Displaying all 3 publications

  1. Chai CH, Yuki N, Nor HM, Goh KJ, Shahrizaila N
    Pract Neurol, 2012 Oct;12(5):328-31.
    PMID: 22976064 DOI: 10.1136/practneurol-2011-000205
  2. Viswanathan S, Rose N, Arip M, Chai CH, Law WC, Sim R, et al.
    Mult Scler Relat Disord, 2018 Oct;25:300-308.
    PMID: 30172173 DOI: 10.1016/j.msard.2018.07.003
    We performed a retrospective observational analytical study looking at the frequencies and characteristics of multiple sclerosis(MS) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders(NMOSD) in consecutive patients with idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease (IIDDs) attending three centers (2009-2017). Of 523 patients with IIDDs, there were 173 patients with NMOSD and 230 patients with MS. The percentage of NMOSD: IIDDs was 33%. The percentage of NMOSD:Total MS and NMOSD cohort was 43%. Of 141 seropositive NMOSD patients, 134(95%) were from the three main ethnic groups. The percentage of seropositive NMOSD to IIDDs and to combined MS and NMOSD was 26.9% and 35% respectively. Ratios of MS to NMOSD were nearly equal at 1.3 to 1.0, reinforcing the high ratio of NMOSD to MS in Asia. Nearly half of the Chinese cohort were seropositive ie; 71/141 (50%) with the remainder being Malays; 56/141 (39.7%) and Indians; 7/141 (5%). Amongst the other indigenous groups seropositivity was seen in 2 each of Iban, Bajau, Kadazan descent as well as one of Bidayuh origin. Comparatively, seropositivity in NMOSD is commoner amongst the Chinese compared to the Malays (p ≤ 0.005) and Indians, p ≤ 0.05 with ratios as high as 10:1. In the MS group of 230 subjects, 123(53.5%) were Malays (ratio of MS:NMOSD of 2:1), 41(17.8%) were Chinese, (ratio of MS:NMOSD of 0.5:1.0) and 54 (23.5%)were Indians (ratios of MS:NMOSD of 5:1 amongst the Indians). The remainder from East Malaysia were made up of 2 each of Kadazans, Ibans and Bajaus including 3 each of Bidayuh and Eurasian descent. Comparatively, in the NMOSD and MS cohorts a female preponderance was noted more so amongst Chinese NMOSD patients, with rare familial occurrence in both but more in Malay MS/NMOSD patients. This study also highlighted some of the inter-ethnic differences in presentation of MS and NMOSD amongst the 3 main ethnic races in Malaysia and confirms indigenous races having MS/NMOSD which needs further research. It also reviewed current literature on similar inter-ethnic differences world wide. To conclude, MS and NMOSD are the commonest demyelinating diseases seen in Malaysia with interesting inter-ethnic differences and similarities.
  3. Koh KT, Law WC, Zaw WM, Foo DHP, Tan CT, Steven A, et al.
    Europace, 2021 07 18;23(7):1016-1023.
    PMID: 33782701 DOI: 10.1093/europace/euab036
    AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a preventable cause of ischaemic stroke but it is often undiagnosed and undertreated. The utility of smartphone electrocardiogram (ECG) for the detection of AF after ischaemic stroke is unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the diagnostic yield of 30-day smartphone ECG recording compared with 24-h Holter monitoring for detecting AF ≥30 s.

    METHODS AND RESULTS: In this multicentre, open-label study, we randomly assigned 203 participants to undergo one additional 24-h Holter monitoring (control group, n = 98) vs. 30-day smartphone ECG monitoring (intervention group, n = 105) using KardiaMobile (AliveCor®, Mountain View, CA, USA). Major inclusion criteria included age ≥55 years old, without known AF, and ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) within the preceding 12 months. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. The index event was ischaemic stroke in 88.5% in the intervention group and 88.8% in the control group (P = 0.852). AF lasting ≥30 s was detected in 10 of 105 patients in the intervention group and 2 of 98 patients in the control group (9.5% vs. 2.0%; absolute difference 7.5%; P = 0.024). The number needed to screen to detect one AF was 13. After the 30-day smartphone monitoring, there was a significantly higher proportion of patients on oral anticoagulation therapy at 3 months compared with baseline in the intervention group (9.5% vs. 0%, P = 0.002).

    CONCLUSIONS: Among patients ≥55 years of age with a recent cryptogenic stroke or TIA, 30-day smartphone ECG recording significantly improved the detection of AF when compared with the standard repeat 24-h Holter monitoring.

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