been easily missed without a simple clinical examination.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Dislocation/complications*; Shoulder Dislocation/diagnosis*; Shoulder Dislocation/surgery
  16. Zainal Abidin I, Zulkarnaen AN, Dk Norlida AO, Wai Hoong C, Huong Ling L
    Malays J Med Sci, 2012 Oct;19(4):72-6.
    PMID: 23613651 MyJurnal
    The shoulder and axillary regions contain various complex anatomical structures in close proximity, many of which can give rise to neoplasms. Determining the origin and hence the exact diagnosis of advanced (diffuse) tumours in this region may become problematic. In view of the tumour morphology and the affected location in this case, we highlighted the importance of Hodgkin lymphoma immunohistochemistry interpretation in a tumour which was initially suspected to be a soft tissue sarcoma.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder
  17. Hazmy CHW, Parwathi A
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl C:22-5.
    PMID: 16381278
    This retrospective study was conducted in a state hospital set-up and aimed at identifying the incidence of sports-related shoulder dislocations and their characteristics and the sports events involved. All patients with shoulder dislocation related to sporting activities admitted to the hospital from January 1999 to December 2002 were included in the study. There were 18 sports-related shoulder dislocations out of 106 all shoulder dislocations admitted during this 4-year period. The average age of the patients was 25.4 years. All but two were male. All were anterior dislocations. Recurrent dislocation constitutes 78% of the cases with an average of 3 times re-dislocation. Rugby and badminton were the major contributors to the injuries followed by volleyball, soccer and swimming. Conservative treatment was successfully instituted for 88% of the patients and 12% opted for surgical intervention.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Dislocation/etiology; Shoulder Dislocation/epidemiology*; Shoulder Dislocation/therapy
  18. Hazmy CHW, Parwathi A
    Med. J. Malaysia, 2005 Jul;60 Suppl C:17-21.
    PMID: 16381277
    This retrospective study was conducted in a state hospital set-up and aimed at identifying the magnitude of shoulder dislocations and their demographic data, characteristics of the injury, mechanism and predisposing factors, and the instituted treatment. Patients with radiographic evidence of shoulder dislocation admitted to the hospital from January 1999 to December 2002 were included. Data were recorded from the case notes. There were 105 shoulder dislocations with male predomination in 77% cases and age ranged between 11 and 90 years (average 30.9 years). The right shoulder was affected in 68% of the cases. The contributing events were fall in 37% of cases, road traffic accident 23%, sports 17% and pathological conditions 13%. Anterior dislocation occurred in 96.2% of the cases. Posterior and inferior dislocations encountered in two patients for each type. Twelve dislocations were associated fracture of the greater tuberosity, two each with humeral neck fracture and cerebral injuries. First time dislocation occurred in 73.6% of the cases. The recurrences ranged between 2 to 6 times (average 3.4 times). Closed manipulative reduction and strapping was the definitive treatment in 92.4% of the cases and the remaining needed surgical reconstruction. Four patients had open reduction and internal fixation of the associated fractures while another four had arthroscopic Bankart's repair. In conclusion, shoulder dislocation represents the most common shoulder problems. It afflicted young adults of reproductive age (21-40 years) and participation in sports was a risk factor in men. Women over 40 years and fall were at risk to develop shoulder dislocation.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Dislocation/etiology; Shoulder Dislocation/epidemiology*; Shoulder Dislocation/therapy
  19. Khairul Nizam Siron, Lim, Chia Hua
    Neer first popularised the use of primary hemiarthroplasty to treat complex proximal
    humerus fractures, especially when the humeral head is nonviable or not
    reconstructable with internal fixations, and with younger patients. (Copied from article).
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Fractures
  20. Bajuri MY, Boon HW
    Malays Orthop J, 2018 Mar;12(1):60-62.
    PMID: 29725518 MyJurnal DOI: 10.5704/MOJ.1803.015
    Bilateral clavicle fractures are not frequently seen. To treat these injuries surgically or non-surgically is still a debatable issue. Implant option for surgical management is also in doubt. We would like to share our experience in treating a patient with bilateral clavicle fracture surgically. He had excellent outcomes in terms of function and radiology. Surgical option for bilateral clavicle fractures promises excellent outcome in terms of early rehabilitation and return in function.
    Matched MeSH terms: Shoulder Fractures
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